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Broadband in Delaware: the local government role

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Broadband in Delaware: the local government role

  1. 1. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Broadband in Delaware: The Local Government Role October 26, 2009 Troy Mix
  2. 2. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU The Agenda • Define “broadband” • Describe broadband policy issues • Introduce potential local government roles
  3. 3. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Broadband is Infrastructure • Telecommunications solution that is… • Fast and Always On At least 768 kilobits per second (kbps) downstream and 200 kbps upstream, per the ARRA guidelines • Feature Rich • Multi-Platform Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Cable Wireless Fiber Optic Broadband Over Power Line (BPL)
  4. 4. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU How Fast Is Fast? 1,463 801178080 81380 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 Seconds Approximate Timeto Download a 10 MB File: Assuming PerformanceatLow End of Advertised Speeds DSL Cable Fiber Optic BPL Wi-Fi Cellular Satellite Dial-up
  5. 5. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU How Fast is Broadband?
  6. 6. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Speed and Stability Enable Applications • Household and Community • eHealth • Education and Distance Learning • Business • Storage and Communication • Telecommuting • Tourism Amenity • Government • Public Safety • Wireless Communication
  7. 7. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Broadband Platforms • Cable – e.g., Comcast, Mediacom • DSL – e.g., Verizon High-Speed Internet • Fiber-to-the-Home – e.g., Verizon Fios • Wireless – Wi-Fi, Cellular, WiMAX, others – In-home networks and site-specific or roaming networks • Satellite – Hughes Network Systems, WildBlue Communications, and others offer services
  8. 8. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Broadband Platforms Source: Thomas and Olson, American Planning Association, September 16, 2008.
  9. 9. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Broadband Policy Issues • Supply – U.S. ranks middle-of-the-pack on several ratings of broadband deployment, speed, and use – Rural locales lag behind urban and suburban settings (approx. 40% use vs. 60% use) • Demand – Knowledge of broadband applications is often lacking – Still a luxury item for many • Measurement – No comprehensive map of broadband service and infrastructure exists
  10. 10. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Broadband Progress
  11. 11. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Why Should We Care? • Broadband as Critical Infrastructure – Economic Development • Supports research, IT-oriented businesses, and daily operations of organizations big and small – Quality of Life and Education • Distance learning, shopping, etc. – Healthcare and Public Safety • E-Health • Critical information transfer • The way we use computers is evolving
  12. 12. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Why Should We Care? Source: Thomas and Olson, American Planning Association, September 16, 2008.
  13. 13. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Why Should We Care? Source: Thomas and Olson, American Planning Association, September 16, 2008.
  14. 14. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU • $7.2 billion for broadband – Broadband Initiatives Program (BIP) • Grants and loans for infrastructure in rural areas – Broadband Technology Opportunities Program (BTOP) • Grants for infrastructure, public computing centers, and sustainable broadband adoption projects – Broadband Data and Development Program • Focused on creating a national broadband map • Focused on “Unserved” and “Underserved” www.broadbandusa.gov
  15. 15. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Why a Local Government Role? • Commitments to: – Quality of Life – Economic Development – Education – Public Safety • Experienced in: – Service and Infrastructure Provision • Dedicated to: – Efficient and Effective Operations
  16. 16. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Potential Local Government Roles • Provide Service and Infrastructure • Share Information on Broadband Infrastructure and Service Availability • Consume broadband for enhanced provision of government services • As a “Community Anchor Institution,” enable further deployment and adoption of broadband
  17. 17. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Examples of Municipal Broadband Applications • Automated Metering • Public Safety
  18. 18. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Automated Metering • Corpus Christi, Texas (pop. 280,000) – Automated meter reading for gas and water – Used only fraction of bandwidth, building out for other government purposes + =
  19. 19. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Automated Metering • North Ridgeville, Ohio (pop. 28,000) – Upgrading residential and nonresidential water meters to be Wi-Fi enabled – Frequent meter reading enabled to help find leaks in system and prevent tampering – Installing 11,500 meters for $2.8 million
  20. 20. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Public Safety • Rock Hill, South Carolina (pop. 65,000) – City owns a fiber network and deployed a wireless network – Applications in the areas of metering, Wi-Fi access in select areas, and public safety • Public Safety Applications – Download building plans and hazmat storage information – Check databases and file reports in field – Backup communications system in case of disaster
  21. 21. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU A Public Safety Proposal • Slidell, Louisiana (pop. 28,000) – Hurricane Katrina crippled ability for public safety personnel to retrieve and share data – $5.8 million proposal to implement secure wireless broadband network, providing: • Mobile access to systems and databases • Interoperability among City, Fire, Police
  22. 22. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Municipal Applications, Generally • Provide Mobile Access to Rich Data – Who might benefit? • Public Works Crews • Inspectors • More Frequently Updated Data – Meter reading, wireless cameras • Wired Broadband Can Enable: – VOIP/Telephony Applications – Ability to Backup Systems – Enhanced Security/Speed for E-Gov Services
  23. 23. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Federal Stimulus Status Report • First round funding applications submitted mid-August: – ~2,200 applications for infrastructure and programming – Applications from each state for mapping • No infrastructure funds awarded yet • California, Indiana, North Carolina, and Vermont received mapping approvals (October 5)
  24. 24. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Federal Stimulus Status Report • Two more rounds of funding planned – Notices of Funding Availability in… • ~December 2009 • ~February 2010 • Definitions and Deadlines Tend to be Fluid • Key Terms – “Unserved” and “Underserved” – “Sustainable Broadband Adoption” – “Community Anchor Institutions”
  25. 25. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Broadband Stimulus in Delaware • Application for Broadband Mapping – Submitted and Funding is Anticipated • Two Infrastructure Proposals: – Delaware Schools and Public Anchor Institution Connect ($6.1 million) – Delaware State University IT Modernization ($10.9 million)
  26. 26. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Potential First Steps for Municipalities • Examine how peer communities are proceeding with broadband • Catalogue and share information on existing broadband infrastructure and services in your community • Begin building broadband into municipal operations – Treat as community infrastructure – Plan for it in new community facilities
  27. 27. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION • COLLEGE OF EDUCATION & PUBLIC POLICY WWW.IPA.UDEL.EDU Options for Proceeding • Don’t Think Small, But Think Specific – e.g., Inventory current needs to enhance existing services rather than making an expansive wish list – The first “consumers” of broadband applications will not be new to your community • Don’t Go It Alone – Other Community Anchor Institutions (e.g., hospital, schools, fire dept.) may want to partner • Focus on Economic Development – You and the business community can benefit

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