HIV Consortium for Capacity Building in Asia and the Pacific

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Overview of HIV epidemic in the Asia Pacific region and an introduction to the HIV Consortium for Capacity Building in Asia and the Pacific. This presentation was given by Mark Bebbington (AFAO) at the AFAO HIV Educators' Conference 2008.

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HIV Consortium for Capacity Building in Asia and the Pacific

  1. 1. Overview of HIV epidemic in the Asia Pacific region and an introduction to the HIV Consortium for Capacity Building in Asia and the Pacific Mark Bebbington
  2. 2. HIV prevalence in adults in Asia, 2005
  3. 3. China <ul><li>Estimated 700,000 people with HIV in 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 50% acquired through injecting drug use and 50% through unprotected sex (including sex work). </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 7% of HIV infections due to unsafe sex between men. </li></ul>
  4. 4. India <ul><li>2-3 million people living with HIV in 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Revised down from a figure of over 4 million. </li></ul><ul><li>High prevalence among sex workers </li></ul><ul><li>Rising prevalence among people who inject drugs and men who have sex with men. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Vietnam <ul><li>Between 2000 and 2005 the estimated number of people with HIV more than doubled – from 122,000 to 263,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of infections are acquired through injecting drug use. </li></ul><ul><li>Sex work and sex between men is also a factor in the country’s epidemic. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Indonesia <ul><li>Most infections through injecting drug use – </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual transmission is now at high levels. </li></ul><ul><li>Sex between men is also an important contributing factor. </li></ul><ul><li>Papua province has a very different epidemic - unprotected heterosexual sex. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cambodia
  8. 8. Thailand
  9. 9. East Timor <ul><li>Prevalence is low – but there are indications that it is increasing. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Papua New Guinea
  11. 11. Pacific Island Countries <ul><li>Cases of HIV remain relatively low. </li></ul><ul><li>High rates of other sexually transmitted infections </li></ul><ul><li>Low levels of condom use </li></ul>
  12. 12. HIV prevalence in adults in Asia, 2005
  13. 13. Australia’s Response <ul><li>Increasing aid budget from 0.32% NGI to 0.5% </li></ul><ul><li>HIV is a priority issue </li></ul><ul><li>Renewed regional HIV strategy </li></ul><ul><li>New ways of delivering aid - such as the HIV Consortium. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>AusAID HIV/AIDS Workforce Capacity Development Strategy 2007-2011 </li></ul><ul><li>“ to build the capacity of organisations and individuals in the Asia/Pacific region to address HIV/AIDS” </li></ul>Background
  15. 15. HIV/AIDS Capacity Building Program <ul><li>to foster strategic partnerships and linkages between Australian HIV organisations and counterpart organisations in the Asia and Pacific regions that will enable sustained performance improvement for individuals and organisations working in HIV health care, research and community responses </li></ul>
  16. 16. Consortium Members <ul><li>Albion Street Centre </li></ul><ul><li>ASHM </li></ul><ul><li>National Serology Reference Laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>AFAO </li></ul><ul><li>AIVL </li></ul><ul><li>Scarlet Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>NCHSR </li></ul><ul><li>ARCSHS </li></ul><ul><li>NCHECR </li></ul>

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