Module (3)The Development of EnglishLate Modern English
*Since 1900, a very large amount of vocabulary words has been added to English in a relatively short period.*The majority of these words are related to science and technology, and use Greek and Latin roots.
*A proposal for an Academy of the English Language was first brought forth by Jonathan Swift in 1712, but the Parliament voted against it.*A more scientifically minded attitude took hold by the 19th century when the Oxford English Dictionary was proposed in 1859.*Samuel Johnsons dictionary, published in 1755 in England, was influential in establishing a standard form of spelling.
*World War I and World War II threw together people from different backgrounds, and the greater social mobility afterwards helped to lessen the differences between social accents.*The development of radio broadcasting in the early 20th century familiarised the population with accents and vocabulary from outside their own localities.
* The principal distinction between early- and late-modern English is vocabulary.* Pronunciation, grammar, and spelling are largely the same, but Late-Modern English has many more words.* These words are the result of two historical factors: 1. The Industrial Revolution and the rise of the technological society 2. The rise of the British Empire
*The Industrial Revolution and the rise of the technological society* The industrial and scientific revolutions created a need for new words to describe the new creations and discoveries.* This process of coining new words is called neologism: a neologism is a newly coined term, word, or phrase.
*The rise of the British Empire* The rise of the British Empire and the growth of global trade served not only to introduce English to the world, but to introduce words into English.