Idealism and RealismIdealism and realism are philosophical theories propounded by two Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle, respectively. Plato is known as father of idealism while Aristotle is known as father of Realism.In a layman’s language , idealism is a theory that professes that reality exists only in ideas. It also states that ideally , every thing and every one should be perfect and flawless. Realism , on the other hand, has a more practical approach of looking at things. Realism stats that things and people should be accepted as they are, that is, with all their defects and weaknesses .
Difference between Realist and IdealistRealist Idealist Realists are basically Idealist, on the other hand ,conservative people who are nonconformists who arefollow the convention of the most likely to revolt againstsociety and thus, are moresecure socially. the set norms.Realism is the theory , of While idealism is the theorythe people who live in the of futurists.present. Idealists on the other hand Realists, settle for ,aim for perfection. They setmediocrity. They only aim high goals for themselves andfor achievable targets. That others.. They believe thatis why to accept some thingextra ordinary from them is humans have vast potential,out of question. which should be bind properly to achieve excellence .
Realist are more Idealists on the grounded in reality other hand , are and better prepared very impractical in to deal with the today’s world. world around them. Idealists are basically dreamers, who only look for aRealists claim that ideal and that too in whatever life are, the future. you should accept it Idealists claim that men should face the reality.
Idealist in the playGregers Werle , an idealist in the playHis preach “the claim of idealism” to every oneHis conflict with his fatherWerle’s betrayed of Ekdal’s familyHis revelation of Gina’s past life to Hjalmar
Tragedy or demolition by the claim of idealismGregers claim ofidealism and demolition inhappy family’s lifeHjalmar rejection of HedvigGregers’ suggestion forHedvig to kill the Wild Duckto win Hjalmar love againHe says: “if you had genuine , joyous, courageousspirit of self-sacrifice, then he would come back to you.But I still have faith in you, Hedvig”.
Tragedy in the playBut Hedvig instead ofkilling the Wild Duck killsherself. And shows self-sacrifice ,which is another big shock for Hjalmar.Thus Gregers idealism brings about a tragedy in the domestic life ofHjalmar and GinaIdealism is fine, but as it approaches reality thecost becomes prohibitive. William F Buckley
ConclusionExtreme of every thing is bad either it is idealism or realism.Inflexibility of idealism can prove dangerous.it may be satisfythe mind of an idealist but it brings demolition in some ones life.A man need not to tell the truth if it brings destruction. as it hasbeen said that,“ a lie that protect the life is better than a truth that destruct thelife”.so claim of ideal should not be imposed upon every bodyand that some discrimination is needed in selecting personsto whom the claims of ideal may be preached. All humanbeings are not capable of accepting the claims of ideal and,even if they do get ready to accept these claims, all of themmay not be able to endure the reality which emerges whenthe veil is torn away to reveal the truth.
“Life is not a problem to be solved, but a reality to be experienced.”Soren KierkegaardAn idealist believes the short run doesnt count. A cynic believes thelong run doesnt matter. A realist believes that what is done or leftundone in the short run determines the long run.
ConclusionIn the end whether it isright or wrong to maintain illusion, is not a significance as the question of who has the right to determine what is real andwhat is wrong is true for otherBy using the term realism to portray thevalue of illusion Ibsen produce complicatedquestion about what is real and what is sometime necessary illusion.