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Hank Venema, IISD - Water & Agriculture


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Hank Venema, IISD - Water & Agriculture

  1. 1. Click to edit Master text styles <ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul><ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul>The Watershed of the Future The Lake Winnipeg Bioeconomy Project
  2. 2. Agricultural Nutrients Cultural Eutrophication & Global Food Security changing the narrative to opportunity and innovation
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  4. 4. 35% 32% 14% 11% 8% Lake Winnipeg Stewardship Board 2006 67% 2/3 of the of the MB P load non-point watershed sources
  5. 5. What you’ve seen on the news
  6. 6. Some of what you’ve seen on the news
  7. 7. You may have seen this too ADD BHP logo
  8. 8. Lake Winnipeg Regional Diagnosis <ul><li>Very difficult – perhaps intractable conventional environmental management problem involving interaction physical, cultural and historical forces. </li></ul><ul><li>More difficult than Lake Erie clean-up in the 1970s (~$15B ), which largely involved regulating several hundred point sources </li></ul><ul><li>But enormous opportunity if you can see the underlying systems dynamics – the noxious pollutant is actually a very strategic resource </li></ul>
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  10. 11. Click to edit Master text styles <ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul><ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul>
  11. 12. Click to edit Master text styles <ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul><ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul>
  12. 13. Bioeconomy: Strategy Needed <ul><li>“ ... attentive and active support from governments and the public at large. </li></ul><ul><li>… .need strategic thinking by governments and citizen support.” </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>“ ... multiple problems interrelated in complex way requires a systematic approach .... </li></ul><ul><li>… .will require prospective scenario tools like backasting. ” </li></ul>Bioeconomy: Strategy Needed
  14. 15. “ How do we create and take advantage of opportunities for Manitoba’s economy while reducing nutrient loading within the Lake Winnipeg Basin?”
  15. 16. Watershed of the Future <ul><li>Systems approach </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic Investment </li></ul><ul><li>Communications and Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative Technology </li></ul>
  16. 17. Land use in Southern MB
  17. 18. Agricultural Land in Southern MB
  18. 19. Watershed Processes
  19. 20. Opportunities for change
  20. 21. Farm Field
  21. 22. Shoreline/Riparian Biomass Switchgrass (5m) Alfalfa (5m) Willow (15m)
  22. 23. Water Biomass Harvest
  23. 24. Strategic Use of Wetlands
  24. 25. <ul><li>250 Km 2 Coastal Wetland on south shore of Lake Winnipeg </li></ul><ul><li>Complex of shallow lakes, channels and wetland areas </li></ul><ul><li>Red River passes through the marsh to the lake </li></ul><ul><li>Significant P and N loads enter Lake Winnipeg via the Red River </li></ul><ul><li>Netley-Libau Marsh is an important component of a Lake Winnipeg Basin management strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Not currently functioning as a healthy coastal wetland </li></ul>Netley-Libau Marsh
  25. 26. Cattail biomass harvesting Spring harvest Summer harvest
  26. 27. Cattail Biomass Pellets for fuel Bioenergy – Heat Innovative Technology – Netley-Libau Nutrient-Bioenergy Project Captured P N C … Exported P N C … P ASH Recovery
  27. 28. Biorefinery Agriculture BMPs Agriculture Biomass Riparian Biomass Aquatic Biomass Restored Wetlands Thriving Rural Economies Nutrients diverted from watershed to biorefinery Water storage Biodiversity Recreation Water storage Food Provision Drought Mitigation Flood Protection Cultural Reduced Nutrients
  28. 29. Phosphorous Application and Removal Tonnes
  29. 30. Bioeconomy Revenue $B
  30. 31. Feedback: Vision Statements
  31. 35. <ul><li>Pilot Projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Netley </li></ul></ul><ul><li>R&D priorities - biorefinery </li></ul><ul><li>Investment </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Producer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provincial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University </li></ul></ul>Pillar 2 Innovation And Investment <ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Public </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional Media </li></ul><ul><li>Social Media </li></ul>Pillar 3 Communication <ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Development </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Investment </li></ul>Pillar 4 Policy Development <ul><li>Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic and Economic Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Planning Priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Timelines </li></ul>Pillar 1 Strategy
  32. 36. Partnerships