GERUNDS<br />
DEFINITION<br />A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing<br />functions as a noun. <br />verbalindicates that a gerund is ba...
Gerund as subject:<br />Traveling might satisfy your desire for new experiences. (Traveling is the gerund.) <br />The stud...
Gerund as direct object<br />They do not appreciate my singing. (The gerund is singing.) <br />They do not appreciate my a...
Gerund as subject complement<br />My cat's favorite activity is sleeping. (The gerund is sleeping.) <br />My cat's favorit...
Gerund as object of preposition<br />The police arrested him for speeding. (The gerund is speeding.) <br />The police arre...
A Gerund Phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund and the modifier(s) and/or (pro)noun(s) or noun phrase(s) that ...
The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence.<br />Findinga needlein a haystackwould be easier than what we'...
Finding (gerund) a needle (direct object of action expressed in gerund)in a haystack (prepositional phrase as adverb) <br />
The gerund phrase functions as the direct object of the verb appreciate. <br />I hope that you appreciate myofferingyouthi...
my (possessive pronoun adjective form, modifying the gerund) offering (gerund)you(indirect object of action expressed in g...
The gerund phrase functions as the subject complement. <br />Newt's favorite tactic has been lying to his constituents.<br />
lying to(gerund) his constituents(direct object of action expressed in gerund) <br />
The gerund phrase functions as the object of the preposition for. <br />You might get in trouble for fakingan illnessto av...
The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. <br />Beingthe boss made Jeff feel uneasy.<br />Being (gerund)...
Punctuation<br />A gerund virtually never requires any punctuation with it. <br />
A gerund is a verbal ending in -ingthat is used as a noun. <br />A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), ob...
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Gerunds

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Gerunds

  1. 1. GERUNDS<br />
  2. 2. DEFINITION<br />A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing<br />functions as a noun. <br />verbalindicates that a gerund is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being.<br />Gerund functions as a noun, it occupies some positions in a sentence that a noun ordinarily would, for example: subject, direct object, subject complement, and object of preposition.<br />
  3. 3. Gerund as subject:<br />Traveling might satisfy your desire for new experiences. (Traveling is the gerund.) <br />The study abroad program might satisfy your desire for new experiences. (The gerund has been removed.)<br />
  4. 4. Gerund as direct object<br />They do not appreciate my singing. (The gerund is singing.) <br />They do not appreciate my assistance. (The gerund has been removed) <br />
  5. 5. Gerund as subject complement<br />My cat's favorite activity is sleeping. (The gerund is sleeping.) <br />My cat's favorite food is salmon. (The gerund has been removed.) <br />
  6. 6. Gerund as object of preposition<br />The police arrested him for speeding. (The gerund is speeding.) <br />The police arrested him for criminal activity. (The gerund has been removed.) <br />
  7. 7. A Gerund Phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund and the modifier(s) and/or (pro)noun(s) or noun phrase(s) that function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund<br />
  8. 8. The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence.<br />Findinga needlein a haystackwould be easier than what we're trying to do.<br />
  9. 9. Finding (gerund) a needle (direct object of action expressed in gerund)in a haystack (prepositional phrase as adverb) <br />
  10. 10. The gerund phrase functions as the direct object of the verb appreciate. <br />I hope that you appreciate myofferingyouthis opportunity. <br />
  11. 11. my (possessive pronoun adjective form, modifying the gerund) offering (gerund)you(indirect object of action expressed in gerund) this opportunity(direct object of action expressed in gerund) <br />
  12. 12. The gerund phrase functions as the subject complement. <br />Newt's favorite tactic has been lying to his constituents.<br />
  13. 13. lying to(gerund) his constituents(direct object of action expressed in gerund) <br />
  14. 14. The gerund phrase functions as the object of the preposition for. <br />You might get in trouble for fakingan illnessto avoid work.<br />faking (gerund) an illness(direct object of action expressed in gerund) to avoid work(infinitive phrase as adverb) <br />
  15. 15. The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. <br />Beingthe boss made Jeff feel uneasy.<br />Being (gerund) the boss (subject complement for Jeff, via state of being expressed in gerund) <br />
  16. 16. Punctuation<br />A gerund virtually never requires any punctuation with it. <br />
  17. 17. A gerund is a verbal ending in -ingthat is used as a noun. <br />A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). <br />Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation.<br />

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