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Conditional - Type 0, 1, 2 and 3


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Conditional - Type 0, 1, 2 and 3

  1. 1. CONDICIONAIS TIPO 0 Usamos para constatar factos/ algo que é verdade If clause + simple present – simple present Exemplos: If you heat snow, it melts. / If it doesn’t rain, life finishes. / If you mix blue and yellow, you get green. / If you lie in the sun too long, your skin turns red. TIPO 1 Usamos para nos referir a algo que seja verdade que possa acontecer no presente ou no futuro If clause + simple present – future (will + infinitive, going to, modal verbs, etc.) Exemplos: If we go by train, it will be cheaper. / If he doesn’t hurry, he will be late. / If theweather is rainy, we will stay at home. / Who will you invite if you give a party? / You can go out if you don’t have to study. / I may come late if I have more work. NOTA: WILL, CAN, MAY - FUTURO TIPO 2 Usamos para descrever ou indicar situações hipotéticas no presente ou no futuro If clause + simple past – conditional (modal verbs, etc.)Exemplos: If I had a car, I would take you home. (realidade: não tens um carro) / If I lived near my office I’d be in time for work. (realidade: não vives perto do escritório) / If I dyed my hairblue (realidade: não pintas o cabelo de azul), everyone would laugh. / I would lower taxes If I were president. (realidade: não és presidente) / If I were you, I wouldn’t drive so fast. (realidade: não tens um carro) NOTA: WOULD, COULD, MIGHT – CONDICIONAL DIFERENÇA ENTRE O TIPO 1 E O TIPO 2 Tipo 1 – possibilidade Tipo 2 – imaginação o If I have enough Money, I can buy that car. (é possível) o If I had enough money, I could buy that car. (imaginação) If he studies hard, he will pass the exam. (é possível) If he studied hard, we wouldn’t pass the exam. (imaginação/ não é real)  What would do if you were the president? (imaginação)  If he’s late again, I’ll be very angry. (é possível).
  2. 2. TIPO 3 É impossível que a condição seja cumprida visto que pertence ao passado If clause + past perfect – conditional perfect (would + have + past participle) Exemplos: If Lily hadn’t moved to Leeds, she wouldn’t have studied Chinese. / Shewouldn’t have met so many foreign friends if she hadn’t been a member of the Students Union. / She wouldn’t have felt so secure if she had decided to live in a bedsit. NOTA: CONDITIONAL PERFECT PODE SER USADO COM WOULD, COULD E MIGHT