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COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION
PERSPECTIVE
LECTURE BY MD. SAIFUDDIN KHALID, PHD
FOR CANDIDATE...
To answer the following questions:
1. What is competence?
2. What is globalization? How are relationships
between globaliz...
WHAT IS COMPETENCE?
Preamble: Pedagogical approach
•A shift from teacher-centered education to learner-centered
education
•A shift from conten...
Degree of abstraction in defining
competencies.
Degree of abstraction Example
High
(not context- and domain-
specific)
Abi...
A theoretical competence model
• The model ideally contains three dimensions:
(a)competence areas
(also called competence ...
Four Elements of Competence
Source: Bridget Leathley, http://www.healthandsafetyatwork.com/hsw/risk-assessment/competence
...
WHAT IS GLOBALIZATION?
The American economist
Theodore Levitt (1925-2006) and
professor at Harvard Business
School is credited with coining the
t...
• Researchers on globalization and education are not drawn
exclusively from one field. The study of the effect of globaliz...
Financescapes
COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 11
FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.A...
• “Globalization of education refers to worldwide networks,
processes, and institutions affecting local educational practi...
1. The adoption by nations of similar educational practices, including curricula, school
organizations, and pedagogies.
2....
GLOBALIZATION IS A HOTLY DISPUTED CONCEPT.
MARTIN CARNOY
THE ARGUMENT AGAINST THE GLOBALIZATION THESIS IS BASED ON
TWO MAJ...
 Anti-Globalization and Their Relations with 
Culture Assimilation/Diversity
COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE...
• Multinationalization of firms has certainly -  multinational firms now 
account for one-third of world’s economic output...
COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 17
FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
IT and Globalization
• In  the  software  world globalization (G11N)  (also  called 
internationalization)  refers  to  th...
COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 19
FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
HOW DO WE MAKE GLOBALIZATION
MORE DEMOCRATIC?
COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAG...
GLOBALIZATION → REGIONALIZATION→LOCALIZATION
GLOBE → COUNTRY→STATE/MUNICIPALITY
COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN ...
• Labour market
• The work organization
• The skills required
• Increases demand on education system
• Educational restruc...
WHAT DOES EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT
ENCOMPASS?
• The International Journal of Education and Development
using Information and Communication Technology
(IJEDICT). URL: ht...
REFERENCES
1. Spring, Joel H. Globalization of Education: An Introduction. Second edition. New
York: Routledge, 2015.
2. S...
Competence and education development in the globalization perspective
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Competence and education development in the globalization perspective

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Competence and education development in the globalization perspective

  1. 1. COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE LECTURE BY MD. SAIFUDDIN KHALID, PHD FOR CANDIDATE PROGRAM IN ICT, LEARNING AND ORGANIZATIONAL TRANSFORMATION 9. SEMESTER MODULET KOMPETENCE- OG UDDANNELSESUDVIKLING I GLOBALISERINGSPERSPEKTIV 9TH SEMESTER COURSE ON COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE VERSION: ILOO-9-10KUG-04092015
  2. 2. To answer the following questions: 1. What is competence? 2. What is globalization? How are relationships between globalization and education? What is globalization of education? Objectives of this lecture COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 2 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  3. 3. WHAT IS COMPETENCE?
  4. 4. Preamble: Pedagogical approach •A shift from teacher-centered education to learner-centered education •A shift from content-centered curricula to competence-centered curricula Definition of competence: •Very broad sense: Context-specific dispositions which are acquired and which are needed to cope successfully with domain-specific situations and tasks. •Very specific sense: Competencies can be formulated as concrete learning outcomes. - the degrees of abstraction in the definitions of competence vary from very broad to very specific Competence COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 4 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  5. 5. Degree of abstraction in defining competencies. Degree of abstraction Example High (not context- and domain- specific) Ability to explain complex information in an understandable way. Medium (context- and domain-specific) Ability to explain mathematical contents in an understandable way which is appropriate for the students’ age. Low (context- and domain-specific learning outcomes) Ability to explain differential equations and their use in an understandable way to grade 12 students. Note: Degrees of abstraction in defining competencies using the example of tertiary teacher education. COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 5 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  6. 6. A theoretical competence model • The model ideally contains three dimensions: (a)competence areas (also called competence structure): E.g. personal competencies, professional competencies, scientific competencies, etc. (b)competence levels Basic to professional level, e.g. both knowledge and skill components (c)competence development E.g. Master’s degree are on a higher level than students holding bachelor’s; that is. competencies are not static but can be enhanced. COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 6 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  7. 7. Four Elements of Competence Source: Bridget Leathley, http://www.healthandsafetyatwork.com/hsw/risk-assessment/competence “The case of Ken Woodward, who was blinded as the result of mixing caustic soda and sodium hypochlorite, is an example of where someone did not know the limits of their own competence.” COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 7 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  8. 8. WHAT IS GLOBALIZATION?
  9. 9. The American economist Theodore Levitt (1925-2006) and professor at Harvard Business School is credited with coining the term globalization in 1983 to describe changes in global economics affecting production, consumption, and investment. Who coined the term “globalization”? The article entitled "Globalization of Markets", which appeared in the May– June 1983 issue of Harvard Business Review. He was also editor of the Harvard Business Review. COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 9 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  10. 10. • Researchers on globalization and education are not drawn exclusively from one field. The study of the effect of globalization on educational processes is developing its own academic language — global flows of ideas, practices, institutions, and people, such as: 1. ethnoscapes, the movement of the world’s peoples; 2. financescapes, the movement of trade, money, and capital; 3. technoscapes, the movement of technology; 4. mediascapes, the movement of images and ideas in popular culture; 5. and ideoscapes, the movement of ideas and practices concerning government and other institutional policies. Flow provides a general conceptual framework for the process of globalization. The study of globalization and education vs. the traditional fields of education/other Spring, Joel. “Research on Globalization and Education.” Review of Educational Research 78, no. 2 (June 1, 2008): 330–63. doi:10.3102/0034654308317846.
  11. 11. Financescapes COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 11 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  12. 12. • “Globalization of education refers to worldwide networks, processes, and institutions affecting local educational practices and policies. The key word is “worldwide”. • Events happen on a global scale that affect national and local school systems. Global educational policies exist in a superstructure above national and local schools. Nothing is static in this superstructure. Nations continue to independently control their school systems while being influenced by this superstructure of global education processes. Today, many nations choose to adopt policies from this global superstructure to complete in the global economy.” - Chapter 1, Paragraph 1, - Spring, Joel H. Globalization of Education: An Introduction. Second edition. New York: Routledge, 2015. Globalization of education
  13. 13. 1. The adoption by nations of similar educational practices, including curricula, school organizations, and pedagogies. 2. Global discourses that are influencing local and national educational policymakers, school administrators, college faculties, and teachers. 3. Intergovernmental and nongovernment organizations that influence national and local educational practices. 4. Global networks and flow of ideas and practices. 5. Multinational corporations that market educational products such as tests, curricula, and school materials. 6. Global marketing of higher education and educational services. 7. Global information technology, e-learning and communications 8. The effect of the world migration of peoples on national and local school policies and practices regarding multiculturalism. 9. The current effect of English as the global language of commerce on local school curricula and cultures 10. Global models of religious and Indigenous education Key Points: The Components of Educational Globalization (Spring, 2015) COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 13 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  14. 14. GLOBALIZATION IS A HOTLY DISPUTED CONCEPT. MARTIN CARNOY THE ARGUMENT AGAINST THE GLOBALIZATION THESIS IS BASED ON TWO MAJOR ASSERTIONS: 1.‘TRANSNATIONAL’ CORPORATIONS ARE NOT TRANSNATIONAL BUT ‘MULTINATIONAL’. 2.NATIONAL ECONOMIC REGULATION IS STILL THE MAIN FORM OF PUBLIC ECONOMIC INTERVENTION AND CONTROL COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 14 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  15. 15.  Anti-Globalization and Their Relations with  Culture Assimilation/Diversity COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 15 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  16. 16. • Multinationalization of firms has certainly -  multinational firms now  account for one-third of world’s economic output and two-thirds of  world trade, with 32 per cent of world trade composed of intra-firm  trade, unreported in standard trade statistics (UNCTAD, 1993). • For educational technologists, globalization is a reconceptualization about economic and social space and time. Firms, workers,  students, and even children watching television or using the Internet  at school, are reconceptualizing their ‘world’, whether that world is  defined as a market, a location for production, a place to work, a  source of information, a place to vacation, or a source of  environmental problems. Manuel Castells calls this the ‘space of  flows’ YET… COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 16 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  17. 17. COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 17 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  18. 18. IT and Globalization • In  the  software  world globalization (G11N)  (also  called  internationalization)  refers  to  the  process  of  developing  and  designing websites and software so that they can be adapted to  different  languages  and  regions  with  minimal  design  and/or  engineering changes.  • Localization (L10N), on the other hand, means adapting a website  or  software  for  a  particular  location.  It  includes  translation,  but  also includes making sure that everything—from the use of colors  to graphics to date fields in forms—conforms to local usages. • The term website globalization is often used to refer the  combination of both internationalization and localization. But this  usage doesn’t really capture the tension that often exists in trying  to combine the global with the local. Balancing global and local  content on corporate websites is one of the biggest challenges  facing global marketers. COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 18 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  19. 19. COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 19 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  20. 20. HOW DO WE MAKE GLOBALIZATION MORE DEMOCRATIC? COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 20 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  21. 21. GLOBALIZATION → REGIONALIZATION→LOCALIZATION GLOBE → COUNTRY→STATE/MUNICIPALITY COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 21 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  22. 22. • Labour market • The work organization • The skills required • Increases demand on education system • Educational restructuring through decentralization, privatization and the rapid increase of instruments for the measurement of education quality. Globalization affects .. COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 22 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  23. 23. WHAT DOES EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT ENCOMPASS?
  24. 24. • The International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT). URL: http://ijedict.dec.uwi.edu/ International Journal of Educational Development COMPETENCE AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERSPECTIVE– PAGE 24 FALL 2015 KHALID@LEARNING.AAU.DK
  25. 25. REFERENCES 1. Spring, Joel H. Globalization of Education: An Introduction. Second edition. New York: Routledge, 2015. 2. Spring, Joel. “Research on Globalization and Education.” Review of Educational Research 78, no. 2 (June 1, 2008): 330–63. doi:10.3102/0034654308317846. 3. Carnoy, Martin. Globalization and Educational Reform: What Planners Need to Know. Paris: Unesco, International Institute for Educational Planning, 1999. 4. Bottery, Mike. “Education and Globalization: Redefining the Role of the Educational Professional.” Educational Review 58, no. 1 (February 1, 2006): 95– 113. doi:10.1080/00131910500352804. 5. Rizvi, Fazal, and Bob Lingard. “Globalization and Education: Complexities and Contingencies.” Educational Theory 50, no. 4 (December 1, 2000): 419–26. doi:10.1111/j.1741-5446.2000.00419.x. 6. Green, Andy. “Education and Globalization in Europe and East Asia: Convergent and Divergent Trends.” Journal of Education Policy 14, no. 1 (January 1, 1999): 55–71. doi:10.1080/026809399286495. 7. Stromquist, Nelly P., and Karen Monkman. Globalization and Education: Integration and Contestation Across Cultures. Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.

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