Marie Laure Ryan, 2004    Summary by Suzanne Stebbings
   Marie-Laure Ryan   Literary scholar & critic   Scholar in residence, University of Colorado   Themes: narratology, ...
Narrative - historical perspective The four ages of narrative Durability of narrativeDefinitions Digital text Narrativ...
Restricted    Oral         Unique                              audience                                 Less              ...
Evanescent   Durable
   Algorithm driven   Reactive and interactive   Perfomantial aspect   Multiple sensory and semiotic channels   Netwo...
‘Narrative is a type of meaning, or mentalimage generated in response to certain stimuli.A narrative text is an artefact d...
   Epistemological crisis – challenging text as a    ‘given’ – classical text is blind to ‘the    complexity of the probl...
   Variable discourse   Variable point of view   Variable plot
   Hypertext – ‘multiple pathways through a    document’   The jigsaw metaphor and incomplete    narrative meaning   Su...
   Interactive television   Interactive film   Variable points of view in print   Interactive digital environment
   Interactive fiction – limitations   First person shooter – monotonous diversity   Simulation – the ‘god game’
Stereotyped        The     Anti narrative narratives of    middle    experimental                  ground?popular culture ...
   Murray, Janet (1997). ‘Hamlet on the Holodeck: the future of narrative in    cyberspace’, New York: Free P.   Ryan, M...
Mv narrative pres-ss0309
Mv narrative pres-ss0309
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Mv narrative pres-ss0309

  1. 1. Marie Laure Ryan, 2004 Summary by Suzanne Stebbings
  2. 2.  Marie-Laure Ryan Literary scholar & critic Scholar in residence, University of Colorado Themes: narratology, fiction and cyber- culture Latest venture Encyclopaedia of Digital Textuality – due out 2012
  3. 3. Narrative - historical perspective The four ages of narrative Durability of narrativeDefinitions Digital text NarrativeThe literary contextAspects of digital narrative Variable discourse Variable points of view Variable plotWhere next?
  4. 4. Restricted Oral Unique audience Less Able to beChirographic copied restricted audience Broad Print Replicable audience Replicable Global Digital and editable audience
  5. 5. Evanescent Durable
  6. 6.  Algorithm driven Reactive and interactive Perfomantial aspect Multiple sensory and semiotic channels Networking capabilities Volatile signs Modularity
  7. 7. ‘Narrative is a type of meaning, or mentalimage generated in response to certain stimuli.A narrative text is an artefact designed to bringthis meaning to mind.’
  8. 8.  Epistemological crisis – challenging text as a ‘given’ – classical text is blind to ‘the complexity of the problem of truth’ Aesthetic crisis – desire to break out of the limitations imposed by print – the ‘dream of the text that keeps on giving’
  9. 9.  Variable discourse Variable point of view Variable plot
  10. 10.  Hypertext – ‘multiple pathways through a document’ The jigsaw metaphor and incomplete narrative meaning Success of hypertext dependent on the author’s skill in placing it in a ‘unique textual idea which gives meaning to the activity’
  11. 11.  Interactive television Interactive film Variable points of view in print Interactive digital environment
  12. 12.  Interactive fiction – limitations First person shooter – monotonous diversity Simulation – the ‘god game’
  13. 13. Stereotyped The Anti narrative narratives of middle experimental ground?popular culture text
  14. 14.  Murray, Janet (1997). ‘Hamlet on the Holodeck: the future of narrative in cyberspace’, New York: Free P. Ryan, Marie Laure (2009). ‘From narrative games to playable stories toward a poetics of interactive narrative’, StoryWorlds: A journal of narrative studies, vol 1, 43-59 Murray, Janet (2004). ‘From game story to cyberdrama’, http://scholar.google.com.au/scholar?start=10&q=Janet+Murray&hl=en&as_sdt= 1,5 http:www.jawbone.tv/articles/item/485-sufferosa-neo-noir-interactive-film- tackles-cult-of-beauty.html Choose a different ending (2009) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JFVkzYDNJqo http:www.guardian.co.uk/film/filmblog/2011/aug/04/twixt-trailer-francis-ford- coppola Motte, Warren F. (1986). ‘Oulipo: A primer of potential literature’, University of Nebraska Press Atkinson, Sarah (2007). ‘Crossed Lines: the creation of a multiform, multi-screen interactive film’, Nebula 4.3 79-99 http:www.clickz.com/clickz/column/1697492/interactive-tv-ads-real-life- examples

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