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DENTISTRY (Metallic Restorations)


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DENTISTRY (Metallic Restorations)

  1. 1. Metallic RestorationsStudent: Alonso Martinez TapiaDr. Alfredo Nevarez Rascon
  2. 2. METALS
  3. 3. DEFINITION“Chemical substance that is a good electrical and thermal conductor, when is polished is a good reflector “
  5. 5. ALLOY : This are unions of 2 or moremetallic elements. elements.
  6. 6. In Dentistry, alloys are use except for:• pure gold laminated• commercial pure titanium• Silver points for endodontic
  7. 7. CHANGES IN THE METAL STRUCTURElackluster : Loss of gloss or sheen in a alloy ormetal surface.Pigmentation : Partial impariment on metalsurface, or color change.CORROSION : Actual deterioration on metalsurface.
  8. 8. • FACTORS CAUSING CORROSION– pH of the saliva.– Wrong adapted prosthesis.– Poor dental position.– Deposits of food.– Poor hygiene.– Food that release certain chemical components.– Drugs.– Fluctuations in temperature.
  9. 9. ALLOYS USED IN DENTISTRY Highly noble alloys (precious) Alloys of noble metals Predominantly base alloys
  10. 10. PRECIOUS METALSCorrosion resistance in the oral cavity: cavity:Gold, Platinum, Palladium, Rhodium,Gold, Platinum, Palladium, Rhodium,Ruthenium, Iridium,Ruthenium, Iridium, Osmium and Silver. Silver.There are four main metals: Gold, metals: Gold,Palladium,Palladium, Platinum and Silver. Silver.
  11. 11. Cast Metal Or DrainProcess for the constuction of a restoration or appliance out for the previously made a mouth waxed or pattern. pattern.
  12. 12. CAST ALLOYS FOR HIGHLY NOBLEComposition:Composition:1. Gold: Gold: malleability, resistance to corrosion. corrosion.2. Silver: Hardness Silver:3. Zinc: decreases T fusion Zinc:4. Platinum or Palladium: Hardness Palladium:5. Copper: resistance and Copper: bactericidalNota:Nota: the white gold casting whit less gold and copper are not. not.
  13. 13. TIPOS DE OROS PARA COLADOS Type I (SOFT GOLD)For the construction of scale in class III y V Type II (MEDIUM GOLD)For all types of deposits, plus ¾ crowns and complete Type III (HARD GOLD)For small fixed bridges and removable Type IV ( GOLD EXTRA HARD)For large fixed bridges and removable palatal bars and lingual
  14. 14. NOBLE METAL ALLOYS (Semiprecious)25% of noble metals, does not require gold:Silver - PalladiumPalladium - SilverSilver - Tin
  16. 16. Developed as an alternative to those basedon gold. There are two varieties: gold. varieties: Silver 60-70% Palladium 25-30% 60- 25- Note: Some containe 10% copper. copper. Palladium 60% Silver 30% Note: El 10% of other metals to failitate bonding with porcelain. porcelain.
  17. 17. CHEMICAL PROPERTIES Pigmentation and resistance to corrosion properly handled. handled. Note: It is possible to achieve adequate accuracy casting and a good polishing and acceptable welds. welds.
  18. 18. CLINICAL APPLICATION Scale Crowns Fixed partialDentureEndopostes
  20. 20. They are an alternative to gold alloy for ceramics. ceramics.
  21. 21. This are alloys of high melting point and which support thefiring of ceramics of porcelain. porcelain. (1400° (1400°C)
  22. 22. ADVANTAGESGood physical properties and bondingwith ceramics. ceramics.BiocompatibleBiocompatible
  23. 23. DISADVANTAGESThe likely change in color ofporcelain baked. baked.Expensive
  24. 24. SILVER-SILVER-TIN ALLOY (Ag- (Ag-Sn)
  25. 25. These alloys have been used for decades in dentistry to make deposits, not being deposits, suitable for prosthetic purposes. purposes. INDICATIONS: Temporary inlays. inlays.
  26. 26. ADVANTAGES Cheap Easy handling Poor precision casting
  27. 27. DISADVANTAGES Fragile marginal edges Pigmentation Can not be welded Slight corrosion resistance After a short clinical use and even before cemented in the mouth have lost shine and later changed to dark
  28. 28. BASE METALSThese are noble elements. elements. Is the so called because it reacts with theenvironment and are use to protect analloy against corrosion by passivity. passivity.
  30. 30. FEATURESHigh hardenessGood glossMechanical strengthResistance to corrosiony corrosiónCheap
  31. 31. CLINICAL APPLICATION Development ofbases inremovabledentures.dentures. Basis of dentures
  32. 32. PRESENTATION Form of granules IngotsTRADE NAMES Vitalium (Co- (Co-Cr) Ticonium (Ni-Cr) (Ni- Dentillium (Fe-Cr)
  33. 33. ADVANTAGESCheapVery lightMore durable adjusting hooks. hooks.
  34. 34. DISADVANTAGESExcessive hardnessMinor casting accuracyComplicated heat treatment
  35. 35. Welds
  36. 36. Welds WELDING : Intermediate element that is used to join metallic surfaces each other. It’s a technique for join 2Or more metal elements,Rebuild or repair a metal surface.
  37. 37. REQUIREMENTS Free toxic substance Resistant Flow Similar color Lower temperature of• fusion Corrosion resitant
  38. 38. TECNICAS PARA SOLDAR1. TECHNICAL COMM : Requires the use of an intermediate (welding).2. WELD TECHNICAL : Application of heat to melt the two metal surfaces.3. ELECTRICAL TECHNICAL : Application of electric current-tap to join metallic current- surfaces. surfaces.
  39. 39. FLUX Facilitate the flow of welding, welding,Eliminating impurities. impurities. They come in powder and paste Composition of flux for alloys with chromium :pottasium fluoride, boric acid, borax glass, fluoride, acid, glass, and sodium carbonate or silica. And for silica. gold alloys: Borax powder, boric acid and alloys: powder, silica. silica.