New zealand


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New zealand

  1. 1. NEW ZEALAND Ms. Sonandre CMST &101 Fundamentals of Speech communication Group 5 Nina R., Nathanael W., Priscilla W., Rachelle J.,
  2. 2. Statistics, Facts and History by Nina R. Group 5 Presenting Etiquette andFood, drink and We have chosen the concept Rituals (verbal and Holidays of how to adapt to others non-verbal) by Vivian G. through developing by Priscilla W. knowledge of their culture, verbal and non verbal. Our goal is to do this by presenting their: history, facts, statistics, etiquette, rituals, language, art, clothes, gender roles, food, drink and holidays Gender Roles and Art and Language Clothing (verbal and by Rachelle J. non-verbal) by Nathaniel W.
  3. 3. : Nina Rybak
  4. 4. New Zealand is a small country. New Zealands spectacularly beautiful landscape includes vast mountain chains, steaming volcanoes, sweepingcoastlines, deeply indented fiords and lush rainforests. It has a temperate maritime climate. Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia 3,993,817 (July 2004 est.) Wellington Natural resources: natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone. Agriculture: wheat, barley, potatoes, pulses, fruits, vegetables; wool, beef, lamb and mutton, dairy products;
  5. 5. New Zealand today is an independent nation within the BritishCommonwealth. The British Monarch, although constitutional head ofstate, plays no active role in the administration of New Zealandsgovernment. Ethnic Make-up: •New Zealand European 74.5%, •Maori 9.7%, •other European 4.6%, •Pacific Islander 3.8%, •Asian and others 7.4% Religions: •Anglican 24%, •Presbyterian 18%, •Roman Catholic 15%, •Methodist 5%, • Baptist 2%, •other Protestant 3%, •unspecified or none 33% (1986) Languages: English, Maori (both official) National Holiday: Waitangi Day, February 6 portal: New Zealand
  6. 6. New Zealand has an incredibly rich and dynamic history and culture. It is thought that onlythe birds lived here before around 1400 AD so all of our human history is fairly recent.Maoris were the first inhabitants of New Zealand, arriving on the islands in about 1000. Maorioral history maintains that the Maoris came to the island in seven canoes from other parts ofPolynesia. The European influenced on the history of New Zealand. 1769 1840 – Captain 1790 1833 1642 James Cook whalers, 1839 - On 6th traders and James 1838 - February the British missionaries Treaty of Abel Tasman explorer, arrived, Busby Bishop John The Islands Waitangi makes his establishing Batiste was signed, was the first first visit to settlements arrives at were part of whereby all New mainly along Francis powers of European Zealand. He the far the Bay of Australian Sovereignty (Holland) to claims parts northern Pompallier, colony of in New of the coast of Islands, in Zealand discover the country in New from France, New South were ceded the name of Zealand. his capacity to Queen Islands. King George as Official founds the Wales. Victoria and III. He then 1806 -First first Marist Captain circum European British Hobson navigated women mission at became the Islands arrive in Resident. Governor and charted New Hokianga. the coast. Zealand. From the discovery of New Zealand to status as an independent colony.
  7. 7. 1845 – 1870 Hostilities between Maori and European 1872. Telegraph communication links Auckland, Wellington and the southern provinces.Over 1.000 miles of railway are 1893 Women granted the right to vote.wzealandwarsmemorial.jpg 1898 Old age pensions act. 1907 New Zealand proclaimed a Dominion 1977 - The national anthem of New Zealand approved. -Waitangi Tribunal 1987-The Constitution Act adopted as well as other legal documents. Maori language the official language. New Zealand declared its territory free of nuclear area 1990 - 1997, Jenny Shipley of the National party became New Zealands first woman prime minister. 2008 National reintroduces titular honors 6 years after Labour removed them from the New Zealand Honor System
  8. 8. Priscilla
  9. 9.  Consists of a firm handshake and a smile. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Smiling and maintaining eye contact shows interest at meeting the other person. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Men are to wait for a woman to reach their hand out first when meeting for a handshake. (Country Etiquette- New Zealand Etiquette tips, 2011) Appropriate gifts include flowers, chocolate, liquor, or a book about your country if you are a guest at someone’s home in New Zealand. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) zealand.html Open gifts as you receive any. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Verbal greetings include “Hello” “Gidday” and especially in North Island, “Kia Ora”(“good health”, “are you well?” (Wilson)
  10. 10. 48 Wait to be seated. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Elbows off table and hands above table when at the dinner table. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) When you are finished eating, place your knife and fork parallel on your plate with handles facing to the right. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs)Maori Dining Etiquette: Visitor will be asked to the dining room following the Powhiri. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Do not eat until the food has been blessed by the speaker from the homeland. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Thank your hosts formally and publicly close to the end of the meal before leaving the seating area. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) To show respect and gratitude be prepared to sing a song from your home country. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs)
  11. 11.  Powhiri is a welcoming ceremony used to welcome visitors on to marae but it can be seen on a daily basis in New Zealand because it is part of their lifestyle. ("Maori culture," )  The ceremony includes speeches, dancing, singing and hongi. ("Maori culture," )  The importance of the ceremony is to bring 2 groups together, negotiating the terms of their meeting and ending with guests joining their hosts as one. ("Maori culture," )  The ceremony can be for visitors, or for a funeral, or for tourist to experience. ("Maori culture," ) Powhiri usually consists of these basics: Wero- is the challenge where Maori warriors will perform intimidating gestures and expressions, shouting out battle scream acting as if ready for war. They will leave a leaf or carved effigy as a symbolic offering. ("Maori culture," ) Karanga-the call is when female callers bring a range of imagery and cultural expression. ("Maori culture," ) Whaikorero- which are the formal speeches of the home people. ("Maori culture," ) Waiata is a song sung by the home people. ("MaoriBaVh4 culture," ) Koha is a gift which is given by the guests which is an envelope of money. ("Maori culture," ) Hongi is the non-verbal gesture which consists of pressing of noses signifying the joining together of the guests and the home people. ("Maori culture," ) Hakari is the meal that is shared by the joining of people
  12. 12. (Rotoruas Mud and Maori Culture, 2011) Hongi – the unique and very sacred Maori physical embrace where the visitors and hosts become one. “The hongi is the traditional greeting(Maori Culture in NZ, 2011) of nose pressing. It is the exchange of the ha, or breath of life… This greeting creates the visitor at one with the tangata whenua (hosts)”. “The most sacred part of the Maori is the face and the head. When you make contact with another human, it’s the embracing, the light touching of the noses. Because you’re now dealing with the most sacred part of the person. It’s the essence of life to mankind. (Haymond, 2008)
  13. 13. g By: Nathaniel
  14. 14.  One area where men have low representation is in early childhood education (ECE). In 2010, there were 19,901 early childhood teachers in New Zealand, only 349 (1.75%) of whom were men. Similar to ECE, nursing is another non traditional role where men are the minority. Only 7.76% of New Zealand nurses are male. Men are deterred from the nursing profession for similar reasons that they are deterred from ECE including; believing others would see them as unmanly, having limited career options and being poorly paid. Concerted effort is required to recruit more men in nursing and to break gendered stereotypes.
  15. 15. Gender Roles Continued The Modern Apprenticeship Scheme aims to increase the number of young people in industry training. The traditional under-representation of women in non- traditional work represents a significant opportunity for improved female participation and increased diversity in the Modern Apprenticeship Scheme. However it has failed to deliver gender equality to date. In 2010, there were 11,926 modern apprentices87. Female participants accounted for 12.4% but this is almost entirely due to the inclusion of hairdressing in the modern apprenticeship scheme. Without hairdressing the women’s participation rate drops to 8.4%.
  16. 16. A knee long kilt like garment held by a waistband called puipui. Men had the more ornate design on their waistband with geometric patterns in black and white opposing the plain belt of the woman’s one. A cloak that was worn around the shoulders. Its various names reflected its use and the material of decoration. Softened fibres of New Zealand flax were the first choice of material to weave the base called kakahu . A Korowai was a cloak decorated with tassles and bird feathers.
  17. 17. In keeping with New Zealands relaxed lifestyle, dress is informal on mostoccasions.
  18. 18. By: Rachel le
  19. 19. New-Zealand-locum-tenens Moko is a type of art form used my the Maori people of New Zealand.The Maori, being the natives to the New Zealand land. This type of art goesfar back. Ta Moko is a tattoo; not just any tattoo, it is applied by chiselingit into the skin as opposed to normal tattoos using a needle. Ta Moko formen can be anywhere on the body, but for women it is primarily on the lipsand face. Wiki (2011) J.M. Wilson (2003). The Maori people have tribes, by using theTa Moko, one could communicate which tribe they belonged to and theirplace in the tribe such as their social standing. Ta Moko was used to conveysomeone’s ancestry. As time has gone on the use of Ta Moko’s has declined,as has the ability to read someone’s Ta Moko. The Maori are not requiredto get Ta Moko’s, they get them because they choose to. The symbols anddesigns on their tattoos are unique to them. If you can read someone’s TaMoko you can learn a lot about them, who they are, and where they camefrom. The Maori obviously are very proud of their heritage or they wouldnot chose to adorn their bodies with it. Many people in our culture are very cautious around those whowould have tattoos all over their bodies, especially their face. “Americansplace an undue emphasis on looks” (p.95. Understanding NonverbalMessages: Appearance. Blue Book). Having a lot of tattoos here in Americacan sometimes be tied to bikers and criminals, this kind of stereotypingwould make it hard for us to communicate with the Maori, but byunderstanding their culture and the purpose behind the Ta Moko we cancommunicate with less judgment and more acceptance.
  20. 20. Anyone who has seen a movie based inEurope or Australia knows that English hassome different dialects. The same is truefor the English spoken in New Zealand. Eventhough we speak the same language as NewZealanders the fact that we speak adifferent dialect would make it difficultfor us to understand some of the thingsthey say. The term for the English used byNew Zealanders is called “Kiwi Slang”. Anexample of some confusion that we wouldfind by the language is terms like “brassedoff” meaning annoyed, another would be“yonks” meaning forever. What might soundweird to us, makes complete sense to them.Our biggest asset in communication isawareness. Do your research beforetraveling to another country, you can easilylook up Kiwi Slang and print out a guide ofthe different words and their meaning tohelp you out in communicating with NewZealanders. By being aware of thesedifferences in our language we can helpbridge the gap of communication.
  21. 21. = holiday home mate = buddy, friendbrassed off = annoyed no worries= no need to worryChoice= very good pakeha = non-Maori New ZealanderCrikey= wow! rattle your dags = hurry upcrook = unwell she’ll be right = not a problemcuppa = cup of tea, coffee stubby = small bottle of beerdairy = corner store stuffed = really tireddunny = toilet suss = to figure outfizzy drink = soda pop ta = thanksflash = looking good tata = goodbyegood on ya, mate!= well done take-aways = fast foodgood as gold= affirmative answer take a hike= go away!hard yakka= hard work tea = dinnerhunky dory = everything’s fine tiki tour = scenic tour, roundabout wayJandal= thongs, flip-flops tramping = hikingjersey = sweater tomato sauce = ketchuplift = elevator wellies = gumbootsLolly= candy wop-wops = out of the way locationloo = toilet yonks = forever
  22. 22. By: Vivian Goodwin
  23. 23. Appetizers Desert Paua Fritters Pavolva (Blue abalone shell fish unique to N.Z.) (Meringue cake topped with whipped fresh cream Green lip mussels steamed with lemon and kiwifruit) Sausage Rolls Steamed pudding with golden syrup Hokey Pokey (Sausage meat with herbs in a flaky pastry) (Ice cream with sponge toffee in it) Lolly cake Entrée (Brown cake made with malt biscuits and a hard Fish and Chips marshmallow rolled in coconut) (With New Zealand’s favorite Watties Tomato Pineapple guava Catsup) Drinks Roast Lamb with mint sauce Wine Lamb shanks Sauvignon Blanc from the Marlborough region (With potatoes and fresh vegetables) Chardonnay from the Gisbone area Whitebait flan Cabernet from the Auckland’s Waihek Island (Small herring type fish in flan) Beer Tui’s Beer Speight’s Beer Lion Red beer Non-alcoholic Gladstone Ginger Beer Information from interview with Damon Goodwin who From the east coast city of Gisborne visited New Zealand in 2010 L&P (lemonade-style soda) Lemon and Paeroa from the area of Paeroa AND Famous candy (complimentary)The legal drinking age was lowered from 20 to 18 around 10 years R J’s licorice chocolate logago. It is enforced quite rigorously by ID checks at bars, clubs and From Levinalcohol retailers. The smoking age is 18 and is likewise enforced.
  24. 24. A way to interact and communicate with the Maori culture, is to attend a Hangi, which is a way of cooking food (Kai is the Maori word for food) and a social occasion to share with friends and family. Hangi is a special way of cooking food under the ground using red hot rocks and steam. Rocks or bricks are heated on a pile of burning wood. When the rocks are hot they need to be carefully rolled or lifted into a pit in the ground and the wire baskets of food quickly put on top. The basket is then covered with wet sheets and the wet sheets get covered with wet sacks. Then the sacks are covered with dirt. The water from the wet cloths turns into steam through the heat of the rocks, the steam can’t escape through the dirt so it steam cooks the food. The meat is put in the basket first basket (chicken, fish, shellfish, pork and lamb), the veggies on top (kumara (purple potatoes), pumpkin, and corn on the cob and herbs and spices. You can also add the desert of steam pudding in the basketSeven hours later you open the box and enjoy the succulent meat and vegetables that taste wonderful after being steamed inthe earth, and also get to know new friends and old friends
  25. 25. New Zealand Public Holidays:New Years Day 1 January Sunday 1 January (Tues Jan 3alternate holiday for most workers)Day after New Years Day 2 January Monday 2 JanuaryWaitangi Day 6 February Monday 6 FebruaryAnniversary Day Auckland / Northland 29 JanuaryMonday 30 JanuaryGood Friday varies Friday 6 AprilEaster Monday varies Monday 9 AprilANZAC Day 25 April Wednesday 25 AprilQueens Birthday 1st Monday in June Monday 4 June(Queen of Britain)Labour Day 4th Monday in October Monday 22 October(spelled differently in NZ)Christmas Day 25 December Tuesday 25 DecemberBoxing Day 26 December Wednesday 26 December ys
  26. 26. Two special Holidays that are only celebrated in New Zealand are: Anzac Day andWaitangi DayAnzac DayHeld on Apirl 25 is similar to our Veterans Day. It is to commemorate those whodied in the service of their country and to honor those servicemen and women whoreturned. This originated from the anniversary of the landing of the Australianand New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli in 1915. On the first anniversary of that landing services were held throughout thecountry in remembrance of the 2,721 New Zealand soldiers who died during theeight-month Gallipoli Campaign. Since 1916 Anzac Day has evolved to theobservance we know today.They even have a special cookie called an Anzac Biscuit (cookie). DayHeld on February 6 February to commemorate the signing of New Zealandsfounding document - the Treaty of Waitangi - in 1840. This holiday was firstdeclared in 1974, and has grown in significance for all New Zealanders throughthe Māori renaissance that has fostered better understanding of the Treaty’sramifications. Official celebrations are held at the Waitangi Treaty Grounds inthe Bay of Islands, Northland, but there are also many other events throughoutthe country.
  27. 27. Queen Charlotte Sound goal was to present aspects of life in NewZealand as a way of developing knowledge oftheir culture. We did this through verbal and nonverbal aspects of life: the history giving us agood understanding of where the culture hadoriginated from; etiquette, how to understandthe different rituals and way of greeting bothMaori and Kiwi’s, verbally and non verbally;clothing, what to expect , and to understand thehistory of the Moari’s clothing; art and how thisis portrayed on peoples bodies with pride oftheir heritage, and language, by betterunderstanding the slang and different words New Zealand Culture wasused gives us a better means for communication; presented by:food and drinks, a non verbal way of Statistics, facts and history bycommunicating, and a verbal way of Nina Rybakunderstanding the different names and types of Etiquette and Ritualsfood eaten; Holidays, special days that are a big by Priscilla Wilsonpart of New Zealand’s culture, and why they are Gender Roles and clothing bycelebrated. We believe by having a better Nathanael Walkerknowledge of these areas of life we can adapt Art and Language byand communicate verbally and nonverbally in a Rachelle Johnsonconstructive and mindful way with people from Food, drinks and Holidays byNew Zealand. Vivian Goodwin
  28. 28. 1. If you were to attend a traditional Maori, what would you bring as your gift to the host?2. How would you introduce yourself to someone from New Zealand?3. What challenges might you find in interacting with a Maori who has a Ta Moko on their face, and why?4. What new foods/drinks would you be interested in or notinterested in and why?5. Using the New Zealand slang, write a sentence using one or moreof the words from the language chart on slide 21.
  29. 29. Priscilla’s ReferencesCountry Etiquette-New Zealand Etiquette tips. (2011, November 2). Retrieved from Vayama: New Zealand. (2011, November 2). Retrieved from Culture Crossing:, B. (2008, September 25). Pōwhiri and Hongi of New Zealand’s Māori: a Sacred Ritual. Retrieved from Temple Study: Culture in NZ. (2011, november 7). Retrieved from South ABC: Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs. (n.d.). Retrieved 11 1, 2011, from Kwintessential: Mud and Maori Culture. (2011, May 1). Retrieved from Travel with a Challenge:, P. J. (n.d.). New Zealand. Retrieved 11 1, 2011, from Countries and their Cultures:’s References:1. www.timelinesdb.com6.
  30. 30. Nathaniel’s References: 1845..jpg’s References: Goodwin’s References:Anzac day. (n.d.). Retrieved November 09, 2011, from New Zealand Waitangi Day. (n.d.). Retrieved November 09, 2011, from & Wine > New Zealand. (n.d.). New Zealand Travel - The Official Website For New Zealand > New Zealand. Retrieved November 10, 2011, from (n.d.). genuine Maori Retrieved November 09, 2011, from Zealand Public Holidays. (n.d.). Retrieved November 09, 2011, from from interview on 11/10/11 with Damon Goodwin who visited New Zealand in 2010Personal Experience of Hangi in London, England