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Unimagined Shores:
Jobless Futures and Digital Globalization
Dr. Alan Bruce
ULS Dublin
IARP Conference
New Orleans
October 2015
Themes
1. Change and Globalization
2. The Innovation Mantra
3. Changing vocational counseling
4. Best Practice: international dimensions
5. Asserting Vision n the jobless future
1. Change and Globalization
• Globalization – accelerating and pervasive
• Crisis and re-structuring since 2008
• Devaluation of the public sphere
• Stratification and inequity – raising social justice
• Labor market transformation
• Mobile capital and global investment linkage
• Rights and inclusion – token or real?
• Who owns what? And why?
• Access, quality and innovation in rehabilitation
Changing worlds
 Dimensions of crisis
 Public spheres, private opportunities
 Multipolar fragmentation
 Altered world, transformed society
 Demographics: from ageing to migration
 Innovation in knowledge and learning
Technological transformation
 Instant communications
 Data explosion and access
 Cyber-security
 Learning and access
 Rapid modification potential
 Making sense of trends – from data to knowledge to understanding
The academic crisis – from Freire
to Juncker
How can one not be in exile working in academia, especially if
one refuses the cliques, mediocrity, hysterical forms of resentment,
backbiting and the endless production of irrelevant research?
These spaces have become dead zones of the imagination
mixed with a kind of brutalizing defense of their own decaying
postures and search for status. Leadership in too many
departments is empty, disempowering and utterly rudderless,
lacking any vision or sense of social responsibility.
Henry Giroux, McMaster University. 2014
Globalized realities
• Patterns of constant change
• Permanent migration mobility
• Outsourcing
• Flexible structures and modalities
• Obsolescence of job norms
• Knowledge economy
• Ecological pressures
• Diversity as the norm
• Impact of pervasive ICT and instantaneous communications
Purposive learning in an age of
uncertainty
 End of linear models of learning
 Cognitive dissonance: what is needed is not being provided
 Work as transformative relational matrix
 Alienation and anomie in a changing world
 Labor market flux and the loss of autonomy
 Adaptability and innovation as the norm, not exception
 Globalized paradigms and fractured community
 Work is not linear either: from production to constant
quality
 Elephants in the room: power and ownership
Shaping enterprise dimensions
• Decreasing employee share in national income in all countries
• Labor productivity - up 85% since 1980
• Not reflected in wages - up 35%
• Declining social mobility
• Rising income inequality reflects declining equality of opportunity
GlobalWage Report 2012/13, ILO
Prof. Miles Corak, Journal of Economic Perspectives 2013
We are increasingly becoming a winner takes all economy… over recent
decades, technological change, globalization and erosion of the institutions and
practices that support shared prosperity have put the middle class under
increasing stress
Dr. Alan Krueger
Council of Economic Advisers & Princeton (2013)
Implications for business
• Less than 10% of SMEs in developing countries well prepared
for new conditions and increased competition in global markets.
• An emerging opportunity to reap potential benefits of global
trade is establishment of business linkages between SMEs and
transnational corporations (TNCs).
• These linkages represent one of the best ways for SMEs to
enhance competitiveness and acquire a series of critical missing
assets: access to international markets, finance, technology,
management skills and specialized knowledge
• However, specific linkages promotion programs only have a
chance to succeed if a conducive policy environment is set up.
UNCTAD Information Economy Report, 2006
Digital competence
Learning to learn
Social and civic competences
Sense of initiative and
entrepreneurship
Cultural awareness and expression.
The five competences are transversal.
They are cross curricular and pervasive.
They support acquisition of all key competencies
Developing competence in
rehabilitation
2. The Innovation Mantra
• Innovation supporting learning
• Innovation supporting work
• Re-evaluation of traditional methods and structures
• Changing needs
• Analyzing and responding to impact of globalization
• Change without changing – ‘innovation with precedents’
• Facing new realities – using evidence, connecting issues,
thinking outside the box
Innovation imperatives
 Transformational learning and the sociology of innovation
 Educational systems as networks of actors who reinforce
each other in stable configurations: but stable
configurations prevent change
 Vested interest acts against innovation and inclusion - seen
as threat
 It is possible to have incremental change
 Systems react to change even if they do not initiate it
 The promising path is through disruptive innovation which
produces irreversible change (Christensen, Disrupting
Class, 2008)
Directions and trends
 Acceleration
 Collaboration and networks
 Collaboration with knowledge production centers
 Increasing domination by market realities
 Towards competence
 Integrated learning for integrated learners
Global Innovation Index 2014 Edition
• Understanding human aspects behind innovation essential for design of
policies to promote economic development and richer innovation-prone
environments locally.
• Recognizing key role of innovation as a driver of economic growth and
prosperity, and a broad horizontal vision of innovation applicable to
emerging economies: GII includes indicators that go beyond the
traditional measures of innovation (e.g. R&D)
• Rankings:
Switzerland 1
Finland 4
USA 6
Ireland 11
Norway 14
Innovation: critical factors
 Entrepreneurship
 Education standards – critical reflection
 Venture capital
 Alternative thinking – autonomous acting
 Risk-taking
 Global reach
 Confidence and authenticity
 Evaluative capacity and self-correction
Making innovation work
Identification of what is unique
Fostering critical reflection competence
Democratic accountability and transparency
Identification of real best practice
Playing to identified strengths: food, agriculture,
technology, community, services, arts
Letting go - the stranglehold of bureaucratic thinking:
innovation by diktat
Irish innovation policy
Challenges:
 Weak venture fund network
 Excessive power in State agencies
 Total stagnation in start-ups since 2000 - over reliance on MNCs
 Poor indigenous company engagement (OECD 2013)
 Poor independent research record
 Lack of strategic shared goal setting
Advantages:
 Ireland is ranked first in Europe for highest degree of SME
participation of the 28 EU Member States in FP7 funding programs
 ICT, nanotechnology, health, ecology
 Changing education systems
 Creativity: music, animation, drama
Resourcing Innovation
• Talent management initiatives
• Accurate forecasting of future skill needs
• Linkage with leading universities
• Human Capital
• Organizational Capital
• Network Capital
Transfers of economically useful scientific knowledge from
universities to industry generates substantial economic growth as
the experiences of classical high technology regions (e.g. Silicon
Valley) and emerging new technology centers around the world
demonstrate
Listening
Linkage
Leading
3. Changing vocational counseling
 Rehabilitation both structure and process
 Aims and goals vary considerably
 Rehabilitation systems mirror world, society and relationship-
matrix of which they are part
 Rehabilitation systems as constraining as liberating
 Forum for ideas or market for products? Or both….?
 Commodification of knowledge
 Impact on education systems (Freire, Illich, Field)
 Impact on work (Braverman, Haraszti, Davis)
 Impact on community
 Knowledge and learning centrally linked as product and process
dimensions
Education: from Newman to Kerr
John Henry Newman (1873) The Idea of the University
1. Primary purpose of a University is intellectual and pedagogical
2. Range of teaching within University is universal; it encompasses all
branches of knowledge, and is inconsistent with restrictions of any kind.
3. The University prepares students by allowing them to learn about "the
ways and principles and maxims" of the world
4. True education requires personal influence of teachers on students.
Clark Kerr (1963) The Uses of the University
1. Modern university is diversified – a multiversity
2. Serves needs of society, economic and cultural
3. Think tank – essential to progress
4. Master Plan for Higher Education (1960) in California
Rehabilitation: from Wright to CACREP
Total rehabilitation
1. Structured linearity – stability and progress
2. Towards a full life
3. Expectation of paid employment
4. Integration and inclusion
5. From charity to rights
Complexity and regulation
1. Cost reduction, control and regulation
2. Impact of legislation
3. Accreditation and licensure
4. Inadequate CPD
5. Coping with change
6. Absence of strategy and international perspective
ICT and re-imagining access
 Contradictory and paradoxical process
 Never greater potential - side by side with increasing
disparities of access
 What we think:
 Citizens
 Shared knowledge
 Participative engagement
 What we have:
 Consumers
 Increasing exclusion
 Significant problems with equitable access
The triple helix
• Concept: Industry/University/Government
• How does learning sustain innovation?
• Access to and validation of knowledge central concerns
• Changes in governance: autonomy; budgets; performance
based practice
• Shift to evidence based response to real needs in a time of
flux
• Emergence of more complex processes of innovation and
commercialization of research
• Triple Helix Systems of Innovation (Ranga & Etzkowitz
2013)
Outlook for partnership
 Miller (2003) fundamentally optimistic about transformational potential
of new knowledge architectures
 Carneiro (2007) identifies
Paradigm shifts (industry-globalization-utopia)
Delivery modes (role-access-customized)
Driving forces (State-market-community)
• Intangible assets are the core economic competencies on which
strategy depends and a key feature of the global knowledge economy
• For businesses this includes intellectual property components (licenses,
patents, copyrights, trademarks, etc.) and more subtle intangible
capacities embedded in strategic, differentiating competencies.
Rehabilitation: changing roles and
expectations
• Stakeholders expect rehabilitation to respond to needs
beyond classic job finding
• Strengthening required skills: adaptability and flexibility
• Restructuring basic institutions
• Assimilating new populations
• Democratization, access, social mobility, critical thinking and
sustainability
• Embedding complexity of modern societies in a dynamic
socio-economic-learning matrix for innovative rehabilitation
• Industry/corporate linkage occurs in this context
• Best practice is multidimensional
EU thematic Objectives (2014-20)
• Research and innovation
• Competitiveness for SMEs
• Employment and labour mobility support
• Social inclusion and combating poverty
• Education, skills and lifelong learning
• Institutional capacity building.
Rehabilitation/vocational linkage
1. Strategic Research Clusters
2. Centers for Engineering and Technology
3. Competence Centers for staff development
4. Preparation for existing labor market
5. Innovation Partnerships
6. Understanding ICT impact
7. Social media and instant communications
8. Fusion of advice and needs with altered paradigms of work
9. Preparing for a multimodal world where everything alters
constantly
10. Permanent mobility
4. Asserting Vision and Values
• Stakeholders in rehabilitation are wide-ranging, both
internal and external
• Pressures on corporate and academic worlds are similar, if
different in detail
• Vocational Rehabilitation to survive must be relevant and
visionary
• Professionals are now expected:
• To be more outward looking
• To provide leadership and service
• To make efficiency gains
• To maintain standards and quality
• To obtain new and additional revenue sources
Shaping Trends
• Ubiquity and access
• Innovation – the new imperative
• Universities, Companies, Customers, Communities
• Quality, standards and assessment
• Curriculum or competence: institutional crisis of modern educational
systems
• Freedom, openness and creativity in the digital economy
• Openness as global logic based on free and open-source software
• Battles over digital rights management and IPR
• Links between open content, open science and open collaboration
make collaborative creativity sustainable
• Move from Information Age to Conceptual Age (Daniel Pink 2005)
Anticipating the future
• Excellence goes beyond mechanical quality measurement
systems
• Ethics are now central to good business
• Critical role of diversity and equality approaches
• Gender and inclusion – the centrality of women
• Demographics and youth intervention
• Competitiveness and sustainability
• Disability as business or a place apart?
• Offering critical space and alternative perspectives
Imaginative discourses of change
• Skillbeck Report (2001)
• Challenges and changes are within institutions
• Changes are ubiquitous
• Changes are systemic
• Changes are radical
• Evolving Corporate Universities Forum (Istanbul 2012)
• attract, retain and enhance highly skilled employees
• invest in developing a culture of learning throughout the organization
• spread a common culture as engines of strategic change
• ability to promote importance, value and contribution of a learning culture
• ensure integration of HRM systems and policies with learning initiatives
• build genuine partnerships with world-class learning institutions
The bottom line…
An assumption of stable work patterns and linear economic
development is no longer possible
Learning systems and vocational rehabilitation must innovate and
respond accordingly
Future directions
Training of trainers
Understanding a jobless future
Multilingualism
Developing skills – competence transmission
Developing attitudes – securing motivation
Developing buy-in – loyalty and commitment
Autonomous learning
Review, evaluation and research
Developing competence
Transformative learning
 Planning for sustainable outcomes
 Planning for equal access - UDL
 Avoiding tokenism - systemic approaches
 Mainstream - destination or challenge?
 Learning from difference
 Learning to learn and un-learn (Toffler)
 Fostering innovation and equality
 Moving beyond econometric targets
Further steps
 Increased application of new knowledge
 Open and distance learning technologies facilitating
professional competence
 Transformation of traditional job seeking role to mentoring,
guiding and facilitation
 Development of network of innovative best practice at
international level
Common trajectories
 Demographic changes: ageing and life expectancy
 Women and labor market participation
 Immigration
 Cultural and religious difference
 Conflict and stress
 Urbanization
Conclusions
 Vocational rehabilitation and its education support system is
at a crossroads: both structure and process
 Labor market and education increasingly connected
 Planetary focus is on mobility, skills and innovation
 Huge impact of increasing inequality of access and of
resources
 Crisis as the norm
 Performance, standards, quality, reproducibility and added
value at the heart of competence
 Innovative learning demands imagination and vision
Thank you
Dr. Alan Bruce
ULS Dublin
abruce@ulsystems.com
Associate Offices: BARCELONA - HELSINKI - SÃO PAULO - CHICAGO

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unimagined Shores: Jobless Futures and Digital Globalization

  • 1. Unimagined Shores: Jobless Futures and Digital Globalization Dr. Alan Bruce ULS Dublin IARP Conference New Orleans October 2015
  • 2. Themes 1. Change and Globalization 2. The Innovation Mantra 3. Changing vocational counseling 4. Best Practice: international dimensions 5. Asserting Vision n the jobless future
  • 3. 1. Change and Globalization • Globalization – accelerating and pervasive • Crisis and re-structuring since 2008 • Devaluation of the public sphere • Stratification and inequity – raising social justice • Labor market transformation • Mobile capital and global investment linkage • Rights and inclusion – token or real? • Who owns what? And why? • Access, quality and innovation in rehabilitation
  • 4. Changing worlds  Dimensions of crisis  Public spheres, private opportunities  Multipolar fragmentation  Altered world, transformed society  Demographics: from ageing to migration  Innovation in knowledge and learning
  • 5. Technological transformation  Instant communications  Data explosion and access  Cyber-security  Learning and access  Rapid modification potential  Making sense of trends – from data to knowledge to understanding
  • 6. The academic crisis – from Freire to Juncker How can one not be in exile working in academia, especially if one refuses the cliques, mediocrity, hysterical forms of resentment, backbiting and the endless production of irrelevant research? These spaces have become dead zones of the imagination mixed with a kind of brutalizing defense of their own decaying postures and search for status. Leadership in too many departments is empty, disempowering and utterly rudderless, lacking any vision or sense of social responsibility. Henry Giroux, McMaster University. 2014
  • 7. Globalized realities • Patterns of constant change • Permanent migration mobility • Outsourcing • Flexible structures and modalities • Obsolescence of job norms • Knowledge economy • Ecological pressures • Diversity as the norm • Impact of pervasive ICT and instantaneous communications
  • 8. Purposive learning in an age of uncertainty  End of linear models of learning  Cognitive dissonance: what is needed is not being provided  Work as transformative relational matrix  Alienation and anomie in a changing world  Labor market flux and the loss of autonomy  Adaptability and innovation as the norm, not exception  Globalized paradigms and fractured community  Work is not linear either: from production to constant quality  Elephants in the room: power and ownership
  • 9. Shaping enterprise dimensions • Decreasing employee share in national income in all countries • Labor productivity - up 85% since 1980 • Not reflected in wages - up 35% • Declining social mobility • Rising income inequality reflects declining equality of opportunity GlobalWage Report 2012/13, ILO Prof. Miles Corak, Journal of Economic Perspectives 2013 We are increasingly becoming a winner takes all economy… over recent decades, technological change, globalization and erosion of the institutions and practices that support shared prosperity have put the middle class under increasing stress Dr. Alan Krueger Council of Economic Advisers & Princeton (2013)
  • 10. Implications for business • Less than 10% of SMEs in developing countries well prepared for new conditions and increased competition in global markets. • An emerging opportunity to reap potential benefits of global trade is establishment of business linkages between SMEs and transnational corporations (TNCs). • These linkages represent one of the best ways for SMEs to enhance competitiveness and acquire a series of critical missing assets: access to international markets, finance, technology, management skills and specialized knowledge • However, specific linkages promotion programs only have a chance to succeed if a conducive policy environment is set up. UNCTAD Information Economy Report, 2006
  • 11. Digital competence Learning to learn Social and civic competences Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship Cultural awareness and expression. The five competences are transversal. They are cross curricular and pervasive. They support acquisition of all key competencies Developing competence in rehabilitation
  • 12. 2. The Innovation Mantra • Innovation supporting learning • Innovation supporting work • Re-evaluation of traditional methods and structures • Changing needs • Analyzing and responding to impact of globalization • Change without changing – ‘innovation with precedents’ • Facing new realities – using evidence, connecting issues, thinking outside the box
  • 13. Innovation imperatives  Transformational learning and the sociology of innovation  Educational systems as networks of actors who reinforce each other in stable configurations: but stable configurations prevent change  Vested interest acts against innovation and inclusion - seen as threat  It is possible to have incremental change  Systems react to change even if they do not initiate it  The promising path is through disruptive innovation which produces irreversible change (Christensen, Disrupting Class, 2008)
  • 14. Directions and trends  Acceleration  Collaboration and networks  Collaboration with knowledge production centers  Increasing domination by market realities  Towards competence  Integrated learning for integrated learners
  • 15. Global Innovation Index 2014 Edition • Understanding human aspects behind innovation essential for design of policies to promote economic development and richer innovation-prone environments locally. • Recognizing key role of innovation as a driver of economic growth and prosperity, and a broad horizontal vision of innovation applicable to emerging economies: GII includes indicators that go beyond the traditional measures of innovation (e.g. R&D) • Rankings: Switzerland 1 Finland 4 USA 6 Ireland 11 Norway 14
  • 16. Innovation: critical factors  Entrepreneurship  Education standards – critical reflection  Venture capital  Alternative thinking – autonomous acting  Risk-taking  Global reach  Confidence and authenticity  Evaluative capacity and self-correction
  • 17. Making innovation work Identification of what is unique Fostering critical reflection competence Democratic accountability and transparency Identification of real best practice Playing to identified strengths: food, agriculture, technology, community, services, arts Letting go - the stranglehold of bureaucratic thinking: innovation by diktat
  • 18. Irish innovation policy Challenges:  Weak venture fund network  Excessive power in State agencies  Total stagnation in start-ups since 2000 - over reliance on MNCs  Poor indigenous company engagement (OECD 2013)  Poor independent research record  Lack of strategic shared goal setting Advantages:  Ireland is ranked first in Europe for highest degree of SME participation of the 28 EU Member States in FP7 funding programs  ICT, nanotechnology, health, ecology  Changing education systems  Creativity: music, animation, drama
  • 19. Resourcing Innovation • Talent management initiatives • Accurate forecasting of future skill needs • Linkage with leading universities • Human Capital • Organizational Capital • Network Capital Transfers of economically useful scientific knowledge from universities to industry generates substantial economic growth as the experiences of classical high technology regions (e.g. Silicon Valley) and emerging new technology centers around the world demonstrate Listening Linkage Leading
  • 20. 3. Changing vocational counseling  Rehabilitation both structure and process  Aims and goals vary considerably  Rehabilitation systems mirror world, society and relationship- matrix of which they are part  Rehabilitation systems as constraining as liberating  Forum for ideas or market for products? Or both….?  Commodification of knowledge  Impact on education systems (Freire, Illich, Field)  Impact on work (Braverman, Haraszti, Davis)  Impact on community  Knowledge and learning centrally linked as product and process dimensions
  • 21. Education: from Newman to Kerr John Henry Newman (1873) The Idea of the University 1. Primary purpose of a University is intellectual and pedagogical 2. Range of teaching within University is universal; it encompasses all branches of knowledge, and is inconsistent with restrictions of any kind. 3. The University prepares students by allowing them to learn about "the ways and principles and maxims" of the world 4. True education requires personal influence of teachers on students. Clark Kerr (1963) The Uses of the University 1. Modern university is diversified – a multiversity 2. Serves needs of society, economic and cultural 3. Think tank – essential to progress 4. Master Plan for Higher Education (1960) in California
  • 22. Rehabilitation: from Wright to CACREP Total rehabilitation 1. Structured linearity – stability and progress 2. Towards a full life 3. Expectation of paid employment 4. Integration and inclusion 5. From charity to rights Complexity and regulation 1. Cost reduction, control and regulation 2. Impact of legislation 3. Accreditation and licensure 4. Inadequate CPD 5. Coping with change 6. Absence of strategy and international perspective
  • 23. ICT and re-imagining access  Contradictory and paradoxical process  Never greater potential - side by side with increasing disparities of access  What we think:  Citizens  Shared knowledge  Participative engagement  What we have:  Consumers  Increasing exclusion  Significant problems with equitable access
  • 24. The triple helix • Concept: Industry/University/Government • How does learning sustain innovation? • Access to and validation of knowledge central concerns • Changes in governance: autonomy; budgets; performance based practice • Shift to evidence based response to real needs in a time of flux • Emergence of more complex processes of innovation and commercialization of research • Triple Helix Systems of Innovation (Ranga & Etzkowitz 2013)
  • 25. Outlook for partnership  Miller (2003) fundamentally optimistic about transformational potential of new knowledge architectures  Carneiro (2007) identifies Paradigm shifts (industry-globalization-utopia) Delivery modes (role-access-customized) Driving forces (State-market-community) • Intangible assets are the core economic competencies on which strategy depends and a key feature of the global knowledge economy • For businesses this includes intellectual property components (licenses, patents, copyrights, trademarks, etc.) and more subtle intangible capacities embedded in strategic, differentiating competencies.
  • 26. Rehabilitation: changing roles and expectations • Stakeholders expect rehabilitation to respond to needs beyond classic job finding • Strengthening required skills: adaptability and flexibility • Restructuring basic institutions • Assimilating new populations • Democratization, access, social mobility, critical thinking and sustainability • Embedding complexity of modern societies in a dynamic socio-economic-learning matrix for innovative rehabilitation • Industry/corporate linkage occurs in this context • Best practice is multidimensional
  • 27. EU thematic Objectives (2014-20) • Research and innovation • Competitiveness for SMEs • Employment and labour mobility support • Social inclusion and combating poverty • Education, skills and lifelong learning • Institutional capacity building.
  • 28. Rehabilitation/vocational linkage 1. Strategic Research Clusters 2. Centers for Engineering and Technology 3. Competence Centers for staff development 4. Preparation for existing labor market 5. Innovation Partnerships 6. Understanding ICT impact 7. Social media and instant communications 8. Fusion of advice and needs with altered paradigms of work 9. Preparing for a multimodal world where everything alters constantly 10. Permanent mobility
  • 29. 4. Asserting Vision and Values • Stakeholders in rehabilitation are wide-ranging, both internal and external • Pressures on corporate and academic worlds are similar, if different in detail • Vocational Rehabilitation to survive must be relevant and visionary • Professionals are now expected: • To be more outward looking • To provide leadership and service • To make efficiency gains • To maintain standards and quality • To obtain new and additional revenue sources
  • 30. Shaping Trends • Ubiquity and access • Innovation – the new imperative • Universities, Companies, Customers, Communities • Quality, standards and assessment • Curriculum or competence: institutional crisis of modern educational systems • Freedom, openness and creativity in the digital economy • Openness as global logic based on free and open-source software • Battles over digital rights management and IPR • Links between open content, open science and open collaboration make collaborative creativity sustainable • Move from Information Age to Conceptual Age (Daniel Pink 2005)
  • 31. Anticipating the future • Excellence goes beyond mechanical quality measurement systems • Ethics are now central to good business • Critical role of diversity and equality approaches • Gender and inclusion – the centrality of women • Demographics and youth intervention • Competitiveness and sustainability • Disability as business or a place apart? • Offering critical space and alternative perspectives
  • 32. Imaginative discourses of change • Skillbeck Report (2001) • Challenges and changes are within institutions • Changes are ubiquitous • Changes are systemic • Changes are radical • Evolving Corporate Universities Forum (Istanbul 2012) • attract, retain and enhance highly skilled employees • invest in developing a culture of learning throughout the organization • spread a common culture as engines of strategic change • ability to promote importance, value and contribution of a learning culture • ensure integration of HRM systems and policies with learning initiatives • build genuine partnerships with world-class learning institutions
  • 33. The bottom line… An assumption of stable work patterns and linear economic development is no longer possible Learning systems and vocational rehabilitation must innovate and respond accordingly
  • 34. Future directions Training of trainers Understanding a jobless future Multilingualism Developing skills – competence transmission Developing attitudes – securing motivation Developing buy-in – loyalty and commitment Autonomous learning Review, evaluation and research Developing competence
  • 35. Transformative learning  Planning for sustainable outcomes  Planning for equal access - UDL  Avoiding tokenism - systemic approaches  Mainstream - destination or challenge?  Learning from difference  Learning to learn and un-learn (Toffler)  Fostering innovation and equality  Moving beyond econometric targets
  • 36. Further steps  Increased application of new knowledge  Open and distance learning technologies facilitating professional competence  Transformation of traditional job seeking role to mentoring, guiding and facilitation  Development of network of innovative best practice at international level
  • 37. Common trajectories  Demographic changes: ageing and life expectancy  Women and labor market participation  Immigration  Cultural and religious difference  Conflict and stress  Urbanization
  • 38. Conclusions  Vocational rehabilitation and its education support system is at a crossroads: both structure and process  Labor market and education increasingly connected  Planetary focus is on mobility, skills and innovation  Huge impact of increasing inequality of access and of resources  Crisis as the norm  Performance, standards, quality, reproducibility and added value at the heart of competence  Innovative learning demands imagination and vision
  • 39. Thank you Dr. Alan Bruce ULS Dublin abruce@ulsystems.com Associate Offices: BARCELONA - HELSINKI - SÃO PAULO - CHICAGO