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Tony Maas, WWF-Canada - Water & Risk


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Tony Maas, WWF-Canada - Water & Risk

  1. 1. Tony Maas Freshwater Director, WWF Canada [email_address] Water Footprints Across North America Canadian Water Summit
  2. 2. Shared physical water Source:
  3. 3. Key water-related challenges: Introduction
  4. 4. Key concepts <ul><li>Virtual water – Total volume of water used to produce a commodity at all points along the production chain </li></ul><ul><li>Water footprint – Volume of water used to produce the goods and services consumed by inhabitants of a country. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes two components: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internal water footprint – virtual water of content of all goods and services produced and consumed within a country . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>External water footprint – virtual water content of all imported goods and services consumed within a country . </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. International water footprint work
  6. 6. Water footprint of the average… 6400 L / day 7800 L / day 5400 L / day
  7. 7. Water footprint within and beyond borders Internal sufficiency External dependency External footprint Canada 79.3% 21.7% United States China India United States 79.8% 20.2% Canada China Mexico Mexico 57.5% 42.5% United States Canada China
  8. 8. (Virtual) drops across North America 15,000 27,500 5,000 71,000 18,000 500
  9. 9. Global drivers to local impacts
  10. 10. South Saskatchewan River
  11. 11. Shared water risks Shared Risk <ul><li>Corporate </li></ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><li>Reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Economic value </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Phy/bio-physical </li></ul><ul><li>Social / economic </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>WWF </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-physical </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem health </li></ul>
  12. 12. Policy considerations <ul><li>Water allocation and management policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reform water policy to ensure both needs for economic development and water to sustain ecosystem health are satisfied. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trade agreements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How have / do existing trade agreements (e.g. NAFTA) influenced virtual water trade and the related watershed impacts? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How future trade agreements be designed to include virtual water considerations? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subsidies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How are government subsidies – for agriculture and for other sectors – influencing virtual water trade and can / should they be reformed to reduce impacts on ecosystem health? </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Water stewardship and the private sector Time Water awareness Knowledge of Impact Stakeholder engagement Influence governance Level of watershed sustainability Internal action <ul><li>Engagement in public policy </li></ul><ul><li>Shared implementation of strategies to improve water management at the basin scale </li></ul><ul><li>Companies, governments and NGO’s engaging in multi-stakeholder platforms to asses issues and develop response strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Companies take action to optimize internal water use while measuring and publicly reporting water quantity and quality </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed understanding of the impact companies and their suppliers have on water resources and river basins </li></ul><ul><li>High level understanding of global water challenges, dependence on fresh water and exposure to water related risks </li></ul>
  14. 15.
  15. 16. 15,175 Oil crops Cereals Bovine 27,556 Bovine Oil crops Cereals 5,298 Oil crops Cereals Bovine 71,063 Oil crops Cereals Bovine 18,167 Oil crops Stimulants Bovine 513 Stimulants Oil crops Fruits
  16. 17. Breaking down Canada’s water footprint
  17. 18.
  18. 19. Canada’s external water footprint
  19. 20. Breaking down Canada’s water footprint