Planning the future by re-visioning the past:





SNEAPA Planning Conference
October 18, 2013


Ruth Fitzgerald, AICP
Fitzgerald & Halliday, Inc.



David Spillane, AICP
Goody Clancy, Inc.



Kelly Murphy, AICP
Ci...
 Welcome

and Introductions
 Urban highway history and challenges
 Case studies:
o Route 34, New Haven, CT
o Casey Over...
Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
 Completed:
o Boston Big Dig
o San Francisco

Embarcadero
 Underway:
o Seattle Alaskan Way

Viaduct
o New Haven Route 34...
REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION

LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

Failure

Success

Planning the Future by Re-Vi...
High-volume freeway serving economic heart of the
region becomes surface boulevard and tunnel


Like I-84, carries region...
Freeway spur with modest traffic
volumes becomes attractive
surface boulevard


Served as a spur connecting to Bay
Bridge...
Highway viaduct replaced by
tunnel, opening access to
the waterfront


Carries primarily through
traffic; does not provid...
Relocating the Highway and
building the City Back






Highway has been relocated; the city
is growing back into land ...
Replacement viaduct or surface streets…balancing complex needs

Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highwa...
NO Tunnel
options

New Orleans-Claiborne
New Haven Route 34
Hartford I-84

Tunnel
options

Boston Big Dig
Seattle Alaskan
...
NO Tunnel
options

New Orleans-Claiborne
New Haven Route 34
Hartford I-84

Tunnel
options

Boston Big Dig
Seattle Alaskan
...
NO Tunnel
options

New Orleans-Claiborne
New Haven Route 34
Hartford I-84

Tunnel
options

Boston Big Dig
Seattle Alaskan
...









DOT Commitment
Local Leadership
Recognizing the Need to Solve More than One Problem:
Social Economic Devel...
Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
• Top 60 metropolitan market of 826,813
people (2012 est.), comparable in
population to Dayton, OH and Tulsa, OK.
• Top 30...
Best Recovery Bets
“New Haven…boasts a world-renowned university and several important
teaching hospitals. There are also ...
The Hill

Downtown

34
Union Station
Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
Goals: Economy, Place Making and Sustainability


Build on existing economic strengths in education, health care, medical...
New Infrastructure
Union Station TOD
100 College St

Union Station

Future Church St South
Future Med District10 year buil...
34

Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
Exit 3 westbound, closed
May 2, 2013

Exit 3 eastbound,
closed, May 21, 2013

Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past...
100 College Street
-500,000 s.f. med/lab
office building.
-Connects Yale School of
Medicine to Downtown.
Environmental Ben...
Phase 1 is creating 2,000 construction jobs for building and
infrastructure and then 600-960 permanent jobs at 100 College...
“The Coliseum Site”
Prime 4,5 acre Downtown site
(¼ mile from Union Station and
State Street Station).
1.0 million s.f. mi...
Project Context
204 acre district, including 20%
surface parking lots. The district is
home to Union Station and 300-unit
...
Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013







Located in Jamaica Plain
1950’s highway viaduct
Formerly part of the route
southeast out of Boston
Formerly c...
Abutting
Residential
area

Casey
Overpass

Abutting
Residential
area

Arnold
Arboretum

Franklin
Park

Forest Hills Statio...




Spring 2011-Sping 2012
“Unique opportunity” seen
by DOT
Launched WAG to:
o Set broad goals
o Work through details
o...



Fall 2011: traffic is not a deciding factor between atgrade and bridge options.
At-grade decision made based on:
o Or...



Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the
Past: Urban Highway Challenges


Keys to success:
o Documentation
o Flexibility
o Memory of the project combined with local knowledge
o Work with local ...


Public involvement worked because it was integrated:
o A full seat at the table
o A must, not a “nice to have”



Work...
Viaduct is 50 years old
 Poor condition overall
 Currently 80% of project is elevated (30 acres)
 Maintenance costs are...




Busiest stretch of
highway in Connecticut
• 55,000 vehicles/day (1975)
• 175,000 vehicles/day (2013)
Travel delays d...


Obsolete design
o Many on & off ramps

• Some left-hand ramps
• Close spacing
• Merging & weaving


Frequent accidents...





Economic development
Neighborhood connectivity
Enhanced mobility
o Bicycle
o Pedestrian
o Transit
o Vehicular



...
New BritainHartford
Busway
Amtrak Next Gen
HSR

New HavenHartfordSpringfield Rail
Project

City of Hartford
TOD Initiative...




Very high traffic demand
Densely built urban environment
Railroad tracks pass beneath viaduct

Existing Ground

Par...




Utilities co-located in corridor
Busway under construction in corridor
Local street network threatened
46
Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the
Past: Urban Highway Challenges

Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the
Past: Urba...
Public Involvement
To engage many…
To actively solicit input using many methods…
To use this input in the development of
win-win solutions…









Stakeholder interviews
PAC
Website – www.I84Hartford.com
Social media (Facebook, Twitter)
Newsletters
E-bu...




The work is just beginning
Alternatives analysis and NEPA are next milestones
Long-term project

Next update….
..co...
Questions???
Comments???

Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
SNEAPA 2013 Friday e4 9_urban highway challenges
SNEAPA 2013 Friday e4 9_urban highway challenges
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SNEAPA 2013 Friday e4 9_urban highway challenges

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Urban Highway Challenges. Planning for the Future by Re-visioning the Past

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  • -HSH originally contacted in fall 2010 for bridge replacement-Conventional delivery selected
  • -HSH originally contacted in fall 2010 for bridge replacement-Conventional delivery selected
  • -Jamaica Plain noted for citizen activism by opinionated, smart people with a thorough understanding of the levers of power.
  • -Jamaica Plain noted for citizen activism by opinionated, smart people with a thorough understanding of the levers of power.
  • -Jamaica Plain noted for citizen activism by opinionated, smart people with a thorough understanding of the levers of power.
  • -Note that you need to treat each person as an individual, expected enemies can be friends and vice-versa
  • Let’s start with WHERE it is.
  • Replacement of I-84 as it presently existing is necessary for three main reasons—its condition, its inability to serve the volume of traffic, and safety. ………
  • Transystems to look into traffic volumes on original design plans
  • About 1 accident per dayNote to Transystems…can you remove the white background from this image? Setting it to transparent looks bad
  • Since the highway must be replaced, we are provided with a unique opportunity to rethink how I-84 traverses Hartford and how it connects with other transportation modes and with the city and region. Things are very different now in terms of planning and travel than they were in the 1950s when I-84 was being planned and designed. Also, there are a number of other projects which provide opportunities for synergy…..such as……..
  • CTFastrakCT Commuter RailUnion Station Bus StudyHartford Intermodal TriangleiQuiltI-84 Tolling StudyMDC Clean Water Project
  • Our second “key” to success is to have a very effective public process.
  • We want to be very intentional to……
  • We plan to use many methods to both convey information about the project to the public and to obtain input from a wide variety of stakeholders. We started with YOU. We have been holding interviews with key stakeholders and inviting some to join the PAC. We have also launched our project website which we hope will be the publics MAIN source of information about the project. This website will be updated frequently with new and current information…especially as the project swings into high gear.…..etc etc.
  • So what have we heard from you so far?
  • SNEAPA 2013 Friday e4 9_urban highway challenges

    1. 1. Planning the future by re-visioning the past:   SNEAPA Planning Conference October 18, 2013
    2. 2.  Ruth Fitzgerald, AICP Fitzgerald & Halliday, Inc.  David Spillane, AICP Goody Clancy, Inc.  Kelly Murphy, AICP City of New Haven  Nathaniel Cabral-Curtis Howard/Stein-Hudson, Assoc.  Michael Morehouse, PE Fitzgerald & Halliday, Inc.  Rachel Gary Fitzgerald & Halliday, Inc. Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    3. 3.  Welcome and Introductions  Urban highway history and challenges  Case studies: o Route 34, New Haven, CT o Casey Overpass, Jamaica Plain, MA o I-84 Hartford, CT  Questions? Comments? Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    4. 4. Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    5. 5. Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    6. 6.  Completed: o Boston Big Dig o San Francisco Embarcadero  Underway: o Seattle Alaskan Way Viaduct o New Haven Route 34 o Providence I-195  Planning: o New Orleans, Claiborne o o o o Expressway Hartford I-84 Syracuse Boston, Casey Arborway And many others….. Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    7. 7. REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT Failure Success Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013 | SNEAPA 2013
    8. 8. High-volume freeway serving economic heart of the region becomes surface boulevard and tunnel  Like I-84, carries regional through traffic and downtown traffic  I-93 viaduct was long seen as a barrier between downtown, the waterfront and neighborhoods  Approximately 190,000 vehicles per day before project  Project increased roadway capacity through tunnel and surface boulevard  Highway in tunnel; surface boulevard carries local traffic  More than 20-year construction period  Overall project cost $14.6 billion; state paid approximately $6 billion Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    9. 9. Freeway spur with modest traffic volumes becomes attractive surface boulevard  Served as a spur connecting to Bay Bridge  Created barrier between city and waterfront  Demolished in 1991 and replaced with an attractive surface boulevard  Freeway carried approximately 60,000 vehicles per day; replacement boulevard carries approximately 26,000 vehicles Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    10. 10. Highway viaduct replaced by tunnel, opening access to the waterfront  Carries primarily through traffic; does not provide local access  Creates physical barrier between city and waterfront  Approximately 100,000 vehicles per day  Replace with a 4-lane bored tunnel that can accommodate 80,000-85,000 vehicles per day for approximately $4.2 billion (state and local funds) Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    11. 11. Relocating the Highway and building the City Back    Highway has been relocated; the city is growing back into land vacated by the highway corridor I-195 was relocated to a new corridor to the south; roadway carried approximately 100,000 vehicles per day Planning for redevelopment continues Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    12. 12. Replacement viaduct or surface streets…balancing complex needs Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    13. 13. NO Tunnel options New Orleans-Claiborne New Haven Route 34 Hartford I-84 Tunnel options Boston Big Dig Seattle Alaskan Viaduct Maintain Corridor Existing Urban Highway in need of replacement Maintain or expand capacity Relocate Corridor Reduce capacity Providence I-195 San Francisco Embarcadero Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    14. 14. NO Tunnel options New Orleans-Claiborne New Haven Route 34 Hartford I-84 Tunnel options Boston Big Dig Seattle Alaskan Viaduct Maintain Corridor Existing Urban Highway in need of replaceme nt Maintain capacity Relocate Corridor Reduce capacity Providence I-195 San Francisco Embarcadero Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    15. 15. NO Tunnel options New Orleans-Claiborne New Haven Route 34 Hartford I-84 Tunnel options Boston Big Dig Seattle Alaskan Viaduct Maintain Corridor Existing Urban Highway in need of replacement Maintain capacity Relocate Corridor Reduce capacity Providence I-195 San Francisco Embarcadero Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    16. 16.        DOT Commitment Local Leadership Recognizing the Need to Solve More than One Problem: Social Economic Development and Environmental Perspectives…. Multi-disciplinary planning and design capabilities Early and Continuing Community Engagement Understanding who pays and who benefits Spirit of Collaboration and Compromise: Best Solutions will require give-and-take from all constituencies Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    17. 17. Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    18. 18. • Top 60 metropolitan market of 826,813 people (2012 est.), comparable in population to Dayton, OH and Tulsa, OK. • Top 30 media market – comparable to San Diego, CA and Nashville, TN. • Over 300,000 jobs in the region, including over 26,000 in education and 22,000 in business/financial services. • Rated #13 “best places” for new college grads. • Largest life sciences cluster in Connecticut and 2nd largest in New England, with 71 life sciences companies in New Haven focused on Health IT, diagnostics, specialty pharma, medical device, technology platform, CRO, and biotech focused around the Yale School of Medicine.
    19. 19. Best Recovery Bets “New Haven…boasts a world-renowned university and several important teaching hospitals. There are also lots of secure, well-paying jobs...That has helped the economy maintain fairly even keel”. (CNN Money, February 7, 2011) Apartment Vacancy Rate the Lowest in the Nation “U.S. apartment vacancies dropped to a 10-year low in the fourth quarter, allowing rent increases that are likely to continue this year, Reis Inc. said…New Haven, Connecticut, home to Yale University, had the nation’s lowest vacancy rate, followed by New York; Minneapolis; Portland, Oregon; and San Jose, California”. (Bloomberg, Jan 5, 2012) Central Business District Renaissance “Drawn by lower rents and access to the university's resources, Yale graduates and other entrepreneurs are choosing for the first time in decades to launch their businesses in New Haven instead of traveling to Boston or New York City”. (WSJ, March 4, 2011) Highest Population Growth in Connecticut “New Haven's population grew faster this decade than any other city in Connecticut…Between 2000 and 2010, the city added 6,153 new residents, bringing its population up to 129,779”. (Yale Daily News, March 3, 2011) A Plan in New Haven to Right a Highway’s Wrong “Echoing recent efforts by San Francisco, Milwaukee and Boston to alter or remove their highways…The city’s grid in the area would be restored, creating a more pedestrian-friendly environment, and the Hill would be reattached”. (New York Times, July 17, 2012)
    20. 20. The Hill Downtown 34 Union Station Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    21. 21. Goals: Economy, Place Making and Sustainability  Build on existing economic strengths in education, health care, medical research, advanced manufacturing, arts, culture, and design  Increase the tax base  Create new job opportunities for residents and newcomers at all wage levels  Decrease energy footprint, transportation costs and greenhouse gas emissions  Improve city walkability and bikeability  Retain a unique, livable, and authentic sense of place Create 4,000 permanent jobs
    22. 22. New Infrastructure Union Station TOD 100 College St Union Station Future Church St South Future Med District10 year build out
    23. 23. 34 Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    24. 24. Exit 3 westbound, closed May 2, 2013 Exit 3 eastbound, closed, May 21, 2013 Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    25. 25. 100 College Street -500,000 s.f. med/lab office building. -Connects Yale School of Medicine to Downtown. Environmental Benefits -LEED Silver design standard. -20% TDM requirement with full bike parking and showers. -Activated first floor and public space amenities. - Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    26. 26. Phase 1 is creating 2,000 construction jobs for building and infrastructure and then 600-960 permanent jobs at 100 College Street. Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges
    27. 27. “The Coliseum Site” Prime 4,5 acre Downtown site (¼ mile from Union Station and State Street Station). 1.0 million s.f. mixed use TOD - 719 units (20% affordable) - 76,900 s.f. retail - 160 hotel rooms - 200,000 s.f. Class A office - 52,620 s.f. public space - 785 parking spacesEconomic Impact Construction Jobs: 4,676 Permanent Jobs: 2,809 (direct, indirect and induced), translating to $189 million per year in labor income at stabilization. Schedule: City Approvals: 2013 Final Design / Permitting: 2014 Construction: 2015 - Route 34 intersects Orange Street at-grade Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    28. 28. Project Context 204 acre district, including 20% surface parking lots. The district is home to Union Station and 300-unit Church Street South development. Proposed mixed use redevelopment that grows the economy and reconnects neighborhoods - 1,200-1,400 units (20% affordable) - Up to 1.0 million new med/lab office development - Retail and parking to support Union Station and district needs. Economic Impact Construction Jobs: 3,051 Permanent Jobs: 3,300 (direct, indirect and induced), translating to $232 million per year in labor income at stabilization. Schedule: Plan Approval: 2013 Zoning / Infrastructure Design: 2014 Construction: 2015 Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    29. 29. Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
    30. 30.       Located in Jamaica Plain 1950’s highway viaduct Formerly part of the route southeast out of Boston Formerly crossed two elevated rail lines Originally slated for deck replacement Determined to be in need of full replacement Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges
    31. 31. Abutting Residential area Casey Overpass Abutting Residential area Arnold Arboretum Franklin Park Forest Hills Station: Orange Line, bus hub & Commuter Rail Abutting Residential area Abutting Residential area Forest Hills Cemetery Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges
    32. 32.    Spring 2011-Sping 2012 “Unique opportunity” seen by DOT Launched WAG to: o Set broad goals o Work through details o Advise DOT with local knowledge   Alternating schedule of WAG and public meetings Significant impassioned debate and controversy Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges
    33. 33.   Fall 2011: traffic is not a deciding factor between atgrade and bridge options. At-grade decision made based on: o Original goals set by WAG. o Ability to achieve more bicycle, pedestrian and transit improvements without a bridge. o Mapping of comments received graphically demonstrated local preference. Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges
    34. 34.  
    35. 35. Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges
    36. 36.  Keys to success: o Documentation o Flexibility o Memory of the project combined with local knowledge o Work with local media o Don’t stereotype stakeholders – take each as an individual  Status: o Continuing outreach on specific issues • Changes to improve community/project fit ongoing. o 100% Design Submitted o Expected bid in October, 2013 o Projected construction for spring 2014 Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges
    37. 37.  Public involvement worked because it was integrated: o A full seat at the table o A must, not a “nice to have”  Work with local media carefully: o Don’t be afraid, do respond promptly o Make sure the message is consistent o Help build the project’s narrative  Detailed documentation is important: o Show community influence on the job o Counters the charge of insufficient outreach   Be ready to try something new “We’re all friends until we make a decision.” Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges
    38. 38. Viaduct is 50 years old  Poor condition overall  Currently 80% of project is elevated (30 acres)  Maintenance costs are very high 
    39. 39.   Busiest stretch of highway in Connecticut • 55,000 vehicles/day (1975) • 175,000 vehicles/day (2013) Travel delays due to… • Congestion • Accidents • Maintenance
    40. 40.  Obsolete design o Many on & off ramps • Some left-hand ramps • Close spacing • Merging & weaving  Frequent accidents o Average of 1 daily
    41. 41.    Economic development Neighborhood connectivity Enhanced mobility o Bicycle o Pedestrian o Transit o Vehicular  Synergies with other regional, state, and local projects
    42. 42. New BritainHartford Busway Amtrak Next Gen HSR New HavenHartfordSpringfield Rail Project City of Hartford TOD Initiatives MDC Clean Water Project Integrated Transportation Management Plan Local Streetscape Projects CT DOT Congestion Mitigation Study Union Station Planning Study Northwest Corridor Study City of Hartford’s Signal System Upgrade City of Hartford’s Downtown Traffic and Circulation Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Study Past: Urban Highway Challenges
    43. 43.    Very high traffic demand Densely built urban environment Railroad tracks pass beneath viaduct Existing Ground Park River Conduit
    44. 44.    Utilities co-located in corridor Busway under construction in corridor Local street network threatened
    45. 45. 46
    46. 46. Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges
    47. 47. Public Involvement
    48. 48. To engage many… To actively solicit input using many methods… To use this input in the development of win-win solutions…
    49. 49.        Stakeholder interviews PAC Website – www.I84Hartford.com Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Newsletters E-bulletins Public meetings
    50. 50.    The work is just beginning Alternatives analysis and NEPA are next milestones Long-term project Next update…. ..coming soon to a conference near you!
    51. 51. Questions??? Comments??? Planning the Future by Re-Visioning the Past: Urban Highway Challenges | SNEAPA 2013
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