Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,              MOST COMPASSIONATE,              MOST MERCIFUL.            “INTRODUCTION TO THE        ...
EPISTEMOLOGY     It is called “Ruh”                       – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do    not kn...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)                                                )
 Information gathered are like pieces of jig-saw puzzle.      It may seem quite easy to get them, especially when they s...
 Thus, some people may feel that they have ‘knowledge’, whereas      what they possess may just be merely ‘information’. ...
 Thus education is said to be “organic” liken to a living organism –   which pertains, primarily, to the growth (of meani...
 This can only be possible when such pieces are given to them by one   who has true ownership of these, and who consents ...
 And the manner or approach towards making it meaningful      (enlightening), may be seen from various perspectives (angl...
“TRADITIONAL LEARNING FROM ISLAMIC TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)                ...
O YOUNG MAN: .......               “And it behoves you not to be deceived by the escapades               and antics of the...
O YOUNG MAN: .......             “There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe             during the sp...
O YOUNG MAN: .......             “There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe             during the sp...
O YOUNG MAN: .......             “There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe             during the sp...
O YOUNG MAN: .......             “There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe             during the sp...
O YOUNG MAN: .......             “what is necessary for those who choose to travel upon the             path of Truth..   ...
O YOUNG MAN: .......                     “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..              who renoun...
O YOUNG MAN: .......                     “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..              he who fol...
O YOUNG MAN: .......                     “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..              and he who...
O YOUNG MAN: .......                     “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..              he who, in...
“An immoral man of learning is a great evil,                    yet a greater evil is an ignoramus leading a ‘godly’      ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)                                                )
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,              MOST COMPASSIONATE,              MOST MERCIFUL.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Isma...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,              MOST COMPASSIONATE,              MOST MERCIFUL.                 “It is He (Allah) Who h...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,              MOST COMPASSIONATE,              MOST MERCIFUL.        “As well as (to confer all these...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,              MOST COMPASSIONATE,              MOST MERCIFUL.              “Such is the Bounty of All...
“Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah,             works righteousness, and says "I am of those who b...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)                                                )
“Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent          from every expedition remained behind, they coul...
Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do                       not know? It is those who are endued with und...
“So ask the people of the ‘Remembrance’                                 (i.e. those who know) in matters which you        ...
“Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants,                  those who have knowledge (AL-’ULAMA): for All...
“ Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees),                     those of you who believe and who have been g...
He (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to                  whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit  ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)                                                )
“Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will                 make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the      ...
“Whosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledge                   (‘ILMA), Allah will make easy for him the p...
“The best ones amongst you is the person who makes your                remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)                                                )
“Indeed, Allah bestowed a favour upon the believers when he raised up in             their midst a Messenger from among th...
“Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrations       (or merely reading books), verily knowledge is light       (...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:            “The most meritorious of knowledge is knowledge...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:   • REFLECTION:         Our concern should be towards draw...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:            “Learn (seek knowledge)! For the learning is an...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:     • REFLECTION:           Certainly, this is from the Is...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:     “Give yourself up to the study of jurisprudence (FIQH)...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:         “It is the milestone leading to the ways of proper...
* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:       “Indeed, one godly person versed in jurisprudence is...
TO BE CONTINUEDAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)                                                )
All welcome to visit my web-blog:     http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/     http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/     h...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

[Slideshare] akhlaq-course (february 2013-batch) -# 3a-preparation for learning(2-march-2013)

302 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

[Slideshare] akhlaq-course (february 2013-batch) -# 3a-preparation for learning(2-march-2013)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQ ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults LESSON # 3 a – conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail PREPARATION FOR LEARNING INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQ “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Kuluq) disposition.” Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) UPDATED – 2 March 2013
  2. 2. EPISTEMOLOGY  It is called “Ruh” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do not know except very little.  When it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity, it is called “Nafs” – ‘self’. And it may go through many ‘states’ ( AHWAL)  The word “Qolb” – “Fu-ad” ‘heart’, also refers to our Soul, when it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understanding meanings. Maintining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimate concern.  When Allah s.w.t. grants Taufiq whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’ penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “Lubb” - ‘innermost’  If is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “ Sirr” – ‘secret’  But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self. WaAllaahu a’lamAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  4. 4.  Information gathered are like pieces of jig-saw puzzle.  It may seem quite easy to get them, especially when they seemed to be scattered about almost everywhere.  Some people are keen to only gather them, to pick them up, to steal these pieces, and are obsessed with merely having as much of them as possible – not realizing its true meaning, its true significance, its true worth to benefit from it, its place and purpose to us.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  5. 5.  Thus, some people may feel that they have ‘knowledge’, whereas what they possess may just be merely ‘information’.  Actually by “knowledge”, we are referring to the relevant “meaning” from that subject that we “seek to acquire, arriving in our soul ...” – not merely the subject.  The “Soul” (or sometimes referred to as the ‘heart’, ‘mind’ or ‘intellect’) is the spiritual Self (of who we are our Self ‘Nafs’ ) - our cognitive essence, capable of knowing and of learning.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  6. 6.  Thus education is said to be “organic” liken to a living organism – which pertains, primarily, to the growth (of meaning, realization and actualization) of our soul - Self.  Education, from the Islamic perspective, is not a mechanical construct, but it entails nurturing of a Muslim with ‘Life’ – and the Islamic educators to be likened as the ‘gardeners ’ not ‘engineers’.  Actually, (in Islamic education), when acquiring any pieces of it (information), a student should also be learning what its meaning and significance is, and how it is to be applied (fixed or connected) unto what he/she already possess thus far – increasing spiritual growth.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  7. 7.  This can only be possible when such pieces are given to them by one who has true ownership of these, and who consents to give these to them and helps them with how they should understand these, and to form (or attach) them unto their overall worldview.  Thus, students must be learning from the right person, i.e. those who has ‘seen’ the full (at least)- the completed picture.; or preferably those who have traversed the path themselves.  Only such are the ones who can rightfully teach them how they are to make each pieces to become meaningful to what they already posses.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  8. 8.  And the manner or approach towards making it meaningful (enlightening), may be seen from various perspectives (angles) amongst fellow students in the same class, because each student, although may have a limited vision of what the teacher was teaching, may be granted new meanings - ‘arriving in his soul’. Thus in a traditional teaching sessions, ‘knowledge’ expands and increases.  Thus being physically present in class with a teacher, learning face- to-face, sharing what they have learnt with the teacher and fellow students, seeking constant guidance etc. has always been a highly valued traditional method (which, unfortunately, we may have lost or slowly loosing through neglect).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  9. 9. “TRADITIONAL LEARNING FROM ISLAMIC TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  10. 10. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “And it behoves you not to be deceived by the escapades and antics of the charlatan sufis. The true spiritual journey of the Sufi Path is not the path of these pretenders. It is the path of self-remonstrance and the removal of carnal desires (and their inner promptings) with the Sword of Vigilance.“ “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  11. 11. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey: ONE, sound belief that is free from innovation. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  12. 12. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey: TWO, sincere and genuine repentance with the resolve not to return to a life of carnal pleasure. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  13. 13. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey: THREE, to try to make peace with your adversaries so that no claims can be laid against you. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  14. 14. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey: FOUR, to acquire sufficient knowledge of the Sacred Law to enable you to perform the orders of Allah, the Most High. Then there is the knowledge of the Hereafter that is necessary for success. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  15. 15. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “what is necessary for those who choose to travel upon the path of Truth.. Know that it is essential for you to attach yourself to a Spiritual Guide and Teacher who, through his spiritual instructions, will purify yourself from evil tendencies and replace them with nobility of character. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  16. 16. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  who renounces love of the world and the desire for rank; “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  17. 17. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who follows an enlightened guide whose spiritual chain extends in unbroken sequence to Muhammad, the Lord of the Messengers “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  18. 18. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  and he who excels in refining himself by observing modesty in eating, speaking and sleeping, and by much praying, almsgiving and fasting; “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  19. 19. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  20. 20. “An immoral man of learning is a great evil, yet a greater evil is an ignoramus leading a ‘godly’ life. Both are a great trial (FITNAH) everywhere, to whomever depends to them both (for guidance), in holding on to his religion”REFLECTION: We would indeed be afflicted with this Fitnah (trial). Only with appropriateknowledge and irshaadah, and more importantly Taufiq wal-Hidaa-ya fromAllah SWT. would we be saved from its evil.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  22. 22. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  23. 23. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom― although they had been, before, in manifest error― .“ (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  24. 24. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  25. 25. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 4)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  26. 26. “Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says "I am of those who bow in Islam" (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 41: 33)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  27. 27. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  28. 28. “Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion (LIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEEN) and admonish the people when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).” (Qur’an: Taubah: 9:122)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  29. 29. Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition.“ (Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 9)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  30. 30. “So ask the people of the ‘Remembrance’ (i.e. those who know) in matters which you do not know.“ (Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 7)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  31. 31. “Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants, those who have knowledge (AL-’ULAMA): for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving.“ (Qur’an: Fatir: 35: 28)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  32. 32. “ Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted Knowledge (UU-TUL-’ILMA): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do.” (Qur’an: Mujadilah: 58: 11)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  33. 33. He (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the message but men of understanding.“ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 269)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  34. 34. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  35. 35. “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” (Reported by Bukhary and Muslim)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  36. 36. “Whosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledge (‘ILMA), Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise.” (Reported by Abu Daud & Tirmidzi)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  37. 37. “The best ones amongst you is the person who makes your remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.” (Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a .)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  38. 38. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  39. 39. “Indeed, Allah bestowed a favour upon the believers when he raised up in their midst a Messenger from among themselves, to convey His messages unto them, and to cause them to grow in purity, and to impart unto them the divine writ as well as wisdom - whereas before that they were indeed, most obviously, lost in error.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 163)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  40. 40. “Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrations (or merely reading books), verily knowledge is light (which Allah s.w.t. casts) into the heart.” (Saying of * Ibnu Mas’ud r.a.) * The famous companion (SAHABI) of the Prophet s.a.a.w.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  41. 41. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: “The most meritorious of knowledge is knowledge of the ‘Haal’ (spiritual state); and the most meritorious of actions (deeds) is to maintain one’s standing (goodly spiritual state attained).” •The famous student of Imam Abu Hanifah r.h.m. r.h.m Amongst the teachers of Imam Ash-Shafi’ie r.h.mAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  42. 42. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: • REFLECTION: Our concern should be towards drawing close to Allah spiritually described as states (Haal). In the incremental states which we gained, we must strive to maintain with ‘amal (practice) as we can regress. When ‘istiqomah’ in one’s Haal is achieved, it is called ‘Maqom’All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  43. 43. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: “Learn (seek knowledge)! For the learning is an adornment for the one who (strive and) possesses it; a virtue and a prelude to every praiseworthy action.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  44. 44. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: • REFLECTION: Certainly, this is from the Islamic perspective of knowledge linked to ‘ibaadah – not the secularist-culture of learning which is attached to value-system quite opposed to Islamic ideals.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  45. 45. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: “Give yourself up to the study of jurisprudence (FIQH), for the knowledge of jurisprudence is the best guide to piety and the fear of God and it is the straightest path to the ultimate goal.” • REFLECTION: “Fiqh” – literally means “profound understanding (of the Deen)” – ref: al-Qur’an Surah Taubah : 9: 122, which later was used to refer to the studies of Islamic jurisprudence.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  46. 46. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: “It is the milestone leading to the ways of proper guidance; it is the fortress that saves [one] from all hardships. “ • REFLECTION: Again, one has to understand Islam’s value system which do not separate the eternal goodness and hardship in Hereafter with present life which is temporary and fleeting. Thus, those with secular worldview, may not be able to appreciate profoundly this message.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  47. 47. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: “Indeed, one godly person versed in jurisprudence is morepowerful against Satan than a thousand [ordinary] worshippers.”• REFLECTION: Only by knowing the boundaries between obedience and disobedience, instilled with Taqwa (fear of transgression) that can effectively equip a Muslim against being tempted or deceived by Satan. Thus, the emphasis upon this knowledge.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  48. 48. TO BE CONTINUEDAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  49. 49. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ) 49

×