Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Workshop on “crowdsourced information &
citizen science: critical aspects and the future”
November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Cecc...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Ontology of citizen science @ Siena 2016 11 24

195 views

Published on

Towards an ontology of citizen science
The representation
of crowdsourced information

Luigi Ceccaroni (1000001 Labs)

Siena, November 24th, 2016

Published in: Science
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Ontology of citizen science @ Siena 2016 11 24

  1. 1. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action Towards an ontology of citizen science The representation of crowdsourced information Luigi Ceccaroni (1000001 Labs) Siena, November 24th, 2016
  2. 2. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action Index • An ontology of citizen science – Projects – Tools
  3. 3. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action An ontology of citizen science
  4. 4. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action • Systems with no overall organizing rationale – Not incorporating any organizing principle for data, information and knowledge • Systems with inward organization – Incorporating an organizing principle (such as standard-based metadata schema) to bolster categorization and processing capabilities – However, imposing constraints on adopting organizations Knowledge organization
  5. 5. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action • Systems with outward organization – Based on standards that are already accepted or in use – Facilitating future interaction between diverse organizations by providing data to other participants in predictable and mutually agreed upon formats – In some cases, based on the specifications of a single system (with inward organization) that became accepted over time Knowledge organization
  6. 6. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action • Influenced by the way that information is structured in the SciStarter database: – US Federal Crowdsourcing and Citizen Science Catalog developed by the Wilson Center – Atlas of Living Australia • Data shared through a set of custom-designed APIs (at the most basic level) Shared standards for project metadata
  7. 7. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action • Readable by a computer • Can enhance inter-organizational communication through a standard set of definitions based on a format like: – RDF/XML OWL – JavaScript object notation for Linked Data (JSON- LD, a method of encoding Linked Data using JSON) Benefits of outward organization
  8. 8. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action An ontology of project metadata
  9. 9. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action • An international WG CSA’s Data and metadata working group Description ALA - BioCollect SciStarter PPSR-CORE (CitSci.org) The Federal Crowdsourcing and Citizen Science Catalog Dublin Core GBIF (IPT) POD v1.1 CKAN API DCAT Schema.org OGC CobWeb ADIwg Data Type Multiplicity ISO Instance (Citclops) Database Name Type Mandatory/Optional Database Name Type Required Database Name Type Required Type Required Database Name Database Name 19115/ 19110 Value Type IDENTIFIERS, DESCRIPTORS & VERSIONS Globally unique identifier (GUID) for the project; system generated project:projectId text M id integer always ProjectGUID GUID Y cartodb_id integer y collectionID alternateIdentifier identifier id dct:identifier Citclops text Type of identifier indicating the remote repository The short name of the project that led to the creation of the dataset Citclops text The title of the project that led to the creation of the dataset project:name text M title string always ProjectName text Y project.title title title dct:title name gmd:name text 0 .. 1 Citizens' observatory for coast and ocean optical monitoring text A persistent identifier of the dataset in an external repository activity:projectActivityId text M alternateIdentifier Citclops text Type of identifier indicating the remote repository The edition or version number of the submitted dataset additionalMetadata.hierarchyLevel gmd:edition text 0 .. 1 2015_09_30 text The activity status of the project (This automatically updates based on serverDate relative to project start/end dates.) project:status enumeration M Derived from date range expired boolean always ProjectStatus text / categorical Y project_status string Y temporal dct:temporal temporal ended enumeration: pending, active/ongoing, ended/complete, undefined How often the project information or dataset is updated maintenance.maintenanceUpdateFrequency (controlled vocabulary) & maintenance.description.para (free text) accrualPeriodicity dct:accrualPeriodicity Short text name or title of the project; title used to identify the submission project:name + activity:name text M project_name string y Citclops text The unique ID for the submission gmd:identifier text 0 .. n Citclops The Datacite DOI minted for the submission citation@identifier Instructions on how the dataset may be reused intellectualRights.para ID/Name(s) of datasets related to this one The name of the dataset for citation purposes project:organisationName + activity:name text M title gmd:title text 1 .. 1 Citclops Alternative or other name given to the dataset title@xml:lang (titles in other languages) EyeOnWater Free text description of the aim, objectives or expected/intended outcomes of the project; description of what the project should accomplish project:aim text M goal string[64] always intended_outcomes string y abstract gmd:abstract Natural-waters optical monitoring text Project outcomes Suggested Dataset Objective purpose Free text description of the project project:description text M description string always ProjectDescription text Y project_description string y project.designDescription description notes dct:description description gmd:description text 0 .. 1 The Citclops project developed systems to retrieve and use data on natural-waters colour, transparency and fluorescence, using low-cost sensors and contextual information combined with citizen participation. text Short description of what needs to be done by the participant project:task text M task string[64] always participation_tasks string y To retrieve and use data on natural-waters colour, transparency and fluorescence, using low-cost sensors text Catch-all for any project-specific data administrators want to make available ProjectMetadata text N additionalInfo Citclops is supported by the EC-FP7 Programme, grant agreement nº 308469 International Standard Book Number (ISBN) bibliography.citation.identifier gmd:ISBN text 0 .. 1 International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) bibliography.citation.identifier gmd:ISSN text 0 .. 1 DATE FIELDS The date the submission was published into the receiving system pubDate The date and time that the project was created in the database project:dateCreated ISODate M date datetime always created_at string y issued dct:issued datePublished The date and time that project metadata was last updated project:lastUpdated ISODate M updated datetime always ProjectDateLastUpdated ISO 8601 DateTime (UTC) Y updated_at string y additionalMetadata.dateStamp modified dct:modified dateModified gmd:date CI_Date 1 .. n 2015-09-30 "YYYY-MM-DD" The date that the project is planned to commence. The date on which the project began or will begin. project:plannedStartDate ISODate M begin_date date optional ProjectStartYear ISO 8601 Year (UTC) N start_date string y 2012-10-01 "YYYY-MM-DD" The date that the project is planned to end. Applicable for projects operating over a defined period of time. The date on which the project ended or will end. project:plannedEndDate ISODate O end_date date optional ProjectEndDate ISO 8601 Date (UTC) N 2015-09-30 "YYYY-MM-DD" Actual start date for project project:startDate ISODate M 2012-10-01 "YYYY-MM-DD" Actual end date for project project:endDate ISODate O 2015-09-30 "YYYY-MM-DD" The date that the activity/survey is planned to commence. activity:startDate ISODate M The date that the activity/survey is planned to end. activity:endDate ISODate O CONTACTS, OWNERS, SUBMITTERS & PARTICIPANTS Primary project coordinator: first and last name(s) of person, or name of organization project:manager O project_owner_name string[64] optional ProjectCoordinator Person Object/Construct N project_contact string y contact contactPoint ? fn maintainer dcat:contactPoint ? vcard:fn provider ? Person:name Luigi Ceccaroni text Primary dataset contact: first and last name(s) of person project:manager O ProjectContactName Person Object / Construct Y gov_contact string y personnel.individualName Luigi Ceccaroni text
  10. 10. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action CSA’s Data and metadata working group Description ALA - BioCollect SciStarter Database Name Type Mandatory/ Optional Database Name Type Required IDENTIFIERS, DESCRIPTORS & VERSIONS Globally unique identifier (GUID) for the project; system generated project:projectId text M id integer always Type of identifier indicating the remote repository The short name of the project that led to the creation of the dataset The title of the project that led to the creation of the dataset project:name text M title string always A persistent identifier of the dataset in an external repository activity:projectActivityId text M Type of identifier indicating the remote repository The edition or version number of the submitted dataset The activity status of the project (This automatically updates based on serverDate relative to project start/end dates.) project:status enumeration M Derived from date range expired boolean always
  11. 11. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action CSA’s Data and metadata working group ALA - BioCollect SciStarter PPSR-CORE (CitSci.org) The Federal Crowdsourcing and Citizen Science Catalog Dublin Core GBIF (IPT) POD v1.1 CKAN API DCAT Schema.org OGC CobWeb ADIwg ISO 19115/ 19110
  12. 12. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action • [http://citizenscience.org/2015/11/12/introdu cing-the-data-and-metadata-working-group/] • Contact people: – Anne Bowser (co-chair), Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars – Peter Brenton (ACSA liaison), Atlas of Living Australia – Luigi Ceccaroni (ECSA liaison), 1000001 Labs CSA’s Data and metadata working group
  13. 13. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action An ontology of tools
  14. 14. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action SciStarter’s tools database Definition Format Values Notes What about Tool/Device Accessories? Tool Name Name of specific tool give usable examples to define the name Description Image Manufacturer Maker/ producer of tool Model Vendor Provider of tool Domain Field of study Medium Sample type Equipment/Sensor E.g., sensor, etc. Function measure, model, analyze, observe, support data collection, recording Measures Cost Price Availability Manufacturer - Build, Buy, Borrow Free text fields Time to build and ship, effort to obtain the thing, recommender system Accesssibility Ease of use for different populations Portability Size/Weight (shipping vs final) Size Weight Total weight of assembled tool Technical requirements/Add-ons Response Time Ideal Conditions Range of Error How long to set up Expertise needed to operate/Instructions Training Required? Skills Needed? Calibration Needed? Ages appropriate Detection capability Response time Active Frequency of use How often do you need to check the tool, data upload Definition
  15. 15. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action • [http://scistarter.com/finder] • Contact people: – Darlene Cavalier, SciStarter, Arizona State University – Anne Bowser, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars SciStarter’s tools database
  16. 16. Workshop on “crowdsourced information & citizen science: critical aspects and the future” November 25th, 2016 – Luigi Ceccaroni ENERGIC IC1203 COST action Towards an ontology of citizen science Luigi Ceccaroni 1000001 Labs, Research lead Citizen science COST action 15212, Interoperability WG chair ECSA, Board of Directors CSA, Data and metadata working group luigi@1000001labs.org http://www.1000001labs.org/

×