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Sociocracy or ”Dynamic Governance”
Frands Frydendal, Denmark
Ceramics Designer, Physical Therapist, Writer, Social Activist

●

Ecovillage Movement (Denmark and Europe).

●

Peace Associations.

●

Associations for users and survivors of Psychiatry.

Email: frandswf@gmail.com
Common problems
●

●

●

●

●

Ineffective, frustrating meetings.
Hierarchies, that accumulate power, reject
critical feed-back
Too many written rules to remember for old
members.
Too many unwritten rules to respect for new
members
Rigidity. Conservatism.
Sociocracy

Dynamic Governance
A system of governance that:
1: Uses equivalence consent process to
decide on policy and authority (inequality).
Allows and defines qualified leadership.
2: Subdivides in semi-self-organizing circles
3: Consistently uses feed-back loops.
Invention and inspiration
Gerard Endenburg, dutchman.
Invented and developed sociocracy in 1960'es and onwards
Quaker consensus
Communication theory
Chaos theory
Modern cybernetics
Values
Harmony
Equivalence
Transparency
Efficiency
”Act, learn and respond”
vs
”predict and control”
Perfection is the enemy of the good.
Sociocracy has

Process structure (consent)
Small groups (>40)
Circle structure
Systematic communication (double links)
Feedback Loops
Feedback Loops
Aim
FeedForward
Evaluate
Plan

Lead
Implement

Measure
Do

Feed back
The leading edge
A fair and participatory decision
making process
●
A clear statement of vision, mission
and aim (purpose, goal, objectives...?)
●
A clear definition of responsibility –
general and for each person.
●
How to create a common aim
●

●

●

Vision: Look outward and into the future.
– What does the world look like, because
of our work?
Mission: Look towards ourselves.
– What is our work, to create this change?
Aim: What outcome do we want to deliver,
when – or first?
– Measurable
Sociocracy consent decision
(as different from consensus)
At the time of decision, all decisions must include:
●

Limited timeframe.

●

Date for feed-back

●

evaluation criteria.

Decision process: Formally structured debate.
Later, on time of evaluation: Evaluation primarily on criteria.
Moderation.
Sociocracy consent
●

Ask for objections, not for consensus.

●

Objections must be paramount and argued.

●

Objections are welcomed as contributions to
improvement of proposal

●

Objections cannot block a proposal.

●

Emotional resistance is valid.

●

Negotiate: ”How could we improve the
proposal to satisfy your objection?”
Consent decision – proposal
●

Present proposal

●

Clarifying questions. Proposer answers to each.

●

Short reactions: ”I (don't) like it because...”

●

Possible quick amendment of proposal

●

Ask for objections
●

1. round: ”No objection”. ”I have an objection.”
Note down names.

●
●
●

2. round: Note down objection arguments
3. round: Negotiate objections one by one.

Celebrate decision!!
Consent decision – election
No volunteering before the process!

●

Facilitator: Describe role

●

Write nominations on paper slip: ”I (name) nominate (name).”

●

Submit paper slips to facilitator.

●

Round: Arguments in favour of nominees.

●

Round: Does anyone want to change nomination?

●

Facilitator makes proposal based on arguments

●

Objection round. Negotiations.

●

Celebrate decision!
Equality and Hierarchy
●

Operational meetings. IN our roles.
●

●

●

●

Each decides within his area of expertise and work.
Coordination of tasks and activities to reach the functional
aims of the circle.
Organising production.

Governance/circle meetings meetings. OUT of roles, equal.
●

●

Common decision on allocation of authority. roles and
responsibilities, ”rules of the game” - in this circle.
Producing organisation.
Circle roles
●

Double link roles:
●

Operational leader
Elected in mother circle, holds perspective of mother
circle and its more abstract aim.
●
may get decision power if circle consents to it.
Representative
●

●

Elected in daughter circle. Holds perspective of
daughter circle in meetings in mother circle.
Other roles, for example:
●

●

●

Facilitator

●

Log-book keeper

●

Roles, special to the circle
Ownership & economy
●

Orgs self-owning, free beings, foundations.

●

Persons are ”partners”.
●
●

●

●

Working partners or
Capital-providing partners

”Profit” is measured aim-achievement (not only
including money)
Sharing profit in circle decisions.
●
●

Guaranteed Base Wage
2 levels of Incentive adding: STM and LTM (Short
and Long Term Measurement).
Sources
Book: ”We The People” - Consenting to a deeper Democracy. By John Buck
and Sharon Villines

World wide web: Just google ”Sociocracy”. Find...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociocracy

Websites:
Www.sociokratie.nl/global
Sociocracy.info
Sociocracyconsulting.com
Holacracy.org

Frands Frydendal email: frandswf@gmail.com

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Sociocracia - Gestão Dinâmica - Frands Wisbech Frydendal

  • 1. Sociocracy or ”Dynamic Governance” Frands Frydendal, Denmark Ceramics Designer, Physical Therapist, Writer, Social Activist ● Ecovillage Movement (Denmark and Europe). ● Peace Associations. ● Associations for users and survivors of Psychiatry. Email: frandswf@gmail.com
  • 2. Common problems ● ● ● ● ● Ineffective, frustrating meetings. Hierarchies, that accumulate power, reject critical feed-back Too many written rules to remember for old members. Too many unwritten rules to respect for new members Rigidity. Conservatism.
  • 3. Sociocracy Dynamic Governance A system of governance that: 1: Uses equivalence consent process to decide on policy and authority (inequality). Allows and defines qualified leadership. 2: Subdivides in semi-self-organizing circles 3: Consistently uses feed-back loops.
  • 4. Invention and inspiration Gerard Endenburg, dutchman. Invented and developed sociocracy in 1960'es and onwards Quaker consensus Communication theory Chaos theory Modern cybernetics
  • 6. ”Act, learn and respond” vs ”predict and control” Perfection is the enemy of the good. Sociocracy has Process structure (consent) Small groups (>40) Circle structure Systematic communication (double links) Feedback Loops
  • 8. The leading edge A fair and participatory decision making process ● A clear statement of vision, mission and aim (purpose, goal, objectives...?) ● A clear definition of responsibility – general and for each person. ●
  • 9. How to create a common aim ● ● ● Vision: Look outward and into the future. – What does the world look like, because of our work? Mission: Look towards ourselves. – What is our work, to create this change? Aim: What outcome do we want to deliver, when – or first? – Measurable
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  • 12. Sociocracy consent decision (as different from consensus) At the time of decision, all decisions must include: ● Limited timeframe. ● Date for feed-back ● evaluation criteria. Decision process: Formally structured debate. Later, on time of evaluation: Evaluation primarily on criteria. Moderation.
  • 13. Sociocracy consent ● Ask for objections, not for consensus. ● Objections must be paramount and argued. ● Objections are welcomed as contributions to improvement of proposal ● Objections cannot block a proposal. ● Emotional resistance is valid. ● Negotiate: ”How could we improve the proposal to satisfy your objection?”
  • 14. Consent decision – proposal ● Present proposal ● Clarifying questions. Proposer answers to each. ● Short reactions: ”I (don't) like it because...” ● Possible quick amendment of proposal ● Ask for objections ● 1. round: ”No objection”. ”I have an objection.” Note down names. ● ● ● 2. round: Note down objection arguments 3. round: Negotiate objections one by one. Celebrate decision!!
  • 15. Consent decision – election No volunteering before the process! ● Facilitator: Describe role ● Write nominations on paper slip: ”I (name) nominate (name).” ● Submit paper slips to facilitator. ● Round: Arguments in favour of nominees. ● Round: Does anyone want to change nomination? ● Facilitator makes proposal based on arguments ● Objection round. Negotiations. ● Celebrate decision!
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  • 17. Equality and Hierarchy ● Operational meetings. IN our roles. ● ● ● ● Each decides within his area of expertise and work. Coordination of tasks and activities to reach the functional aims of the circle. Organising production. Governance/circle meetings meetings. OUT of roles, equal. ● ● Common decision on allocation of authority. roles and responsibilities, ”rules of the game” - in this circle. Producing organisation.
  • 18. Circle roles ● Double link roles: ● Operational leader Elected in mother circle, holds perspective of mother circle and its more abstract aim. ● may get decision power if circle consents to it. Representative ● ● Elected in daughter circle. Holds perspective of daughter circle in meetings in mother circle. Other roles, for example: ● ● ● Facilitator ● Log-book keeper ● Roles, special to the circle
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  • 20. Ownership & economy ● Orgs self-owning, free beings, foundations. ● Persons are ”partners”. ● ● ● ● Working partners or Capital-providing partners ”Profit” is measured aim-achievement (not only including money) Sharing profit in circle decisions. ● ● Guaranteed Base Wage 2 levels of Incentive adding: STM and LTM (Short and Long Term Measurement).
  • 21. Sources Book: ”We The People” - Consenting to a deeper Democracy. By John Buck and Sharon Villines World wide web: Just google ”Sociocracy”. Find... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociocracy Websites: Www.sociokratie.nl/global Sociocracy.info Sociocracyconsulting.com Holacracy.org Frands Frydendal email: frandswf@gmail.com