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Ontology Context: Terminology and
Definitions

M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com --

MetroMaps versus Facets: What ...
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Pre-Context Semantic Web
•
•

open to read/write ontology has failed 12 14
most tools today are closed worlds with A...
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Facets
• facets are basically

personalization of ontology 04 05 06

• much research focused on

user modeling for p...
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Two Ways to Approach Context
1.

Context: Definition 1 (facets)

◦ one item -- a node in ontology -- and many contex...
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ToS: Trains of Sought (proposal)
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Trains of Sought (ToS)...
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... is a
for a context-aware ontology-based
plus a me...
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Metro Maps: Metaphore and Uses

M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com --

MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the ...
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Metro Maps: Basics
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Metro Map ...
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... is a
in which there are
can overlap at individual items of the former.
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t...
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Trains in Ontologies (example)

M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com --

MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the ...
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Facets vs Metromaps

M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com --

MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological...
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Facets vs Metromaps: Tags
FEW: search or browsing produce relatively few results -- human consumption
• BROWSABLE: i...
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Facets vs Metromaps: Comparison
Search

Trains
of
Sought

few
browsable
teamable

scalable

browsable
scalable
Facet...
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Facets vs Metromaps: Roadmaps
comparison between
existing faceted
tools and the
proposal
• note that trains evolve i...
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ToS: Unique Features
human-oriented service
2. facets: search then browse, ToS: search and/or browse
1. ToS is a
3. ...
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Example: Web Service

M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com --

MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontologica...
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Work in Progress: The ToS Service
left:

right:

the wall: the browser

•
human,
service,
• ToS is a much much more ...
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Example 2: the NiceCover Project

0B myself "Nicecover: LOIS研 Slides" http://www.slideshare.net/zhopasushami/slides-...
.

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Nicecover: The Story
LOIS back in September
• why: i-Scover was a major disappointment -- in terms of context, API,
...
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Nicecover: Design
• a

serverless app --

entirely

Parsing
report(popup)

cloud-based 0B
• users connect via a

Con...
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Nicecover as a ToS Service
•

Nicecover Data: distributed metadata created by users -- distributed
scattered metroma...
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That’s all, thank you ...

M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com --

MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontol...
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.

[01] myself (2013)
The Trains-of-Sought Project Home
http://www.github.com/maratishe/trainsofsought
[0A] myself (201...
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[04] M.Mas (2011)
Faceted semantic search for personalized social search
Cornell University Report no.arXiv:1202.668...
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[09] E.Rozell+3 (2012)
S2S Architecture and Faceted Browsing Applications
Demo Track of WWW Conference
[10] O.Suomin...
.

.

[14] J.Hebeler+4 (2011)
Semantic Web Programming
Wiley
[15] V.Uren+6 (2006)
Semantic annotation for knowledge manage...
MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context?
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MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context?

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Search today is strongly rooted in ontology-based technologies. Since ontology itself is context-less, recent research uses facets to add context to nodes in ontology trees. This paper proposes the reversed process where one starts from facets and then aggregates them into graph-like structures. The term facets is actually expendable because the concept already exists as a separate visualization technique called Metro Maps.

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MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context?

  1. 1. . . Ontology Context: Terminology and Definitions M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 2 /21 2/21
  2. 2. . . Pre-Context Semantic Web • • open to read/write ontology has failed 12 14 most tools today are closed worlds with APIs -- like LinkedData 13 • a large variety of tools for working with closed ontologies 11 11 D.Allemang+1 "Semantic Web for the Working Ontologist: Effective Modeling in RDFS and OWL" Morgan Kaufmann (2011) 12 G.Antoniou+1 "A Semantic Web Primer" Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2004) 13 T.Heath+1 "Linked Data: Evolving the Web Into a Global Data Space" Morgan and Claypool Publishers (2011) 14 J.Hebeler+4 "Semantic Web Programming" Wiley (2011) M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 3 /21 3/21
  3. 3. . . Facets • facets are basically personalization of ontology 04 05 06 • much research focused on user modeling for personalization 07 faceted search • the ultimate goal is 1. each node in ongology graph has multiple contexts 2. on top of search people are offered browsing function 08 • many existing faceted search portals 09 10 04 M.Mas "Faceted semantic search for personalized social search" Cornell University Report no.arXiv:1202.6685 (2011) 05 T.Le+2 "Personalized Facets for Semantic Search Using Linked Open Data with Social Networks" 3rd IBICA (2012) 06 C.DaSilva+2 "Improve business interoperability through context-based..." Electronic Business Management (2011) 07 R.Denaux+2 "Interactive ontology-based user modeling for personalized ..." Adaptive Hypermedia (AH) (2004) 09 E.Rozell+3 "S2S Architecture and Faceted Browsing Applications" Demo Track of WWW Conference (2012) 10 O.Suominen+2 "User-Centric Faceted Search for Semantic Portals" Springer LNCS vol.4519 (2007) M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 4 /21 4/21
  4. 4. . . Two Ways to Approach Context 1. Context: Definition 1 (facets) ◦ one item -- a node in ontology -- and many contexts (facets) ◦ facets are filters in search ◦ you need as many queries as you have items 2. Context: Definition 2 (proposed) ◦ multiple items and multiple nodes ◦ context is a topology overlaying multiple nodes ◦ discover new nodes and items by browsing the topology M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 5 /21 5/21
  5. 5. . . ToS: Trains of Sought (proposal) . Trains of Sought (ToS)... . ... is a for a context-aware ontology-based plus a metadata management solution which uses fundamental underlying structure . design search function Metro Maps as the not a new concept 02 • already used in practice -- software projects, group activities, etc. 03 • why the name: something you have seek-ed + sounds similar to trains • Metromap itself is of thought -- perfectly describes the intentions 02 K.Nesbitt "Getting to more abstract places using the metro map metaphor" 8th Int.Conf. on Information Visualization (IV) (2004) 03 J.Stott+4 "Automatic layout of project plans using a metro map metaphor" 9th IntConf. on Information Visualization (IV) (2005) M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 6 /21 6/21
  6. 6. . . Metro Maps: Metaphore and Uses M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 7 /21 7/21
  7. 7. . . Metro Maps: Basics . Metro Map ... . ... is a in which there are can overlap at individual items of the former. . topology stations and lines where the latter not MindMaps! 02 • ... we use metromaps everyday -- train maps of cities in Japan • MetroMaps are • metromaps are helpful in many -- completely unrelated -- areas of application 03 • feature-not-a-bug: one map is a whole -- inseparable -- unit 02 K.Nesbitt "Getting to more abstract places using the metro map metaphor" 8th Int.Conf. on Information Visualization (IV) (2004) 03 J.Stott+4 "Automatic layout of project plans using a metro map metaphor" 9th IntConf. on Information Visualization (IV) (2005) M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 8 /21 8/21
  8. 8. . . Trains in Ontologies (example) M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 9 /21 9/21
  9. 9. . . Facets vs Metromaps M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 10 /21 10/21
  10. 10. . . Facets vs Metromaps: Tags FEW: search or browsing produce relatively few results -- human consumption • BROWSABLE: is metadata browsable? • SCALABLE: same design for small and large bodies of content, groups, • etc.? OWNABLE: metadata owned by user? -- or out of users' reach? • TEAMABLE: can be shared by several members of a team? -- has to be • ownable, of course • EVOLVABLE: whether your personal metadata can evolve in time -- a long-term recommendation service • .... M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 11 /21 11/21
  11. 11. . . Facets vs Metromaps: Comparison Search Trains of Sought few browsable teamable scalable browsable scalable Faceted Search ownable evolvable M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 12 /21 12/21
  12. 12. . . Facets vs Metromaps: Roadmaps comparison between existing faceted tools and the proposal • note that trains evolve in time because user input is remembered • ... and can be revisited • in the future M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- Search string Hits Facets Search Select Search string Hits Trains Ride MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 13 /21 13/21
  13. 13. . . ToS: Unique Features human-oriented service 2. facets: search then browse, ToS: search and/or browse 1. ToS is a 3. ToS is owned and managed by the user helper, not a dictator ◦ the service is a 4. ... M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 14 /21 14/21
  14. 14. . . Example: Web Service M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 15 /21 15/21
  15. 15. . . Work in Progress: The ToS Service left: right: the wall: the browser • human, service, • ToS is a much much more flexible service • rough implementation of ToS is at 01 Facets Lucene query List Facets ToS Lucene query List Trains Robot Recommendations 01 myself "The Trains-of-Sought Project Home" http://www.github.com/maratishe/trainsofsought (2013) M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 16 /21 16/21
  16. 16. . . Example 2: the NiceCover Project 0B myself "Nicecover: LOIS研 Slides" http://www.slideshare.net/zhopasushami/slides-26150221 (2013) M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 17 /21 17/21
  17. 17. . . Nicecover: The Story LOIS back in September • why: i-Scover was a major disappointment -- in terms of context, API, • idea first presented at social features, etc. • the main intention: create a socially distributed/managed metadata on top of any major scientific portal ◦ I use (have used) it for metadata which I shared with graduate students 0A myself "Nicecover: Project Page" http://www.github.com/maratishe/nicecover (2013) 0B myself "Nicecover: LOIS研 Slides" http://www.slideshare.net/zhopasushami/slides-26150221 (2013) M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 18 /21 18/21
  18. 18. . . Nicecover: Design • a serverless app -- entirely Parsing report(popup) cloud-based 0B • users connect via a Control Panel (user clickable) Add-to-page parsing script Status Background script Pass data for storage Chrome Extension 0A • overlay on top of IEICE/ken system • the name is a (poor) NiceCover Browser Extension x Cloud Drive reads/writes Cloud Drive writes only attempt to mock i-Scover 0A myself "Nicecover: Project Page" http://www.github.com/maratishe/nicecover (2013) 0B myself "Nicecover: LOIS研 Slides" http://www.slideshare.net/zhopasushami/slides-26150221 (2013) M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 19 /21 19/21
  19. 19. . . Nicecover as a ToS Service • Nicecover Data: distributed metadata created by users -- distributed scattered metromaps • Nicecover as ToS: 1. aggregation and merges 2. recommendation service 3. on-demand metromaps -- example: who's working on ontological context search? M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 20 /21 20/21
  20. 20. . . That’s all, thank you ... M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 21 /21 21/21
  21. 21. . . [01] myself (2013) The Trains-of-Sought Project Home http://www.github.com/maratishe/trainsofsought [0A] myself (2013) Nicecover: Project Page http://www.github.com/maratishe/nicecover [0B] myself (2013) Nicecover: LOIS研 Slides http://www.slideshare.net/zhopasushami/slides-26150221 [02] K.Nesbitt (2004) Getting to more abstract places using the metro map metaphor 8th Int.Conf. on Information Visualization (IV) [03] J.Stott+4 (2005) Automatic layout of project plans using a metro map metaphor 9th IntConf. on Information Visualization (IV) M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 21 /21 21/21
  22. 22. . . [04] M.Mas (2011) Faceted semantic search for personalized social search Cornell University Report no.arXiv:1202.6685 [05] T.Le+2 (2012) Personalized Facets for Semantic Search Using Linked Open Data with Social Networks 3rd IBICA [06] C.DaSilva+2 (2011) Improve business interoperability through context-based... Electronic Business Management [07] R.Denaux+2 (2004) Interactive ontology-based user modeling for personalized ... Adaptive Hypermedia (AH) [08] E.Hyvonen+2 (2003) Ontogator: Combining View- and Ontology-Based Search ... Int.Symp. on Processing XML M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 21 /21 21/21
  23. 23. . . [09] E.Rozell+3 (2012) S2S Architecture and Faceted Browsing Applications Demo Track of WWW Conference [10] O.Suominen+2 (2007) User-Centric Faceted Search for Semantic Portals Springer LNCS vol.4519 [11] D.Allemang+1 (2011) Semantic Web for the Working Ontologist: Effective Modeling in RDFS and OWL Morgan Kaufmann [12] G.Antoniou+1 (2004) A Semantic Web Primer Massachusetts Institute of Technology [13] T.Heath+1 (2011) Linked Data: Evolving the Web Into a Global Data Space Morgan and Claypool Publishers M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 21 /21 21/21
  24. 24. . . [14] J.Hebeler+4 (2011) Semantic Web Programming Wiley [15] V.Uren+6 (2006) Semantic annotation for knowledge management: Requirements and a survey of the state of the art Web Semantics, Elsevier [16] D.Sanchez+2 (2011) Content annotation for the semantic web: an automatic web-based approach Knowledge and Information Systems M.Zhanikeev -- maratishe@gmail.com -- MetroMaps versus Facets: What Exactly is the Ontological Context? -- http://tinyurl.com/kyutech131128 -- 21 /21 21/21

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