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Parts Of A Story

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Parts Of A Story

  1. 1. Elements of Literature<br />
  2. 2. Literature is composed of several common elements.<br />
  3. 3. Elements<br />Setting<br />Characters<br />Conflict<br />Plot<br />Point of View<br />Tone<br />Mood<br />
  4. 4. Setting<br />Where it takes place<br />
  5. 5. Characters<br />Characters are the people in the story.<br />
  6. 6. Types of Characters<br />Flat<br />Round<br />Static<br />Dynamic<br />
  7. 7. Flat Characters<br />Are one dimensional. Good guy =Hero<br />
  8. 8. Round Characters<br />Have many sides to them<br />Good/Bad<br />
  9. 9. Static Characters<br />Never change<br />
  10. 10. Dynamic Characters<br />Change during the story<br />Main character<br />
  11. 11. Think <br />Name the four types of characters<br />
  12. 12. Superman<br />Flat<br />Santa<br />Professor Snape<br />Types of Characters<br />Static<br />Round<br />Dynamic<br />Edward, Bella<br />
  13. 13. Major Characters<br />Fall into one of the three categories…<br />
  14. 14. Major Characters<br />Protagonist<br />Antagonist<br />Foil<br />
  15. 15. Protagonist<br />Main character <br />
  16. 16. Antagonist<br />Opposition of Protagonist<br />
  17. 17. Foil<br />Character who provides contrast to Protagonist<br />
  18. 18. PLOT<br />Sequence of events<br />Give Structure<br />
  19. 19. BasicSequence<br />Exposition<br />Rising Action<br />Climax<br />Falling Action<br />Resolution<br />
  20. 20. Plot Diagram<br />
  21. 21. Exposition<br />Beginning of the story<br />“Once upon a time”<br />
  22. 22. Rising Action<br />Sets up conflict<br />Builds tension<br />
  23. 23. Climax<br />Turning point<br />High Point<br />
  24. 24. Falling Action<br />Wrapping up story<br />Immediately after climax<br />
  25. 25. Resolution<br />Point of closure<br />Ending<br />
  26. 26. Think<br />Where does each part fit?<br />
  27. 27. Plot diagram<br />Climax<br />Falling Action<br />Rising Action<br />Resolution<br />Exposition<br />
  28. 28. Wrap- up, after the climax<br />A. Rising Action<br />B. Falling Action<br />C. Climax<br />D. Exposition<br />
  29. 29. Beginning, once upon a time<br />A. Rising Action<br />B. Exposition<br />C. Climax<br />D. Falling Action<br />
  30. 30. High point, turning point<br />A. Climax<br />B. Ending<br />C. Beginning<br />D. Builds tension<br />
  31. 31. Sets up conflict, tension building<br />A. Falling action<br />B. Climax<br />C. Rising Action<br />D. Exposition<br />
  32. 32. Types of Conflict<br />Conflict is more than just a fight.<br />
  33. 33. Man vs. Man<br />Two humans in confrontation<br />
  34. 34. Man vs. Self<br />Internal conflict, struggle<br />
  35. 35. Man vs. Nature<br />Facing the elements or animals<br />
  36. 36. Man vs. Society<br />Going against social norms<br />
  37. 37. Theme<br />Central concept<br />Mystery, Science Fiction, Romance<br />
  38. 38. Point of View<br />Angle the story is being told from<br />
  39. 39. First person<br />As if you are telling a story<br />
  40. 40. Third Person Limited<br />Story told from an observer<br />See, Hear<br />
  41. 41. Third Person- Objective<br />Sees into the mind of a character<br />
  42. 42. Omniscient<br />Told by a person who knows everything about everyone in the story.<br />
  43. 43. An omniscient is NOT a character!<br />
  44. 44. Foreshadowing<br />Hints or clues on what’s to come<br />
  45. 45. Foreshadowing<br />Serves two purposes in a story<br />
  46. 46. Purpose one<br />Builds suspense<br />Keeps you reading<br />
  47. 47. Purpose Two<br />Makes narrator more believable<br />
  48. 48. Irony<br />Contrast between what appears true and what really is.<br />
  49. 49. Three Types of Irony<br />Verbal<br />Situational<br />Dramatic<br />
  50. 50. Verbal Irony<br />What is said vs. what is meant<br />
  51. 51. Irony of the Situation<br />Happening that is opposite of what’s expected<br />
  52. 52. Dramatic Irony<br />Reader knows more than character<br />
  53. 53. Tone<br />Author’s attitude toward a subject<br />
  54. 54. Tone<br />Pessimism<br />Optimism<br />Bitterness<br />Joyful<br />Humorous<br />Earnestness<br />
  55. 55. Mood<br />* The feeling or climate of a story<br />
  56. 56. Mood<br />Setting<br />Objects<br />Details<br />Images<br />Words<br />Influence the Mood<br />
  57. 57. Figurative Language<br />Language that goes beyond literal meaning<br />
  58. 58. Simile<br />Direct comparison of two unlike things<br />
  59. 59. Metaphor<br />Implied comparison of two unlike things<br />
  60. 60. Metaphor<br />The comparison is not announced.<br />“Like” <br />“As”<br />
  61. 61. Hyperbole<br />Exaggerated terms<br />“I read it a million times!”<br />
  62. 62. Onomatopoeia<br />Words that mimic sounds<br />BANG! POW!<br />
  63. 63. Sources<br />http://www.watertownlib.org/editor/upload/images/private/jenny/ladybug-reading.jpg<br />www.academyart.edu/.../news/mktg_news0147.html<br />www.tonnerdoll.com/spiderman.htm<br />http://yacht.zamok.net/DV/Potter/Posters/Snape/New/invisible14.jpg<br />http://www.wallcoo.net/holiday/2006_christmas_Vector_wallpapers_1024/images/2006_christmas_Vector_wallpaper_Untitled-24.jpg<br />http://www.goodcommitment.tv/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2007/10/chimpanzee_thinking_poster.jpg<br />http://farm1.static.flickr.com/32/53674487_03a011d36e.jpg<br />
  64. 64. Sources<br />http://farm1.static.flickr.com/32/53674487_03a011d36e.jpg<br />http://www.thomasfunding.dk/blog/media/fight_cartoon.jpg<br />http://www.all-things-conflict-resolution-and-adr.com/images/dreamstime_122705.jpg<br />http://www.imperfectwomen.com/wp-content/uploads/F-500Z_f500Z_Happily_EverAFter1.gif<br />http://i.ehow.com/images/GlobalPhoto/Articles/4900555/how-to-win-every-argument-main_Full.jpg<br />http://th01.deviantart.net/fs29/300W/i/2008/154/4/8/A_not_so_internal_conflict_by_Leilanee.jpg<br />http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.marclamonthill.com/mlhblog/wp-content/uploads/2007/10/war_protest_102809.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.marclamonthill.com/date/2007/10&usg=__ge-fIzs3d9azQzjFW1lwndyHJ1w=&h=375&w=375&sz=61&hl=en&start=4&sig2=z5umX2O5JXnRdV_g6KzF6w&um=1&tbnid=K48lrTz0_Y3OWM:&tbnh=122&tbnw=122&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dprotest%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den%26um%3D1&ei=6OK3Ssz0A5Gktwfy2c2vDQ<br />http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.northdevontheatres.org.uk/images/shows/MurderMystery.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.northdevontheatres.org.uk/north-devon-theatres-showinfo.asp%3Fshowid%3D451&usg=__SL_3IUqJnOAcaX8AColOD4oYitg=&h=432&w=442&sz=60&hl=en&start=15&sig2=qzRvEwbJWB3va4WxBwoPEg&um=1&tbnid=G3Gt9nYCcjGztM:&tbnh=124&tbnw=127&prev=/images%3Fq%3DMystery%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den%26um%3D1&ei=GuS3StTtHYSEtwf9ybjHDQ<br />http://library.thinkquest.org/27864/data/cyoc/parts.html<br />http://gargarstegosaurus.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/hamlet-and-friend1.jpg<br />http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_IA17g4CK4UY/RxemY8sE8EI/AAAAAAAACLE/Uxyvald9KZI/s400/wiz%2Bof%2Boz%2B8x10%2Bcanvas%2Bwicked%2Bwitch.jpg&imgrefurl=http://genkidesuyo.blogspot.com/&usg=__SzLXTZRiDCnxMffvE3JwrjxvmOE=&h=323&w=400&sz=21&hl=en&start=1&sig2=Zf_ihdorxMVnOU_RxRBLxw&tbnid=DvlXfU8u3SjKgM:&tbnh=100&tbnw=124&prev=/images%3Fq%3DWicked%2Bwitch%2Bof%2Bhte%2Bwest%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den&ei=H-y3Sou-Go77tgeigsHLDQ<br />
  65. 65. Sources<br />http://www.music-and-movies-stuff.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/317pxDracoMalfoyolder.jpg<br />http://www.ncccs.cc.nc.us/Resource_Development/images/Image7.gif<br />http://christophermattix.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/irony-bird1.jpg<br />http://library.thinkquest.org/J002267F/AYB00036.gif<br /> <br />http://www.t-shirtusa.com/images/TShirt_graphics/Seasonal/web_halloween2.jpg<br />http://ncowie.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/simile1.jpg<br /> <br />http://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/text_version/print/farm.jpg<br />

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