Steamed fermented cornmeal patties
1. Polished corn flour -2kg (Maize = 3kg/1 Olonka; washed and dehulled = 2.2kg)
2. Water -2 liters
3. Wheat flour -¼ margarine tin
4. Baking powder -2 teapoon
5. Salt -1 table spoon
6. Leaves (food base e.g. plantain, anworomoo, corn husk)
1. Clean maize by picking bad and mouldy
2. Wash in clean water
3. Grind into small grits
4. Sift to remove chaff
5. Wash grits in clean water to further remove chaff
6. Mix washed grits with sifted flour and allow to stand for one hour. Mill the mixture into fine
7. Divide fine finely milled flour into 2 parts
8. Add salt and a little water to one part of the flour
9. Put on fire and cook partially to obtain what we commonly refer to as aflata?
10. Add the wheat flour (or cooked sweet potato) and mix well
11. Add also the rest of the corn flour, stir to form a stiff paste
12. Fetch and wrap the soft paste in clean leaves.
13. Arrange in a steamer and steam for 30-40 mins over boiling water
14. Remove from steamer and serve with your desired sauce, stew, or soup plus fried fish.
NB: Steps 3 and 4 can be done by dehulling machines.
FLAKU (Plantain – Maize porridge)
Cooking Time; 1 hour
Ingredients (3 servings)
1. Ripe plantain - 700g (2 fingers); peeled = 420g
2. Pepper - 5g ( 1 teaspoon)
3. Tom brown - 160g
4. Salt - 1 ¾ teaspoon
5. Water - 1200ml
6. Sugar (optional)
BN: Banana can be used. In that case, it is not boiled as with ripe plantain.
1. Roast maize till brown. Mill into tom-brown (It is also known as roasted corn flour)
2. Boil ripe plantain and drain off water (stock)*
3. Mash ripe plantain
4. Grind pepper and salt and add
5. Mix mixture with tom-brown
6. Add water
7. Put mixture on fire and stir with a wooden ladle into a pulp until it thickens
8. Add sugar and serve hot.
* The stock alone could be added to the tom brown to sweeten it.
BANKYE TO (ROASTED CASSAVA DELIGHT)
Bankye-to is Akan dish. The main ingredients are fresh cassava palm oil.
Ingredients (1 serving)
1. Fresh cassava – 900g, roasted & peeled = 415g
2. Pepper – 10g (3 fingers)
3. Onion – 60g (½ medium size)
4. Salted fish or Koobi (option) – 50g (De-bone koobi = 30g)
5. Palm oil – 100ml
6. Roasted Groundnut – 60g
1. Roast cassava till brown and soft, and peel
2. Wash and grind pepper and onion into paste
3. Roast, wash and de-bone koobi
4. Add koobi to pepper and onion sauce
5. Mash roasted cassava and mix thoroughly with pepper sauce. Add seasoned palm oil and
6. Sprinkle and mix roasted groundnut
7. Serve immediately as lunch
1. Soybeans – 1 American tin (2.4kg)
2. Epson salt – 3 sachets OR 6 lemons
3. Vegetables (for garnishing: Onion, green pepper)
5. Khebab powder
6. Cooking oil
1. Remove all stones, broken and mouldy soybeans and debris
2. Wash and soak soybeans for at least 4 hours or overnight
3. 3. Drain off the water and wash again with clean water
4. 4. Mill soybeans into paste in a clean machine. If necessary add a little water while milling
5. Add 3 parts water to 1 part of paste and mix
6. Strain using a clean muslin or white cloth to obtain milk and store residue in a separate
7. Put the milk on fire and bring it to boil without stirring for 20-25 minutes
8. If foaming too much sprinkle cold water to prevent the milk from spilling over in the boiling
9. , sprinkle coldwater
10. Add juice from rough lemon (500ml) or Epson salt to curdle the milk. For 1 American tin of
soybean, add 500ml of lemon juice or 3 sachets of Epson salt.
11. Lower heat when curds start forming
12. Remove from fire after curdling
13. Strain using muslin or clean white cloth
14. Tie the curds in the muslin or clean white cloth.
15. Press for about 30-45mins under a weight to drain off liquid until compact. (Screw or
hydraulic press can be used for instant results)
16. Remove the curd from the cloth and cut into cubes.
17. Add spices (ginger, garlic, onion, curry powder and salt) of your choice
18. Fry until golden brown
19. Remove from oil and drain
20. Skewer (arrange on a stick) by alternating fried curds with cut vegetables such as sweet
pepper, carrot, onion to obtain a khebab.
21. Spread gravy over khebab or roll it out in gravy
22. Sprinkle with khebab powder and serve hot.
1. Start milk preparation immediately after milling to prevent the dough from fermenting
2. The residue can be used as animal to enrich other foods e.g. kontomino stew feed.
AKAW (COCOYAM BOILED UNPEELED)
Akaw is a dish commonly consumed by most Akans. It is cocoyam boil in its peels. It is consumed
with pepper sauce. The peels are removed as it is being consumed.
Ingredients (3 servings)
1. Weight of cocoyam (unpeeled) -1088g
2. Pepper -40g
3. Onion -47g
4. Tomatoes -110g
5. Koobi (salted fish) -110g
6. Salt – 1 table spoon
7. Palm oil -2 table spoon (30ml)
1. Wash cocoyam without peeling
2. Put into saucepan, add water and salt
3. Cook till cocoyam is tender
4. Grind pepper, tomatoes and salt
5. Grill (or roast) koobi and add to pepper and grind
6. Season palm oil with onion and add to pepper
7. Serve cooked cocoyam with the pepper
AKOKORA/ KOKOO MPOTOMPOTO
Akokora or KokooMpotompoto is an Akan dish. It is a meal that is elderly friendly, hence its name. It
is because elders are believed to have problem with chewing and with this meal one is not required
to chew. The main ingredients are ripe plantain and palm oil.
Cooking Time: 30minutes
Ingredients (2 servings)
1. Unpeeled ripe plantain – 1260g (5fingers); peeled weight = 840g
2. Water – 500ml
3. Salt – 2 teaspoon
4. Pepper – 15g (3 round type)
5. Onion – 40g (¼ of big size)
6. Momoni (stinging fish) – 10g
7. Palm oil (Red oil) – 75ml
1. Peel ripe plantain and boil, add salt
2. Drain off water and mash
3. Grind pepper onion and momoni and add
4. Add palm oil and mix all together
Seidubille Yam Pizza
Grated Seidubille yam 600g(3cups)
Seidubille Yam flour 200g(1cups)
Minced meat /Fish flakes/corned beef 1 tin (300g) of any one
Carrots 200g(4/5 pieces)
Spring onion 200g
Green pepper 1 medium size
Margarine 100g (for baking)
Pepper to taste
Salt to taste
1. Beat the grated Seidubille yam slightly.
2. Add salt and pepper to grated yam
3. Beat the eggs and add to mixture.
4. Add finely chopped green pepper, carrots, spring onion and mix lightly.
5. Add margarine to mixture
6. Add a little yam flour to mixture and sprinkle the rest in greased tins
7. Pour mixture into greased baking tin
8. Bake in a moderately hot oven
Number of servings – 4 adults
Cooking time: 35 minutes
1. 2 cups heaped roasted corn flour
2. 1 serving spoonful palm oil
3. 2 medium sized tomatoes
4. 1 medium sized onion
5. 1 small piece smoked fish
6. Salted fish/momoni (optional)
7. ½ beans (optional)
8. Pepper and salt to taste
9. Crabs optional
1. Wash and boil beans till tender and set aside
2. Put palm oil on fire
3. Add sliced onion to fry till brown
4. Add momoni and allow to fry for 5minutes
5. Add ground pepper and tomato and then fish
6. Allow to cook whilst stirring occasionally
7. Add water, cover and allow to boil
8. Add boiled beans
9. Add the roasted corn flour and stir till well cooked
10. Remove from fire and serve hot – Garnish with cooked crabs
Cooking time: 1 ½ hours
1. 1 dry coconut
2. ½ cup red cowpea
3. 2 cups roasted corn or rice flour
4. 1 medium onion
5. 2 medium tomatoes
6. Pepper and salt to taste
1. Wash and boil beans till it is soft. Remove from fire and set aside
2. Grate coconut and squeeze juice out
3. Put the coconut juice on fire for 1hour or till it becomes thick and oil begins to appear on the
4. Add the boiled cowpea to the coconut juice on fire
5. Fetch small quantity of the coconut juice aside
6. Grind tomato, pepper and onion and add to the rest of the coconut.
7. Gradually add roasted corn flour to the coconut juice till it becomes semi-solid. Cover for
8. Make stew with the rest of the coconut milk and serve
AKLOR (Fisherman’s soup)
Cooking time: 30 minutes
1. 3 medium size cleaned fresh marine fish
2. 3 medium size tomatoes
3. 1 medium sized onion
4. Pepper and salt to taste
5. 1 small piece ginger washed and peeled
6. 5 cups water
1. Put water on fire to boil
2. Wash fresh fish with lemon
3. Grind ginger and salt and smear on the fish and leave for some 10-15 minutes.
4. Put pepper and tomatoes with chopped onion in boiling water. Cook for 15mins
5. Remove pepper and tomatoes, mash and return to soup.
6. Allow to boil for 15mins. Add fresh fish to cook
7. Serve hot with kenkey
It is known as “OTƆ” and “ƐTƆ” amongst the Gas and the Akans respectively.
The main ingredients use to prepare “Ɛtɔ” are Unripe plantain, Full or Half Ripe plantain, Cocoyam
and Yam. Ɛtɔ, prepared from both ripe and unripe plantain or half ripe plantain is called KƆKƆƆ-TƆ. In
the same way, Ɛtɔ from yam and cocoyam are Bayere-tɔ and mankani-tɔ respectively.
Green plantain alone can be used to prepare ɛtɔ . This is known as ‘Bordie-tɔ’ or ‘SIBAA’. Ɛtɔ
prepared from roasted cocoyam is also called SASA or OGOR. The yam and the plantain can equally
be roasted and use to prepare the Ɛtɔ.
There is a special type of ɛtɔ known as APOTOSU. Unripe and almost ripe plantains are used. They
are roasted and mashed with grounded pepper with its accompaniment. After oil is added, water is
also added and mixed. The content is then put on fire, in earthenware, for the water to boil off.
Salted fish (koobi) or Stinging fish (momoni) may be used to enhance the flavor. Koobi/momoni
should be cooked by roasting or frying in the palm oil before grinding with the other ingredients.
Some people can add okro (boiled or roasted) to it. Again, in the absence of groundnut, dried cocoa
beans can be used to improve the protein content of the food. Groundnut paste could be added to
the pepper instead of roasted groundnut.
a. Ripe Plantain and Unripe Plantain @ 1:2 ratio
Cooking time: 30minutes
1. Ripe plantain – 420g (2 s/s fingers); peeled wt =280g
2. Unripe plantain -780g (2 b/s fingers); peeled wt=500g
3. Roasted groundnut – 80g (2/3 milk tin)
4. Koobi – 35g ( ½ palm size)
5. Pepper – 10g (3 fingers) or to taste
6. Salt – ½ teaspoon or to taste
7. Onion – 100g (1 medium size)
8. Red Palm oil (melted) – 50ml (5 teaspoonfuls)
9. Eggs (optional)
10. Avocado pear (optional)
b. Half Ripe Plantain
1. Half Ripe plantain – 775g (3 b/s fingers); peeled wt=510g
2. Roasted groundnut – 80g (1/3 milk tin)
3. Momoni – 15g ( ¼ palm size)
4. Pepper – 25g (5 fingers) or to taste
5. Salt – ½ teaspoon or to taste
6. Onion – 110g (1 medium size)
7. Red Palm oil (melted) – 20ml (2 teaspoonfuls)
8. Eggs (optional)
9. Avocado pear (optional)
1. Peel, wash and boil plantain
2. Wash onion, and pepper. Add part (in this case 40g was used) of the roasted groundnut, and
salt and grind.
3. Add boiled plantain, mash and mix well
4. Heat oil and add to the mixture and mix
5. Boil eggs and slice.
6. Garnish ɛtɔ with the rest of the roasted groundnut, sliced eggs and avocado pear, if
Number of servings – 2 adults +1 Pre-school child
2. SASA or OGOR:
Cooking Time: 30 minutes
1. Fresh Cocoyam – 800g (wt of roasted – 535g); 4medium
2. Onio – 85g (1 medium)
3. Pepper – 6g (2 fingers)
4. Red palm oil (Dzomi) – 50ml
5. Koobi – 20g
6. Roasted groundnut – 40g
7. Salt – ½ teaspoonful
1. Roast cocoyam. Turn frequently in the process to avoid being burned
2. Remove from the fire and scrapes the outer skin
3. Grind pepper, onion, groundnut and salted fish (optional).
4. Add cocoyam to the grinded pepper and mash all together
5. Add dzomi and mix
Number of servings – 1 adult +1 School Going Child
Recipe #93: Akple (corn and cassava dough)
In July I discussed cassava (yucca, manioc) dough, and began describing how to make it--at least as
far as grating the peeled cassava and pressing it to drain it for 2 or 3 days. Today's post follows up on
that. After 3 days, you will have a dry, tightly pressed together clump of cassava. I added a cup of
water to a blender, and blended the cassava to a dough/paste. That is what I'm using today. (I had
several cups of dough, and have the rest stored it in the freezer). A photo at that previous blog
posting shows the Ewe answer to banku: akple. Once one has the cassava dough, it is simple to
make. I decided akple would go well with the yesterday's garden egg stew, so only made a small
amount since I'm home alone this week. You might want to try this small recipe first, and if you like
it, increase the recipe next time you make it.
Recipe #93: Akple (cooked corn and cassava dough)
The proportions for making akpleare 1/3 of cassava dough to 2/3rds corn dough. It is my
understanding that akple is made from unfermented corndough.I used
1/2 cup of cassava dough
1 cup of corn dough
To make the corn dough, I put a cup of white Indian Head cornmeal in a blender to make it a little
finer (optional), then mixed it in a bowl with a teaspoon of cornstarch (also optional) to make a
slightly smoother dough, then mixed 1/2 cup of water into it. (NOTE: the photo shows the cassava
dough on the left and the corn dough on the right.
Mix together the 2 doughs in a saucepan with a half cup of water to get a smooth creamy
mixture, and add a little salt (I used
~1/4 teaspoon). A nice heavy wooden spoon or stick works well.
Put the mixture on the stove on a medium heat and stir it as it heats, adding another half
cup of water all at once and continue stirring until it forms a solid mass (about 10-15
minutes). Do not allow the dough to become lumpy or scorch on the bottom. Turn it as you
When the mixture becomes fairly solid and no longer "wet" looking, take a calabash (or
bowl), wet it thoroughly and put a spoonful of the dough into the calabash, shaking it
vigorously and rolling the dough inside into a circle or oval shape.
Originally, akple was eaten mainly with fetri ma or fetridetsi, but now it goes well with other dishes,
such as fried fish with pepper sauce or shito, or palaver sauce. As I said, I'm enjoying mine with
garden egg stew.
AgusiFrowee (melon seed) Stew with Fish
I have referred several times in the past to nutritious, delicious agushi(aka agusi, agushie, egusi)
seeds.Today's recipe is a classic stew that combines the seeds with fish. There are, of course, other
versions using meat or poultry, but this is my favorite.
I'm posting 2 versions of the same recipe: one
is a richer, more nuanced, and expensive version. It uses salted cod, smoked fish, real agusiseeds,
fresh tomatoes and peppers and palm oil; the other, is faster, cheaper, and lighter and uses canned
tomatoes, canned fish, dried pepper, pumpkin seeds, and peanut (or canola) oil. Take your pick, or
combine elements of each in your preferred version. The green seeds in the photo below are the
pumpkin seeds, the white ones the agushi seeds
Let's begin with the slightly more complicated, fancier one.
Recipe #70: AgusiFrowee (melon seed) Stew with Fish
Version 1: Assemble ingredients
4 ozagushiseeds (about a cup), ground or unground
7-8 ounces of smoked fish (I'm using smoked whiting today), after bones and skin are
2 good-sized ripe tomatoes (plus a Tablespoon of tomato paste if you like)
1/2 cup (4 ounces) of palm oil (dzomiif available)
a small piece of salted cod (about an inch cube, about 1/3 of an ounce), or koobi(salted
1 large onion (about a cup, chopped)
fresh red pepper to taste
Prepare the ingredients:
1. If the agushi is not ground, grind it in a blender. Mix it with a cup of water and set aside
2. To remove some of the salt, I rinse and soak the salted fish in hot water while I prepare the
3. If the fish has bones and skin remove them and discard.
4. Peel and chop the onion.
5. Prepare the pepper and garlic (I grind mine together in a blender with about a Tablespoon of
water). You will need to judge your preference for heat. You can always adjust the heat later
by adding more ground dried red pepper later.
6. Chop the tomatoes (if you want to be extra fancy, peel and seed them first--drop in scalding
water, then cold, to remove the peelings, and grind them in a blender). Mix in a Tablespoon
of tomato paste if you like.
7. Heat a heavy frying pan on the stove top, add the oil and chopped onions, stir well, then add
the salted fish.
8. Fry together on medium heat for several minutes, then add the pepper and garlic and cook a
couple more minutes, then add the tomatoes and tomato paste.
9. Stir in the smoked fish.
10. Stir the agushi to see that all of the lumps are gone.
11. Stir the agushi-water mixture into the stew, lower the heat, then cover and allow it to
simmer, without stirring, for half an hour.
12. The cooked agushi will look a little like scrambled eggs.
13. If you're like me, go ahead and skim off any oil that has risen to the top (or just stir it back
into the stew) and check the seasonings. Add some dried red pepper if it isn't spicy enough
for you. I cannot imagine it needing more salt, but add some if you must.
This stew goes well with rice, ampesi (plain boiled starchy vegetables like yam, potatoes, plantains,
banku, or kenkey. (Note: You can search Betumiblog for recipes for bankuand kenkey).
Here is the second, lighter, cheaper, and faster version:
Assemble the ingredients:
In place of the smoked fish, substitute a 15 oz can of mackerel
In place of the agushi substitute raw pumpkin seeds
In place of the fresh tomatoes, substitute tomato puree (a cup), OR 2 or 3 Tablespoons of
tomato paste mixed with a little water OR a small can of tomato sauce
simply slice, rather than chop, the onions
Do not bother soaking the salt fish
In place of the palm oil, substitute any white oil like canola or peanut of safflower (I avoid
olive oil because of its distinctive flavor) and reduce the amount to 1/4 cup (2 oz)
In place of the fresh hot peppers, substitute dried ground red pepper to taste (about 3/4
teaspoon to begin)
Omit the garlic
Follow the same basic steps as above, omitting any steps unnecessary due to using already
processed ingredients: grind the pumpkin seeds, mix with a cup of water in a small bowl, chop the
onion, open the can of mackerel. Heat the oil in a frying pan on medium heat and add the onion and
salt fish. Cook a few minutes, then add the tomato puree (or paste, sauce), cook a couple more
minutes, then add the canned fish and dried red pepper. Stir the water-pumpkin seed mixture into
the stew, lower heat and cover and allow to simmer for 30 minutes without stirring.