ANTHROPOMETRIC CLASSIFICATION <ul><li>( UNDERWEIGHT, STUNTING & WASTING ) </li></ul>
What is Undernutrition? <ul><li>Undernutrition   is   defined   as   the   outcome   of   insufficient   food   intake   a...
Underweight <ul><li>Underweight   reveals   low   body   mass   relative   to   chronological   age   which   is   influen...
 
Stunting <ul><li>Reflects   a   failure   to   reach   linear   growth   potential   due   to   suboptimal   health   and/...
<ul><li>Stunting   generally   occurs   before   age   of   two. </li></ul><ul><li>Effects   are   generally   irreversibl...
 
Wasting <ul><li>Wasting   reflects   low   body   weight   of   a   child   in   relation   to   his/her   height. </li></...
<ul><li>Wasting   is   a   strong   predictor   of   mortality   in   children   under   5. </li></ul><ul><li>Wasting can ...
 
Indicators of Undernutrition INDICATOR INTERPRETATION COMMENTS STUNTING LOW HEIGHT FOR AGE CHRONIC MALNUTRITION WASTING LO...
All these 4 boys are aged 24 months
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Undernutrition

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Undernutrition

  1. 1. ANTHROPOMETRIC CLASSIFICATION <ul><li>( UNDERWEIGHT, STUNTING & WASTING ) </li></ul>
  2. 2. What is Undernutrition? <ul><li>Undernutrition is defined as the outcome of insufficient food intake and repeated infectious diseases. It includes being underweight for one’s age, too short for one’s age ( stunted ), dangerously thin for one’s height ( wasted ) and deficient in vitamins and minerals (micronutrient malnutrition). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Underweight <ul><li>Underweight reveals low body mass relative to chronological age which is influenced by both child’s weight and height. </li></ul><ul><li>Problem with this term is it cannot distinguish between a child that is small in weight relative to his/her height and a child that is low in height relative to his/her age but who may be normal in weight for height. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Stunting <ul><li>Reflects a failure to reach linear growth potential due to suboptimal health and/or nutritional conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an indicator of chronic undernutrition, the result of prolonged food deprivation and/or disease or illness. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Stunting generally occurs before age of two. </li></ul><ul><li>Effects are generally irreversible </li></ul><ul><li>Includes delayed motor development, impaired cognitive function and poor performance in school </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 1/3rd of children under 5 in developing world are stunted. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Wasting <ul><li>Wasting reflects low body weight of a child in relation to his/her height. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an indicator of acute undernutrition, the result of more recent food deprivation or an illness developed by the child. </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Wasting is a strong predictor of mortality in children under 5. </li></ul><ul><li>Wasting can be reversed when conditions improve </li></ul><ul><li>There are 24 developing countries with wasting rates of 10% or more suggesting a serious problem needing urgent response. </li></ul>
  8. 11. Indicators of Undernutrition INDICATOR INTERPRETATION COMMENTS STUNTING LOW HEIGHT FOR AGE CHRONIC MALNUTRITION WASTING LOW WEIGHT FOR HEIGHT ACUTE MALNUTRITION UNDERWEIGHT LOW WEIGHT FOR AGE COMBINED INDICATOR TO REFLECT BOTH ACUTE & CHRONIC MALNUTRITION
  9. 12. All these 4 boys are aged 24 months
  10. 20. THANK YOU

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