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[Slideshare] akhlaq-course (february 2013-batch-) -# 6-types-of-nafs-(30-march-2013)

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[Slideshare] akhlaq-course (february 2013-batch-) -# 6-types-of-nafs-(30-march-2013)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ILM -AL-AKHLAQ ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 6 – (part 1) “VARIOUS STATES OF THE NAFS” INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQ “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATE 30 MARCH 2013All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  2. 2. IN MR SE) TA CI ER (EX 1. Learning is organic, and new lesson are taught to expand further from what has previously been covered. In Qur’anic classes, students had to revise first the previous lessons “Can I get to know you ? What have before being taught further. If their revision is not favorable, we learnt?” the teacher will not proceed to teach any new lesson. 2. You are to refer to your notes and the PowerPoint slides available. 3. From the list of topic or sub-topics, as reference for your group – discuss and prepare to do a brief presentation to the class for each topics or sub-topics. You are given only 30 minutes to complete this assignmentAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  3. 3. STORY OF THE ANIMAL IN THE FARM HOW IS A PERSON’S “KHULUQ ” (NATURAL DISPOSITION ) DEVELOPED? TAUHEEDIC PARADIGMAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  4. 4. ESSENCE OF MAN IS THE SPIRITUAL (SOUL) LESSON # 4a – ABOUT THE ‘NAFS’ (SELF)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  5. 5. LESSON # 4a – ABOUT THE ‘NAFS’ (SELF) LESSON # 5 – MANAGE & CONTROL YOUR POWER OR BE CONTROLLED BY THEM BEWARE OF SATAN YOUR AVOWED ENEMYAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  6. 6. TO CONTINUE LESSON # 6 –All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  7. 7. ‘Ulama (scholars) of Tasawwuf/ ‘Ilmul Ahklaq, have identified various states in which the human “Nafs” (self) may be in. It does not mean that there are many “nafs” in a person, but it simply means to describe the nature of characteristic of the “ Nafs” which can be subjected to change. Perhaps we can describe this state as the dominant “ mood” of our “Nafs”. One has to be aware of one’s state – termed as “ Haal”. From the lower imperfect state, one has to strive to overcome them thereby attaining towards the subsequent level until one reaches the higher and perfect state.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
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  9. 9. As explained previously “Nafs” is that “consciousness that is you”. The state of our consciousness in our nafs (self) varies according to its development. Because man is firstly aware of himself, naturally he seeks to satisfy his self due to tendencies motivated by the inherent powers within him which is constantly developing. His awareness of himself is naturally stronger than the awareness of others. Thus his impulses are primarily concern with only fulfilment of its own desires and satisfaction.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  10. 10. If this obsession continues while he is still oblivious to the relationship with others besides himself, unconcerned as to its moral implication, whether it is detrimental to others or not, not even caring about the effect that his present actions will have on his future, etc. - the danger of such a trait in that person is obvious. This state is basic in everyone, and serves as the motivation for it to incite man towards acting out his will and desire. This is called “nafs al-am-marah”- the commanding self.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  11. 11. Concerning this state of the nafs (self), it is stated in the Holy Qur’an: “And yet, I am not trying to absolve myself: for, verily, mans inner self (NAFS -AMMARAH), does incite [him] to evil, and saved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His grace. Behold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“ (Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  12. 12. It is this uncontrolled impulses which is termed as “ Nafs al- ammarah”, the commanding Self and if not guided, often it is in conflict with what the mind regards as a moral good. Many of us are still in this state - impulsive selfish and reckless. We don’t seem to want to (reason) give a thought to what we are doing. Our only concern is to be able to satisfy ourselves.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  13. 13. We pamper our Self or Ego and regard it to be THE most important consideration. We forget who we actually are, and in Whose presence we exist. We may even entertain a grandiose notion of our bloated Ego - “ I am better than he” not by any moral or objective standard but because “I feel I am better”. Sometimes attributing ourselves a bigger than life importance, carrying ourselves about with an air of arrogance. Even our expectations from others also may be of the unrealistic kind.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  14. 14. We sometimes tend to be overly sensitive, even “paranoia”; entertaining to our suspicion - where benefit of doubt should be given to others. We harbour “conspiracy theories” and easily accept evil suggestions and whisperings of Satan and of bad people inciting enmity and conflict, judging others without evidence. Our capacity to “love”, which is a natural trait or tendency within us - is wholly directed more to our Self. We look at ourselves always as perfect and unblemished, and expecting others to look at us likewise.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  15. 15. We expect praises for ourselves and resent (even become angry) at any form of criticism even though it is well-meant and true! Instead of reflecting and considering upon what is being said, we immediately react impulsively because our feelings are “hurt”; our bloated Ego is punctured. Some resent because of “who” is saying it rather than “what” is being said, because in his estimation, the other person is lesser than he. With this deluded self-admiration, advice from others to reform in him whatever shortcomings, will be difficult if not impossible.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  16. 16. Thus, a person whose Nafs (self) is in this state, is emotionally and directly linked to his “Quwwah” (innate powers) which automatically transform it into reaction with his organs. His tongue, his hands and all other organs are enslaved to follow the dictates of this commanding Self. He or she will become very impulsive, hasty and quick to temper. Reason and thought processes are completely ignored.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  17. 17. Relationship with the Self NAFS al-AMMARAH Initial traits : (Commanding self) [1] Appetite, [2] Emotion still link to needs, Link to various [3] curiosity, memory, TIME Quwwah (powers): [4] imitative, see, listen & do, [5] application of [1] shahwiyya basic sensory feelings (desires) [2] ghadabiyya BODY (anger) SELF HEART [3] Wahmiyah (imaginative) TONGUE [4] ‘aqliyya DESIRE (thoughts) MIND Importance of linguistics to thoughts: THE WORLDAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  18. 18. Relationship with the Self NAFS al-AMMARAH Initial traits : (Commanding self) [1] Appetite, [2] Emotion still link to needs, Link to various [3] curiosity, memory, TIME Quwwah (powers): [4] imitative, see, listen & do, [5] application of [1] shahwiyya basic sensory feelings (desires) [2] ghadabiyya BODY (anger) SELF HEART [3] Wahmiyah (imaginative) TONGUE [4] ‘aqliyya DESIRE (thoughts) MIND Importance of linguistics to thoughts: “He (Allah) has created man: He has imparted unto him articulate thought and speech.” (Q:55: 3-5) THE WORLDAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  19. 19. “O you who have believed, do not put [yourselves] before Allah and His Messenger but be conscious and fear Allah (TAQWALLAAH). Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.” (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
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  21. 21. “HAST THOU ever considered [the kind of man] who makes his own desires (HAWA) his deity, and whom Allah has [thereupon] let go astray, knowing [that his mind is closed to all guidance], and whose hearing and heart He has sealed, and upon whose sight He has placed a veil? Who, then, could guide him after Allah [has abandoned him]? Will you not, then, (TADZAK- KARUN) bethink your-selves? “ (Qur’an: Jatsiyah: 45: 23)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
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  23. 23. “ALLURING unto man is the (HUB-BUSH – SHAHAWAAT) enjoyment of worldly desires through women, and children, and heaped-up treasures of gold and silver, and horses of high mark, and cattle, and lands. All this may be enjoyed in the life of this world (DUN-YAA) - but the most beauteous of all goals is with Allah. “ (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 14)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  24. 24. “And nothing is the life of this world (DUN-YAA) but a play and a passing delight; and the life in the hereafter is by far the better for all who are conscious of Allah (YATTAQUUN) Will you not, then, use your reason? ” (Qur’an: An’am: 6: 32)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  25. 25. “O you who have attained to faith! Respond to the call of Allah and the Messenger whenever he calls you unto that which will give you life; and know that Allah intervenes between man and [the desires of] his heart, and that unto Him you shall be gathered.” (Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  26. 26. “And recite to them, [O Muhammad], the news of him to whom we gave [knowledge of] Our signs, but he detached himself from them; so Satan pursued him, and he became of the deviators.” (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 175 )All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
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  28. 28. “And if We had willed, we could have elevated him thereby, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and followed his own desire. So his example is like that of the dog: if you chase him, he pants, or if you leave him, he [still] pants. That is the example of the people who denied Our signs. So relate the stories that perhaps they will give thought.” (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 176 )All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
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  30. 30. “And keep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the evening, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life, and do not obey one whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance and who follows his desire (HAWA’) and whose affair is ever [in] neglect.” (Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 28)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
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  32. 32. The Arab (Bedouins) say, "We have believed (AA-MAN-NA)." Say, "You have not [yet] believed; but say [instead], We have submitted (AS-LAM-NA), for faith has not yet entered your hearts. And if you obey Allah and His Messenger, He will not deprive you from your deeds of anything. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.“ (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 14 )All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  33. 33. TASAWWUR ISLAM LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS STATE OF MUTTAQEEN TAQWA God-consciousness or Piety MUKHLISWEEN Sincerity MUHSEEN Best or righteous conduct MU’MEEN Believer ‘ILM – ‘AMAL - MUJAAHADAH MUSLIM JAAHIL SHIRK ZOLEEM KADZIB ITHM FAASAD NIFAAQ Submission KUFUR-NI’MAH GHAFLAH MUJREEM ISRAAF … ETCETRAAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012)
  34. 34. ”As for those who (JAA-HADU) strive in Us, We surely guide them to Our paths (SUBUU-LANA), and lo! Allah is with the good (MUH-SINEEN)” (Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 69)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  35. 35. And they will say: "All praise is due to Allah, who has guided us unto this; for we would certainly not have found the right path unless Allah had guided us! Indeed, our Sustainers Messengers have told us the truth!“ (Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 43)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  36. 36. TO BE CONTINUEDAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  37. 37. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ 37All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)

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