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Waste Management


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Waste Management

  1. 1. INSTITUT PERGURUAN SULTAN ABDUL HALIM Nama TAN GEOK TIN Kumpulan / Unit 1C Semester 1 KPLI AMBILAN JAN 2009 Nama Pensyarah EN. HASNUL HISHAM BIN HASHIM Tarikh Serahan 18 Mei 2009
  2. 2. Plastics bottles, glass bottles were simply thrown away…
  3. 3. Garbage was threw into the drain…
  4. 4. Coconut shells can turn into biofuel but were thrown away without further utilization…
  5. 5. Exhaust gas from vehicles which results the air pollution and global warming…
  6. 6. Useful aluminium cans were dumped without further utilization…
  7. 7. Smokes eliminated from the chimney of the factories cause the air pollution…
  8. 8. Waste threw at the riverside cause the water pollution…
  9. 9. Polluted river…
  10. 10. Types of waste found in the previous pictures
  11. 11. Waste Solid Liquid Gas Organic • Coconut shell • Papers • Food residues Chemical • Glass bottle • Synthetic • Smoke from detergen the • Plastic bottle factories • Cooking oils • Plastic bags • Smoke from the vehicles • Cans • Polystyrene
  12. 12. What's in your bin? Analysis of household waste composition
  13. 13. Seperating the waste into different types. Using rubbish bags. Recycling the waste. Reusing the waste. Burying the waste. Disposing the chemical waste according to the regulations.
  14. 14. Analysis • When developing a waste management solution, the following aspects should be considered: – the volume of waste generated – the equipment required – a suitable service schedule – knowledge of waste streams that are commonly disposed of – identify recycling opportunities
  15. 15. Collection • The waste management solution will indicate the type of vehicle/s required to service the bin. • Other elements that need to be considered at the time of waste collection are: – positioning of the bin – the type of bin – the waste stream collected in the nominated bins, and locks, chains and bars in use
  16. 16. Transportation • A courier service for waste resources. • Employs a fleet of vehicles to waste and recycling collections: – front lift trucks – rear lift trucks – hook trucks
  17. 17. Recovery • Resource Recovery Centers (RRC) or Material Recovery Facility (MRF). • These facilities sort the waste resources into piles of like materials, the resources are packaged for transportation to the next phase – recyclable items are sent to a recycling facility – non-recyclable items or general waste is disposed at landfill.
  18. 18. Recycling / Disposal • Depending on the type of material, whether it is recycled or disposed of at landfill. • Recyclable waste is recycled and is diverted away from landfill. • Non Recycables like General Waste are disposed of at landfill.
  19. 19. References • • ormationSheets/HouseholdersRecycling.htm • management.html