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  1. 1. INSTITUT PERGURUAN SULTAN ABDUL HALIM Nama TAN GEOK TIN Kumpulan / Unit 1C Semester KPLI AMBILAN JAN 2009 Nama Pensyarah EN. HASNUL HISHAM BIN HASHIM Tarikh Serahan 18 Mei 2009
  3. 3. Pollution. You can't miss it, can you? It's everywhere... all over our planet. It makes people, other animals and plants sick or even kills them. It's even making the climate change. Humans are the cause and humans will have to try and stop it... especially you kids, because the future is yours! Please find out what's happening that give you ideas to try and make things better for everyone.
  4. 4. AIR POLLUTION  The release of chemicals and particulates into the atmosphere.  Common gaseous air pollutants include carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and nitrogen oxides produced by industry and motor vehicles.
  5. 5. WATER POLLUTION  Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater caused by human activities, which can be harmful to organisms and plants that live in these water bodies.  Causes of water pollution ( a ) Detergents ( b ) Insecticides and herbicides ( c ) Oil spillage ( d ) Inadequately treated sewage discharges
  6. 6. SOIL CONTAMINATION  Soil contamination is caused by the presence of man- made chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment.  Among the most significant soil contaminations ( a ) garbage ( b ) herbicides and pesticides ( c ) development, quarry dan logging activity .
  7. 7. WHAT YOU CAN DO?  Join a group who are trying to stop pollution  Recycle as much 'waste' as you can. Or don't buy stuff which becomes waste (like packaging from takeaway food). You can use real plates made of china and forks made of steel thousands of times. Plastic plates and cutlery last once and then become waste
  8. 8. WHAT YOU CAN DO?  If you want to go somewhere, try and walk or use a bicycle. Cars are big polluters.  Buying local foods means almost no transport is needed .  Try and get organic food. Organic food does not contain any kind of pesticide or use chemicals that harm the land, air or water. Animals raised in organic farms are treated more kindly than in factory farms
  9. 9. WHAT YOU CAN DO?  Try and avoid processed food and drink. Use fresh food whenever you can and don't eat out so much.  Grow your own vegetables. You don't need much space. You can even grow things in pots on the window ledge or in a sunny spot inside
  10. 10. WHAT YOU CAN DO?  If you have space, make compost from waste food (vegetable peelings and so on). Worms eat all this rotting stuff and make it into a sort of rich soil, very good for plants
  11. 11. WHAT YOU CAN DO?  Don't buy things that you don't need or that you end up throwing away in a couple of weeks
  12. 12. HOW TO OVERCOME POLLUTION? A. Application of modern technology  Turning garbage and agriculture waste into useful energy resources B. Environmental education  Raise the awareness among people
  13. 13. HOW TO OVERCOME POLLUTION? C. Activities and suggestion for environmental protection  Exhibition, campaigne, competition, environmental friendly project.
  14. 14. HOW TO OVERCOME POLLUTION? D. Regulation and monitoring  To protect the environment from the adverse effects of pollution, many nations worldwide have enacted legislation to regulate various types of pollution as well as to mitigate the adverse effects of pollution.
  15. 15. REFERENCES  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pollution  http://tiki.oneworld.net/pollution/pollution_home.html  http://www.water-pollution.org.uk/  http://www.epa.gov/kids/garbage.htm