Oral communication skill ppt @ bec doms mba

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Oral communication skill ppt @ bec doms mba

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Oral communication skill ppt @ bec doms mba

  1. 1. COMMUNICATION & PRESENTATION SKILLSORAL SKILLS & SPOKEN ENGLISH
  2. 2. MAIN POINTS TO REMEMBER ABOUT ORAL PRESENTATION (i) effective use of visual aids (ii) adequate eye contact : size of the audience (iii) clarity in pronunciation and fluency (iv) maintaining a proper speed of presentation (v) posture and body movements suggesting confidence (vi) seeking and making proper use of visual feedback (vii) noting down important points arising out of discussion
  3. 3. DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS 1. Speech & Writing/Printing: a comparison Speech : pitch, volume, tone, speed, pauses, body movements, facial expressions Writing/Printing: punctuation, capitalization, spacing, margins, fonts
  4. 4. DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued) 2. Pronunciation of Words:(a) vowel and consonant sounds (comparison of sounds with letters a-z);The letter “a” in : fat /æ/, father /a:/, fate /eɪ /, about /ə/Or the letters “th” in “thin” /ɵ/ & “then” /ð/.Also notice(b) word-stress: ‘language, communi’cation
  5. 5. DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued) 3. Use of the phonetic script and the (Pronouncing) Dictionary: International Phonetic Alphabet: free downloading is possible Dictionaries on CD : listening to the pronunciation and it variety (e.g. British & American) now possible
  6. 6. DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)4. Pronunciation of Sentences:intonation and rhythmINTONATION: rising / (yes /) falling (yes ) combination / (yes /)RHYTHM: de dum de dum x ’ x ’
  7. 7. Vowel sounds of English (Pure Vowels/Monophthongs) initially medially finally 1. /i:/ east sheet key 2. /I/ it hit duty 3. /e / end send 4. /æ/ and sand 5. /a:/ art heart car 6. /ɒ/ ox fox
  8. 8. Vowel sounds of English (continued) initially medially finally7. /ɔ:/ all ball saw8. /U/ put9. /u:/ ooze choose chew10./∧/ up cup11./з:/ earn learn stir12. /ə/ ago police maker
  9. 9. Vowel sounds of English (continued) Diphthongs 13. /eɪ / eight straight stay 14. /əʊ / oak joke slow 15. /aɪ / ice mice my 16./aʊ / out shout how 17. /ɔɪ / oil boil boy 18. /ɪ ə/ ears beard peer 19. /eə/ airs paired hare 20. /uə/ cured tour
  10. 10. Consonant sounds of English initially medially finally 1. /p/ pin spin keep 2. /b/ bin tubs club 3. /t/ tell stick light 4. /d/ day heads laid 5. /k/ keep skill stick 6. /g/ get jugs bag
  11. 11. Consonant sounds of English (continued) initially medially finally 7. /ʧ/ chin reached teach 8. / ʤ / joke hinged large 9. /m/ met smoke team 10. /n/ net snake tin 11. /ŋ/ rings sing 12. /l/ lot fling full
  12. 12. Consonant sounds of English (continued) initially medially finally 13 /f/ fan soft if 14. /v/ van leaves thief 15. /ɵ/ thin monthsbath 16./ð/ then clothes bathe
  13. 13. Consonant sounds of English (continued) initially medially finally 17. /s/ sip list less 18. /z/ zip loser buzz 19. /ʃ/ ship rushed hush 20. /ʒ/ measure rouge
  14. 14. Consonant sounds of English (continued) initially medially finally 21. /h/ hot behave 22. /r/ rot try 23. /w/ watt sweat 24. /j/ yatch tune
  15. 15. Word-stress Two-syllable words  ‘surface Stress on first  ‘furnace syllable  ‘husband ‘bargain  ‘butcher ‘govern  ‘proverb ‘secret  ‘thorough ‘mischief  ‘oven ‘message  ‘onion ‘cabbage  ‘compass
  16. 16. Word-stress (continued) Two-syllable words Stress on second  ag’ree syllable  se’lect ad’mit  re’quest for’bid  pre’fer suc’ced  re’fer sup’press  oc’cur po’lice  ar’rest pay’ee  com’mence dis’miss  per’haps
  17. 17. Word-stress (continued) Three-syllable wordsStress on first syllable Stress on second syllable ’advertise  ad’venture ’educate  com’mercial ’illustrate  de’cision ’furniture  ex’ternal ’government  in’ternal ’literature  per’mission ’recognize  re’vision ’signature  spec’tator ’tentative  um’brella
  18. 18. Word-stress (continued) Three-syllable wordsPrimary Stress on third syllable ,addres’see ,ciga’rette ,coin’cide ,devo’tee ,engi’neer ,guaran’tee ,recim’mend
  19. 19. Word-stress (continued) Four-syllable wordsPrimary Stress on first Primary Stress on syllable second syllable ’applicable  ad’vertisement ’accurately  ap’preciate ’comfortable  a’rithmetic ’honourable  e’xaggerate  par’ticipate  pho’tography
  20. 20. Word-stress (continued) Four-syllable wordsPrimary Stress on  Primary Stress on third syllable fourth syllable acci’dental  dedica’tee appli’cation  exami’nee exhi’bition inde’pendent indi’vidual
  21. 21. Word-stress (continued) words with more than four syllablesPrimary Stress on first Primary Stress on third syllable syllable ‘favouritism  elec’tricity ‘cannibalism  irre’sponsible ‘secularism  popu’larityPrimary Stress on second Primary Stress on fourth syllable syllable ad’venturousness  acade’mician en’thusiasm  civili’zation con’servatism  pactici’pation
  22. 22. Word-stress (continued): stress change according to part of speech COMPARE:Noun/Adjective Verb ’absent ab’sent ’accent ac’cent ’concert con’cert ’conflict con’flict ’export ex’port ’produce pro’duce ’subject sub’ject
  23. 23. Attributes of good oral communication 1.Sounds and sound combinations 2. Stress 3. Rhythm 4. Intonation 5. Speed: pausing 6. Clarity of articulation 7. Voice modulation: volume & pitch variation (avoiding “monotonous speech)

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