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Italy is a country that belongs to the European Continent. It is
situated in the Southern Europe and extends into the
Mediterranean sea. It has a number of islands, including the two
largest, which are: Sicily and Sardinia.
This country has a total area of 301,230 km². It covers a land area
of 294,020 km² and 7,210 km² are water. Its capital is Rome.
The climate in Italy is highly diverse and can be far from the
stereotypical Mediterranean climate because it depends on the
Conditions on peninsular coastal areas are very different from the
interior higher ground and valleys, particularly during the winter
months when the higher altitudes tend to be cold, wet, and often
snowy. The coastal regions have mild and warm winters and the
summers are generally dry.
It is one of the richest countries in Europe and in the
Mediterranean basin, in terms of species biodiversity.
It has one of the highest levels of faunal biodiversity in Europe with
over 57,000 species recorded.
Animal species represent, 86% of the Italian fauna in land-based
and 14% is aquatic. The insects represent about two thirds of all
Italy has the fourth-largest population in the European Union and
the 23rd-largest population worldwide. Italy's population density, is
199.2 persons per square kilometer. Rome is the most populous
city with almost 2,724,347 people.
Italy's official language is the Italian.
Roman Catholicism is by far the largest religion in this country,
although the Catholic Church is no longer officially the state
religion, because around 87.8% of the Italians identified
themselves as Roman Catholic, but only about one-third of these
described themselves as active members. It is in Rome that the
Italian Catholic Church is situated, more specifically, in the Vatican
City where we can see the Roman Catholic spiritual leader, the
Italy is a democratic republic since the 2nd June 1946.
The President of the Italian Republic is Giorgio Napolitano
and the Prime Minister is Silvio Berlusconi.
The Italian currency is the Euro.
Italy is member of the Group of Eight (G8) industrialized nations.
Tourism is one of the fastest growing and lucrative sectors of this
The infrastructures, like the transports, railway, waterway, nuclear
power and renewable energies, contribute for the Italian economic
The export of machinery, motor vehicles, chemicals, food and
clothing, is also one of the reasons for the economic growth.
Italy has beautiful Monuments like the:
The Tower of Pisa, built in 1173, is 55,86 m high and due
to a poorly laid foundation and loose substrate that has
allowed the structure to lean.
The Roman Coliseum, its construction started
between 70 and 72AD and finished in 80AD. It is
considered one of the greatest works of Roman
architecture and Roman engineering.
The Trevi Fountain is a fountain situated in the Trevi
rione in Rome. It is 25.9 meters high and 19.8 meters
wide and it is the largest baroque fountain in the city.
We choose Italy, because we wanted to know more about
this lovely country.
Italy is a country that belongs to the European Continent,
situated in the Southern Europe and is bordered by the
Mediterranean sea. It has more or less 200,12 inhabitants
per km2 and an excellent temperate weather .
It’s a place where we can find a lot of famous monuments
like the Coliseum of Rome and the Tower of Pisa.
What we like most in Italy is its cuisine, pizza is our
favourite, but they also have pasta and of course lasagne.
It’s in this country where the base of the Catholic Church
is situated, more specifically, in the Vatican City where we
can see the Roman Catholic spiritual leader, the Pope.
We also like the beautiful landscapes that this country
has, and one day we would like to visit this lovely country.