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Undernutrition

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  • 1. ANTHROPOMETRIC CLASSIFICATION
    • ( UNDERWEIGHT, STUNTING & WASTING )
  • 2. What is Undernutrition?
    • Undernutrition is defined as the outcome of insufficient food intake and repeated infectious diseases. It includes being underweight for one’s age, too short for one’s age ( stunted ), dangerously thin for one’s height ( wasted ) and deficient in vitamins and minerals (micronutrient malnutrition).
  • 3. Underweight
    • Underweight reveals low body mass relative to chronological age which is influenced by both child’s weight and height.
    • Problem with this term is it cannot distinguish between a child that is small in weight relative to his/her height and a child that is low in height relative to his/her age but who may be normal in weight for height.
  • 4.  
  • 5. Stunting
    • Reflects a failure to reach linear growth potential due to suboptimal health and/or nutritional conditions.
    • It is an indicator of chronic undernutrition, the result of prolonged food deprivation and/or disease or illness.
  • 6.
    • Stunting generally occurs before age of two.
    • Effects are generally irreversible
    • Includes delayed motor development, impaired cognitive function and poor performance in school
    • Nearly 1/3rd of children under 5 in developing world are stunted.
  • 7.  
  • 8. Wasting
    • Wasting reflects low body weight of a child in relation to his/her height.
    • It is an indicator of acute undernutrition, the result of more recent food deprivation or an illness developed by the child.
  • 9.
    • Wasting is a strong predictor of mortality in children under 5.
    • Wasting can be reversed when conditions improve
    • There are 24 developing countries with wasting rates of 10% or more suggesting a serious problem needing urgent response.
  • 10.  
  • 11. Indicators of Undernutrition INDICATOR INTERPRETATION COMMENTS STUNTING LOW HEIGHT FOR AGE CHRONIC MALNUTRITION WASTING LOW WEIGHT FOR HEIGHT ACUTE MALNUTRITION UNDERWEIGHT LOW WEIGHT FOR AGE COMBINED INDICATOR TO REFLECT BOTH ACUTE & CHRONIC MALNUTRITION
  • 12. All these 4 boys are aged 24 months
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  • 20. THANK YOU