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State of Broadband in Southern Delaware

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While national rankings place Delaware at or near the top on many measures of average Internet speeds, obtaining affordable access to reliable, high-speed connections remains a challenge for many businesses and households in rural southern Delaware. This presentation outlines the local geography of broadband access, use, and impacts. It was presented as part of the May 20, 2015 forum "Picking Up Speed: Delaware Broadband for Economic Development" held at the University of Delaware, Carvel Research & Education Center in Georgetown, Delaware.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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State of Broadband in Southern Delaware

  1. 1. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU State of Broadband in Southern Delaware Troy Mix Picking Up Speed: Delaware Broadband for Economic Development Elbert N. and Ann V. Carvel Research and Education Center Georgetown, Delaware May 20, 2015
  2. 2. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Defining broadband • Advanced telecommunications capability – “high-speed, switched, broadband…that enables users to originate and receive high-quality voice, data, graphics, and video telecommunications” • Key factors – Technology neutral – Speed • From 4 Mbps/1 Mbps to 25 Mbps/3 Mbps – Latency – Consistency, reliability, and redundancy 2
  3. 3. 3 Quality of life Jobs Future opportunity
  4. 4. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU State of Broadband in Southern Delaware • Extent of infrastructure and service • Adoption and use rates • Assessing potential impacts • Charting a path forward 4
  5. 5. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU 5 EXTENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICE State of Broadband in Southern Delaware 5
  6. 6. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU % population with access to 3 Mbps downloads / 768kbps uploads, 2014
  7. 7. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU % population with access to 25 Mbps download speeds or higher, 2014 7
  8. 8. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU How does southern Delaware’s % population served by 25 Mbps+ compare? • Kent County (95%) – #151 of 1,017 counties with similar rural character – #21 of 280 other “Rural Govt. Districts” • Sussex County (93%) – #206 of 1,017 counties with similar rural character – #30 of 368 “Bedroom Communities to Midsize Centers”
  9. 9. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU 1.5 Mbps+ 9 25 Mbps+ National Broadband Map, http://www.broadbandmap.gov/speed, June 2014.
  10. 10. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU % population with access to 2 or more wireline providers, 2014 10
  11. 11. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU 11 % population with access to 25 Mbps download speeds % population with 2 or more wireline providers 11
  12. 12. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU 12 ADOPTION AND USE RATES State of Broadband in Southern Delaware 12
  13. 13. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU % farms accessing Internet, 2012 13
  14. 14. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU % farms using Cable or Fiber to access Internet, 2012 14
  15. 15. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU How does farm Internet use in Sussex County compare? • Internet Use (70%) – #562 of 1,016 counties with similar rural character – #18 of top 50 broiler producing counties • Cable or Fiber Internet Use (25%) – #115 of 1,016 counties with similar rural character – #3 of top 50 broiler producing counties
  16. 16. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU 16 ASSESSING POTENTIAL IMPACTS State of Broadband in Southern Delaware 16
  17. 17. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Quality of Life • Higher rates of broadband adoption can result in healthier behavior – Whitacre, B., & Brooks, L. (2014). • Faster speeds, lower latency allow more entertainment & communication options • Telemedicine, telehealth, and telework – Stenberg, P., Morehart, M., Vogel, S., Cromartie, J., Breneman, V., & Brown, D. (2009).
  18. 18. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Jobs • Earlier availability spurred employment growth – Stenberg, P., Morehart, M., Vogel, S., Cromartie, J., Breneman, V., & Brown, D. (2009). • Broadband adoption associated with increased incomes and entrepreneurship – Whitacre, B., Gallardo, R., & Strover, S. (2014). • Biggest productivity gains w/skilled workforce – Mack, E., & Faggian, A. (2013). • Precision ag. will demand more connectivity – Whitacre, B. E., Mark, T. B., & Griffin, T. W. (2014).
  19. 19. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Future Opportunities • Skills training necessary to best exploit broadband in rural areas – Win-win • Value for education • Telework & Distance learning 19
  20. 20. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU 20 CHARTING A PATH FORWARD State of Broadband in Southern Delaware 20
  21. 21. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Conclusions • Infrastructure and service – Some gaps in western/southern Kent & Sussex – Options for redundancy seem relatively limited – Generally, benefits from “metro” location • Adoption and use – Residential and agricultural use rate modest – Cable and fiber adoption higher than average
  22. 22. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Elements of a potential path forward • Target infrastructure to fill geographic gaps with specific use cases in mind • Technical user networks nurture skill sets & practices for enhanced productivity • Digital literacy and skills development • Specific targets and process for evaluation 22
  23. 23. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU 23 Contact information: Troy Mix, AICP Policy Scientist Institute for Public Administration University of Delaware (302) 831-6191 mix@udel.edu
  24. 24. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY & ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU References Mack, E., & Faggian, A. (2013). Productivity and Broadband The Human Factor. International Regional Science Review, 36(3), 392-423. Stenberg, P., Morehart, M., Vogel, S., Cromartie, J., Breneman, V., & Brown, D. (2009). Broadband Internet's value for rural America. Washington, DC: US Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service, Economic Research Report(78). Whitacre, B., & Brooks, L. (2014). Do broadband adoption rates impact a community's health? Behaviour & Information Technology, 33(7), 767-779. Whitacre, B., Gallardo, R., & Strover, S. (2014). Does rural broadband impact jobs and income? Evidence from spatial and first-differenced regressions. The Annals of Regional Science, 53(3), 649-670. Whitacre, B. E., Mark, T. B., & Griffin, T. W. (2014). How Connected Are Our Farms? Choices, 29(3). 24

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