Living & Working in France


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Living & Working in France

  1. 1. Living & Working in France U-K , 2011 Mrs Frédérique Vercher Pôle Emploi International de Rouen [email_address]
  2. 2. Summary <ul><li>General presentation, p.3-4 </li></ul><ul><li>Labor market, p.5-10 </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for a job, p.9-21 </li></ul><ul><li>- p.11 Education </li></ul><ul><li>- p.12-18 Pôle Emploi </li></ul><ul><li>- p.19 CV </li></ul><ul><li>- p.20 Cover letter </li></ul><ul><li>- p.19-21 Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Working in France, p.24-25 </li></ul><ul><li>Living in France, p.26-29 </li></ul><ul><li>Useful websites, p.30-34 </li></ul>17/03/11
  3. 3. General presentation <ul><li>Geography </li></ul>17/03/11
  4. 4. General presentation <ul><li>Biggest country in Europe (so it can take a long time to move from a city to another one, if you have a business trip to plan) </li></ul><ul><li>France shares its borders with a lot of other countries Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium, Switzerland and Spain (so it can help you to choose a destination, if you can speak italian for instance) </li></ul><ul><li>5500km of coasts and also islands everywhere around the world </li></ul><ul><li>63 millions inhabitants </li></ul>17/03/11
  5. 5. Labor market <ul><li>France exports goods , services and also agriculture (cereals…) </li></ul><ul><li>Most of our trade is done within Europe (66%). </li></ul><ul><li>76 millions tourists a year: France is the most visited country. 900000 people work in the tourism field (4% of total employment). </li></ul><ul><li>25 millions of workers: </li></ul><ul><li>3.4% in agriculture field, </li></ul><ul><li>14% in the industry sector </li></ul><ul><li>6.6% in construction </li></ul><ul><li>47% in services sector </li></ul><ul><li>30% in the administration </li></ul>17/03/11
  6. 6. Labor market, big french companies <ul><li>- A few big french entreprises: </li></ul><ul><li>Carrefour, Sodexho, La Poste , Veolia, PSA Peugeot Citroën, Casino, France Télécom, Saint-Gobain, SNCF, Auchan, Accor, EDF, SUEZ, Groupe Crédit Agricole, Renault, Michelin, Bouygues, Vivendi Universal… </li></ul><ul><li>Still, labor market gathers over 2 millions small and medium sized firms ( PME-PMI ) (do not forget them when you send your CV…) </li></ul><ul><li>Visit www. </li></ul>17/03/11
  7. 7. Labor market, recruiting sectors <ul><li>Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Civil engineers, engineers, quantity surveyors, designers, manual workers, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Wages for workers are low; so 30,000 positions are not filled. </li></ul><ul><li>Bank / Finance / Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Major banks – BNP Paribas, Crédit Commercial de France, Crédit du Nord. </li></ul><ul><li>The level required is generally 2 years higher education. </li></ul><ul><li>Healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector : doctors, pharmacists, nurses. Diplomas required. </li></ul><ul><li>Real estate </li></ul><ul><li>Customer service, estate agents. </li></ul>17/03/11
  8. 8. Labour market, recruiting sectors. <ul><li>Hypermarkets </li></ul><ul><li>Auchan, Carrefour, Cora, E.Leclerc, Géant, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Sales persons, managers, directors </li></ul><ul><li>and administrative staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Hotel and Catering </li></ul><ul><li>Chefs and waiters, but low wages for beginners and long working hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Experienced reps </li></ul><ul><li>IT </li></ul><ul><li>Analysts, developers, project leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>Few opportunities if no IT qualifications. </li></ul><ul><li>Secretarial / PA </li></ul><ul><li>Still vacancies for persons with foreign languages and good word processing skills (Word, Excel, PowerPoint). </li></ul>17/03/11
  9. 9. Labour market <ul><li>GDP in Europe </li></ul>17/03/11
  10. 10. Labor market <ul><li>GDP per capita in France, 2008 </li></ul>17/03/11
  11. 11. Looking for a job, Education <ul><li>Education: </li></ul><ul><li>- A very important « concept » in France, recruiters give a bigger importance to diplomas than in UK </li></ul><ul><li>- The level of your French is important to get a job. You can not work in France if you do not have a good working knowledge of French. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a look on the website,ic-naricfr/ to know if your diploma has an equivalence. </li></ul><ul><li>Visit and </li></ul>17/03/11
  12. 12. Looking for a job <ul><li>Pôle Emploi is the National Public Employment Service, it is in charge with placement and allowance. </li></ul><ul><li>The website is dedicated to jobseekers ( demandeurs d’emploi ) and employers. </li></ul><ul><li>As a jobseeker, you will have an access to job adverts, advices, contracts, allowances… </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>17/03/11
  13. 13. Looking for a job <ul><li>Services you can find throughout website: </li></ul><ul><li>Register for the Pôle Emploi as a jobseeker, updating every month your jobseeker’s account, check your allowance account. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for job adverts ( offres d’emploi ) and apply online (vacancies located in France and out of France) </li></ul><ul><li>Set up an account and subscribe to job adverts in order to receive them automaticaly on your mobile phone or e-mail address, and post up your CVs </li></ul><ul><li>Get advices and leaflets about CV, cover letter ( lettre de motivation ), interviews, negociating your salary, professionnal project and …. </li></ul><ul><li>Find information about specific contracts for disabled jobseekers, young jobseekers (18-25), over 50 years old jobseekers… </li></ul><ul><li>Find information about specific training program before work (AFPRE, POE) </li></ul>17/03/11
  14. 14. Looking for a job 17/03/11
  15. 15. Looking for a job 17/03/11
  16. 16. 17/03/11
  17. 17. Looking for a job <ul><li>Your registration at Pôle Emploi is possible if: </li></ul><ul><li>- Your are able to work </li></ul><ul><li>- You are available to work </li></ul><ul><li>- You are actively looking for work </li></ul><ul><li>- You live in France </li></ul><ul><li>But, </li></ul><ul><li>- You will have to register and update your account every month. </li></ul><ul><li>- You will have to come once a month to an appointment with your personal advisor </li></ul><ul><li>- You will have to accept training, or any help we think help you get a job </li></ul>17/03/11
  18. 18. Looking for a job <ul><li>The Pôle Emploi provides a large range of advice and support to help you get a job: </li></ul><ul><li>Calculate, work out your job allowance </li></ul><ul><li>Give advice about your and build up a strategy to get a job </li></ul><ul><li>A phone number for any queries: 39 49, then « info » about allowances or « conseil » about placement. </li></ul><ul><li>Visit </li></ul><ul><li>Of course, ask for help to a french Eures advisor !! </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>17/03/11
  19. 19. Looking for a job <ul><li>CV: </li></ul><ul><li>One page only </li></ul><ul><li>You do not have to put </li></ul><ul><li>your age, photo, marital </li></ul><ul><li>status but… </li></ul>17/03/11
  20. 20. Looking for a job <ul><li>Cover letter : </li></ul><ul><li>( lettre de motivation ) </li></ul><ul><li>can be handwritten </li></ul><ul><li>one page </li></ul><ul><li>correct spelling </li></ul><ul><li>do not repeat what is </li></ul><ul><li>written on your CV </li></ul>17/03/11
  21. 21. Looking for a job <ul><li>Interview ( entretien d’embauche ) tips: </li></ul><ul><li>An interview is a sales situation, you are selling yourself, therefore it is important that you find out what the interviewer is looking for. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare yourself with as much information about the company and role as possible (visit the company’s website). </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure you give yourself enough time to get to the interview. It is not a good impression if you turn up late… even in France. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure you have read through your CV.. In French, to make sure you can answer any question relating to it. </li></ul><ul><li>When meeting the interviewer: smile, handshake, look interested </li></ul>17/03/11
  22. 22. Looking for a job <ul><li>Some standard interview questions: </li></ul><ul><li>«  Why do you want to work for us ? » </li></ul><ul><li>«  What do you know about our company ? » </li></ul><ul><li>«  What are your strenghts/ weaknesses ? » </li></ul><ul><li>«  What do you like and dislike about your current/ former job ? » </li></ul><ul><li>«  Why are you looking for a new position » </li></ul><ul><li>«  Why do you want to come and work in France ? » </li></ul><ul><li>«  How would you describe yourself ? » </li></ul><ul><li>«  What has been your greatest achievement to date , » </li></ul><ul><li>«  What are your future aspirations ? » </li></ul><ul><li>«  What can you offer to our company ?» </li></ul>17/03/11
  23. 23. Looking for a job <ul><li>Always answer the questions in a positive way. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not talk too much, do not reply solely with a one-word answer such as yes or no. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare your own questions in advance: this will make you look interested in the company. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, ask what the follow up procedure is and when you could expect to hear from them. Thank them for their time. </li></ul>17/03/11
  24. 24. Working in France <ul><li>Working time: </li></ul><ul><li>The legal length of working week is 35hrs. </li></ul><ul><li>The working day may not exceed 10hrs </li></ul><ul><li>Overtime ( heures supplémentaires ) is paid (25% under 43hrs, 50% if above) but… </li></ul><ul><li>For one month worked, you get 2.5 days off </li></ul><ul><li>11 public holidays a year ( jours fériés ) </li></ul>17/03/11
  25. 25. Working in France <ul><li>Contracts: </li></ul><ul><li>Short term contract ( CDD, contrat à durée déterminée ): it can be one month or one year… </li></ul><ul><li>Temp Term contract ( CTT, contrat de travail temporaire ): done by temporary job agencies, it can be for one day or for one month… </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent Contract ( CDI, contrat à durée indéterminée ). </li></ul><ul><li>Your employer has to give you a Employment contract ( contrat de travail ) and every month you will receive your pay slip (gross and netto salary appears) ( feuille/fiche/bulletin de paye ). You can see on it the social charges (23% of your gross salary) </li></ul><ul><li>The minimum wage in France ( SMIC ) is 9euros/hour (gross salary). You can not be paid less than 9€ an hour. </li></ul><ul><li>Visit </li></ul>17/03/11
  26. 26. Living in France <ul><li>The taxes (impôts ) you will have to pay: </li></ul><ul><li>Income tax ( impôt sur le revenu ): </li></ul><ul><li>Based on your gross salary amount, from 0% to 40% of it. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not deducted from your salary (do not forget that point when negociating your salary). You have to fill in a tax return ( déclaration de revenus ). </li></ul><ul><li>Residence tax ( impôts locaux ): </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the location, the kind of dwelling you are in, and numbers </li></ul><ul><li>of square meters. In the residence tax return, you will have to add the TV tax ( redevance ): around 120euros. </li></ul><ul><li>Property tax ( taxe d’habitation ): </li></ul><ul><li>You pay it only if you own your own appartment our house. </li></ul><ul><li>Goods and services are subject to the Value Added Tax ( TVA ): 19.6%, but for books and restaurants: 5.5%. </li></ul><ul><li>Visit </li></ul>17/03/11
  27. 27. Living in France <ul><li>The primary health insurance fund is called CPAM ( Caisse Primaire d’Assurance Maladie ) </li></ul><ul><li>You are registered with it by your employer. </li></ul><ul><li>It covers sickness, maternity, accident, invalidity, old ages and survivors’ pensions, death, family benefit and retirement. </li></ul><ul><li>Having a private mutual insurance may be helpful: you may have to buy it by your own but some employers pay a part of it (deducted from your salary) </li></ul><ul><li>Visit </li></ul>17/03/11
  28. 28. Living in France <ul><li>Few of exemples of the cost of living in France: </li></ul><ul><li>(except Paris and the Riviera which are a lot more expensive. costs are different if you buy products in a shop (butcher, baker…) or in a hypermarket) </li></ul><ul><li>Cup of coffee: 1.20 € </li></ul><ul><li>Bread ( baguette ): 0.80€ </li></ul><ul><li>1kg apples: 2€ </li></ul><ul><li>1kg fish: 15€-25€ </li></ul><ul><li>1kg meat: 8€-20€ </li></ul><ul><li>1hr mobile phone: 18€ </li></ul><ul><li>1ticket fare (bus or subway): 1.20€ </li></ul><ul><li>1 fare Rouen-Paris by train (1h15mn): 19€ </li></ul><ul><li>Restaurant, main course only: 8€ </li></ul><ul><li>A bear in a pub: 2.50€ </li></ul>17/03/11
  29. 29. Living in France, accommodations costs 17/03/11 Rooms /M ² PARIS LILLE NICE CAEN 1 /35 m ² 800 450 500 450 2 /60 m ² 1400 650 700 650 3-4 /80 m ² 1700 800 900 800
  30. 30. Before leaving UK <ul><li>Gather information about the country </li></ul><ul><li>Refresh your French </li></ul><ul><li>Check the papers (passport, ID, diplomas) </li></ul><ul><li>Allow enough money for the first expenses </li></ul><ul><li>- Contact your local Jobcenter, tax office, health department </li></ul>17/03/11
  31. 31. Useful websites <ul><li>Institutions </li></ul><ul><li> (job and allowance) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> (health) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> (company creation) </li></ul><ul><li> (child and family benefit) </li></ul><ul><li> (taxation) </li></ul><ul><li> (retirement) </li></ul><ul><li> (work, contract…) </li></ul><ul><li> (statistics) </li></ul>17/03/11
  32. 32. Useful websites <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li> (adult training) </li></ul><ul><li> (graduated) </li></ul><ul><li> (education and training) </li></ul><ul><li> (students) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> (education, jobs) </li></ul><ul><li> (diploma) </li></ul>17/03/11
  33. 33. Useful Websites <ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> (managers) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> (construction) </li></ul><ul><li> (supermarkets) </li></ul>17/03/11
  34. 34. Useful websites <ul><li>Culture/ miscellaneous </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul>17/03/11
  35. 35. <ul><li>A bientôt en France </li></ul>17/03/11