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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
““INTRODUCT...
 It is called “It is called “RuhRuh” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to ...
Amongst the definitions:Amongst the definitions:
““....... Knowledge is the arrival (....... Knowledge is the arrival (huh...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
 Information gathered are like pieces of jig-saw puzzle.
 It may seem quite easy to get them, especially when they seeme...
 Thus, some people may feel that they have ‘knowledge’, whereas
what they possess may just be merely ‘information’.
 Act...
 Thus education is said to be “organic” liken to a living organism –
which pertains, primarily, to the growth (of meaning...
 This can only be possible when such pieces are given to them by one
who has true ownership of these, and who consents to...
“ Educators are like gardeners, the best of them are the local gardeners
with the most experience, who have been living wi...
 And the manner or approach towards making it meaningful
(enlightening), may be seen from various perspectives (angles)
a...
“TRADITIONAL LEARNING FROM ISLAMIC TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS”
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“And it behoves you not to be deceived by the escapades
and antics of the charlatan sufis. The true s...
O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: .......
““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four ma...
O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: .......
““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four ma...
O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: .......
““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four ma...
O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: .......
““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four ma...
O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: .......
““what is necessary for those who choose to travel upon the
path of Truth...
Know...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who renounces love of the world and the...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who follows an enlightened guide whose ...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 and he who excels in refining himself by o...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
““An immoral man of learning is a great evil,An immoral man of learning is a great evil,
yet a greater evil is an ignoramu...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
All Rights ...
““It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered aIt is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a
messenger (...
““As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, whoAs well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others ...
“Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will:
and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.”
(Qur’an: Jum...
““Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, worksWho is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Alla...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingentNor should the Believers all go forth together: if a cont...
Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who doSay: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do
not know? It ...
““So ask the people of the ‘Remembrance’ (i.e. those whoSo ask the people of the ‘Remembrance’ (i.e. those who
know) in ma...
““Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants,Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants,
tho...
““ Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those ofAllah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees),...
He (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he toHe (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to
whom wisdom i...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
“Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will
make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the
religion(Deen); and f...
““Whosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledgeWhosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledge
(...
““The best ones amongst you is the person who makes youThe best ones amongst you is the person who makes you
remember Alla...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““Indeed, Allah bestowed a favour upon the believers when he raised up inIndeed, Allah bestowed a favour upon the believer...
““Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrations (or merelyKnowledge is not from the listening of much narrations ...
““The most meritorious of knowledge is knowledge of the ‘The most meritorious of knowledge is knowledge of the ‘HaalHaal’’...
• REFLECTION:REFLECTION:
Our concern should be towards drawing close to AllahOur concern should be towards drawing close t...
““Learn (seek knowledge)! For the learning is an adornment forLearn (seek knowledge)! For the learning is an adornment for...
• REFLECTION:REFLECTION:
Certainly, this is from the Islamic perspective ofCertainly, this is from the Islamic perspective...
““Give yourself up to the study of jurisprudence (FIQH), for the knowledge
of jurisprudence is the best guide to piety and...
“It is the milestone leading to the ways of proper guidance; it is the
fortress that saves [one] from all hardships. “
• R...
“Indeed, one godly person versed in jurisprudence is more powerful against
Satan than a thousand [ordinary] worshippers.”
...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““The knowledge is what benefits,The knowledge is what benefits,
not what is memorized”not what is memorized”
((Imam Muham...
““O YOU who have attained to faith! Why do you sayO YOU who have attained to faith! Why do you say
one thing and do anothe...
““Do you bid other people to be pious, the while youDo you bid other people to be pious, the while you
forget your own sel...
““THE PARABLE of those who were graced with the burden of theTHE PARABLE of those who were graced with the burden of the
T...
““As for those who take the deniers of the truth (KAAFIRIN) for theirAs for those who take the deniers of the truth (KAAFI...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““And, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in this divine writAnd, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in this divine writ
thatt...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue withWhoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue with
the learned (scholars...
““We are (much) in need of a littleWe are (much) in need of a little AdabAdab, from (that of), from (that of)
going out (s...
"Indeed the"Indeed the scholarsscholars are the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fallare the inheritors of the Prop...
““((‘ilm‘ilm) Knowledge without) Knowledge without AdabAdab,,
is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel);is like (hav...
 Purify his soul (Purify his soul (nafsnafs) from impure) from impure
traits and blameworthytraits and blameworthy
charac...
 Remove impediments (affairs of the world)Remove impediments (affairs of the world)
to devote with undivided attention to...
 Never scorn knowledge nor exaltNever scorn knowledge nor exalt
himself/herself over the teacher.himself/herself over the...
 Observe priority in learning and submitObserve priority in learning and submit
to the advise of the teacher in theto the...
 Must be patient and not be hasty inMust be patient and not be hasty in
learning as one may need to masterlearning as one...
 Do not attempt to address every branchDo not attempt to address every branch
of knowledge but must observe orderof knowl...
 Learn to ascertain the noble nature ofLearn to ascertain the noble nature of
this or other science.this or other science...
 Purpose of learning is for the adornment of inner selfPurpose of learning is for the adornment of inner self
with virtue...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
Avoid polemics.Avoid polemics.
(Difference between(Difference between Maslahat al-mursalahMaslahat al-mursalah andand Bid’...
As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated byAs an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by
Ima...
As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated byAs an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by
Ima...
 Refer also to the traditional text :Refer also to the traditional text :
“Ta’lim Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum”
““INSTRUCT...
76All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
77
““O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (bitaanahbitaanah**))
th...
78
““O ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) FearO ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) Fear
Allah (Allah (TA...
79
““He is not from my Ummah (community),He is not from my Ummah (community),
One who do not respect our elders, orOne who...
80
“A person is upon the religion (way of life)
of the ones (friends) he is close to,
therefore look to whom you (love to ...
81
””Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of theVerily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEENDEEN
(Re...
82
““Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increaseWhosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increas...
83
““He is not an ascetic (He is not an ascetic (ZAHIDZAHID) he who is detached (denounce) the) he who is detached (denoun...
84
““He who does not exert abstinence (He who does not exert abstinence (WARA’)WARA’) while learning, Godwhile learning, G...
““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true
and grant us the ability to follow it...
http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/
http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introduct...
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[Slideshare] akhlaq-course (august-2013-batch) -lesson#3 -preparation-for-learning(4-sept-2013)

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[Slideshare] akhlaq-course (august-2013-batch) -lesson#3 -preparation-for-learning(4-sept-2013)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDYINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 3 a –LESSON # 3 a – PREPARATION FOR LEARNINGPREPARATION FOR LEARNING INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED – 4UPDATED – 4 September 2013September 2013All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  2. 2.  It is called “It is called “RuhRuh” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do not know except very little.not know except very little.  When it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity,When it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity, it is called “it is called “NafsNafs” – ‘self’. And it may go through many ‘states’ (” – ‘self’. And it may go through many ‘states’ (AHWALAHWAL))  The wordThe word ““QolbQolb” – “” – “Fu-adFu-ad” ‘heart’, also refers to our Soul,” ‘heart’, also refers to our Soul, when it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understandingwhen it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understanding meanings. Maintining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimate concern.meanings. Maintining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimate concern.  When Allah s.w.t. grantsWhen Allah s.w.t. grants TaufiqTaufiq whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’ penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “LubbLubb” - ‘innermost’; ‘core’” - ‘innermost’; ‘core’  If it is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “If it is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “SirrSirr” –” – ‘secret’‘secret’  But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self.But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self. WaAllaahu a’lamWaAllaahu a’lam EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  3. 3. Amongst the definitions:Amongst the definitions: ““....... Knowledge is the arrival (....... Knowledge is the arrival (huhussulul- )- )** of the meaningof the meaning ((ma’nama’na- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of the subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’sthe subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’s arrival (arrival (wuwussulul- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object of knowledge.”of knowledge.” By “meaning” (By “meaning” (ma’nama’na- ) is: “- ) is: “the recognition of the properthe recognition of the proper place of anything in a systemplace of anything in a system ...”...” ** ““attainment; acquirement” is a better translationattainment; acquirement” is a better translation.. EPISTEMOLOGY Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  5. 5.  Information gathered are like pieces of jig-saw puzzle.  It may seem quite easy to get them, especially when they seemed to be scattered about almost everywhere.  Some people are keen to only gather them, to pick them up, to steal these pieces, and are obsessed with merely having as much of them as possible – not realizing its true meaning, its true significance, its true worth to benefit from it, its place and purpose to us. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  6. 6.  Thus, some people may feel that they have ‘knowledge’, whereas what they possess may just be merely ‘information’.  Actually by “knowledge”, we are referring to the relevant “meaning” from that subject that we “seek to acquire, arriving in our soul ...” – not merely the subject.  The “Soul” (or sometimes referred to as the ‘heart’, ‘mind’ or ‘intellect’) is the spiritual Self (of who we are our Self ‘Nafs’ ) - our cognitive essence, capable of knowing and of learning. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  7. 7.  Thus education is said to be “organic” liken to a living organism – which pertains, primarily, to the growth (of meaning, realization and actualization) of our soul - Self.  Education, from the Islamic perspective, is not a mechanical construct, but it entails nurturing of a Muslim with ‘Life’ – and the Islamic educators to be likened as the ‘gardeners ’ not ‘engineers’.  Actually, (in Islamic education), when acquiring any pieces of it (information), a student should also be learning what its meaning and significance is, and how it is to be applied (fixed or connected) unto what he/she already possess thus far – increasing spiritual growth. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  8. 8.  This can only be possible when such pieces are given to them by one who has true ownership of these, and who consents to give these to them and helps them with how they should understand these, and to form (or attach) them unto their overall worldview.  Thus, students must be learning from the right person, i.e. those who has ‘seen’ the full (at least)- the completed picture.; or preferably those who have traversed the path themselves.  Only such are the ones who can rightfully teach them how they are to make each pieces to become meaningful to what they already possess. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  9. 9. “ Educators are like gardeners, the best of them are the local gardeners with the most experience, who have been living with and nurturing the plants and being the caretaker of its ornaments. Although they are often unassuming by avoiding the gaze of people admiring the garden, yet ignoring them is indeed ignorant heedlessness, compounded with ingratitude, while preferring others less able over them is injustice ”  'If you are grateful, I will surely increase you  [in favour];  but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe” (Qur’an:  Surah Ibrahim: 14: 7) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL AN-NASEEHAH Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  10. 10.  And the manner or approach towards making it meaningful (enlightening), may be seen from various perspectives (angles) amongst fellow students in the same class, because each student, although may have a limited vision of what the teacher was teaching, may be granted new meanings - ‘arriving in his soul’. Thus in a traditional teaching sessions, ‘knowledge’ expands and increases.  Thus being physically present in class with a teacher, learning face- to-face, sharing what they have learnt with the teacher and fellow students, seeking constant guidance etc. has always been a highly valued traditional method (which, unfortunately, we may have lost or slowly losing through neglect). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  11. 11. “TRADITIONAL LEARNING FROM ISLAMIC TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  12. 12. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “And it behoves you not to be deceived by the escapades and antics of the charlatan sufis. The true spiritual journey of the Sufi Path is not the path of these pretenders. It is the path of self-remonstrance and the removal of carnal desires (and their inner promptings) with the Sword of Vigilance.“ “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  13. 13. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey:during the spiritual journey: ONEONE, sound belief that is free from innovation., sound belief that is free from innovation. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  14. 14. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey:during the spiritual journey: TWOTWO, sincere and genuine repentance with the resolve not to, sincere and genuine repentance with the resolve not to return to a life of carnal pleasure.return to a life of carnal pleasure. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  15. 15. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey:during the spiritual journey: THREETHREE, to try to make peace with your adversaries so that no, to try to make peace with your adversaries so that no claims can be laid against you.claims can be laid against you. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  16. 16. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey:during the spiritual journey: FOURFOUR, to acquire sufficient knowledge of the Sacred Law to, to acquire sufficient knowledge of the Sacred Law to enable you to perform the orders of Allah, the Most High.enable you to perform the orders of Allah, the Most High. Then there is theThen there is the knowledge of the Hereafterknowledge of the Hereafter that is necessarythat is necessary for success.for success. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  17. 17. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““what is necessary for those who choose to travel upon the path of Truth... Know that it is essential for you to attach yourself to a Spiritual Guide and Teacher who, through his spiritual instructions, will purify yourself from evil tendencies and replace them with nobility of character. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  18. 18. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who renounces love of the world and the desire for rank; “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  19. 19. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who follows an enlightened guide whose spiritual chain extends in unbroken sequence to Muhammad, the Lord of the Messengers “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  20. 20. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  and he who excels in refining himself by observing modesty in eating, speaking and sleeping, and by much praying, almsgiving and fasting; “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  21. 21. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  22. 22. ““An immoral man of learning is a great evil,An immoral man of learning is a great evil, yet a greater evil is an ignoramus leading a ‘godly’yet a greater evil is an ignoramus leading a ‘godly’ life.life. Both are a great trial (FITNAH) everywhere,Both are a great trial (FITNAH) everywhere, to whomever depends to them both (for guidance),to whomever depends to them both (for guidance), in holding on to his religion”in holding on to his religion” REFLECTIONREFLECTION:: We would indeed be afflicted with thisWe would indeed be afflicted with this FitnahFitnah (trial). Only with appropriate(trial). Only with appropriate knowledge andknowledge and irshaadahirshaadah, and more importantly, and more importantly Taufiq wal-Hidaa-yaTaufiq wal-Hidaa-ya fromfrom Allah SWT. would we be saved from its evil.Allah SWT. would we be saved from its evil. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  23. 23. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  24. 24. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  25. 25. ““It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered aIt is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, tomessenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and torehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom― although theyinstruct them in Scripture and Wisdom― although they had been, before, in manifest error―had been, before, in manifest error― .“.“ ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  26. 26. ““As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, whoAs well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.”have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.” ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  27. 27. “Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 4) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  28. 28. ““Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, worksWho is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says "I am of those who bow in Islam"righteousness, and says "I am of those who bow in Islam" ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 41: 33Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 41: 33)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  30. 30. ““Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingentNor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devotefrom every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion (themselves to studies in religion (LIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEENLIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEEN)) and admonish the people when they return to them― that thusand admonish the people when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).”they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).” ((Qur’an: Taubah: 9:122Qur’an: Taubah: 9:122)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  31. 31. Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who doSay: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understandingnot know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition.“that receive admonition.“ ((Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 9Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 9)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  32. 32. ““So ask the people of the ‘Remembrance’ (i.e. those whoSo ask the people of the ‘Remembrance’ (i.e. those who know) in matters which you do not know.know) in matters which you do not know.““ ((Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 7Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 7)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  33. 33. ““Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants,Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants, those who have knowledge (those who have knowledge (AL-’ULAMAAL-’ULAMA): for Allah is Exalted): for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving.in Might, Oft-Forgiving.““ ((Qur’an: Fatir: 35: 28Qur’an: Fatir: 35: 28)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  34. 34. ““ Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those ofAllah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted Knowledgeyou who believe and who have been granted Knowledge ((UU-TUL-’ILMAUU-TUL-’ILMA): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do.”do.” ((Qur’an: Mujadilah: 58: 11Qur’an: Mujadilah: 58: 11)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  35. 35. He (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he toHe (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefitwhom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the message but men ofoverflowing; but none will grasp the message but men of understandingunderstanding.“.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 269Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 269)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  36. 36. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  37. 37. “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” ((Reported by Bukhary and MuslimReported by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  38. 38. ““Whosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledgeWhosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledge ((‘ILMA‘ILMA), Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise.”), Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise.” ((Reported by Abu Daud & TirmidziReported by Abu Daud & Tirmidzi)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  39. 39. ““The best ones amongst you is the person who makes youThe best ones amongst you is the person who makes you remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever heremember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and withspeaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for yourhis deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.”Hereafter.” ((Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.aHadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  40. 40. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  41. 41. ““Indeed, Allah bestowed a favour upon the believers when he raised up inIndeed, Allah bestowed a favour upon the believers when he raised up in their midst a Messenger from among themselves, to convey His messagestheir midst a Messenger from among themselves, to convey His messages unto them, and to cause them to grow in purity, and to impart unto themunto them, and to cause them to grow in purity, and to impart unto them the divine writ as well as wisdom - whereas before that they were indeed,the divine writ as well as wisdom - whereas before that they were indeed, most obviously, lost in error.”most obviously, lost in error.” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 163Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 163)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  42. 42. ““Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrations (or merelyKnowledge is not from the listening of much narrations (or merely reading books), verily knowledge is light (which Allah s.w.t. casts)reading books), verily knowledge is light (which Allah s.w.t. casts) into the heart.”into the heart.” ((Saying ofSaying of ** Ibnu Mas’ud r.aIbnu Mas’ud r.a.).) * The famous companion (SAHABI) of the Prophet s.a.a.w.The famous companion (SAHABI) of the Prophet s.a.a.w. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  43. 43. ““The most meritorious of knowledge is knowledge of the ‘The most meritorious of knowledge is knowledge of the ‘HaalHaal’’ (spiritual state); and the most meritorious of actions (deeds) is to(spiritual state); and the most meritorious of actions (deeds) is to maintain one’s standing (goodly spiritual state attained).”maintain one’s standing (goodly spiritual state attained).” * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: •The famous student of Imam Abu Hanifah r.h.mThe famous student of Imam Abu Hanifah r.h.m. Amongst the teachers of Imam Ash-Shafi’ie r.h.m All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  44. 44. • REFLECTION:REFLECTION: Our concern should be towards drawing close to AllahOur concern should be towards drawing close to Allah spiritually described as states (spiritually described as states (HaalHaal). In the incremental). In the incremental states which we gained, we must strive to maintain withstates which we gained, we must strive to maintain with ‘amal‘amal (practice) as we can regress. When ‘(practice) as we can regress. When ‘istiqomahistiqomah’ in’ in one’s Haal is achieved, it is called ‘one’s Haal is achieved, it is called ‘MaqomMaqom’’ * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  45. 45. ““Learn (seek knowledge)! For the learning is an adornment forLearn (seek knowledge)! For the learning is an adornment for the one who (strive and) possesses it; a virtue and a prelude tothe one who (strive and) possesses it; a virtue and a prelude to every praiseworthy action.”every praiseworthy action.” * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  46. 46. • REFLECTION:REFLECTION: Certainly, this is from the Islamic perspective ofCertainly, this is from the Islamic perspective of knowledge linked toknowledge linked to ‘ibaadah‘ibaadah – not the secularist-culture– not the secularist-culture of learning which is attached to value-system quiteof learning which is attached to value-system quite opposed to Islamic ideals.opposed to Islamic ideals. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  47. 47. ““Give yourself up to the study of jurisprudence (FIQH), for the knowledge of jurisprudence is the best guide to piety and the fear of God and it is the straightest path to the ultimate goal.”.” • REFLECTION:REFLECTION: ““FiqhFiqh” – literally means “profound understanding (of the” – literally means “profound understanding (of the Deen)” – ref: al-Qur’an Surah Taubah : 9: 122, which laterDeen)” – ref: al-Qur’an Surah Taubah : 9: 122, which later was used to refer to the studies of Islamic jurisprudence.was used to refer to the studies of Islamic jurisprudence. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  48. 48. “It is the milestone leading to the ways of proper guidance; it is the fortress that saves [one] from all hardships. “ • REFLECTION:REFLECTION: Again, one has to understand Islam’s value system which doAgain, one has to understand Islam’s value system which do not separate the eternal goodness and hardship in Hereafternot separate the eternal goodness and hardship in Hereafter with present life which is temporary and fleeting. Thus,with present life which is temporary and fleeting. Thus, those with secular worldview, may not be able to appreciatethose with secular worldview, may not be able to appreciate profoundly this message.profoundly this message. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  49. 49. “Indeed, one godly person versed in jurisprudence is more powerful against Satan than a thousand [ordinary] worshippers.” • REFLECTION:REFLECTION: Only by knowing the boundaries between obedience andOnly by knowing the boundaries between obedience and disobedience, instilled withdisobedience, instilled with TaqwaTaqwa (fear of transgression)(fear of transgression) that can effectively equip a Muslim against being temptedthat can effectively equip a Muslim against being tempted or deceived by Satan. Thus, the emphasis upon thisor deceived by Satan. Thus, the emphasis upon this knowledge.knowledge. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  50. 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  51. 51. ““The knowledge is what benefits,The knowledge is what benefits, not what is memorized”not what is memorized” ((Imam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafi’e rhm. aImam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafi’e rhm. a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  52. 52. ““O YOU who have attained to faith! Why do you sayO YOU who have attained to faith! Why do you say one thing and do another?one thing and do another? Most loathsome is it in the sight of Allah that youMost loathsome is it in the sight of Allah that you say what you do not do!”say what you do not do!” ((Qur’an: Saff: 81: 2-3Qur’an: Saff: 81: 2-3)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  53. 53. ““Do you bid other people to be pious, the while youDo you bid other people to be pious, the while you forget your own selves - and yet you recite the divineforget your own selves - and yet you recite the divine writ?writ? Will you not, then, use your reason?”Will you not, then, use your reason?” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 44Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 44)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  54. 54. ““THE PARABLE of those who were graced with the burden of theTHE PARABLE of those who were graced with the burden of the Torah, andTorah, and thereafter failed to bear this burdenthereafter failed to bear this burden, is that of an ass that, is that of an ass that carries a load of books [but cannot benefit from them]. Calamitous iscarries a load of books [but cannot benefit from them]. Calamitous is the parable of people who are bent on giving the lie to Allah'sthe parable of people who are bent on giving the lie to Allah's messages - for Allah does not bestow His guidance upon suchmessages - for Allah does not bestow His guidance upon such evildoing folk!”evildoing folk!” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  55. 55. ““As for those who take the deniers of the truth (KAAFIRIN) for theirAs for those who take the deniers of the truth (KAAFIRIN) for their allies in preference to the believers(MU’-MINEEN) -allies in preference to the believers(MU’-MINEEN) - do they hope todo they hope to be honoured by thembe honoured by them when, behold, all honour belongs to Allahwhen, behold, all honour belongs to Allah [alone]?”[alone]?” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 139Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 139)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  56. 56. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  57. 57. ““And, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in this divine writAnd, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in this divine writ thatthat whenever you hear people deny the truth of Allah'swhenever you hear people deny the truth of Allah's messages and mockmessages and mock at them, you shallat them, you shall avoid their companyavoid their company until they begin to talk of other thingsuntil they begin to talk of other things - or else, verily, you- or else, verily, you will become like them. Behold, together with those whowill become like them. Behold, together with those who deny the truth Allah will gather in hell the hypocrites,”deny the truth Allah will gather in hell the hypocrites,” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 140Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 140)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  59. 59. ““Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue withWhoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue with the learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish;the learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish; or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself;or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself; Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.”Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.” ((Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn MajahHadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah)) WARNING All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  60. 60. ““We are (much) in need of a littleWe are (much) in need of a little AdabAdab, from (that of), from (that of) going out (seeking) after much ofgoing out (seeking) after much of ‘ilm‘ilm (knowledge)” –(knowledge)” – (Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak)(Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  61. 61. "Indeed the"Indeed the scholarsscholars are the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fallare the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fall into covetousness and greed, who shall be taken as leaders? Theinto covetousness and greed, who shall be taken as leaders? The merchants and businessmenmerchants and businessmen are the trustees of Allah, so if they areare the trustees of Allah, so if they are treacherous, who can be trusted? Thetreacherous, who can be trusted? The warriorswarriors are the guests of Allahare the guests of Allah so if they become extreme (or take spoils without right), with whom canso if they become extreme (or take spoils without right), with whom can we defeat the enemies? The righteous andwe defeat the enemies? The righteous and ascetic onesascetic ones are the kings ofare the kings of the earth but if they become insincere (i.e. havethe earth but if they become insincere (i.e. have riya’riya’), who shall be), who shall be followed? Thefollowed? The governors/rulersgovernors/rulers are the shepherds (protectors) of theare the shepherds (protectors) of the people, but if the shepherd becomes a wolf, who shall protect thepeople, but if the shepherd becomes a wolf, who shall protect the flock?"flock?" - Imam 'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak- Imam 'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  62. 62. ““((‘ilm‘ilm) Knowledge without) Knowledge without AdabAdab,, is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel);is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel); andand AdabAdab without knowledge (without knowledge (‘ilm‘ilm) ,) , is like (having) the Soul (but) without body.”is like (having) the Soul (but) without body.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  63. 63.  Purify his soul (Purify his soul (nafsnafs) from impure) from impure traits and blameworthytraits and blameworthy characteristics.characteristics. 63 Such as:-Such as:- ‘‘ujubujub (self-conceit)(self-conceit) JuJuhhudud (ungrateful; obstinacy)(ungrateful; obstinacy) KibrKibr (arrogance)(arrogance) HasdHasd (jealousy)(jealousy) Riya’Riya’ (ostentatious)(ostentatious) Hub al-jahHub al-jah (love for status)(love for status) Hub ad-dunyaHub ad-dunya (love of the world)(love of the world) Etc.Etc. .. amongst others ...... amongst others .... He is indeed successful who purifyHe is indeed successful who purify and causes it to grow,and causes it to grow, ((Qur’an: Shams: 91: 10Qur’an: Shams: 91: 10)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  64. 64.  Remove impediments (affairs of the world)Remove impediments (affairs of the world) to devote with undivided attention to theto devote with undivided attention to the study.study. 64 ““Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body “Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body “ ((Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 4Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 4)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  65. 65.  Never scorn knowledge nor exaltNever scorn knowledge nor exalt himself/herself over the teacher.himself/herself over the teacher. 65 ““Whosever has humility (tawwadhu’),Whosever has humility (tawwadhu’), Allah will raise his rank (and status);Allah will raise his rank (and status); and whosoever is arrogant (proud - takabbur)and whosoever is arrogant (proud - takabbur) Allah will humiliate him.”Allah will humiliate him.” ((Hadith of our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.Hadith of our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.)) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  66. 66.  Observe priority in learning and submitObserve priority in learning and submit to the advise of the teacher in theto the advise of the teacher in the matters of his learning.matters of his learning. 66 ““... and be satisfied with your ignorance... and be satisfied with your ignorance if you have wronged a teacher.”if you have wronged a teacher.” A POEM FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM”A POEM FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  67. 67.  Must be patient and not be hasty inMust be patient and not be hasty in learning as one may need to masterlearning as one may need to master praiseworthy knowledge.praiseworthy knowledge. 67 ““Calmness is from Allah, and (whereas)Calmness is from Allah, and (whereas) hastiness is from satan.”hastiness is from satan.” ((Hadith reported by Baihaqy from Anas r.aHadith reported by Baihaqy from Anas r.a.).) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  68. 68.  Do not attempt to address every branchDo not attempt to address every branch of knowledge but must observe orderof knowledge but must observe order and begin with the most important.and begin with the most important. 68 O ye who believe! put not yourselves forward beforeO ye who believe! put not yourselves forward before Allah and His Messenger: but fear Allah:Allah and His Messenger: but fear Allah: for Allah is He who hears and knows all things.for Allah is He who hears and knows all things. ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  69. 69.  Learn to ascertain the noble nature ofLearn to ascertain the noble nature of this or other science.this or other science. 69 Such as to know value & priority:-Such as to know value & priority:- Fardh ‘AinFardh ‘Ain (personal obligation)(personal obligation) Fardh KifayaFardh Kifaya (community obligation)(community obligation) MuqaddimatMuqaddimat (introductory)(introductory) MukhtasarMukhtasar (Summary)(Summary) MufasssalMufasssal (Detail)(Detail) MujmalMujmal (General)(General) KhususiyaKhususiya (Specialised)(Specialised) UsulUsul (Principles)(Principles) Furu’Furu’ (Branches or secondary)(Branches or secondary) Manfa’atManfa’at (beneficial)(beneficial) Ghoyr Manfa’atGhoyr Manfa’at (not beneficial)(not beneficial) Etc.Etc. .. amongst others ...... amongst others .... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  70. 70.  Purpose of learning is for the adornment of inner selfPurpose of learning is for the adornment of inner self with virtues – seeking nearness to Allah (“with virtues – seeking nearness to Allah (“Taqarrub-il-Taqarrub-il- lAllaahlAllaah”) and attainment of piety (“”) and attainment of piety (“TaqwaTaqwa”).”). 70 Verily the most honoured of you in the sightVerily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you.of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  71. 71. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  72. 72. Avoid polemics.Avoid polemics. (Difference between(Difference between Maslahat al-mursalahMaslahat al-mursalah andand Bid’ahBid’ah)) 1.1. NiyyatNiyyat : Essentials (: Essentials (ruknrukn ’’) in every worship (servitude).) in every worship (servitude). 2.2. Intention is formulated in the heart and mind.Intention is formulated in the heart and mind. 3.3. In language that one understands.In language that one understands. 4.4. Conscious awareness accompanying the act.Conscious awareness accompanying the act. 5.5. Clarity of action and purpose.Clarity of action and purpose. 6.6. To eradicate ambiguity.To eradicate ambiguity. 7.7. Sincerity towards Allah s.w.t.Sincerity towards Allah s.w.t. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  73. 73. As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated byAs an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-HaddadImam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad ((rahimahullahrahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets.) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  74. 74. As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated byAs an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-HaddadImam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad ((rahimahullahrahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets.) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets. ““I intend to learn and teach (knowledge), to gain and to shareI intend to learn and teach (knowledge), to gain and to share benefits, to receive and to give reminders, to seek (Allah’s)benefits, to receive and to give reminders, to seek (Allah’s) bestowals and to bestow (upon others), to holdfast to thebestowals and to bestow (upon others), to holdfast to the teachings of the Book of Allah (Qur’an) and As-Sunnah of Histeachings of the Book of Allah (Qur’an) and As-Sunnah of His Messenger s.a.a.w. , to invite towards the right guidance, toMessenger s.a.a.w. , to invite towards the right guidance, to show to the path of goodness, beseeching and seeking to pleaseshow to the path of goodness, beseeching and seeking to please Allah s.w.t., so as to gain nearness to Him and hoping for (HisAllah s.w.t., so as to gain nearness to Him and hoping for (His acceptance and) His reward. Amin”acceptance and) His reward. Amin” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  75. 75.  Refer also to the traditional text :Refer also to the traditional text : “Ta’lim Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum” ““INSTRUCTION OF THE STUDENT : THE METHOD OFINSTRUCTION OF THE STUDENT : THE METHOD OF LEARNING”LEARNING” by Sheikh Imam Tajuddin Nu’man al-Zarnuji.by Sheikh Imam Tajuddin Nu’man al-Zarnuji. 75All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  76. 76. 76All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  77. 77. 77 ““O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (bitaanahbitaanah**)) those outside your ranks; they will not fail to corrupt you. Theythose outside your ranks; they will not fail to corrupt you. They only desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appeared fromonly desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appeared from their mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. We havetheir mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. We have made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom.made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom. ((Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118)) *bitaanah : advisors, consultants, protectors, intimate friends, helpers ... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  78. 78. 78 ““O ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) FearO ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) Fear Allah (Allah (TAQWATAQWA) and be with those who are true (in) and be with those who are true (in word and deed).”word and deed).” ((Qur’an: Taubah:9: 119Qur’an: Taubah:9: 119)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  79. 79. 79 ““He is not from my Ummah (community),He is not from my Ummah (community), One who do not respect our elders, orOne who do not respect our elders, or One who is not merciful (kind) to our young, andOne who is not merciful (kind) to our young, and One who do not know ourOne who do not know our ‘Ulama’ -‘Ulama’ - Islamic scholarsIslamic scholars (and respect their rights ) .”(and respect their rights ) .” ((Hadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by TabranyHadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by Tabrany)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  80. 80. 80 “A person is upon the religion (way of life) of the ones (friends) he is close to, therefore look to whom you (love to be) close to.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  81. 81. 81 ””Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of theVerily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEENDEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into(Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquirethe person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your(the knowledge of) your DEENDEEN (Religion).”(Religion).” Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims:Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  82. 82. 82 ““Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increaseWhosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increase in his detachment (in his detachment (ZUHDZUHD) for the world, would not have any) for the world, would not have any increase with Allah except in his distancing himself further”increase with Allah except in his distancing himself further” ((Hadith reported by Dailami from ‘Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.aHadith reported by Dailami from ‘Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  83. 83. 83 ““He is not an ascetic (He is not an ascetic (ZAHIDZAHID) he who is detached (denounce) the) he who is detached (denounce) the dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a true ascetic (dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a true ascetic (ZAHIDZAHID)) is one who detaches himself from all otheris one who detaches himself from all other except the Irresistable (except the Irresistable (Allah jallaajalaa-luhAllah jallaajalaa-luh)”)” ((Explanation of “ZUHD” by Ibn ‘ArabiyExplanation of “ZUHD” by Ibn ‘Arabiy)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  84. 84. 84 ““He who does not exert abstinence (He who does not exert abstinence (WARA’)WARA’) while learning, Godwhile learning, God (Allah) the Almighty chastise [him] in one of three ways:(Allah) the Almighty chastise [him] in one of three ways: [1] either deprives him of life in his youth, or[1] either deprives him of life in his youth, or [2] exiles him into [far-off] regions, or[2] exiles him into [far-off] regions, or [3] punishes him [by forcing him to enter] the service of the Sultan.”[3] punishes him [by forcing him to enter] the service of the Sultan.” A SCHOLARS’ ADVICE FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM”A SCHOLARS’ ADVICE FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  85. 85. ““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us the ability to follow it.and grant us the ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false andAnd make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”grant us the ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) TO BE CONTINUED …. INSHA - ALLAHTO BE CONTINUED …. INSHA - ALLAH
  86. 86. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 86All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))

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