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Research and the University:
The case of the Arab region

 Wail Benjelloun
 Faculty of Science, Mohammed V University – Agdal
 Rabat, Morocco

 13th IAU General Conference, Utrecht 15-18 July 2008
Research funding in Tunisia




                              Others
               MPH             7%
               14%



     MAEHR
      9%
                                                                     MHE &
                                                                    MSRTDC
                                                                      70%

Sources MHE & MSRTDC: Higher Education and Scientific Research; MAEHR: Agriculture;
MPH: Public Health TUNISIA. Source: Arab countries Metareview, UNESCO Forum
Arab states research production ratios
                           SCI            Tot       Produc    GERD as
           Indicator    pub/million   researchers    tion     % GDP
                          pop (1)      headcount     ratio
                                          (2)        (1/2)
          Algeria               555        29 000    0.019           NA
          Morocco               850        23 000    0.036          0.80
          Tunisia               929        14 000    0.066          1.00
          Egypt                2331        90 000    0.025          0.20
          Jordan                421         9 000    0.047          0.34
          Lebanon               431        20 000    0.021          0.22
          Bahrein                55         1 000    0.055          0.04
          Kuwait                344         2 000    0.172          0.20
          UAE                   410         3 500    0.117          0.10
          Oman                  169         1 200    0.141          0.05
          Arab mode                                  0.051



          Argentina          43609           5640    0.129          0.41
          Singapore          28825           7096    0.246          2.15

(Arab data col. 1 and 2 from Table 6, other data from page 7 Lat Am and Table 1 Asia Reports)
Source: Regional reports, UNESCO Forum on Higher Education, Research and Knowledge
Arab states human development indicators (HDR2006, UNDP)

                Arab mean       Arab mode   Norway   Republic of
Indicator        (range)                               Korea
HDI rank        85 (33 – 153)      82         1          26
Annual              1.95           2.0       0.5         0.3
population        (1 - 3.1)
growth rate %
Life                70.8          72.5       79.3       76.9
expectancy at    (52.5-74.2)
birth
Infant              27.3           21         4          5
mortality         (7 – 78)
/1000 births
Grade 5             92.2           96        100        100
(% of Grade      (73 – 100)
1)
Adult (15+)         23.5          20.5        0          2
illiteracy %    (6.7 – 48.8)
Cell phone         381.7           313       861        761
subscr/1000      (53 - 908)
Internet             113           104       390        657
users/1000        (5 – 321)
Hi tech         3.75 (1 – 13)       2         18         33
exports (% of
manufactured
exports)

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Utrecht sb- wail benjelloun

  • 1. Research and the University: The case of the Arab region Wail Benjelloun Faculty of Science, Mohammed V University – Agdal Rabat, Morocco 13th IAU General Conference, Utrecht 15-18 July 2008
  • 2.
  • 3. Research funding in Tunisia Others MPH 7% 14% MAEHR 9% MHE & MSRTDC 70% Sources MHE & MSRTDC: Higher Education and Scientific Research; MAEHR: Agriculture; MPH: Public Health TUNISIA. Source: Arab countries Metareview, UNESCO Forum
  • 4. Arab states research production ratios SCI Tot Produc GERD as Indicator pub/million researchers tion % GDP pop (1) headcount ratio (2) (1/2) Algeria 555 29 000 0.019 NA Morocco 850 23 000 0.036 0.80 Tunisia 929 14 000 0.066 1.00 Egypt 2331 90 000 0.025 0.20 Jordan 421 9 000 0.047 0.34 Lebanon 431 20 000 0.021 0.22 Bahrein 55 1 000 0.055 0.04 Kuwait 344 2 000 0.172 0.20 UAE 410 3 500 0.117 0.10 Oman 169 1 200 0.141 0.05 Arab mode 0.051 Argentina 43609 5640 0.129 0.41 Singapore 28825 7096 0.246 2.15 (Arab data col. 1 and 2 from Table 6, other data from page 7 Lat Am and Table 1 Asia Reports) Source: Regional reports, UNESCO Forum on Higher Education, Research and Knowledge
  • 5. Arab states human development indicators (HDR2006, UNDP) Arab mean Arab mode Norway Republic of Indicator (range) Korea HDI rank 85 (33 – 153) 82 1 26 Annual 1.95 2.0 0.5 0.3 population (1 - 3.1) growth rate % Life 70.8 72.5 79.3 76.9 expectancy at (52.5-74.2) birth Infant 27.3 21 4 5 mortality (7 – 78) /1000 births Grade 5 92.2 96 100 100 (% of Grade (73 – 100) 1) Adult (15+) 23.5 20.5 0 2 illiteracy % (6.7 – 48.8) Cell phone 381.7 313 861 761 subscr/1000 (53 - 908) Internet 113 104 390 657 users/1000 (5 – 321) Hi tech 3.75 (1 – 13) 2 18 33 exports (% of manufactured exports)