Disorders associated with

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Disorders associated with

  1. 1. Label the parts of the Endocrine System
  2. 2. Major Glands of the Endocrine System
  3. 3. DISORDERS ASSOCIATED WITH ENDOCRINE GLANDS
  4. 4. <ul><li>A glandular disorder maybe functional , meaning it results in the overproduction or underproduction of the hormone that the gland produces. </li></ul><ul><li>“ hyper” - means overproduction </li></ul><ul><li>“ hypo” – means underproduction </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>A glandular disorder may also be anatomical , such as the enlargement of a gland. </li></ul>
  6. 6. HYP0THYROIDISM <ul><li>It is the under productivity of the thyroid due to lack of iodine in the diet. </li></ul><ul><li>Iodine is necessary for the production of thyroxin. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>A patient should have more fish and iodized salt in his diet. </li></ul><ul><li>If the goiter is too large, it can be removed by surgery. </li></ul>Goiter Goiter
  8. 8. HYPERTHYROIDISM <ul><li>It is the over productivity of the thyroid gland </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>SYMPTOMS: </li></ul><ul><li>Increased appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Dry skin </li></ul><ul><li>Bulging eyes </li></ul>Grave’s Disease
  10. 10. CRETINISM <ul><li>Is the under productivity of the thyroid gland that results in decreased production of thyroxin. </li></ul><ul><li>Cretin </li></ul><ul><li>– a person affected by cretinism. </li></ul><ul><li>- he is short in height & mentally retarded. </li></ul>
  11. 11. GIGANTISM <ul><li>- Is the overproduction of growth hormones. </li></ul><ul><li>The tallest man in medical history for whom there is irrefutable evidence is Robert Pershing Wadlow . He was born at Alton, Illinois, USA, on February 22, 1918, and when he was last measured on June 27, 1940, was found to be 2.72 m (8 ft 11.1 in) tall.  </li></ul>
  12. 12. DWARFISM <ul><li>- Is the underproduction of growth hormones. </li></ul><ul><li>Adults with this disorder are called midgets. </li></ul>
  13. 13. DIABETES <ul><li>- A disease caused by too much sugar in the blood </li></ul>
  14. 14. 2 types of Diabetes <ul><li>Diabetes I (Infantile Diabetes) </li></ul><ul><li>- starts at a young age </li></ul><ul><li>- insulin-producing cells are destroyed due to infection or inborn defects. </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes II </li></ul><ul><li>- comes at an older age </li></ul>

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