SlideShare a Scribd company logo
6th October 2010
Bundestag , Berlin



The Economics of Ecosystems & Biodiversity

                        Pavan Sukhdev
                    Study Leader – TEEB, &
       Special Adviser & Head - Green Economy Initiative
                             UNEP
TEEB’s genesis …
                               “Potsdam Initiative – Biological Diversity 2010”
                                 ……the economic significance of the global
                                      loss of biological diversity….




  TEEB Interim Report
CBD COP-9, Bonn, May 2008


                       TEEB Climate Issues Update
                       Strömstad September 2009.
                                                    TEEB for Policy Makers
                                                     Brussels 13 Nov. 2009
What is TEEB?
                                     Science & Economics
                             D0      Foundations, Policy
                                     Costs, & Costs of Inaction

                                     Policy Evaluation
                              D1     for National Policy-Makers


                                     Evaluation & Decision
                              D2     Support
                                     for Administrators


                              D3     Business Risks
                                     & Opportunities


                              D4     Citizen & Consumer
                                     Ownership (“teeb4me”)


 TEEB's mission is to make Nature economically visible
TEEB Advisory Board




                 Joan-Martinez Alier      Edward Barbier
 Achim Steiner                                                Jacqueline McGlade   Giles Atkinson




   Lord Stern      Jochen Flasbarth    Julia Marton-Lefevre    Peter H. May        Karl-Goran Maler




 Herman Mulder       Walter Reid         Ahmed Djoghlaf       Yolanda Kakabadse     Ladislav Miko
“Private Profits, Public Losses”
US$/ha                                                                     Shrimp Farm
                                                                           Mangroves
                                                               $12,392ha
10,000
             $9632ha


                                                                  After adding
5,000                                                             public
                                                                  benefits
                                    $1220ha                       from
                       $584ha                 $584ha              mangroves
              private profits       private private     Net of
   0                                 profits profits    public costs
                                       less             of




                                                                                         Source: Barbier 2007
                                  subsidies             restoration
                                                        after 5
                                                        years
        If public wealth is included, the “trade-off”
              choice changes completely…..
                                                        -ve $11,172ha
Why is it TEEB important?

• Ecosystem Services form 45%-90% of the “GDP
  of the Poor” in rural and forested lands,
• But we are losing land ecosystem services valued
  at $2tr-$4.5tr in terms of human welfare benefits
• Phase 1 sized the Problem, Phase 2 describes
  Solutions
• Effective, Equitable and Economically justifiable
  solutions EXIST - we describe 120 examples !
Valuations, Operating Spaces, Responses….

                                             Norms, Regulations
                                             & Policies
                    Regional Plans (24)
                        Legislations (3)
                                               Economic
  Value                 Certification (6)      Mechanisms
  Recognition
                        PA Evaluation (29)
                            PES (55)
        Econ Value                              Markets
        Demonstration     Econ Value
                          Capture
Opportunities for mainstreaming

• Cancun UNFCCC COP
   – Climate change mitigation policy needs to reflect wider
     costs and benefits for biodiversity (Coral reef emergency /
     REDD).
   – Climate change adaptation finance needs to consider the
     compelling economics of using ecosystem restoration.
• Rio+20
   – Formally recognise the links between biodiversity, climate
     change, development, water and food security
Recommendation : Invest in ecological infrastructure
           • Tropical forests store a fourth of all terrestrial carbon
               – 547 gigatonnes (Gt) out 2,052 Gt    (Trumper et al. 2009)


           • Tropical forest capture
               – up to 4.8 Gt CO2 annually (Lewis & White 2009)
                 (total emissions p.a. ~32Gt)

           • Stopping deforestation holds an excellent cost-benefit
             ratio
               – Halving deforestation generates net benefits of about
                 $ 3.7 trillion (NPV) including only the avoided damage
                 costs of climate change (Eliasch Review 2008)




                                                                             9
Recomm : Recognise the value of protected areas
• Global spending on PAs p.a.:                 ~ $6.5-10 billion
• Need for PAs (15% land, 30% sea) p.a.:       ~ $45 billion
• Need for Natura2000 p.a.:                    ~ $6.5 billion
• Benefits from effective PAs p.a.:            ~$4-5 trillion

• International NGO funding:                   ~ >$1 billion
  p.a.
• International gov funding (30-50% to PAs):   ~$4-5 billion p.a.
• Market-based income to PAs                   ~ $1-2 billion p.a
• Percentage of total ODA:                     ~ 2.8%

(TEEB D1 ch8)
Investment in ecological infrastructure

Ecological infrastructure key for adaptation to climate change


•   Afforestation: carbon store+ reduced risk of soil erosion & landslides
•   Wetlands and forests and reduced risk of flooding impacts
•   Mangroves and coastal erosion and natural hazards
•   Restore Forests, lakes and wetlands to address water scarcity
•   Coral reefs as fish nurseries for fisheries productivity / food security
•   PAs & connectivity to facilitate resilience of ecosystems and species

                     From local to national to EU efforts

                     Global responsibility / contribution
Investments in Ecological Infrastructure
for Climate adaptation

• restoration can be cost effective way of
  providing a service :


   planting mangroves along coastline in Vietnam cost
      $1.1 million but saved $ 7.3 million annually in
      dyke maintenance (GRID-Arendal 2002; Reid and Huq
     2005)
Example : Nature-based climate change
       mitigation, Germany
• drainage of 930,000 ha peatlands in Germany for agriculture cause
  emissions of 20 Mio. t of CO2-eq. per year
• total damage of these emissions amounts to 1.4 billion €
• peatland restoration: low cost and biodiversity friendly mitigation option
 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern:
     • pilot project between 2000-2008
       • restoration of 30,000 ha (10%)
       • emission savings of up to 300,000 t CO2-eq.
       • avoidance cost of 8 to 12 € / t CO2
       • if alternative land use options are realized
         (extensive grazing, reed production or alder
         forest) costs decrease to 0 to 4 € / t CO2
       • where Maize can be grown restoration can not
         compete
                                                                        Restored peatland in Trebeltal 2007
Source: Federal Environmental Agency 2007; MLUV MV 2009; Schäfer 2009
                                                                        Foto: D. Zak, http://www.fv-berlin.de
Natural resource management & spatial planning

•   Flooding of River Elbe, Germany (2002), Damage over EUR 2 billion
•   Assessment that flood damage (+ cost of dams) by far exceed costs of
    upstream flooding arrangements with land holders
→ The value of upstream ecosystems in regulating floods was re-
  discovered
→ Local authorities start changing spatial planning & seeking
  arrangements upstream (but still have a lot to do)
River Elbe flooding, Germany
 Step 1: Specify and agree on the problem
 • August 2002 heavy floods of the river Elbe, direct economic damage of
    over 9 billion €
 • occasion to revise system of flood protection
    towards integrated flood risk management

 Step 2: Which ecosystem service are relevant
 • flood protection
 • habitat for a multitude of species
 • nutrient retention                                                   © DPA




 Step 3: Define information needs and select methods
 • CBA of different alternatives (relocate dykes, establish polder)
 • replacement costs for assessment of the nutrient and pollutant filters
 • contingent valuation for the willingness to pay for flood control
Step 4: Conduct the assessment
• relocation of the dykes creates a new flood
   retention area of just 35,000 ha of land
• establish polder includes the creation of a surface
   of 3,248 ha
• combination of both measures with dike relocations
   (3402 ha) and steered polders (4143 ha)
Step 5: Identify and appraise policy options
• all options have a positive benefit-cost-ratio if
   environmental benefits are included:
• BCR:          - relocation of the dykes = 3.1
                - establish polders = 9.9
                - combination = 4.6
Step 6: Assess the distributional impacts of
   policy response                                                     © Grossmann, M.; Hartje, V.; Meyerhoff, J.

• Maps are being made that indicate economic losses
   and social impacts
                                    Sources: Grossmann, M., Hartje, V., Meyerhoff, J. (2010) Ökonomische Bewertung
                                    naturverträglicher Hochwasservorsorge an der Elbe. Naturschutz und Biologische
                                    Vielfalt 89, Bundesamt für Naturschutz: Bonn.
Opportunity ahead: Research needs for
    Germany (and Europe)
• Give yourself an overview: What is the natural
  capital in Germany?
>> A TEEB for Germany and a national
  ecosystem assessment will help to show the
  way
• More than 1000 studies on valuation of ecosystem
  services across the world – but only few from
  central Europe
>> More studies and better methods needed
• Major instruments have been developed (e.g.,
  habitat banking, ecological fiscal transfer)
>> develop them further and implement them
TEEB and economic development

• From Interim Report (2008), & Report for local and regional
  policy makers (2010) : biodiversity is acutely important for
  the worst off in society

   – Ecosystems contribution to the “GDP” of the poor -
     subsistence farmers, pastoralists, forest-dwellers…

   – Links to the MDGs : 1, 3, 4, 5 and 7.
Ecosystem Services and Poverty

                                      Indonesia                   India            Brazil
Ecosystem services dependency             99 million             352 million     20 million
                                                      21%                  16%                10%

Ecosystem services as a                                                            90%
                                          79%                     84%
% of classical GDP

                                                                                 11%
                                                25%
Ecosystem services as a % of                                              47%
                                      75%                       53%
“GDP of the Poor”                                                                        89%




                                                            Ecosystem services


    “GDP of the Poor” is most seriously impacted by ecosystem losses


 Source: Gundimeda and Sukhdev, D1 TEEB
 06.10.2010                                     19
Opportunity ahead:
 The need for a
 more ambitous CBD
 strategy and
 implementation
• foster mainstreaming
  in all policy areas
• address indirect
  drivers
• Develop and use
  innovative financial
  mechanisms
• ABS regime with fair
  rules
TEEB in CBD COP-10…
 CBD Strategic Plan : 14 (e) and (f)

                       (UNEP/CBD/WG-RI/3/L.9)

 SBSTTA 14 - XIV/4.. (… protected areas…) ( c ) 8.

 SBSTTA 14 - XIV/6… (.. Article 10 … (sustainable use
                       of biodiversity…) 1. )

 SBSTTA 14 - XIV/15 (…. Incentive measures …)

                       (Article 11…(# 2, 4, 8 and 11) )
TEEB After Nagoya ?
Four Assets Maintain & Develop….
Post TEEB reports, Post Nagoya :
Stakeholder demands….
  End-Users                   Demand Indications

  Developing Countries…       ESS valuations, local capacity-building, &
                              implementation support
  EC, Brazil, India, Japan,   Collaboration &TEEB Reps for National/ Regional
  Germany ….                  TEEB studies
  WB, ADB, UNEP, OECD,        SEEA “first-mover nations” ( 5-6 each developed
  others …                    and developing ) for Ecosystem Accounting
  ICAEW, IASB, GRI, WBCSD,    Sector Impact Estimates ( over 500 calculations
  Corporations….              TEEB D3 “China/Cons/Forests” model… ) &
                              Sector TEEB (eg : Agriculture ; Finance ; etc)
  Citizens, NGOs…             TEEB Outreach, esp. through social media,
                              traditional media, advertising sector, cpartners,
                              CSR, NGOs …

• Shift from demand for research to demand for advice on
  implementation of „TEEB‟ approach
“Demand for isolated theory is getting weaker,
  for applied economics is getting stronger…”
        (John Gowdy, President, ISEE - at Bremen)

• Capacity Building for Developing Countries

• “Country” and “Regional” TEEB - for Policy- makers

• Green Accounting Project – WB and Others

• Estimating Business Sector Externalities

• Stewardship & Quality Assurance - TEEB Approach

• Prioritizing Ecology & Valuation Knowledge Gaps

• Communicating the Issue to Society at Large
Challenge : ECUADOR’S Conservation Proposal
( Yasuni Preserved, ITT Oil stays in ground) ?




                           Yasuni National Park –
                           “the most biodiverse
                           wilderness on Earth”

25
Thank You !

www.teebweb.org

www.teeb4me.com

More Related Content

What's hot

Redd pilot
Redd pilotRedd pilot
Redd pilot
APGYF2012
 
Bio carbon Fund Portfolio Models LULUCF for smallholder and community forestr...
Bio carbon Fund Portfolio Models LULUCF for smallholder and community forestr...Bio carbon Fund Portfolio Models LULUCF for smallholder and community forestr...
Bio carbon Fund Portfolio Models LULUCF for smallholder and community forestr...
CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Community Forestry International (2011) Umiam Sub-Watershed REDD+ Project, Me...
Community Forestry International (2011) Umiam Sub-Watershed REDD+ Project, Me...Community Forestry International (2011) Umiam Sub-Watershed REDD+ Project, Me...
Community Forestry International (2011) Umiam Sub-Watershed REDD+ Project, Me...
theREDDdesk
 
India teeb launch pavan sukhdev
India teeb launch   pavan sukhdevIndia teeb launch   pavan sukhdev
India teeb launch pavan sukhdev
PavanSukhdevGist
 
CCN business plan English version
CCN business plan English versionCCN business plan English version
CCN business plan English version
Antal Boros
 
English Version Ccn Business Plan(Long) 24 March 2011 (L)(5)
English Version   Ccn Business Plan(Long)   24 March 2011 (L)(5)English Version   Ccn Business Plan(Long)   24 March 2011 (L)(5)
English Version Ccn Business Plan(Long) 24 March 2011 (L)(5)
naroseo
 
Economic impacts of IAS PtB of IEEP at the IUCN EP event 21 feb 2013 fin…
Economic impacts of IAS PtB of IEEP at the IUCN EP event 21 feb 2013 fin…Economic impacts of IAS PtB of IEEP at the IUCN EP event 21 feb 2013 fin…
Economic impacts of IAS PtB of IEEP at the IUCN EP event 21 feb 2013 fin…
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
Cbd introduction redd plus biodiversity safeguards
Cbd introduction redd plus biodiversity safeguardsCbd introduction redd plus biodiversity safeguards
Cbd introduction redd plus biodiversity safeguards
theREDDdesk
 
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Business and Biodiversity TEEB ENCA presentation
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Business and Biodiversity TEEB ENCA presentation Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Business and Biodiversity TEEB ENCA presentation
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Business and Biodiversity TEEB ENCA presentation
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
Mainstreaming Environmental Priorities: A European Perspective
Mainstreaming Environmental Priorities:  A European PerspectiveMainstreaming Environmental Priorities:  A European Perspective
Mainstreaming Environmental Priorities: A European Perspective
Environmental Protection Agency, Ireland
 
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Natura 2000 and Nature & Green Economy EP 3 De...
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Natura 2000 and Nature & Green Economy EP 3 De...Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Natura 2000 and Nature & Green Economy EP 3 De...
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Natura 2000 and Nature & Green Economy EP 3 De...
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
Blue-Carbon-NDC-Appendix
Blue-Carbon-NDC-AppendixBlue-Carbon-NDC-Appendix
Blue-Carbon-NDC-Appendix
Chelsey Bryson
 
PtB of IEEP TEEB presentation to WBCSD 12 Mar 2010
PtB of IEEP TEEB presentation to WBCSD 12 Mar 2010PtB of IEEP TEEB presentation to WBCSD 12 Mar 2010
PtB of IEEP TEEB presentation to WBCSD 12 Mar 2010
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
TEEB by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Oslo PES Workshop 5 May 2009 Final
TEEB by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Oslo PES Workshop 5 May 2009 FinalTEEB by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Oslo PES Workshop 5 May 2009 Final
TEEB by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Oslo PES Workshop 5 May 2009 Final
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
CAN FOREST-PROTECTION CARBON PROJECTS IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOODS? ANALYSIS OF ...
CAN FOREST-PROTECTION CARBON PROJECTS IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOODS? ANALYSIS OF ...CAN FOREST-PROTECTION CARBON PROJECTS IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOODS? ANALYSIS OF ...
CAN FOREST-PROTECTION CARBON PROJECTS IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOODS? ANALYSIS OF ...
Fundación Natura Bolivia
 
Pashupati Nath KOIRALA "Forest entitlement and benefit sharing in community f...
Pashupati Nath KOIRALA "Forest entitlement and benefit sharing in community f...Pashupati Nath KOIRALA "Forest entitlement and benefit sharing in community f...
Pashupati Nath KOIRALA "Forest entitlement and benefit sharing in community f...
Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Economics of GI Patrick ten Brink for the European Parliament 24 September 2013
Economics of GI Patrick ten Brink for the European Parliament 24 September 2013Economics of GI Patrick ten Brink for the European Parliament 24 September 2013
Economics of GI Patrick ten Brink for the European Parliament 24 September 2013
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
Multiple costs of IAS PtB Ostende 21 Nov 2013 final
Multiple costs of IAS PtB Ostende 21 Nov 2013 finalMultiple costs of IAS PtB Ostende 21 Nov 2013 final
Multiple costs of IAS PtB Ostende 21 Nov 2013 final
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
PtB of IEEP TEEB ESS and Policy ESP Partnership Conference 4 October 2011
PtB of IEEP TEEB ESS and Policy ESP Partnership Conference 4 October 2011PtB of IEEP TEEB ESS and Policy ESP Partnership Conference 4 October 2011
PtB of IEEP TEEB ESS and Policy ESP Partnership Conference 4 October 2011
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
Wgbc Brochure13 05 2011
Wgbc Brochure13 05 2011Wgbc Brochure13 05 2011
Wgbc Brochure13 05 2011
morrinnoel
 

What's hot (20)

Redd pilot
Redd pilotRedd pilot
Redd pilot
 
Bio carbon Fund Portfolio Models LULUCF for smallholder and community forestr...
Bio carbon Fund Portfolio Models LULUCF for smallholder and community forestr...Bio carbon Fund Portfolio Models LULUCF for smallholder and community forestr...
Bio carbon Fund Portfolio Models LULUCF for smallholder and community forestr...
 
Community Forestry International (2011) Umiam Sub-Watershed REDD+ Project, Me...
Community Forestry International (2011) Umiam Sub-Watershed REDD+ Project, Me...Community Forestry International (2011) Umiam Sub-Watershed REDD+ Project, Me...
Community Forestry International (2011) Umiam Sub-Watershed REDD+ Project, Me...
 
India teeb launch pavan sukhdev
India teeb launch   pavan sukhdevIndia teeb launch   pavan sukhdev
India teeb launch pavan sukhdev
 
CCN business plan English version
CCN business plan English versionCCN business plan English version
CCN business plan English version
 
English Version Ccn Business Plan(Long) 24 March 2011 (L)(5)
English Version   Ccn Business Plan(Long)   24 March 2011 (L)(5)English Version   Ccn Business Plan(Long)   24 March 2011 (L)(5)
English Version Ccn Business Plan(Long) 24 March 2011 (L)(5)
 
Economic impacts of IAS PtB of IEEP at the IUCN EP event 21 feb 2013 fin…
Economic impacts of IAS PtB of IEEP at the IUCN EP event 21 feb 2013 fin…Economic impacts of IAS PtB of IEEP at the IUCN EP event 21 feb 2013 fin…
Economic impacts of IAS PtB of IEEP at the IUCN EP event 21 feb 2013 fin…
 
Cbd introduction redd plus biodiversity safeguards
Cbd introduction redd plus biodiversity safeguardsCbd introduction redd plus biodiversity safeguards
Cbd introduction redd plus biodiversity safeguards
 
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Business and Biodiversity TEEB ENCA presentation
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Business and Biodiversity TEEB ENCA presentation Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Business and Biodiversity TEEB ENCA presentation
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Business and Biodiversity TEEB ENCA presentation
 
Mainstreaming Environmental Priorities: A European Perspective
Mainstreaming Environmental Priorities:  A European PerspectiveMainstreaming Environmental Priorities:  A European Perspective
Mainstreaming Environmental Priorities: A European Perspective
 
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Natura 2000 and Nature & Green Economy EP 3 De...
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Natura 2000 and Nature & Green Economy EP 3 De...Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Natura 2000 and Nature & Green Economy EP 3 De...
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Natura 2000 and Nature & Green Economy EP 3 De...
 
Blue-Carbon-NDC-Appendix
Blue-Carbon-NDC-AppendixBlue-Carbon-NDC-Appendix
Blue-Carbon-NDC-Appendix
 
PtB of IEEP TEEB presentation to WBCSD 12 Mar 2010
PtB of IEEP TEEB presentation to WBCSD 12 Mar 2010PtB of IEEP TEEB presentation to WBCSD 12 Mar 2010
PtB of IEEP TEEB presentation to WBCSD 12 Mar 2010
 
TEEB by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Oslo PES Workshop 5 May 2009 Final
TEEB by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Oslo PES Workshop 5 May 2009 FinalTEEB by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Oslo PES Workshop 5 May 2009 Final
TEEB by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Oslo PES Workshop 5 May 2009 Final
 
CAN FOREST-PROTECTION CARBON PROJECTS IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOODS? ANALYSIS OF ...
CAN FOREST-PROTECTION CARBON PROJECTS IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOODS? ANALYSIS OF ...CAN FOREST-PROTECTION CARBON PROJECTS IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOODS? ANALYSIS OF ...
CAN FOREST-PROTECTION CARBON PROJECTS IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOODS? ANALYSIS OF ...
 
Pashupati Nath KOIRALA "Forest entitlement and benefit sharing in community f...
Pashupati Nath KOIRALA "Forest entitlement and benefit sharing in community f...Pashupati Nath KOIRALA "Forest entitlement and benefit sharing in community f...
Pashupati Nath KOIRALA "Forest entitlement and benefit sharing in community f...
 
Economics of GI Patrick ten Brink for the European Parliament 24 September 2013
Economics of GI Patrick ten Brink for the European Parliament 24 September 2013Economics of GI Patrick ten Brink for the European Parliament 24 September 2013
Economics of GI Patrick ten Brink for the European Parliament 24 September 2013
 
Multiple costs of IAS PtB Ostende 21 Nov 2013 final
Multiple costs of IAS PtB Ostende 21 Nov 2013 finalMultiple costs of IAS PtB Ostende 21 Nov 2013 final
Multiple costs of IAS PtB Ostende 21 Nov 2013 final
 
PtB of IEEP TEEB ESS and Policy ESP Partnership Conference 4 October 2011
PtB of IEEP TEEB ESS and Policy ESP Partnership Conference 4 October 2011PtB of IEEP TEEB ESS and Policy ESP Partnership Conference 4 October 2011
PtB of IEEP TEEB ESS and Policy ESP Partnership Conference 4 October 2011
 
Wgbc Brochure13 05 2011
Wgbc Brochure13 05 2011Wgbc Brochure13 05 2011
Wgbc Brochure13 05 2011
 

Viewers also liked

CSS3
CSS3CSS3
Animaliak ( Marrazoa)
Animaliak (  Marrazoa)Animaliak (  Marrazoa)
Animaliak ( Marrazoa)
Irakasleak
 
Hugo Ruvalcaba PresentacióN Coloquio
Hugo Ruvalcaba PresentacióN ColoquioHugo Ruvalcaba PresentacióN Coloquio
Hugo Ruvalcaba PresentacióN Coloquio
Rubén Lira
 
Design sto Wordpress: Κλέβοντας λίγη από τη χάρη του Expression Engine
Design sto Wordpress: Κλέβοντας λίγη από τη χάρη του Expression Engine Design sto Wordpress: Κλέβοντας λίγη από τη χάρη του Expression Engine
Design sto Wordpress: Κλέβοντας λίγη από τη χάρη του Expression Engine
Yiannis Konstantakopoulos
 
Deconstructing the myth of workaholics in web teams
Deconstructing the myth of workaholics in web teamsDeconstructing the myth of workaholics in web teams
Deconstructing the myth of workaholics in web teams
Yiannis Konstantakopoulos
 
Oc2
Oc2Oc2

Viewers also liked (6)

CSS3
CSS3CSS3
CSS3
 
Animaliak ( Marrazoa)
Animaliak (  Marrazoa)Animaliak (  Marrazoa)
Animaliak ( Marrazoa)
 
Hugo Ruvalcaba PresentacióN Coloquio
Hugo Ruvalcaba PresentacióN ColoquioHugo Ruvalcaba PresentacióN Coloquio
Hugo Ruvalcaba PresentacióN Coloquio
 
Design sto Wordpress: Κλέβοντας λίγη από τη χάρη του Expression Engine
Design sto Wordpress: Κλέβοντας λίγη από τη χάρη του Expression Engine Design sto Wordpress: Κλέβοντας λίγη από τη χάρη του Expression Engine
Design sto Wordpress: Κλέβοντας λίγη από τη χάρη του Expression Engine
 
Deconstructing the myth of workaholics in web teams
Deconstructing the myth of workaholics in web teamsDeconstructing the myth of workaholics in web teams
Deconstructing the myth of workaholics in web teams
 
Oc2
Oc2Oc2
Oc2
 

Similar to The Economics of Ecosystems & Biodiversity

PtB TEEB for Policy Makers Webinar/Earthcast 7 april 2011
PtB TEEB for Policy Makers Webinar/Earthcast 7 april 2011PtB TEEB for Policy Makers Webinar/Earthcast 7 april 2011
PtB TEEB for Policy Makers Webinar/Earthcast 7 april 2011
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
Cost of Protecting Nature Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Athens April 2009 Fina...
Cost of Protecting Nature Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Athens April 2009 Fina...Cost of Protecting Nature Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Athens April 2009 Fina...
Cost of Protecting Nature Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Athens April 2009 Fina...
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
REDD in Asia - Challenges and Opportunities
REDD in Asia - Challenges and OpportunitiesREDD in Asia - Challenges and Opportunities
REDD in Asia - Challenges and Opportunities
CIFOR-ICRAF
 
TEEB biodiversity and Water Patrick ten Brink of IEEP presentation at water d...
TEEB biodiversity and Water Patrick ten Brink of IEEP presentation at water d...TEEB biodiversity and Water Patrick ten Brink of IEEP presentation at water d...
TEEB biodiversity and Water Patrick ten Brink of IEEP presentation at water d...
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
Blake Lapthorn Green Breakfast with guest speaker Andrew Mitchell, founder an...
Blake Lapthorn Green Breakfast with guest speaker Andrew Mitchell, founder an...Blake Lapthorn Green Breakfast with guest speaker Andrew Mitchell, founder an...
Blake Lapthorn Green Breakfast with guest speaker Andrew Mitchell, founder an...
Blake Morgan
 
PtB of IEEP TEEB Nagoya results SP and ABS
PtB of IEEP TEEB Nagoya results SP and ABSPtB of IEEP TEEB Nagoya results SP and ABS
PtB of IEEP TEEB Nagoya results SP and ABS
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
Mitigating Climate Change via Market-based Forest Conservation
Mitigating Climate Change via Market-based Forest ConservationMitigating Climate Change via Market-based Forest Conservation
Mitigating Climate Change via Market-based Forest Conservation
Andrew Courtney
 
Michael P Totten A Climate For Life Mesh Talk Bioneer Los Angeles 12 09 09
Michael P Totten A Climate For Life Mesh Talk Bioneer Los Angeles 12 09 09Michael P Totten A Climate For Life Mesh Talk Bioneer Los Angeles 12 09 09
Michael P Totten A Climate For Life Mesh Talk Bioneer Los Angeles 12 09 09
Michael P Totten
 
MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...
MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...
MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...
MYRA School of Business
 
MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...
MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...
MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...
MyRA School of Business
 
Huberman Hanoi 2404
Huberman Hanoi 2404Huberman Hanoi 2404
Huberman Hanoi 2404
cuongtdi
 
Huberman Hanoi 2404
Huberman Hanoi 2404Huberman Hanoi 2404
Huberman Hanoi 2404
cuongtdi
 
Climate change & REDD
Climate change & REDDClimate change & REDD
Climate change & REDD
ict4devwg
 
TEEB and climate by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Delta & Climate Conf Rotterd...
TEEB and climate by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Delta & Climate Conf Rotterd...TEEB and climate by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Delta & Climate Conf Rotterd...
TEEB and climate by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Delta & Climate Conf Rotterd...
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
Ariste - Agroforestry
Ariste - AgroforestryAriste - Agroforestry
Ariste - Agroforestry
Copenhagen_Consensus
 
TEEB Phase 2 Introduction by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at the EEB Biodiversit...
TEEB Phase 2 Introduction by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at the EEB Biodiversit...TEEB Phase 2 Introduction by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at the EEB Biodiversit...
TEEB Phase 2 Introduction by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at the EEB Biodiversit...
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
Exxon mobil (Environmental Economics POV)
Exxon mobil (Environmental Economics POV)Exxon mobil (Environmental Economics POV)
Exxon mobil (Environmental Economics POV)
Sherif Ali
 
Water, ecosystem services and nature: putting the ‘green’ into green economy_...
Water, ecosystem services and nature:putting the ‘green’ into green economy_...Water, ecosystem services and nature:putting the ‘green’ into green economy_...
Water, ecosystem services and nature: putting the ‘green’ into green economy_...
Marianne Kettunen
 
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB nature and Green Economy 18 june 2012 ISEE ev...
Patrick ten Brink  of IEEP TEEB nature and Green Economy 18 june 2012 ISEE ev...Patrick ten Brink  of IEEP TEEB nature and Green Economy 18 june 2012 ISEE ev...
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB nature and Green Economy 18 june 2012 ISEE ev...
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Water and Wetlands introduction 15 june 2012
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Water and Wetlands introduction 15 june 2012 Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Water and Wetlands introduction 15 june 2012
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Water and Wetlands introduction 15 june 2012
Institute for European Environmental Policy IEEP
 

Similar to The Economics of Ecosystems & Biodiversity (20)

PtB TEEB for Policy Makers Webinar/Earthcast 7 april 2011
PtB TEEB for Policy Makers Webinar/Earthcast 7 april 2011PtB TEEB for Policy Makers Webinar/Earthcast 7 april 2011
PtB TEEB for Policy Makers Webinar/Earthcast 7 april 2011
 
Cost of Protecting Nature Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Athens April 2009 Fina...
Cost of Protecting Nature Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Athens April 2009 Fina...Cost of Protecting Nature Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Athens April 2009 Fina...
Cost of Protecting Nature Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Athens April 2009 Fina...
 
REDD in Asia - Challenges and Opportunities
REDD in Asia - Challenges and OpportunitiesREDD in Asia - Challenges and Opportunities
REDD in Asia - Challenges and Opportunities
 
TEEB biodiversity and Water Patrick ten Brink of IEEP presentation at water d...
TEEB biodiversity and Water Patrick ten Brink of IEEP presentation at water d...TEEB biodiversity and Water Patrick ten Brink of IEEP presentation at water d...
TEEB biodiversity and Water Patrick ten Brink of IEEP presentation at water d...
 
Blake Lapthorn Green Breakfast with guest speaker Andrew Mitchell, founder an...
Blake Lapthorn Green Breakfast with guest speaker Andrew Mitchell, founder an...Blake Lapthorn Green Breakfast with guest speaker Andrew Mitchell, founder an...
Blake Lapthorn Green Breakfast with guest speaker Andrew Mitchell, founder an...
 
PtB of IEEP TEEB Nagoya results SP and ABS
PtB of IEEP TEEB Nagoya results SP and ABSPtB of IEEP TEEB Nagoya results SP and ABS
PtB of IEEP TEEB Nagoya results SP and ABS
 
Mitigating Climate Change via Market-based Forest Conservation
Mitigating Climate Change via Market-based Forest ConservationMitigating Climate Change via Market-based Forest Conservation
Mitigating Climate Change via Market-based Forest Conservation
 
Michael P Totten A Climate For Life Mesh Talk Bioneer Los Angeles 12 09 09
Michael P Totten A Climate For Life Mesh Talk Bioneer Los Angeles 12 09 09Michael P Totten A Climate For Life Mesh Talk Bioneer Los Angeles 12 09 09
Michael P Totten A Climate For Life Mesh Talk Bioneer Los Angeles 12 09 09
 
MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...
MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...
MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...
 
MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...
MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...
MYRA Business School, Mysore Business education in emerging markets - integra...
 
Huberman Hanoi 2404
Huberman Hanoi 2404Huberman Hanoi 2404
Huberman Hanoi 2404
 
Huberman Hanoi 2404
Huberman Hanoi 2404Huberman Hanoi 2404
Huberman Hanoi 2404
 
Climate change & REDD
Climate change & REDDClimate change & REDD
Climate change & REDD
 
TEEB and climate by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Delta & Climate Conf Rotterd...
TEEB and climate by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Delta & Climate Conf Rotterd...TEEB and climate by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Delta & Climate Conf Rotterd...
TEEB and climate by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at Delta & Climate Conf Rotterd...
 
Ariste - Agroforestry
Ariste - AgroforestryAriste - Agroforestry
Ariste - Agroforestry
 
TEEB Phase 2 Introduction by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at the EEB Biodiversit...
TEEB Phase 2 Introduction by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at the EEB Biodiversit...TEEB Phase 2 Introduction by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at the EEB Biodiversit...
TEEB Phase 2 Introduction by Patrick ten Brink of IEEP at the EEB Biodiversit...
 
Exxon mobil (Environmental Economics POV)
Exxon mobil (Environmental Economics POV)Exxon mobil (Environmental Economics POV)
Exxon mobil (Environmental Economics POV)
 
Water, ecosystem services and nature: putting the ‘green’ into green economy_...
Water, ecosystem services and nature:putting the ‘green’ into green economy_...Water, ecosystem services and nature:putting the ‘green’ into green economy_...
Water, ecosystem services and nature: putting the ‘green’ into green economy_...
 
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB nature and Green Economy 18 june 2012 ISEE ev...
Patrick ten Brink  of IEEP TEEB nature and Green Economy 18 june 2012 ISEE ev...Patrick ten Brink  of IEEP TEEB nature and Green Economy 18 june 2012 ISEE ev...
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB nature and Green Economy 18 june 2012 ISEE ev...
 
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Water and Wetlands introduction 15 june 2012
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Water and Wetlands introduction 15 june 2012 Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Water and Wetlands introduction 15 june 2012
Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Water and Wetlands introduction 15 june 2012
 

More from cducsu

Fachkräftebedarf und Rückgang des Erwerbspersonenpotentials
Fachkräftebedarf und Rückgang des Erwerbspersonenpotentials Fachkräftebedarf und Rückgang des Erwerbspersonenpotentials
Fachkräftebedarf und Rückgang des Erwerbspersonenpotentials
cducsu
 
Knappes Wasser – reichlich Konflikte?
Knappes Wasser – reichlich Konflikte?Knappes Wasser – reichlich Konflikte?
Knappes Wasser – reichlich Konflikte?
cducsu
 
Wasser für eine sichere Ernährung
Wasser für eine sichere ErnährungWasser für eine sichere Ernährung
Wasser für eine sichere Ernährung
cducsu
 
Rohstoffe - Segen oder Fluch?
Rohstoffe - Segen oder Fluch?Rohstoffe - Segen oder Fluch?
Rohstoffe - Segen oder Fluch?
cducsu
 
Aktuelle Situation der Organspende in Deutschland - Prof. Dr. Günter Kirste, ...
Aktuelle Situation der Organspende in Deutschland - Prof. Dr. Günter Kirste, ...Aktuelle Situation der Organspende in Deutschland - Prof. Dr. Günter Kirste, ...
Aktuelle Situation der Organspende in Deutschland - Prof. Dr. Günter Kirste, ...
cducsu
 
Organspende: Ja zum Leben - Aktuelle Situation in Deutschland und Europa
Organspende: Ja zum Leben - Aktuelle Situation in Deutschland und EuropaOrganspende: Ja zum Leben - Aktuelle Situation in Deutschland und Europa
Organspende: Ja zum Leben - Aktuelle Situation in Deutschland und Europa
cducsu
 
Erhalt der Artenvielfalt als Geschäftsmodell, Wolfgang Wagner, PWC
Erhalt der Artenvielfalt als Geschäftsmodell, Wolfgang Wagner, PWCErhalt der Artenvielfalt als Geschäftsmodell, Wolfgang Wagner, PWC
Erhalt der Artenvielfalt als Geschäftsmodell, Wolfgang Wagner, PWC
cducsu
 

More from cducsu (7)

Fachkräftebedarf und Rückgang des Erwerbspersonenpotentials
Fachkräftebedarf und Rückgang des Erwerbspersonenpotentials Fachkräftebedarf und Rückgang des Erwerbspersonenpotentials
Fachkräftebedarf und Rückgang des Erwerbspersonenpotentials
 
Knappes Wasser – reichlich Konflikte?
Knappes Wasser – reichlich Konflikte?Knappes Wasser – reichlich Konflikte?
Knappes Wasser – reichlich Konflikte?
 
Wasser für eine sichere Ernährung
Wasser für eine sichere ErnährungWasser für eine sichere Ernährung
Wasser für eine sichere Ernährung
 
Rohstoffe - Segen oder Fluch?
Rohstoffe - Segen oder Fluch?Rohstoffe - Segen oder Fluch?
Rohstoffe - Segen oder Fluch?
 
Aktuelle Situation der Organspende in Deutschland - Prof. Dr. Günter Kirste, ...
Aktuelle Situation der Organspende in Deutschland - Prof. Dr. Günter Kirste, ...Aktuelle Situation der Organspende in Deutschland - Prof. Dr. Günter Kirste, ...
Aktuelle Situation der Organspende in Deutschland - Prof. Dr. Günter Kirste, ...
 
Organspende: Ja zum Leben - Aktuelle Situation in Deutschland und Europa
Organspende: Ja zum Leben - Aktuelle Situation in Deutschland und EuropaOrganspende: Ja zum Leben - Aktuelle Situation in Deutschland und Europa
Organspende: Ja zum Leben - Aktuelle Situation in Deutschland und Europa
 
Erhalt der Artenvielfalt als Geschäftsmodell, Wolfgang Wagner, PWC
Erhalt der Artenvielfalt als Geschäftsmodell, Wolfgang Wagner, PWCErhalt der Artenvielfalt als Geschäftsmodell, Wolfgang Wagner, PWC
Erhalt der Artenvielfalt als Geschäftsmodell, Wolfgang Wagner, PWC
 

Recently uploaded

Booklet - LGBTQ in Asia Human Rights Overview.pdf
Booklet - LGBTQ in Asia Human Rights Overview.pdfBooklet - LGBTQ in Asia Human Rights Overview.pdf
Booklet - LGBTQ in Asia Human Rights Overview.pdf
NurisHisyam
 
Gen Z Revolution Redefining Politics through Activism.pdf
Gen Z Revolution Redefining Politics through Activism.pdfGen Z Revolution Redefining Politics through Activism.pdf
Gen Z Revolution Redefining Politics through Activism.pdf
Trims Creators
 
Exploring editorialbbc.com: Your Ultimate Guide to Quality Journalism
Exploring editorialbbc.com: Your Ultimate Guide to Quality JournalismExploring editorialbbc.com: Your Ultimate Guide to Quality Journalism
Exploring editorialbbc.com: Your Ultimate Guide to Quality Journalism
veyav58249
 
Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-
Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-
Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-
bhavenpr
 
Columbia biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
Columbia biyezheng degree offer diploma TranscriptColumbia biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
Columbia biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
ypeyzy
 
THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE AND THE PLACE OF THE PARTICIPLE IN NEWS SENTENCES OF B...
THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE AND THE PLACE OF THE PARTICIPLE IN NEWS SENTENCES OF B...THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE AND THE PLACE OF THE PARTICIPLE IN NEWS SENTENCES OF B...
THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE AND THE PLACE OF THE PARTICIPLE IN NEWS SENTENCES OF B...
indexPub
 
For-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdf
For-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdfFor-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdf
For-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdf
bhavenpr
 
Sources of Indian Constitution: "Bag of Borrowings"
Sources of Indian Constitution: "Bag of Borrowings"Sources of Indian Constitution: "Bag of Borrowings"
Sources of Indian Constitution: "Bag of Borrowings"
Gurjant Singh
 
TISS-WS-alumni-Statement.pdffbnikiudhiuh
TISS-WS-alumni-Statement.pdffbnikiudhiuhTISS-WS-alumni-Statement.pdffbnikiudhiuh
TISS-WS-alumni-Statement.pdffbnikiudhiuh
bhavenpr
 
Amish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdf
Amish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdfAmish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdf
Amish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdf
bhavenpr
 
1(15). NIS English February1-15 (2021).pdf
1(15). NIS English February1-15 (2021).pdf1(15). NIS English February1-15 (2021).pdf
1(15). NIS English February1-15 (2021).pdf
Ranjan Kumar Gupta
 
Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 ...
Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 ...Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 ...
Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 ...
bhumivarma35300
 
Lucknow Girls Call Chinhat 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Lucknow Girls Call Chinhat 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...Lucknow Girls Call Chinhat 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Lucknow Girls Call Chinhat 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
bangaloreakshitakaus
 
1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf
1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf
1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf
Ranjan Kumar Gupta
 
Recent Changes in Foreign Relations between Nepal and China
Recent Changes in Foreign Relations between Nepal and ChinaRecent Changes in Foreign Relations between Nepal and China
Recent Changes in Foreign Relations between Nepal and China
arora90avinash
 
Let's cook populism! A recipe from Hungary
Let's cook populism! A recipe from HungaryLet's cook populism! A recipe from Hungary
Let's cook populism! A recipe from Hungary
Gábor Polyák
 
Exclusive_ Inside the Shocking Scarlett Johansson Nude Photo Leak.pdf
Exclusive_ Inside the Shocking Scarlett Johansson Nude Photo Leak.pdfExclusive_ Inside the Shocking Scarlett Johansson Nude Photo Leak.pdf
Exclusive_ Inside the Shocking Scarlett Johansson Nude Photo Leak.pdf
Phil Heath
 
Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
bangaloreakshitakaus
 
1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf
1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf
1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf
Ranjan Kumar Gupta
 
Cold front to hit South Africa from Sunday
Cold front to hit South Africa from SundayCold front to hit South Africa from Sunday
Cold front to hit South Africa from Sunday
SABC News
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Booklet - LGBTQ in Asia Human Rights Overview.pdf
Booklet - LGBTQ in Asia Human Rights Overview.pdfBooklet - LGBTQ in Asia Human Rights Overview.pdf
Booklet - LGBTQ in Asia Human Rights Overview.pdf
 
Gen Z Revolution Redefining Politics through Activism.pdf
Gen Z Revolution Redefining Politics through Activism.pdfGen Z Revolution Redefining Politics through Activism.pdf
Gen Z Revolution Redefining Politics through Activism.pdf
 
Exploring editorialbbc.com: Your Ultimate Guide to Quality Journalism
Exploring editorialbbc.com: Your Ultimate Guide to Quality JournalismExploring editorialbbc.com: Your Ultimate Guide to Quality Journalism
Exploring editorialbbc.com: Your Ultimate Guide to Quality Journalism
 
Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-
Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-
Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-
 
Columbia biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
Columbia biyezheng degree offer diploma TranscriptColumbia biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
Columbia biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
 
THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE AND THE PLACE OF THE PARTICIPLE IN NEWS SENTENCES OF B...
THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE AND THE PLACE OF THE PARTICIPLE IN NEWS SENTENCES OF B...THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE AND THE PLACE OF THE PARTICIPLE IN NEWS SENTENCES OF B...
THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE AND THE PLACE OF THE PARTICIPLE IN NEWS SENTENCES OF B...
 
For-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdf
For-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdfFor-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdf
For-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdf
 
Sources of Indian Constitution: "Bag of Borrowings"
Sources of Indian Constitution: "Bag of Borrowings"Sources of Indian Constitution: "Bag of Borrowings"
Sources of Indian Constitution: "Bag of Borrowings"
 
TISS-WS-alumni-Statement.pdffbnikiudhiuh
TISS-WS-alumni-Statement.pdffbnikiudhiuhTISS-WS-alumni-Statement.pdffbnikiudhiuh
TISS-WS-alumni-Statement.pdffbnikiudhiuh
 
Amish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdf
Amish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdfAmish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdf
Amish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdf
 
1(15). NIS English February1-15 (2021).pdf
1(15). NIS English February1-15 (2021).pdf1(15). NIS English February1-15 (2021).pdf
1(15). NIS English February1-15 (2021).pdf
 
Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 ...
Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 ...Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 ...
Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 ...
 
Lucknow Girls Call Chinhat 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Lucknow Girls Call Chinhat 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...Lucknow Girls Call Chinhat 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Lucknow Girls Call Chinhat 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
 
1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf
1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf
1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf
 
Recent Changes in Foreign Relations between Nepal and China
Recent Changes in Foreign Relations between Nepal and ChinaRecent Changes in Foreign Relations between Nepal and China
Recent Changes in Foreign Relations between Nepal and China
 
Let's cook populism! A recipe from Hungary
Let's cook populism! A recipe from HungaryLet's cook populism! A recipe from Hungary
Let's cook populism! A recipe from Hungary
 
Exclusive_ Inside the Shocking Scarlett Johansson Nude Photo Leak.pdf
Exclusive_ Inside the Shocking Scarlett Johansson Nude Photo Leak.pdfExclusive_ Inside the Shocking Scarlett Johansson Nude Photo Leak.pdf
Exclusive_ Inside the Shocking Scarlett Johansson Nude Photo Leak.pdf
 
Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
 
1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf
1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf
1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf
 
Cold front to hit South Africa from Sunday
Cold front to hit South Africa from SundayCold front to hit South Africa from Sunday
Cold front to hit South Africa from Sunday
 

The Economics of Ecosystems & Biodiversity

  • 1. 6th October 2010 Bundestag , Berlin The Economics of Ecosystems & Biodiversity Pavan Sukhdev Study Leader – TEEB, & Special Adviser & Head - Green Economy Initiative UNEP
  • 2. TEEB’s genesis … “Potsdam Initiative – Biological Diversity 2010” ……the economic significance of the global loss of biological diversity…. TEEB Interim Report CBD COP-9, Bonn, May 2008 TEEB Climate Issues Update Strömstad September 2009. TEEB for Policy Makers Brussels 13 Nov. 2009
  • 3. What is TEEB? Science & Economics D0 Foundations, Policy Costs, & Costs of Inaction Policy Evaluation D1 for National Policy-Makers Evaluation & Decision D2 Support for Administrators D3 Business Risks & Opportunities D4 Citizen & Consumer Ownership (“teeb4me”) TEEB's mission is to make Nature economically visible
  • 4. TEEB Advisory Board Joan-Martinez Alier Edward Barbier Achim Steiner Jacqueline McGlade Giles Atkinson Lord Stern Jochen Flasbarth Julia Marton-Lefevre Peter H. May Karl-Goran Maler Herman Mulder Walter Reid Ahmed Djoghlaf Yolanda Kakabadse Ladislav Miko
  • 5. “Private Profits, Public Losses” US$/ha Shrimp Farm Mangroves $12,392ha 10,000 $9632ha After adding 5,000 public benefits $1220ha from $584ha $584ha mangroves private profits private private Net of 0 profits profits public costs less of Source: Barbier 2007 subsidies restoration after 5 years If public wealth is included, the “trade-off” choice changes completely….. -ve $11,172ha
  • 6. Why is it TEEB important? • Ecosystem Services form 45%-90% of the “GDP of the Poor” in rural and forested lands, • But we are losing land ecosystem services valued at $2tr-$4.5tr in terms of human welfare benefits • Phase 1 sized the Problem, Phase 2 describes Solutions • Effective, Equitable and Economically justifiable solutions EXIST - we describe 120 examples !
  • 7. Valuations, Operating Spaces, Responses…. Norms, Regulations & Policies Regional Plans (24) Legislations (3) Economic Value Certification (6) Mechanisms Recognition PA Evaluation (29) PES (55) Econ Value Markets Demonstration Econ Value Capture
  • 8. Opportunities for mainstreaming • Cancun UNFCCC COP – Climate change mitigation policy needs to reflect wider costs and benefits for biodiversity (Coral reef emergency / REDD). – Climate change adaptation finance needs to consider the compelling economics of using ecosystem restoration. • Rio+20 – Formally recognise the links between biodiversity, climate change, development, water and food security
  • 9. Recommendation : Invest in ecological infrastructure • Tropical forests store a fourth of all terrestrial carbon – 547 gigatonnes (Gt) out 2,052 Gt (Trumper et al. 2009) • Tropical forest capture – up to 4.8 Gt CO2 annually (Lewis & White 2009) (total emissions p.a. ~32Gt) • Stopping deforestation holds an excellent cost-benefit ratio – Halving deforestation generates net benefits of about $ 3.7 trillion (NPV) including only the avoided damage costs of climate change (Eliasch Review 2008) 9
  • 10. Recomm : Recognise the value of protected areas • Global spending on PAs p.a.: ~ $6.5-10 billion • Need for PAs (15% land, 30% sea) p.a.: ~ $45 billion • Need for Natura2000 p.a.: ~ $6.5 billion • Benefits from effective PAs p.a.: ~$4-5 trillion • International NGO funding: ~ >$1 billion p.a. • International gov funding (30-50% to PAs): ~$4-5 billion p.a. • Market-based income to PAs ~ $1-2 billion p.a • Percentage of total ODA: ~ 2.8% (TEEB D1 ch8)
  • 11. Investment in ecological infrastructure Ecological infrastructure key for adaptation to climate change • Afforestation: carbon store+ reduced risk of soil erosion & landslides • Wetlands and forests and reduced risk of flooding impacts • Mangroves and coastal erosion and natural hazards • Restore Forests, lakes and wetlands to address water scarcity • Coral reefs as fish nurseries for fisheries productivity / food security • PAs & connectivity to facilitate resilience of ecosystems and species From local to national to EU efforts Global responsibility / contribution
  • 12. Investments in Ecological Infrastructure for Climate adaptation • restoration can be cost effective way of providing a service : planting mangroves along coastline in Vietnam cost $1.1 million but saved $ 7.3 million annually in dyke maintenance (GRID-Arendal 2002; Reid and Huq 2005)
  • 13. Example : Nature-based climate change mitigation, Germany • drainage of 930,000 ha peatlands in Germany for agriculture cause emissions of 20 Mio. t of CO2-eq. per year • total damage of these emissions amounts to 1.4 billion € • peatland restoration: low cost and biodiversity friendly mitigation option Mecklenburg-Vorpommern: • pilot project between 2000-2008 • restoration of 30,000 ha (10%) • emission savings of up to 300,000 t CO2-eq. • avoidance cost of 8 to 12 € / t CO2 • if alternative land use options are realized (extensive grazing, reed production or alder forest) costs decrease to 0 to 4 € / t CO2 • where Maize can be grown restoration can not compete Restored peatland in Trebeltal 2007 Source: Federal Environmental Agency 2007; MLUV MV 2009; Schäfer 2009 Foto: D. Zak, http://www.fv-berlin.de
  • 14. Natural resource management & spatial planning • Flooding of River Elbe, Germany (2002), Damage over EUR 2 billion • Assessment that flood damage (+ cost of dams) by far exceed costs of upstream flooding arrangements with land holders → The value of upstream ecosystems in regulating floods was re- discovered → Local authorities start changing spatial planning & seeking arrangements upstream (but still have a lot to do)
  • 15. River Elbe flooding, Germany Step 1: Specify and agree on the problem • August 2002 heavy floods of the river Elbe, direct economic damage of over 9 billion € • occasion to revise system of flood protection towards integrated flood risk management Step 2: Which ecosystem service are relevant • flood protection • habitat for a multitude of species • nutrient retention © DPA Step 3: Define information needs and select methods • CBA of different alternatives (relocate dykes, establish polder) • replacement costs for assessment of the nutrient and pollutant filters • contingent valuation for the willingness to pay for flood control
  • 16. Step 4: Conduct the assessment • relocation of the dykes creates a new flood retention area of just 35,000 ha of land • establish polder includes the creation of a surface of 3,248 ha • combination of both measures with dike relocations (3402 ha) and steered polders (4143 ha) Step 5: Identify and appraise policy options • all options have a positive benefit-cost-ratio if environmental benefits are included: • BCR: - relocation of the dykes = 3.1 - establish polders = 9.9 - combination = 4.6 Step 6: Assess the distributional impacts of policy response © Grossmann, M.; Hartje, V.; Meyerhoff, J. • Maps are being made that indicate economic losses and social impacts Sources: Grossmann, M., Hartje, V., Meyerhoff, J. (2010) Ökonomische Bewertung naturverträglicher Hochwasservorsorge an der Elbe. Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 89, Bundesamt für Naturschutz: Bonn.
  • 17. Opportunity ahead: Research needs for Germany (and Europe) • Give yourself an overview: What is the natural capital in Germany? >> A TEEB for Germany and a national ecosystem assessment will help to show the way • More than 1000 studies on valuation of ecosystem services across the world – but only few from central Europe >> More studies and better methods needed • Major instruments have been developed (e.g., habitat banking, ecological fiscal transfer) >> develop them further and implement them
  • 18. TEEB and economic development • From Interim Report (2008), & Report for local and regional policy makers (2010) : biodiversity is acutely important for the worst off in society – Ecosystems contribution to the “GDP” of the poor - subsistence farmers, pastoralists, forest-dwellers… – Links to the MDGs : 1, 3, 4, 5 and 7.
  • 19. Ecosystem Services and Poverty Indonesia India Brazil Ecosystem services dependency 99 million 352 million 20 million 21% 16% 10% Ecosystem services as a 90% 79% 84% % of classical GDP 11% 25% Ecosystem services as a % of 47% 75% 53% “GDP of the Poor” 89% Ecosystem services “GDP of the Poor” is most seriously impacted by ecosystem losses Source: Gundimeda and Sukhdev, D1 TEEB 06.10.2010 19
  • 20. Opportunity ahead: The need for a more ambitous CBD strategy and implementation • foster mainstreaming in all policy areas • address indirect drivers • Develop and use innovative financial mechanisms • ABS regime with fair rules
  • 21. TEEB in CBD COP-10…  CBD Strategic Plan : 14 (e) and (f) (UNEP/CBD/WG-RI/3/L.9)  SBSTTA 14 - XIV/4.. (… protected areas…) ( c ) 8.  SBSTTA 14 - XIV/6… (.. Article 10 … (sustainable use of biodiversity…) 1. )  SBSTTA 14 - XIV/15 (…. Incentive measures …) (Article 11…(# 2, 4, 8 and 11) )
  • 22. TEEB After Nagoya ? Four Assets Maintain & Develop….
  • 23. Post TEEB reports, Post Nagoya : Stakeholder demands…. End-Users Demand Indications Developing Countries… ESS valuations, local capacity-building, & implementation support EC, Brazil, India, Japan, Collaboration &TEEB Reps for National/ Regional Germany …. TEEB studies WB, ADB, UNEP, OECD, SEEA “first-mover nations” ( 5-6 each developed others … and developing ) for Ecosystem Accounting ICAEW, IASB, GRI, WBCSD, Sector Impact Estimates ( over 500 calculations Corporations…. TEEB D3 “China/Cons/Forests” model… ) & Sector TEEB (eg : Agriculture ; Finance ; etc) Citizens, NGOs… TEEB Outreach, esp. through social media, traditional media, advertising sector, cpartners, CSR, NGOs … • Shift from demand for research to demand for advice on implementation of „TEEB‟ approach
  • 24. “Demand for isolated theory is getting weaker, for applied economics is getting stronger…” (John Gowdy, President, ISEE - at Bremen) • Capacity Building for Developing Countries • “Country” and “Regional” TEEB - for Policy- makers • Green Accounting Project – WB and Others • Estimating Business Sector Externalities • Stewardship & Quality Assurance - TEEB Approach • Prioritizing Ecology & Valuation Knowledge Gaps • Communicating the Issue to Society at Large
  • 25. Challenge : ECUADOR’S Conservation Proposal ( Yasuni Preserved, ITT Oil stays in ground) ? Yasuni National Park – “the most biodiverse wilderness on Earth” 25