HIV & SEX WORK <br />What’s the link<br />Ari Reid , Scarlet Alliance<br />
SEX<br />Lots of it <br />Lots of different people<br />
HISTORY<br />Low rates of condom use<br />High rates of STI’s<br />‘Vectors of Disease’<br />Sex Worker organisations<br />
The Prevalence of HIV amongst Sex Workers by country<br />Russian Federation:4%<br />UK: 0%<br />Japan: 0%<br />China: 10....
GLOBAL CONTEXT<br />In Asia:<br />IDU + MSM= 20 million people<br />Sex workers = 10 million <br />Men who see sex workers...
CONTEXT<br />Criminalised settings<br />Stigma and discrimination<br />Underground industry<br />Transient workforce<br />
VECTORS OF INFORMATION<br />Peer Education<br />Heterosexual Community<br />Clients of male and trans workers<br />Interna...
CURRENT ISSUES<br />Legal status<br />Condoms as evidence<br />Mandatory testing<br />Criminalisation of HIV<br />Stigma a...
FUTURE<br />Ongoing peer led services for sex workers<br />Ongoing recognition as priority populations<br />Continued advo...
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Sex Workers and HIV – What’s the link?

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Presentation by Ari Reid (Scarlet Alliance), at the 2010 AFAO HIV Educators Conference.

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  • HIV continued to rise in third world countries due to lack of sex education and lack of awareness how HIV are transmitted between partners.
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Sex Workers and HIV – What’s the link?

  1. 1. HIV & SEX WORK <br />What’s the link<br />Ari Reid , Scarlet Alliance<br />
  2. 2. SEX<br />Lots of it <br />Lots of different people<br />
  3. 3. HISTORY<br />Low rates of condom use<br />High rates of STI’s<br />‘Vectors of Disease’<br />Sex Worker organisations<br />
  4. 4. The Prevalence of HIV amongst Sex Workers by country<br />Russian Federation:4%<br />UK: 0%<br />Japan: 0%<br />China: 10.3%<br />Bahamas: 44%<br />India: 3.8%<br />Mexico:0.3%<br />Sudan: 4.4%<br />Thailand:4.3%<br />Brazil: 3.7%<br />Australia: 0%<br />South Africa: 50.1%<br />Source: UNAIDS Interactive Map, 2010<br />GLOBAL CONTEXT<br />
  5. 5. GLOBAL CONTEXT<br />In Asia:<br />IDU + MSM= 20 million people<br />Sex workers = 10 million <br />Men who see sex workers= 75 million<br />Women living with HIV in Asia increased from 19% in 2000 to 24% in 2007, with most of these women infected through sex with husbands or boyfriends who were themselves infected during paid sex or through injecting drugs. <br />Commission on AIDS in Asia (2008) Redefining AIDS in Asia. Crafting an Effective Response, Oxford UniversityPress, New Delhi 2008<br />
  6. 6. CONTEXT<br />Criminalised settings<br />Stigma and discrimination<br />Underground industry<br />Transient workforce<br />
  7. 7. VECTORS OF INFORMATION<br />Peer Education<br />Heterosexual Community<br />Clients of male and trans workers<br />International networks<br />
  8. 8. CURRENT ISSUES<br />Legal status<br />Condoms as evidence<br />Mandatory testing<br />Criminalisation of HIV<br />Stigma and discrimination<br />Reinforcing safe sex messages in 2010<br />Changing Industry/Community<br />Changing technology<br />Changing epidemic<br />
  9. 9. FUTURE<br />Ongoing peer led services for sex workers<br />Ongoing recognition as priority populations<br />Continued advocacy<br />Partnerships<br />Long term stable core funding for state based sex worker organisations and their peak body, Scarlet Alliance.<br />

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