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Key FPAR Learning and Draft Work Plans, Cambodia


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Mr. Kong Kea presented on 'Key FPAR Learning and Draft Work Plans, Cambodia' at Regional Review and Planning Workshop 2017, Hanoi, Vietnam

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Key FPAR Learning and Draft Work Plans, Cambodia

  1. 1. 23-25 April 2017, Hanoi, Vietnam Mr. Kong Kea, Project Management Unit, General Directorate of Agriculture, MAFF, Cambodia. Regional Workshop for SRI-LMB Project
  2. 2. Content 1. Introduction 2. Overall Objective 3. Organization Structure 4. Target area 5. Activities and Output from 2004-2016 6. Conclusion 7. Lesson learnt 8. Future plan
  3. 3. 1. Introduction • In 2000, SRI was introduced first in Cambodia by CEDAC and tested with 28 farmers. • GTZ was the first partner to provide support to CEDAC for SRI promotion, quickly followed by other stakeholders like Oxfam, HEKS, Rachana, FAO, and other projects. • In 2004, SRI working group was created and chaired by DAALI to improve linkage and cooperation, and sharing experiences among implementer, donors, and policy makers.
  4. 4. • In 2005, SRI secretariat established to facilitate meeting, conduct training for PDA, develop promotion materials, and collect data on SRI dissemination. • In early 2006, SRI was integrated into the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) and policy frameworks to reduce food insecurity and poverty of rural households. • Based on report from NGO and SRI promoters, many farmers had been trained and many farmers applied SRI practices. • However, the adaptation of some SRI practices still be difficult and limited since lack of formal research activities investigating these cultivation practices and necessary adaptations.
  5. 5. • For that reason, it is very important to conduct Farmer Participatory Action Research (FPAR) involving farmers, trainers and researchers to investigate the potential benefits, challenges and adaptations. • In 2007, FAO-IPM were interested and want to promote SRI through Farmer Participatory Action Research through FFS. Some FFS and action researches were conducted in Prey Veng province. • Experience learnt from FPAR, farmers have learnt a lot from their experiments and could modify SRI practices based on their local condition. • In 2014, SRI-LMB has started in four countries, Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand and Laos.
  6. 6. 2. Overall Objective • To develop common understanding among participants about the concept and principles of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and relevance rice production in rain- fed ecosystem; • To develop practical understanding of setting field experiments, observation of the key indicators, develop data formats and data analysis from actual field; • To understand the Farmer Participatory Action Research (FPAR) process and its concept and discuss the curricula and session plans for the upcoming FPAR;
  7. 7. • To discuss and integrate gender aspects into learning curricula and in practice of FPAR process; • To learn about Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) aspects to support the FPAR work.
  8. 8. 3. Organization Structure General Directorate of Agriculture National IPM Programme Training Expert PMU & FAO-IPM Provincial Department of Agriculture (LMU coordinator) Provincial Department of Agriculture (LMU coordinator) Provincial Department of Agriculture (LMU coordinator) District Agricultural Office District Agricultural Office District Agricultural Office Local NGOsAcademic School
  9. 9. 4. Target Areas • There are 3 provinces, Takeo, Kampot and Kampong Speu province. • In each province, three districts were selected for implementation project. • In each district, four target communes were selected for project implementation.
  10. 10. Target area of SRI-LMB in Cambodia SRI target
  11. 11. 4/27/2017 11 SRI target in Kampong Speu Province
  12. 12. SRI target in Takeo Province
  13. 13. SRI target in Kampot Province
  14. 14. 5. Activities and Output from 2004-2016
  15. 15. 5.1 Inception Workshop • In 2014, one National Inception and Planning Workshop was organized is to kick-start by informing larger audience about the project, its goal and objectives; revisit the project definition, goals, overall work plan for Cambodia; • There were 44 participants (9 women) invited from Regional FAO-IPM, FAOR, Regional Coordinator SRI-LMB project, PMU, Oxfam, Srer Khmer, HEKS, CENTDOR, RUA, Provincial Department of Agriculture, LMU, and Farmer Trainers from Takeo, Kampot and Kampong Speu province.
  16. 16. 5.2 Baseline survey: • The baseline survey was carried out in Kampong Speu, Takeo and Kampot province which area was grown rice crop. 134 farmers (35 women) were interviewed. Province District Males Females Total Kampong Speu Borseth 10 2 12 Korng Pisey 10 2 12 Samrong Torng 9 5 14 Takeo Bati 11 5 16 Prey Kabas 8 8 16 Tramkak 13 3 16 Kampot Angkor Chey 16 0 16 Chhouk 9 7 16 Chumkiri 13 3 16 Total 99 35 134
  17. 17. 5.3 Mini-TOT or CFPAR  Three Mini-TOT on Farmer Participatory Action Research (FPAR) and SRI were conducted from 28 June 2014 until 28 November 2014  The CFPAR were conducted at Agriculture Farmer Training and Research Center with 81 participants (23 women).  This mini-ToT aims building up understanding of participants on SRI practices, concept of farmer participatory action researches, goals and objectives of project, development of curriculum and session guide for FPAR, and FPAR management.
  18. 18.  Learning by doing approaches and adult learning process were used intensively in mini-ToT  Field day for CFPAR were organized at research station where the participants conducted a lot of experiments.  All participants from 3 mini ToT and honor guests from AIT, FAO and GDA were invited to participate in this field day. Totally, 107 participants ( 29 women) attended field day.
  19. 19. 5.4 Farmer Participatory Action Research (FPAR) and post-FPAR : • FPAR is a farmer training tool using farmer field school approach • Through FPAR, principle of SRI and good practices of rice production were introduced and discussed. • Innovation idea from various sources and farmers were brought for experiment and evaluation. • Appropriate technologies for improving rice production, economically, efficiently, environmental friendly in rain-fed condition were identified and adopted by farmers in specific local condition.
  20. 20. • Through FPAR, farmers are able to set up experiments by them selves for better cultivation technologies for their rice production. • In the FPAR curriculum, 13 session, 10 session and 8 session were designed in 2014, 2015 and 2016 respectively. • After FPAR, post FPAR were implemented to do more researches and demo about SRI and follow up by DT and FT. • Totally, 170 FPAR were conducted from year 2014 until 2016 with 3393 farmers (2061 women) involved. • Seventy two post-FPAR were conducted from year 2015 until 2016 in three provinces namely Kampong Speu, Takeo and Kampot province involving 1738 farmers (1201 women).
  21. 21. Project Activities and output Year FPAR Post-FPAR No. FPAR Total farmers Women No. FPAR Total farmers Women 2014 36 1032 634 0 0 0 2015 36 1024 663 36 879 622 2016 45 1337 764 36 859 579 Grand total 117 3393 2061 72 1738 1201
  22. 22. • Farmer Field Day (FFD) were conducted at some location of FPAR. FFDs were conducted for sharing the achievement of FPAR implementation to other farmers, officers and other relevant stakeholders in each province. Totally, from 2014 to 2016, there were 680 participants (349 women) participated in seven FPAR Field Day . 5.5 FPAR Field Day
  23. 23. • LMU Workshops were conducted at Provincial Department of Agriculture of targeted area. • This workshop aims to discuss the result from FPAR and Post-FPAR, Problem encountered and lesson learnt were shared among DT and FT who implemented FPAR and Post FPAR • This workshop also discuss the activities planned for each year. • Totally, 6 LMU workshops were conducted with 192 participants (49 women) from Regional Coordinator SRI-LMB project, PMU, Oxfam, Srer Khmer, RUA, LMU, DT and FTs 5.6 LMU workshop
  24. 24. 5.7 Farmer exchange visit • Oversea Farmer Exchange Visit was made to Thailand in November 2014 involving 10 participants (2 women) including PMU, LMU, DT and FT. • The objective of the Farmer Exchange Visit was to strengthen the capacity of Farmer and District Trainers for designing, conducting, evaluating, and managing experiments .
  25. 25. Impact of SRI demonstration
  26. 26. Problems encountered for FPAR in 2014-2016 • Drought prolonging until Sep-Oct • There were changing family member to attend training. • Some NGOs and projects give attendance fee for farmer meeting or training at community. • Farmers do not actively participate in collection data from field experiments. • Knowledge and facilitation skills for DT and FT
  27. 27. Solution  The FPAR should start as earlier as possible especially the selection of experimental field and cooperation farmer.  At the beginning of FPAR, facilitators have to discuss the local practices and identify gaps for technical improvement.  The technical problems identified have to be prioritized and put for experiment.  Only SRI demo plot ( about 1000m2 follow by one simple specific comparison experiment (single factor and single replication experiment)  Village chief should be invited for FPAR training.  Duration of training at FPAR should be minimized but more and more focusing on the key points.
  28. 28. 6. Conclusions • In the condition of rain-fed, the application of completed SRI could not be applied. • Even some SRI practices applied, rice yield and economic efficiency be increased either transplanting or direct seeding methods. • Applying SRI, farmers need more time to take care of their field than conventional practices. • However, through FPAR farmers have been built the skills of observing the field and can set up the experiments in their field.
  29. 29. 7. Lesson learnt from FPAR in 2014-2016 • It would be difficult to select good fields for FPAR if starting late. • Quality of FPAR is depending on facilitation skills and technical knowledge of trainers. • The number of participants at FPAR is more If the village chief attend FPAR, • Good experimental site and active cooperation farmer selected will contribute to the successfulness of FPAR. • If the identified local problems were considered and put for experiments, farmers would much interested and participated in observing field experiment regularly.
  30. 30. • It would be difficult to differentiate SRI and conventional plots if both plot put in the same main plot. • There was an observation that old age farmers pay less attention in observing field experiment as compared to the young. • The quality of FPAR would be better if LMU and PMU team provide backstopping visit regularly. • It would be easy for farmers to learn and compare if the experiment simply designed (single factor and single replication) • If duration of each training take over than 2h:30 minute, farmers would pay less attention to the training (affect to their daily works especially for women).
  31. 31. 8. Future plan • In 2017, the number of FPAR and post-FPAR were completed. So, the follow up made by LMU and PMU to observe the impact of SRI farmers and non- SRI farmers will be continued. • Only land less activities conducted 10 locations by promoting and create skills for landless on chicken production and mushroom culture.
  32. 32. Mini-TOT activities Mini-TOT activities
  33. 33. Mini-TOT activities
  34. 34. Mini-TOT activities
  35. 35. Mini-TOT activities
  36. 36. Mini-TOT activities
  37. 37. Mini-TOT activities
  38. 38. Mini-TOT activities
  39. 39. Mini-TOT activities
  40. 40. Mini-TOT activities
  41. 41. CFPAR Field Day activities
  42. 42. CFPAR Field Day activities
  43. 43. FPAR and post-FPAR activities
  44. 44. FPAR and post-FPAR activities
  45. 45. FPAR and post-FPAR activities
  46. 46. FPAR and post-FPAR activities
  47. 47. FPAR and post-FPAR activities