A Conquistador ( Spanish loanword : [kon.kis.t̪a'ð̞oɾ]) ( English : Conqueror ) is one of the Spanish soldiers, explorers , and adventurers who took part in the gradual conquest of large parts of the Americas and Pacific Asia , bringing them under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 19th centuries. They often took lands from the Indians. The conquistador is also de quintesencial "citizen-soldier", following the tradition of "Western" cultural and "civilized" legacy ( Greece , Rome , etc.) The bulk of the Conquistadors were generally younger men, while their Captains and leaders were mostly middle aged.
Juan Ponce de León ( IPA : /xwan.'ponʒe.de.le.'on/) ( 1460 – July 1521   ) was a Spanish conquistador . He was born in Santervás de Campos ( Valladolid ). As a young man he joined the war to conquer Granada , the last Moorish state on the Iberian peninsula .
He accompanied Christopher Columbus on the latter's second voyage to the New World . He became the first Governor of Puerto Rico by appointment of the Spanish Crown. He is also notable for his voyage to Florida , the first known European excursion there, as well as for being associated with the legend of the Fountain of Youth , which was said to be in Florida.
Hernando de Soto ( Jerez de los Caballeros , Badajoz , Spain , c. 1496 / 1497  – May 21 , 1542 ) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who, while leading the first European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States , was the first European to discover the Mississippi River .
A vast undertaking, de Soto's expedition ranged throughout the southeastern United States searching for gold and a passage to China. De Soto died in 1542 on the banks of the Mississippi River at present-day Lake Village, Arkansas .
Fra Junípero Serra ( November 24 , 1713 – August 28 , 1784 ) was a Spanish Franciscan friar who founded the mission chain in Alta California . The chapel at Mission San Juan Capistrano , built in 1782, is believed to be the oldest standing building in California. Junípero Serra was born Miguel José Serra in Petra , Majorca , Kingdom of Spain on November 24 , 1713 . He later took the name of "Junípero" in honor of Saint Juniper , who had also been a Franciscan and a follower of Saint Francis . On September 14 , 1730 he entered the Order of Friars Minor . For his proficiency in studies he was appointed lector of philosophy before his ordination to the priesthood. Known as "Father Serra's Church," it has the distinction of being the only remaining church in which Father Serra is known to have celebrated the rites of the Catholic Church (he presided over the confirmations of 213 people on October 12 and October 13 , 1783 ).
David Glasgow Farragut ( July 5 , 1801 – August 14 , 1870 ) was the first senior or "flag" officer of the United States Navy during the American Civil War . He was the first rear admiral , vice admiral , and full admiral of the Navy. He is remembered in popular culture for his order at the Battle of Mobile Bay , usually paraphrased: "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!". In command of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron , with his flag on the USS Hartford , in April 1862 he ran past Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip and the Chalmette, Louisiana batteries to take the city and port of New Orleans, Louisiana on April 29 that year, a decisive event in the war. His country honored its great sailor after New Orleans by creating for him the rank of rear admiral on July 16 , 1862 , a rank never before used in the U.S. Navy.
Pau Casals i Defilló ( December 29 , 1876 – October 22 , 1973 ), best known during his professional career as Pablo Casals , was a Spanish Catalan cellist and later conductor. He made many recordings throughout his career, of solo, chamber, and orchestral music, also as conductor, but Casals is perhaps best remembered for the recording of the Bach : Cello Suites he made from 1936 to 1939.
Dionisio "Dennis" Chavez ( April 8 , 1888 - November 18 , 1962 ) was a Democratic politician from the U.S. State of New Mexico who served in the United States House of Representatives and in the United States Senate from 1935 to 1962. In 1922, Chavez ran successfully for the New Mexico state legislature; he did not seek another term. In 1930, he was elected as a Democratic candidate to New Mexico's then-only seat in the United States House of Representatives and was re-elected in 1932. While serving, he was chairman of the House Committee on Indian Affairs.
Desi Arnaz (born Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha III ) ( March 2 , 1917 – December 2 , 1986 ) was a Cuban American musician , actor and television producer . Desi Arnaz was born on March 2 , 1917 in Santiago, Cuba to Desiderio Alberto Arnaz (1894-1973) and Dolores de Acha (1896-1988). His father was Santiago's youngest mayor and then served in the Cuban House of Representatives. The 1933 revolution, led by Fulgencio Batista , overthrew the American -backed President Gerardo Machado , landed his father in jail for six months, and stripped his family of its wealth and power. Arnaz's father was released when U.S. officials, who believed him to be neutral during the revolt, intervened on his behalf. Arnaz and his parents then fled to Miami , Florida .On October 15, 1951, Desi produced and starred in I Love Lucy in which he played a fictitious version of himself, Cuban orchestra leader Enrique "Ricky" Ricardo. His co-star was his real-life wife, Lucille Ball , who played Ricky's wife, Lucy.
César Estrada Chávez ( March 31 , 1927 – April 23 , 1993 ), born in Yuma, Arizona , was a Mexican-American farm worker, labor leader , and civil rights activist who, with Dolores Huerta , co-founded the National Farm Workers Association , which later became the United Farm Workers .  Supporters say his work led to numerous improvements for union laborers. He is hailed as one of the greatest American civil rights leaders. His birthday has become a holiday in eight U.S. states . Many parks, cultural centers, libraries, schools, and streets have been named in his honor in cities across the United States.
Roberto Clemente Walker ( August 18 , 1934 – December 31 , 1972 ) was a professional baseball player and a Major League Baseball right fielder . Clemente was born in Carolina , Puerto Rico , the youngest of seven children. On November 14 , 1964 , he married Vera Zabala at San Fernando Church in Carolina. The couple had three children: Roberto Jr., Luis Roberto and Enrique Roberto. He began his professional career playing with the Santurce Crabbers in the Puerto Rican Professional Baseball League (LBBPR). While he was playing in Puerto Rico, the Brooklyn Dodgers offered him a contract to play with the Montreal Royals . Clemente accepted the offer and was active with the team until he was drafted by the Pittsburgh Pirates in the Major League Baseball draft that took place on November 22 , 1954 .
Clemente played eighteen seasons in Major League Baseball from 1955 to 1972, all with Pittsburgh. He was awarded the National League ’s Most Valuable Player Award in 1966.
Joan Chandos Baez (born January 9 , 1941 in Staten Island , New York ) is an American folk singer and songwriter known for her highly individual vocal style.  Many of her songs are topical and deal with social issues.
She is best known for her hit " Diamonds & Rust " and her covers of Phil Ochs ' " There But For Fortune " and The Band 's " The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down " (a top-five single on the U.S. charts in 1971), and to a lesser extent," We Shall Overcome ," " Love Is Just A Four-Letter Word " and " Farewell Angelina ", as well as, " Sweet Sir Galahad ," and " Joe Hill " (songs she performed at the 1969 Woodstock festival ). She is also well known due to her early and long-lasting relationship with Bob Dylan and her even longer-lasting passion for activism, notably in the areas of nonviolence , civil and human rights and, in more recent years, the environment .
Antonia Coello Novello (born Antonia Coello , August 23 , 1944 in Fajardo , Puerto Rico ), served as the United States Surgeon General from 1990 to 1993 . Novello was appointed Surgeon General by President George H. W. Bush , beginning her tenure on March 9 , 1990 and was appointed to the temporary rank of Vice Admiral in the regular corps while holding that office. She was the first woman and the first Hispanic to hold the position.
Henry Gabriel Cisneros (born June 11 , 1947 ) is an American politician, businessman, and community leader. He was the first person of Hispanic background elected as mayor of a large American city, and later served as the 10th U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development from 1993 to 1997 . In 1975 , Cisneros was elected to the San Antonio City Council, at the time becoming the youngest councilman in the city's history (until current San Antonio City Councilor Chip Haas's election in 2003 at age 26). Cisneros noted that the Democratic party he joined was leftist but has become more central by the mid 1990's.  He served for six years on the City Council and was elected Mayor of San Antonio in 1981 . San Antonio at the time was the ninth-largest city in the nation.
Katherine Dávalos Ortega (born 1934 in Tularosa, New Mexico ) was the 38th Treasurer of the United States .
Her father, a former blacksmith , owned a small restaurant and dance hall. Ortega worked at the restaurant as a young child. While in high school and during college , Ortega worked part time at the local bank. She earned her BA in business and economics with honors at Eastern New Mexico University . She became the first woman president of a bank in California at Santa Ana State Bank. In 1983 , she was appointed the 38th Treasurer of the United States and held that position until 1989 .
Gloria Estefan (born Gloria María Fajardo on September 1 , 1957 ) is a Cuban American singer and songwriter. she is in the top 100 of best selling music artists with over 70 million albums sold worldwide, with 15.5 million of those alone in the United States . She has won five Grammy Awards becoming among the most successful crossover performers in Latin music to date.
She will be awarded by the Latin Grammy Award Recording Association as the "Person of the Year" in the ceremony to be aired on November 2008 , the award will be given to her for her long career of more than 20 years and her worldwide success, she's also the first female singer to receive this prestigious award
Nancy Lopez (born January 6 , 1957 ) is an American professional golfer . She became a member of the LPGA Tour in 1977 and won three major championships and 48 LPGA Tour events in all. Lopez was born in Torrance, California . She won the New Mexico Women's Amateur at age 12, and the U.S. Girls' Junior Championship in 1972 and 1974. Playing the U.S. Women's Open as a 17-year-old amateur in 1975, she finished tied for second. In 1976, Lopez was named All-American and Female Athlete of the Year for her play at the University of Tulsa . She won the Association of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) National Championship and was a member of the U.S. Curtis Cup and World Amateur teams. She left college after her sophomore year and turned pro in 1977. That year she finished second again in the Women's Open
Gerald Michael Rivera  (born July 4 , 1943 ), known by his television name of Geraldo Rivera or simply Geraldo , is an American attorney , reporter , and former talk show host. He is known to have an affinity for dramatic, high-profile stories. Rivera hosts the newsmagazine program Geraldo at Large , and appears regularly on Fox News Channel . Rivera was born in Manhattan , New York , the son of Lillian ( née Friedman), a waitress , and Cruz "Allen" Rivera, a restaurant worker and cab driver.
José Canseco y Capas, Jr. (born July 2 , 1964 in Havana , Cuba ) is a former outfielder and designated hitter in Major League Baseball , and is the twin brother of former major league player Ozzie Canseco . Canseco and his family left Cuba with his cousins when he and his brother were infants. They relocated to the United States , with José and Ozzie growing up in the Miami area. In 1985, Canseco won the Baseball America Minor League Player of the Year Award , and was a late season call-up for the Oakland A's , playing in 29 games in the major leagues in 1985 . In 1992 , he was traded to the Texas Rangers late in the season. He changed teams several times after the Rangers as well. Canseco retired in May 2002. His 462 career home runs rank him 26th on the all-time list . Canseco was at one time the all-time leader in home runs among Latino players; he was later surpassed by Manny Ramirez , Rafael Palmeiro and Sammy Sosa.
Josep Carreras i Coll (born December 5 , 1946 , Barcelona , Catalunya , Spain ), better known as José Carreras , is a Spanish tenor . One of the most prominent opera singers of his generation, and particularly eminent in the operas of Verdi and Puccini , his career has encompassed over 60 roles on stage and in the recording studio. He gained fame with a wider audience as one of The Three Tenors along with Plácido Domingo and Luciano Pavarotti in a series of mass concerts that began in 1990 and continued until 2003.  Carreras is also known for his humanitarian work as the president of the José Carreras International Leukemia Foundation ( La Fundació Internacional Josep Carreras per a la Lluita contra la Leucèmia ), which he established following his own recovery from the disease in 1988.
Edison Arantes do Nascimento , (born October 23 , 1940 in Três Corações , Brazil ), best known by his nickname Pelé , is a former Brazilian football player, rated by many as the greatest footballer of all time. He was given the title of Athlete of the Century by the International Olympic Committee .While his birth certificate shows his first name as Edison (after the American inventor), he prefers to call himself Edson. But it is as Pelé that he has become a sporting legend.
In his native Brazil, Pelé is hailed as a national hero. He is known for his accomplishments and contributions to the game of football, in addition to being officially declared the football ambassador of the world by FIFA and a national treasure by the Brazilian government.