Chemical industry on Merseyside
<ul><li>Chemical industry is an example of a  heavy industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- one which uses  large amounts  of hea...
2004 Q7
Heavy industries <ul><li>Usually  large scale  in operation </li></ul><ul><li>Deals in  bulky products  – iron, oil, chemi...
 
Location of industry  <ul><li>Within  25km of the salt deposits of Cheshire .  Salt is sent by  pipeline  to Runcorn. </li...
Destination of products include  <ul><li>Textile industries  of  Lancashire  which use soaps and detergents to wash the cl...
2006 Q3
Petrochemicals e.g. Stanlow oil refinery <ul><li>Location factors: </li></ul><ul><li>Mersey estuary is deep so 100 000 ton...
 
 
mapwork <ul><li>Neath Extract 2004 </li></ul>
 
 
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Chemical Industry On Merseyside

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Chemical Industry On Merseyside

  1. 1. Chemical industry on Merseyside
  2. 2. <ul><li>Chemical industry is an example of a heavy industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- one which uses large amounts of heavy or bulky raw materials . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produces large amounts of waste materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produces high volumes of outputs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires a large flat site </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The location tends to be raw – material oriented. (bulky, low value, costly to transport) </li></ul><ul><li>Products manufactured are lighter and easier to transport than the raw materials. Good transport links are essential </li></ul>
  3. 3. 2004 Q7
  4. 4. Heavy industries <ul><li>Usually large scale in operation </li></ul><ul><li>Deals in bulky products – iron, oil, chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Heavily dependent on their raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>Manufactures in substantial volumes </li></ul><ul><li>Tend to be located close to the source of their raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>Merseyside is one of the largest areas of heavy industry in the UK </li></ul>
  5. 6. Location of industry <ul><li>Within 25km of the salt deposits of Cheshire . Salt is sent by pipeline to Runcorn. </li></ul><ul><li>Limestone is moved 50km by rail from Derbyshire . </li></ul><ul><li>Water - Mersey estuary provides the large quantities of water needed </li></ul><ul><li>Potash, nitrates etc imported and ships able to dock in the estuary </li></ul><ul><li>Large volumes of waste water can be returned to the R. Mersey . </li></ul><ul><li>Inert bulky solid waste is used as landfill </li></ul><ul><li>Large flat site – estuary bordered by marshland which was cheap and easy to reclaim. </li></ul><ul><li>Few houses close to river – industry is unsightly and gives off fumes </li></ul><ul><li>Runcorn and Widnes provide labour force </li></ul><ul><li>Good transport links e.g. M56 </li></ul>
  6. 7. Destination of products include <ul><li>Textile industries of Lancashire which use soaps and detergents to wash the cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Soda ash is used in the glass industry at St Helens </li></ul><ul><li>Bleach is used in the paper industry at Bolton </li></ul>
  7. 8. 2006 Q3
  8. 9. Petrochemicals e.g. Stanlow oil refinery <ul><li>Location factors: </li></ul><ul><li>Mersey estuary is deep so 100 000 tonne oil tankers can dock </li></ul><ul><li>marshland close to estuary provides cheap flat land </li></ul><ul><li>Welsh mountains shelters estuary </li></ul><ul><li>Close to source of raw material – naptha </li></ul><ul><li>Close to river for cooling water and to dispose of waste water </li></ul><ul><li>On large flat site on cheap reclaimed marshland </li></ul><ul><li>Away from residential areas – unsightly and risk of air pollution and fire </li></ul><ul><li>Close to motorways – M6 s- products such as plastics, dyes and paints can be distributed easily </li></ul><ul><li>Easily accessible by motorway for employees to travel from a wide area </li></ul>
  9. 12. mapwork <ul><li>Neath Extract 2004 </li></ul>

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