Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Comparison

688 views

Published on

Learn the comparison in English

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Comparison

  1. 1. COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES Unit 3
  2. 2. COMPARATIVES <ul><li>1 syllables/ 2 -y -w </li></ul><ul><li>_________ ER + THAN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kind- Kinder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spelling Rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nice- Nicer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Big – Bigger </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Happy- happier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Narrow-Narrower </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2 or + syllables </li></ul><ul><li>MORE + ADJECTIVE + THAN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MORE EXPENSIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MORE MODERN </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. SUPERLATIVES <ul><li>1 SYLLABLE OR 2 Y W </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THE___________EST </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kind – the kindest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spelling Rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nice- Nicest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Big – Biggest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Happy- happiest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Narrow-Narrowest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2 syllables or more </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THE MOST + ADJ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The most beautiful girl </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IN THE CLASS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OF THE YEAR </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IN_Place </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OF - time </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES THE FARTHEST/THE FURTHEST FARTHER/FURTHER FAR THE BEST BETTER GOOD THE WORST WORSE BAD
  5. 5. Variations <ul><li>May, might (possibility) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the fog gets thicker, the plane may/might be diverted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If it doesn’t rain, we may eat out. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May, can (permission) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If your documents are in order, you can/ may leave . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Must, should (command, request, advice) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you want to lose weight, you (must-should-had better) eat less bread </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Present tense (General truths, habitual results) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you heat ice, it turns to water. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Imperative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you want to pass, study </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. USE <ul><li>USE: This type of sentence implies that the action in the if-clause is quite probable, real, that is likely to happen in the present or future. </li></ul>
  7. 7. SECOND CONDITIONAL <ul><li>IF CLAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>If +past simple </li></ul><ul><li>If I had money </li></ul><ul><li>Variation: past continuous . </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN CLAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>would + bare infinit </li></ul><ul><li>I would lend it to you. </li></ul><ul><li>Variations: might/ could + bare infinitive </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples Conditional II <ul><li>If I lived in Gibraltar, I would speak English fluently . ( But I don't live in Gibraltar) </li></ul><ul><li>If I lived in London, I could speak English fluently. </li></ul><ul><li>If I went to London in summer, I might see a musical. </li></ul><ul><li>If I dyed my hair blue, everyone would look at me (but I don't intend to dye it) </li></ul>
  9. 9. USE <ul><li>This type of sentence implies that the action in the if-clause is improbable , unreal and unlikely to happen in the present or future . It is also used to give advice. </li></ul>
  10. 10. ALTERNATIVES FOR IF <ul><li>UNLESS +AFFIRMATIVE VERB = A MENOS QUE </li></ul><ul><li>Unless she studies, she won't pass her tests </li></ul><ul><li>PROVIDING THAT - PROVIDED THAT- : SIEMPRE QUE </li></ul><ul><li>You can camp here providing - provided that you don’t leave any mess . </li></ul><ul><li>AS LONG AS: MIENTRAS </li></ul><ul><li>As long as he is on time, we won't be late for the meeting . </li></ul><ul><li>ONLY IF: ÚNICAMENTE SI </li></ul><ul><li>Only if you attend the lessons regularly, you’ll have the chance of passing the exams. </li></ul><ul><li>WHETHER …OR </li></ul><ul><li>You must go tomorrow whether you are ready or not . </li></ul><ul><li>EVEN IF: Aunque </li></ul><ul><li>Even if you had come late, I would have let you in. </li></ul>
  11. 11. CONDITIONAL III <ul><li>If+ past perfect </li></ul><ul><li>If I had known that you were coming, </li></ul><ul><li>Would + have + past participle </li></ul><ul><li>I would have met you at the airport. </li></ul><ul><li>(I didn't know, so I didn't come) </li></ul><ul><li>Variation </li></ul><ul><li>Could +have + past participle </li></ul><ul><li>Might + have + past participle </li></ul>
  12. 12. USE <ul><li>In this kind of sentences the time is past, and the condition cannot be fulfilled because the action in the if-clause didn't happen. It implies an unreal situation in the past. It is also used to express regrets and criticism. </li></ul>
  13. 13. WISH + PAST SIMPLE <ul><li>Nos gustaría que algo fuera diferente en el presente. </li></ul><ul><li>Nos gustaría que esta situación cambiara. </li></ul><ul><li>I wish I didn’t have to work (I have to work) </li></ul><ul><li>I wish I had more free time. (I don’t have free time) </li></ul><ul><li>I wish I lived in a bigger house. (I live in a small house) </li></ul>
  14. 14. WISH + WOULD <ul><li>Queja o impaciencia ante hecho o situación actual. </li></ul><ul><li>Queremos que alguien haga algo. </li></ul><ul><li>I wish you wouldn’t smoke (you are smoking at the moment and it’s annoying me) </li></ul><ul><li>I wish you would be quiet (you are speaking at the moment and I’m annoyed) </li></ul>
  15. 15. WISH + PAST PARTICIPLE <ul><li>Arrepentimiento respecto a acciones del pasado. </li></ul><ul><li>I wish I had attended the lessons . </li></ul><ul><li>I wish I had known her before. </li></ul>

×