What is a Narrative ?• The most important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. It can be a short story, a novel, a drama, or a narrative poem.• The author may write about – an experience or event from his or her past – something that happened to somebody else, such as a friend, parent or a grandparent – a recent or an ongoing experience or event
What is a plotPlot is what happens in a story. Plotconsists of a series of relatedepisodes, one growing out ofanother.The parts of the plot act likethe building blocks in a story.
What are the parts of the plot?Basic situationConflictSeries of events or Rising actionClimaxResolution or denouement
Basi c si t uat i on The basic situation introduces the characters and what they want. This is where the reader usually finds out about the conflict or a problem in the story. The major character must face obstacles to solving his or her problem.
Conflict Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces Every plot must contain some kind of conflict Stories can have more than one conflict Conflicts can be external or internal External conflict- outside force may be person, group, animal, nature, or a nonhuman obstacle Internal conflict- takes place in a character’s mind
Series of events or Rising action• A series of events takes place that makes it very hard for the character to get what he or she wants.• Conflict builds as the major character faces obstacles to solving his or her problem.• Each new obstacle complicates the conflict and helps build to the story’s climax.
Climax The climax is the story’s most emotional or suspenseful moment. This is the point at which the conflict is decided one way or another. Reader’s curiosity is at it’s highest at the story’s climax. Make your reader wonder, “How is this going to turn out?”
Di agr am of a pl ot Climax tio s/ Ac ent n in g f ev Res oueme Den Ris ies o ol u r Se t i on nt /Basic situation
It’s time to get started……..• Remember that your plot needs to have a• beginning• conflict• rising action• a climax• resolution
It’s time to get started……• To grab the reader’s attention and quickly introduce your story’s character’s, setting, point of view and conflict, try one of these opener suggestions.• Start with dialogue, letting a character speak to set the scene.• Start with action, jumping right into the conflict and describing the setting and the characters as part of the action.
The view• A story’s point of view depends upon who is narrating, or telling the story.• Many effective short stories use the first-person or the third person limited point of view.• Choose the first-person point of view if you want readers to put themselves into the story, as if they are the major character. Choose the third-person limited point of view if you want readers to experience the story from a distance, as if they are simply watching the major character.
Developing a character• Step1: Ask yourself, “What does this character look like?” List details about appearance such as the character’s skin and hair color, height, weight, and style of clothing.• Step2: Ask yourself:”What does the reader need to know about this character?”List important facts such as the character’s age, place of residence, and family background.
Developing a characterStep3: Ask yourself, “What is this character’s personality like?” Is the character quiet? Sociable? A bully? A good student?What does the character like to do?
Planning a story’s setting• The setting is where and when the story takes place. It can be a kitchen at night or a soccer field on a Friday evening. It can be the present, the past and the future.• Include details about the weather, calendar events, or times of the day in your setting.• Use sensory details(tastes, feelings, smells, sights, and sounds) to describe or show your setting.
As you write your story…..• Use specific narrative action, such as movements, gestures, and facial expression, to tell exactly what your characters are doing and to show their personalities or attitudes.• Make sure that all of the action in your story builds to a climax of suspense.
End• Your story’s ending should not be just tacked on. It should follow naturally from the story’s events.• The problem introduced at the beginning of the story should be resolved.• Your story’s outcome can be happy or sad, but make sure that it is believable.