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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
““INTRODUCT...
 It is called “It is called “RuhRuh” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to ...
Amongst the definitions:Amongst the definitions:
““....... Knowledge is the arrival (....... Knowledge is the arrival (huh...
EPISTEMOLOGY
FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
Whatever is outside of theWhatever is outside of the
person – to be regarded asperson – to be regarded as
information (inf...
Information may notInformation may not
necessarily convey anynecessarily convey any
meanings, but can bemeanings, but can ...
Every one may have equalEvery one may have equal
access to a givenaccess to a given
information.information.
Yet, there ca...
Just as raw data input areJust as raw data input are
meant to be processed bymeant to be processed by
the computer , our r...
THUS the Qur’an categorizeTHUS the Qur’an categorize
these (information) as:these (information) as:
““SignsSigns” –” – aay...
NoteNote::
Arabic word “Arabic word “universeuniverse” and “” and “a scholar; one whoa scholar; one who
is knowledgeableis...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
 Information gathered are like pieces of jig-saw puzzle.
 It may seem quite easy to get them, especially when they seeme...
 Thus, some people may feel that they have ‘knowledge’, whereas
what they possess may just be merely ‘information’.
 Act...
 Thus education is said to be “organic” liken to a living organism –
which pertains, primarily, to the growth (of meaning...
 This can only be possible when such pieces are given to them by one
who has true ownership of these, and who consents to...
 And the manner or approach towards making it meaningful
(enlightening), may be seen from various perspectives (angles)
a...
“TRADITIONAL LEARNING FROM ISLAMIC TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS”
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“And it behoves you not to be deceived by the escapades
and antics of the charlatan sufis. The true s...
O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: .......
““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four ma...
O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: .......
““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four ma...
O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: .......
““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four ma...
O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: .......
““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four ma...
O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: .......
““what is necessary for those who choose to travel upon the
path of Truth...
Know...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who renounces love of the world * and t...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who follows an enlightened guide whose ...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 and he who excels in refining himself by o...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
O YOUNG MAN: .......
“ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..
 he who, in imitation of an enlightened gui...
““An immoral man of learning is a great evil,An immoral man of learning is a great evil,
yet a greater evil is an ignoramu...
“ Educators are like gardeners, the best of them are the local gardeners
with the most experience, who have been living wi...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
1. Learning is organic, and new lesson are taught to expand
further from what has previously been covered. In Qur’anic
cla...
STORY OF THE ANIMALSTORY OF THE ANIMAL
IN THE FARMIN THE FARM
HOW IS A PERSON’S “KHULUQ ”
(NATURAL DISPOSITION ) DEVELOPED...
ESSENCE OF MAN
IS THE SPIRITUAL
(SOUL)
LESSON # 4a –LESSON # 4a –
ABOUT THE ‘NAFS’ (SELF)
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee...
LESSON # 5 –LESSON # 5 –
MANAGE & CONTROL YOUR POWER OR BE
CONTROLLED BY THEM
BEWARE OF SATAN YOUR AVOWED ENEMY
All Rights...
NOW CONTINUE LESSON # 5 –NOW CONTINUE LESSON # 5 –
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
‘‘UlamaUlama (scholars) of(scholars) of Tasawwuf/ ‘Ilmul AhklaqTasawwuf/ ‘Ilmul Ahklaq, have identified, have identified
v...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
As explained previously “Nafs” is that “consciousness that is
you”. The state of our consciousness in our nafs (self) vari...
If this obsession continues while he is still oblivious to the
relationship with others besides himself, unconcerned as to...
Concerning this state of the nafs (self), it is stated in the Holy
Qur’an:
““And yet, I am not trying to absolve myself: f...
It is this uncontrolled impulses which is termed as “It is this uncontrolled impulses which is termed as “Nafs al-Nafs al-...
We pamper our Self or Ego and regard it to beWe pamper our Self or Ego and regard it to be THETHE mostmost
important consi...
We sometimes tend to be overly sensitive, even “paranoia”;
entertaining to our suspicion - where benefit of doubt should b...
We expect praises for ourselves and resent (even become angry) at
any form of criticism even though it is well-meant and t...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN
“Understanding the Deen of Islam”
Module by Ustaz Zh...
“A believer is the mirror of his brother. When
he sees a fault in it, he should correct it."
(Hadith reported by Bukhary)
...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN
“Understanding the Deen of Islam”
Module by Ustaz Zh...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN
“Understanding the Deen of Islam”
Module by Ustaz Zh...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN
“Understanding the Deen of Islam”
Module by Ustaz Zh...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN
“Understanding the Deen of Islam”
Module by Ustaz Zh...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL.
AN-NASEEAN-NASEEHHAHAH
The Sincere AdviceThe Sincere Advice
All R...
PARABLE OF THE PASSENGERS ON A SHIP
A Saying of Prophet Muhammad [p.b.u.h.]
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (20...
Thus, a person whoseThus, a person whose NafsNafs (self) is in this state, is emotionally(self) is in this state, is emoti...
Relationship with the SelfRelationship with the Self
THE WORLDTHE WORLD
TIMETIME
SELFSELFBODYBODY
TONGUETONGUE
MINDMIND
DE...
Relationship with the SelfRelationship with the Self
THE WORLDTHE WORLD
TIMETIME
SELFSELFBODYBODY
TONGUETONGUE
MINDMIND
DE...
““O you who have believed,O you who have believed, do not put [yourselves]do not put [yourselves]
before Allah and His Mes...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
“HAST THOU ever considered [the kind of man] whoHAST THOU ever considered [the kind of man] who
makes his own desires (HAW...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““ALLURING unto man is the (ALLURING unto man is the (HUB-BUSH – SHAHAWAATHUB-BUSH – SHAHAWAAT))
enjoyment of worldly desi...
““And nothing is the life of this world (And nothing is the life of this world (DUN-YAADUN-YAA) but a) but a
play and a pa...
““O you who have attained to faith!O you who have attained to faith! Respond to the call ofRespond to the call of
Allah an...
““And recite to them, [O Muhammad], the news ofAnd recite to them, [O Muhammad], the news of himhim
to whom we gave [knowl...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““And if We had willed, we could have elevated himAnd if We had willed, we could have elevated him
therebythereby, but he ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““AndAnd keep yourself patient [by being] with those whokeep yourself patient [by being] with those who
call upon their Lo...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
The Arab (Bedouins) say, "We have believedThe Arab (Bedouins) say, "We have believed
((AA-MAN-NAAA-MAN-NA)." Say, "You hav...
MUSLIMMUSLIM
MU’MEENMU’MEEN
MUMUHHSEENSEEN
MUKHLISWEEN
MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN
LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT
TOWARDS...
””As for those who (As for those who (JAA-HADUJAA-HADU) strive in Us, We) strive in Us, We
surely guide them to Our paths ...
And they will say: "All praise is due to Allah, who has guidedAnd they will say: "All praise is due to Allah, who has guid...
““Verily, man's inner self (Verily, man's inner self (NAFS - AMMARAHNAFS - AMMARAH), does incite [him] to), does incite [h...
““((KHU-DZIL-’AFWKHU-DZIL-’AFW) Make due allowance for man's nature (by forgiving) Make due allowance for man's nature (by...
“Verily, they who are conscious of and fear Allah (TAQWA) bethink
themselves [of Him] whenever any dark suggestion from Sa...
TO BE CONTINUEDTO BE CONTINUED
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““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true
and grant us the ability to follow it...
O Allah! There is none who can withholdO Allah! There is none who can withhold
what You send, nor send whatever You withho...
Neither can they guide whom You leave astrNeither can they guide whom You leave astray
Nor can they lead astray whom You h...
Neither can they give whatever You deprive,Neither can they give whatever You deprive,
nor can they deprive to whom You gi...
Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast,Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast,
nor (can any) be cast...
O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings,O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings,
and Your mercy, and Your grace an...
O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours)O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours)
that never ends n...
O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours)O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours)
on the Day of deprivation (Hereafte...
O Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evilO Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evil
repercussions of what You have ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have
forgotten or erred.forg...
O Allah! Make faith (O Allah! Make faith (iimaniiman) dear to us and beautify it in our hearts) dear to us and beautify it...
O Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as MuslimsO Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as Muslims
and join us with ...
‘‘And (may AllAnd (may Allaah send) salutations and prayers upon Muh send) salutations and prayers upon Muhhammadammad
and...
““Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power!Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power!
(He is free) from what ...
http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/
http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introduct...
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[Slideshare] akhlaq- (january-2015) -lesson # 5 -types-of-nafs-(18-february-2015)

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[Slideshare] akhlaq- (january-2015) -lesson # 5 -types-of-nafs-(18-february-2015)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDYINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘OF ‘ILM -AL-AKHLAQILM -AL-AKHLAQ ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 5 –LESSON # 5 – “VARIOUS STATES OF THE NAFS” INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” UPDATED 18UPDATED 18 FEBRUARY 201FEBRUARY 201All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  2. 2.  It is called “It is called “RuhRuh” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do” – ‘spirit’, when we refer to its essence, which we do not know except very little.not know except very little.  When it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity,When it is in cognitive mode of its own existence, awareness of its identity, it is called “it is called “NafsNafs” – ‘self’. And it may go through many ‘states’ (” – ‘self’. And it may go through many ‘states’ (AHWALAHWAL))  The wordThe word ““QolbQolb” – “” – “Fu-adFu-ad” ‘heart’, also refers to our Soul,” ‘heart’, also refers to our Soul, when it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understandingwhen it is in the mode of reflection, or contemplation in understanding meanings. Maintining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimate concern.meanings. Maintining its well-being and purity must be of the ultimate concern.  When Allah s.w.t. grantsWhen Allah s.w.t. grants TaufiqTaufiq whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’whereupon its understanding of ‘Reality’ penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “penetrates deeply, it is referred to as “LubbLubb” - ‘innermost’; ‘core’” - ‘innermost’; ‘core’  If it is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “If it is guided by Allah to go deeper still, it is referred to as “SirrSirr” –” – ‘secret’‘secret’  But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self.But all these terms refer to the same thing i.e. Our Spiritual Self. WaAllaahu a’lamWaAllaahu a’lam EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  3. 3. Amongst the definitions:Amongst the definitions: ““....... Knowledge is the arrival (....... Knowledge is the arrival (huhussulul- )- )** of the meaningof the meaning ((ma’nama’na- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of the subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’sthe subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’s arrival (arrival (wuwussulul- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object of knowledge.”of knowledge.” By “meaning” (By “meaning” (ma’nama’na- ) is: “- ) is: “the recognition of the properthe recognition of the proper place of anything in a systemplace of anything in a system ...”...” ** ““attainment; acquirement” is a better translationattainment; acquirement” is a better translation.. EPISTEMOLOGY Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  4. 4. EPISTEMOLOGY FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  5. 5. Whatever is outside of theWhatever is outside of the person – to be regarded asperson – to be regarded as information (information ( ) – not) – not knowledge ( ).knowledge ( ). Knowledge resides in theKnowledge resides in the person – and is also anperson – and is also an attribute (attribute (sifatsifat- ) of- ) of the person him/herself.the person him/herself. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  6. 6. Information may notInformation may not necessarily convey anynecessarily convey any meanings, but can bemeanings, but can be subjected to process orsubjected to process or interpretation – by a humaninterpretation – by a human – striving to seek and– striving to seek and arriving at understanding ofarriving at understanding of ““meaningsmeanings” from it.” from it. Knowledge has to doKnowledge has to do with “with “meaningsmeanings” –” – which may includewhich may include abstract concepts andabstract concepts and construct beyond theconstruct beyond the material forms.material forms. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  7. 7. Every one may have equalEvery one may have equal access to a givenaccess to a given information.information. Yet, there can beYet, there can be difference in levels anddifference in levels and depths of knowledge todepths of knowledge to a given information,a given information, depending upon whodepending upon who contemplates upon it.contemplates upon it. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  8. 8. Just as raw data input areJust as raw data input are meant to be processed bymeant to be processed by the computer , our readings,the computer , our readings, observations, news, dataobservations, news, data and information etc. areand information etc. are objects to be understoodobjects to be understood and possible meanings fromand possible meanings from it to be comprehended by usit to be comprehended by us human.human. It is when cognition ofIt is when cognition of man are applied toman are applied to process theseprocess these information, that heinformation, that he may be said to arrivemay be said to arrive at knowledge (i.e.at knowledge (i.e. when it becomeswhen it becomes meaningful).meaningful). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  9. 9. THUS the Qur’an categorizeTHUS the Qur’an categorize these (information) as:these (information) as: ““SignsSigns” –” – aayataayat (( )) Al-Qur’an –Al-Qur’an – aayataayat Qawliyyah*Qawliyyah* Universe –Universe – aayataayat Kauniyah *Kauniyah * THUS the Qur’anicTHUS the Qur’anic approach for man’sapproach for man’s education enjoins himeducation enjoins him to “to “ReadRead” (” ( ) these) these signs to arrive at thesigns to arrive at the ““meaningsmeanings” –” – regarding theregarding the REALITYREALITY.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) * Qawliyyah* Qawliyyah - ‘spoken’ : AL-QUR’AN- ‘spoken’ : AL-QUR’AN * Kauniyah* Kauniyah - ‘creation’ : UNIVERSE- ‘creation’ : UNIVERSE
  10. 10. NoteNote:: Arabic word “Arabic word “universeuniverse” and “” and “a scholar; one whoa scholar; one who is knowledgeableis knowledgeable” is spelt:” is spelt: ( )( ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  12. 12.  Information gathered are like pieces of jig-saw puzzle.  It may seem quite easy to get them, especially when they seemed to be scattered about almost everywhere.  Some people are keen to only gather them, to pick them up, to steal these pieces, and are obsessed with merely having as much of them as possible – not realizing its true meaning, its true significance, its true worth to benefit from it, its place and purpose to us. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  13. 13.  Thus, some people may feel that they have ‘knowledge’, whereas what they possess may just be merely ‘information’.  Actually by “knowledge”, we are referring to the relevant “meaning” from that subject that we “seek to acquire, arriving in our soul ...” – not merely the subject.  The “Soul” (or sometimes referred to as the ‘heart’, ‘mind’ or ‘intellect’) is the spiritual Self (of who we are our Self ‘Nafs’ ) - our cognitive essence, capable of knowing and of learning. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  14. 14.  Thus education is said to be “organic” liken to a living organism – which pertains, primarily, to the growth (of meaning, realization and actualization) of our soul - Self.  Education, from the Islamic perspective, is not a mechanical construct, but it entails nurturing of a Muslim with ‘Life’ – and the Islamic educators to be likened as the ‘gardeners ’ not ‘engineers’.  Actually, (in Islamic education), when acquiring any pieces of it (information), a student should also be learning what its meaning and significance is, and how it is to be applied (fixed or connected) unto what he/she already possess thus far – increasing spiritual growth. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  15. 15.  This can only be possible when such pieces are given to them by one who has true ownership of these, and who consents to give these to them and helps them with how they should understand these, and to form (or attach) them unto their overall worldview.  Thus, students must be learning from the right person, i.e. those who has ‘seen’ the full (at least)- the completed picture.; or preferably those who have traversed the path themselves.  Only such are the ones who can rightfully teach them how they are to make each pieces to become meaningful to what they already possess. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  16. 16.  And the manner or approach towards making it meaningful (enlightening), may be seen from various perspectives (angles) amongst fellow students in the same class, because each student, although may have a limited vision of what the teacher was teaching, may be granted new meanings - ‘arriving in his soul’. Thus in a traditional teaching sessions, ‘knowledge’ expands and increases.  Thus being physically present in class with a teacher, learning face- to-face, sharing what they have learnt with the teacher and fellow students, seeking constant guidance etc. has always been a highly valued traditional method (which, unfortunately, we may have lost or slowly losing through neglect). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  17. 17. “TRADITIONAL LEARNING FROM ISLAMIC TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  18. 18. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “And it behoves you not to be deceived by the escapades and antics of the charlatan sufis. The true spiritual journey of the Sufi Path is not the path of these pretenders. It is the path of self-remonstrance and the removal of carnal desires (and their inner promptings) with the Sword of Vigilance.“ “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  19. 19. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey:during the spiritual journey: ONEONE, sound belief that is free from innovation., sound belief that is free from innovation. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  20. 20. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey:during the spiritual journey: TWOTWO, sincere and genuine repentance with the resolve not to, sincere and genuine repentance with the resolve not to return to a life of carnal pleasure.return to a life of carnal pleasure. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  21. 21. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey:during the spiritual journey: THREETHREE, to try to make peace with your adversaries so that no, to try to make peace with your adversaries so that no claims can be laid against you.claims can be laid against you. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  22. 22. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““There are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observeThere are four matters that the traveller (salik) must observe during the spiritual journey:during the spiritual journey: FOURFOUR, to acquire sufficient knowledge of the Sacred Law to, to acquire sufficient knowledge of the Sacred Law to enable you to perform the orders of Allah, the Most High.enable you to perform the orders of Allah, the Most High. Then there is theThen there is the knowledge of the Hereafter*knowledge of the Hereafter* that is necessarythat is necessary for success.for success. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) * ‘UKHRA’ literally means simply ‘other’ , therefore not necessarily referring only to the knowledge of the other life as in “Hereafter” here translated, but can also mean knowledge other than Deeniyat or ‘Sacred law’
  23. 23. O YOUNG MAN: .......O YOUNG MAN: ....... ““what is necessary for those who choose to travel upon the path of Truth... Know that it is essential for you to attach yourself to a Spiritual Guide and Teacher who, through his spiritual instructions, will purify yourself from evil tendencies and replace them with nobility of character (AKHLAQ- disposition). “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  24. 24. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who renounces love of the world * and the desire for rank * ; “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) * HUBB-AD-DUNYA * HUBB-AL-JAAH
  25. 25. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who follows an enlightened guide whose spiritual chain extends in unbroken sequence to Muhammad, the Lord of the Messengers “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  26. 26. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  and he who excels in refining himself by observing modesty in eating, speaking and sleeping, and by much praying, almsgiving and fasting; “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  27. 27. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  28. 28. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) patience
  29. 29. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) prayer
  30. 30. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) thanksgiving
  31. 31. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) dependence on Allah
  32. 32. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) certainty of knowledge
  33. 33. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) generosity
  34. 34. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) contentedness
  35. 35. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) inner peace
  36. 36. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) clemency
  37. 37. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) humility
  38. 38. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) knowledge
  39. 39. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) truthfulness
  40. 40. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) modesty
  41. 41. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) reliability
  42. 42. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) sobriety
  43. 43. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) tranquillity
  44. 44. O YOUNG MAN: ....... “ the signs by which you may recognise the true guide ..  he who, in imitation of an enlightened guide, makes virtue his way of life-amongst which are counted patience, prayer, thanksgiving, dependence on Allah, certainty of knowledge, generosity, contentedness, inner peace, clemency, humility, knowledge, truthfulness, modesty, reliability, sobriety, tranquillity, and perseverance. “May Allah bless his soul, elevate his rank and make us to benefit from his knowledge, wisdom and secrets.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) perseverance
  45. 45. ““An immoral man of learning is a great evil,An immoral man of learning is a great evil, yet a greater evil is an ignoramus leading a ‘godly’yet a greater evil is an ignoramus leading a ‘godly’ life.life. Both are a great trial (FITNAH) everywhere,Both are a great trial (FITNAH) everywhere, to whomever depends to them both (for guidance),to whomever depends to them both (for guidance), in holding on to his religion”in holding on to his religion” REFLECTIONREFLECTION:: We would indeed be afflicted with thisWe would indeed be afflicted with this FitnahFitnah (trial). Only with appropriate(trial). Only with appropriate knowledge andknowledge and irshaadahirshaadah, and more importantly, and more importantly Taufiq wal-Hidaa-yaTaufiq wal-Hidaa-ya fromfrom Allah SWT. would we be saved from its evil.Allah SWT. would we be saved from its evil. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  46. 46. “ Educators are like gardeners, the best of them are the local gardeners with the most experience, who have been living with and nurturing the plants and being the caretaker of its ornaments. Although they are often unassuming by avoiding the gaze of people admiring the garden, yet ignoring them is indeed ignorant heedlessness, compounded with ingratitude, while preferring others less able over them is injustice ” 'If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favour]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe” (Qur’an: Surah Ibrahim: 14: 7) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL AN-NASEEHAH Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  47. 47. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  48. 48. 1. Learning is organic, and new lesson are taught to expand further from what has previously been covered. In Qur’anic classes, students had to revise first the previous lessons before being taught further. If their revision is not favorable, the teacher will not proceed to teach any new lesson. 2. You are to refer to your notes and the PowerPoint slides available. 3. From the list of topic or sub-topics, as reference for your group – discuss and prepare to respond in brief revision to the class for each topics or sub-topics. ““Can I get to knowCan I get to know you ? What haveyou ? What have we learnt?”we learnt?” You are given onlyYou are given only 30 minutes30 minutes to complete this assignmentto complete this assignment TAMRIN TAMRIN (EXERCISE) (EXERCISE) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  49. 49. STORY OF THE ANIMALSTORY OF THE ANIMAL IN THE FARMIN THE FARM HOW IS A PERSON’S “KHULUQ ” (NATURAL DISPOSITION ) DEVELOPED? TAUHEEDIC PARADIGM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  50. 50. ESSENCE OF MAN IS THE SPIRITUAL (SOUL) LESSON # 4a –LESSON # 4a – ABOUT THE ‘NAFS’ (SELF) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) LESSON # 4a –LESSON # 4a – ABOUT THE ‘NAFS’ (SELF)
  51. 51. LESSON # 5 –LESSON # 5 – MANAGE & CONTROL YOUR POWER OR BE CONTROLLED BY THEM BEWARE OF SATAN YOUR AVOWED ENEMY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  52. 52. NOW CONTINUE LESSON # 5 –NOW CONTINUE LESSON # 5 – All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  53. 53. ‘‘UlamaUlama (scholars) of(scholars) of Tasawwuf/ ‘Ilmul AhklaqTasawwuf/ ‘Ilmul Ahklaq, have identified, have identified various states in which the human “various states in which the human “NafsNafs” (self) may be in. It does” (self) may be in. It does not mean that there are many “not mean that there are many “nafsnafs” in a person, but it simply” in a person, but it simply means to describe the nature of characteristic of the “means to describe the nature of characteristic of the “NafsNafs” which” which can be subjected to change.can be subjected to change. Perhaps we can describe this state as the dominant “Perhaps we can describe this state as the dominant “moodmood” of” of our “our “NafsNafs”. One has to be aware of one’s state – termed as “”. One has to be aware of one’s state – termed as “HaalHaal”.”. From the lower imperfect state, one has to strive to overcome themFrom the lower imperfect state, one has to strive to overcome them thereby attaining towards the subsequent level until one reachesthereby attaining towards the subsequent level until one reaches the higher and perfect state.the higher and perfect state. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  54. 54. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  55. 55. As explained previously “Nafs” is that “consciousness that is you”. The state of our consciousness in our nafs (self) varies according to its development. Because man is firstly aware of himself, naturally he seeks to satisfy his self due to tendencies motivated by the inherent powers within him which is constantly developing. His awareness of himself is naturally stronger than the awareness of others. Thus his impulses are primarily concern with only fulfilment of its own desires and satisfaction. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  56. 56. If this obsession continues while he is still oblivious to the relationship with others besides himself, unconcerned as to its moral implication, whether it is detrimental to others or not, not even caring about the effect that his present actions will have on his future, etc. - the danger of such a trait in that person is obvious. This state is basic in everyone, and serves as the motivation for it to incite man towards acting out his will and desire. This is called “nafs al-am-marah”- the commanding self. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  57. 57. Concerning this state of the nafs (self), it is stated in the Holy Qur’an: ““And yet, I am not trying to absolve myself: for, verily, man's innerAnd yet, I am not trying to absolve myself: for, verily, man's inner self (self (NAFS -AMMARAHNAFS -AMMARAH),), does incite [him] to evil, and saved aredoes incite [him] to evil, and saved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His grace.only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His grace. Behold, myBehold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“ ((Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  58. 58. It is this uncontrolled impulses which is termed as “It is this uncontrolled impulses which is termed as “Nafs al-Nafs al- ammarahammarah”, the commanding Self and if not guided, often it is in”, the commanding Self and if not guided, often it is in conflict with what the mind regards as a moral good.conflict with what the mind regards as a moral good. Many of us are still in this state - impulsive selfish and reckless.Many of us are still in this state - impulsive selfish and reckless. We don’t seem to want to (reason) give a thought to what weWe don’t seem to want to (reason) give a thought to what we are doing. Our only concern is to be able to satisfy ourselves.are doing. Our only concern is to be able to satisfy ourselves. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  59. 59. We pamper our Self or Ego and regard it to beWe pamper our Self or Ego and regard it to be THETHE mostmost important consideration.important consideration. We forget who we actually are, and in Whose presence we exist.We forget who we actually are, and in Whose presence we exist. We may even entertain a grandiose notion of our bloated Ego - “We may even entertain a grandiose notion of our bloated Ego - “I amI am better than hebetter than he” not by any moral or objective standard but because” not by any moral or objective standard but because ““I feel I am betterI feel I am better”.”. Sometimes attributing ourselves a bigger than life importance,Sometimes attributing ourselves a bigger than life importance, carrying ourselves about with an air of arrogance. Even ourcarrying ourselves about with an air of arrogance. Even our expectations from others also may be of the unrealistic kind.expectations from others also may be of the unrealistic kind. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  60. 60. We sometimes tend to be overly sensitive, even “paranoia”; entertaining to our suspicion - where benefit of doubt should be given to others. We harbour “conspiracy theories” and easily accept evil suggestions and whisperings of Satan and of bad people inciting enmity and conflict, judging others without evidence. Our capacity to “love”, which is a natural trait or tendency within us - is wholly directed more to our Self. We look at ourselves always as perfect and unblemished, and expecting others to look at us likewise. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  61. 61. We expect praises for ourselves and resent (even become angry) at any form of criticism even though it is well-meant and true! Instead of reflecting and considering upon what is being said, we immediately react impulsively because our feelings are “hurt”; our bloated Ego is punctured. Some resent because of “who” is saying it rather than “what” is being said, because in his estimation, the other person is lesser than he. With this deluded self-admiration, advice from others to reform in him whatever shortcomings, will be difficult if not impossible. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  62. 62. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  63. 63. “A believer is the mirror of his brother. When he sees a fault in it, he should correct it." (Hadith reported by Bukhary) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  64. 64. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  65. 65. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  66. 66. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  67. 67. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TAFAQQAHU-FID-DEEN “Understanding the Deen of Islam” Module by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from:
  68. 68. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. AN-NASEEAN-NASEEHHAHAH The Sincere AdviceThe Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) “A believer is the mirror of his brother. When he sees a fault in it, he should correct it." (Hadith reported by Bukhary) AND IT IS BETTER TO BE WITH CLEAN MIRROR THAT IS KEPT CLEAN AND WHICH DO NOT DISTORT
  69. 69. PARABLE OF THE PASSENGERS ON A SHIP A Saying of Prophet Muhammad [p.b.u.h.] All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) AN-NASEEHAH Sincere Advice
  70. 70. Thus, a person whoseThus, a person whose NafsNafs (self) is in this state, is emotionally(self) is in this state, is emotionally and directly linked to his “and directly linked to his “QuwwahQuwwah” (innate powers) which” (innate powers) which automatically transform it into reaction with his organs.automatically transform it into reaction with his organs. His tongue, his hands and all other organs are enslaved to followHis tongue, his hands and all other organs are enslaved to follow the dictates of this commanding Self. He or she will become verythe dictates of this commanding Self. He or she will become very impulsive, hasty and quick to temper.impulsive, hasty and quick to temper. Reason and thought processes are completely ignored.Reason and thought processes are completely ignored. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  71. 71. Relationship with the SelfRelationship with the Self THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Initial traitsInitial traits :: [1] Appetite,[1] Appetite, [2] Emotion still link to needs,[2] Emotion still link to needs, [3] curiosity, memory,[3] curiosity, memory, [4] imitative, see, listen & do,[4] imitative, see, listen & do, [5] application of[5] application of basic sensory feelingsbasic sensory feelings NAFS al-AMMARAHNAFS al-AMMARAH (Commanding self)(Commanding self) Link to variousLink to various QuwwahQuwwah (powers):(powers): [1][1] shahwiyyashahwiyya (desires)(desires) [2][2] ghadabiyyaghadabiyya (anger)(anger) [3][3] WahmiyahWahmiyah (imaginative)(imaginative) [4][4] ‘aqliyya‘aqliyya (thoughts)(thoughts) Importance of linguistics to thoughts: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  72. 72. Relationship with the SelfRelationship with the Self THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Initial traitsInitial traits :: [1] Appetite,[1] Appetite, [2] Emotion still link to needs,[2] Emotion still link to needs, [3] curiosity, memory,[3] curiosity, memory, [4] imitative, see, listen & do,[4] imitative, see, listen & do, [5] application of[5] application of basic sensory feelingsbasic sensory feelings NAFS al-AMMARAHNAFS al-AMMARAH (Commanding self)(Commanding self) Link to variousLink to various QuwwahQuwwah (powers):(powers): [1][1] shahwiyyashahwiyya (desires)(desires) [2][2] ghadabiyyaghadabiyya (anger)(anger) [3][3] WahmiyahWahmiyah (imaginative)(imaginative) [4][4] ‘aqliyya‘aqliyya (thoughts)(thoughts) Importance of linguistics to thoughts: ““He (Allah) has created man: He has impartedHe (Allah) has created man: He has imparted unto him articulate thought and speech.” (Q:55: 3-5)unto him articulate thought and speech.” (Q:55: 3-5) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  73. 73. ““O you who have believed,O you who have believed, do not put [yourselves]do not put [yourselves] before Allah and His Messengerbefore Allah and His Messenger but be conscious andbut be conscious and fear Allah (fear Allah (TAQWALLAAHTAQWALLAAH). Indeed, Allah is Hearing). Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.”and Knowing.” ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  74. 74. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  75. 75. “HAST THOU ever considered [the kind of man] whoHAST THOU ever considered [the kind of man] who makes his own desires (HAWA)makes his own desires (HAWA) his deity, and whomhis deity, and whom Allah has [thereupon] let go astray, knowing [that hisAllah has [thereupon] let go astray, knowing [that his mind is closed to all guidancemind is closed to all guidance], and whose], and whose hearing andhearing and heart He has sealedheart He has sealed, and upon whose, and upon whose sight He hassight He has placed a veilplaced a veil? Who, then, could guide him after Allah? Who, then, could guide him after Allah [has abandoned him]? Will you not, then, ([has abandoned him]? Will you not, then, (TADZAK-TADZAK- KARUNKARUN) bethink your-selves? “) bethink your-selves? “ ((Qur’an: Jatsiyah: 45: 23Qur’an: Jatsiyah: 45: 23)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  76. 76. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  77. 77. ““ALLURING unto man is the (ALLURING unto man is the (HUB-BUSH – SHAHAWAATHUB-BUSH – SHAHAWAAT)) enjoyment of worldly desiresenjoyment of worldly desires through women, andthrough women, and children, and heaped-up treasures of gold and silver,children, and heaped-up treasures of gold and silver, and horses of high mark, and cattle, and lands. All thisand horses of high mark, and cattle, and lands. All this may be enjoyed in the life of this world (may be enjoyed in the life of this world (DUN-YAADUN-YAA) - but) - but the most beauteous of all goals is with Allah. “the most beauteous of all goals is with Allah. “ ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 14Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 14)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  78. 78. ““And nothing is the life of this world (And nothing is the life of this world (DUN-YAADUN-YAA) but a) but a play and a passing delight; andplay and a passing delight; and the life in the hereafter isthe life in the hereafter is by far the better for all who are conscious of Allahby far the better for all who are conscious of Allah ((YATTAQUUNYATTAQUUN) Will you not, then, use your reason? ”) Will you not, then, use your reason? ” ((Qur’an: An’am: 6: 32Qur’an: An’am: 6: 32)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  79. 79. ““O you who have attained to faith!O you who have attained to faith! Respond to the call ofRespond to the call of Allah and the Messenger whenever he calls you unto thatAllah and the Messenger whenever he calls you unto that which will give you lifewhich will give you life; and know that Allah intervenes; and know that Allah intervenes between man and [the desires of] his heart, and that untobetween man and [the desires of] his heart, and that unto Him you shall be gathered.”Him you shall be gathered.” ((Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  80. 80. ““And recite to them, [O Muhammad], the news ofAnd recite to them, [O Muhammad], the news of himhim to whom we gave [knowledge of] Our signs, but heto whom we gave [knowledge of] Our signs, but he detached himself from themdetached himself from them; so Satan pursued him, and; so Satan pursued him, and he became of the deviators.”he became of the deviators.” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 175Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 175 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  81. 81. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  82. 82. ““And if We had willed, we could have elevated himAnd if We had willed, we could have elevated him therebythereby, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and followed his own desirefollowed his own desire. So his example is like that of. So his example is like that of the dog: if you chase him, he pants, or if you leave him,the dog: if you chase him, he pants, or if you leave him, he [still] pants. That is the example of the people whohe [still] pants. That is the example of the people who denied Our signs. So relate the stories that perhaps theydenied Our signs. So relate the stories that perhaps they will give thought.”will give thought.” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 176Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 176 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  83. 83. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  84. 84. ““AndAnd keep yourself patient [by being] with those whokeep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the eveningcall upon their Lord in the morning and the evening,, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes passseeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life,beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life, andand do not obey one whose heart We have madedo not obey one whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembranceheedless of Our remembrance and who follows hisand who follows his desire (desire (HAWA’HAWA’) and whose affair is ever [in] neglect.”) and whose affair is ever [in] neglect.” ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 28Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 28)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  85. 85. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  86. 86. The Arab (Bedouins) say, "We have believedThe Arab (Bedouins) say, "We have believed ((AA-MAN-NAAA-MAN-NA)." Say, "You have not [yet])." Say, "You have not [yet] believed; but say [instead], 'We have submittedbelieved; but say [instead], 'We have submitted ((AS-LAM-NAAS-LAM-NA),' for faith has not yet entered),' for faith has not yet entered your hearts. And if you obey Allah and Hisyour hearts. And if you obey Allah and His Messenger, He will not deprive you from yourMessenger, He will not deprive you from your deeds of anything. Indeed, Allah is Forgivingdeeds of anything. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.“and Merciful.“ ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 14Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 14 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  87. 87. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN MUMUHHSEENSEEN MUKHLISWEEN MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS STATE OFTOWARDS STATE OF TAQWATAQWA Believer Submission Best or righteous conduct Sincerity God-consciousness or Piety TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM JAAHILJAAHIL NIFAAQNIFAAQ KUFUR-NI’MAHKUFUR-NI’MAH GHAFLAHGHAFLAH SHIRKSHIRK FAASADFAASAD ZOLEEMZOLEEM MUJREEMMUJREEM KADZIBKADZIB ISRAAFISRAAF FAASIQFAASIQ ITHMITHM ‘ILM – ‘AMAL - MUJAAHADAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) etc.
  88. 88. ””As for those who (As for those who (JAA-HADUJAA-HADU) strive in Us, We) strive in Us, We surely guide them to Our paths (surely guide them to Our paths (SUBUU-LANSUBUU-LANA), andA), and lo! Allah is with the good (lo! Allah is with the good (MUMUHH-SINEEN-SINEEN)”)” ((Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 69Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 69)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  89. 89. And they will say: "All praise is due to Allah, who has guidedAnd they will say: "All praise is due to Allah, who has guided us unto this; for we would certainly not have found the rightus unto this; for we would certainly not have found the right path unless Allah had guided us! Indeed, our Sustainer'spath unless Allah had guided us! Indeed, our Sustainer's Messengers have told us the truth!“Messengers have told us the truth!“ ((Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 43Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 43)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  90. 90. ““Verily, man's inner self (Verily, man's inner self (NAFS - AMMARAHNAFS - AMMARAH), does incite [him] to), does incite [him] to evil, andevil, and saved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestowssaved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His graceHis grace. Behold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of. Behold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“grace!“ ((Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  91. 91. ““((KHU-DZIL-’AFWKHU-DZIL-’AFW) Make due allowance for man's nature (by forgiving) Make due allowance for man's nature (by forgiving them), and enjoin the doing of what is right (them), and enjoin the doing of what is right (MA’RUFMA’RUF); and (); and (A’-RIA’-RIDWDW –’ANIL–’ANIL – JAA-HI-LEEN– JAA-HI-LEEN) leave alone all those who choose to remain ignorant. And if) leave alone all those who choose to remain ignorant. And if it should happen that a prompting from Satan stirs thee up [to blind anger],it should happen that a prompting from Satan stirs thee up [to blind anger], seek refuge with Allah: behold, He is all-hearing, all-knowing.”seek refuge with Allah: behold, He is all-hearing, all-knowing.” ((Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 199-200Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 199-200)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  92. 92. “Verily, they who are conscious of and fear Allah (TAQWA) bethink themselves [of Him] whenever any dark suggestion from Satan touches them - whereupon, lo! they begin to see [things] clearly, even though their [godless] brethren would [like to] draw them into error: and then they cannot fail [to do what is right].” (Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 201-202) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  93. 93. TO BE CONTINUEDTO BE CONTINUED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  94. 94. ““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us the ability to follow it.and grant us the ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be falseAnd make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”and grant us the ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  95. 95. O Allah! There is none who can withholdO Allah! There is none who can withhold what You send, nor send whatever You withholdwhat You send, nor send whatever You withhold All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  96. 96. Neither can they guide whom You leave astrNeither can they guide whom You leave astray Nor can they lead astray whom You have guided All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  97. 97. Neither can they give whatever You deprive,Neither can they give whatever You deprive, nor can they deprive to whom You givenor can they deprive to whom You give All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  98. 98. Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast,Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast, nor (can any) be cast those whom You draw closernor (can any) be cast those whom You draw closer All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  99. 99. O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings,O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings, and Your mercy, and Your grace and Yourand Your mercy, and Your grace and Your provisions.provisions. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  100. 100. O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours)O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours) that never ends nor fades away.that never ends nor fades away. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  101. 101. O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours)O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours) on the Day of deprivation (Hereafter),on the Day of deprivation (Hereafter), and the safety on the Day of fear (Judgement Day).and the safety on the Day of fear (Judgement Day). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  102. 102. O Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evilO Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evil repercussions of what You have given us andrepercussions of what You have given us and from the evil of what You have deprived us of.from the evil of what You have deprived us of. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  103. 103. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  104. 104. "Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred.forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that whichOur Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us.You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have noOur Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear.ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us.And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over theYou are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people."disbelieving people." All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  105. 105. O Allah! Make faith (O Allah! Make faith (iimaniiman) dear to us and beautify it in our hearts) dear to us and beautify it in our hearts and make disbelief (and make disbelief (KufrKufr), sinning (), sinning (FusuqFusuq) and rebelliousness () and rebelliousness (`isyan`isyan)) hateful to us, and make us among the rightly guided (hateful to us, and make us among the rightly guided (Raa-shi-duunRaa-shi-duun).). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  106. 106. O Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as MuslimsO Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as Muslims and join us with the ranks of the righteous ones,and join us with the ranks of the righteous ones, without tasting humiliation or turmoil.without tasting humiliation or turmoil. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  107. 107. ‘‘And (may AllAnd (may Allaah send) salutations and prayers upon Muh send) salutations and prayers upon Muhhammadammad and upon the householdand upon the household and companions of Muand companions of Muhhammadammad (the pure ones of his family and all the loyal followers).(the pure ones of his family and all the loyal followers). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  108. 108. ““Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power!Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)!(He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers!And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.”And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  109. 109. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 109All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))

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