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PUBLIC
SMART FLANDERS
Nils Walravens, PhD
@nwalrave
smart.flanders.be
PROBLEM
What are we dealing with?
What are we dealing with?
What are we dealing with?
Wicked problems require collaborative solutions
Not reinventing the wheel on an island…
Wicked problems require open and shared approaches
No silos or fragmentation…
Wicked problems require data
Tons of data…
https://index.okfn.org
BOTTOM LINE
Bottom line of Smart Flanders
Expectations around IoT and Smart Cities in general remain very high, but the potential
real-life impact and return are still hard to grasp or unclear.
Which urban challenges can we start tackling in a better way today, by bringing together
city data in smarter ways and making them available for reuse? (linked & open)?
Based on this exercise, which new opportunities do we identify for more innovative,
different or other ways of collecting, processing and opening data?
WHY OPEN DATA?
Why open data?
Transport for London publishes real-time open data
13.000 registered developers, 600 apps
Approx 500 people directly employed
42% of Londeners use a service based on TfL data
Yearly estimated economic benefit and savings of £130 milio
http://content.tfl.gov.uk/deloitte-report-tfl-open-data.pdf
AND BECAUSE YOU HAVE TO…
Why open data? Because you have to…
Decreet Hergebruik van Overheidsinformatie (2007)
According to the definition of ‘bestuursdocumenten’ in the Decreet Openbaarheid van
Bestuur (2004)
Translation of the European Directive on Public Sector Information (PSI) in which Flanders
was a frontrunner in Europe (and Belgium)
No privacy-sensitive or personal data
PILOT ON REAL-TIME OPEN PARKING DATA
Pilot real-time occupancy parking garages
Proof of concept
https://smartflanders-poc.netlify.com/#/parkings
Informatiepagina
https://datapiloten.be/parking
Occupancy individual parkings
Compare occupancy over time
Importance of this approach to data publishing
Not this visualisation, however:
● Automation
● Reuse (already by one startup and research)
● Scalability and cost for cities
● Data-based policy (internal reuse)
● Transparency
PRINCIPLES
Core principles of Smart Flanders
Support programme, communications channel, knowledge and interaction platform
Focus on real-time open data and shared reference architectures
Cooperation between cities and actors from the quadruple helix
Implementation-driven
Internationally networked
Lighthouse model for smaller cities (13 centre cities andVGC Brussels)
PROJECT STRUCTURE
Threefold project structure
1. Open and Agile Smart Flanders: Maturity Check
Maturity check and ‘Smart Portrait’
Open Data Charter
2. Smart Flanders Data Pilots: Reality Check
1 - 2 data pilots per year to tackle a shared urban challenge
1. Smart Flanders Testbed: Conformity Check
Test and validation in a real-life environment
Partners: imec, 13 centre cities and VGC, ABB, Kenniscentrum, AIV, Facilitair Bedrijf,
cabinets Homans, Muyters, Weyts, user group
WHAT CAN CITIES EXPECT FROM SMART FLANDERS?
Smart Flanders Offer I
Practices and tools for cost efficient data publication
Support in defining and setting up data pilots with societal impact
Stimulating data reuse with innovation as the goal
Working towards better inter- and intragovernmental data sharing
Support in avoiding vendor lock-in
Smart Flanders Offer II
Building bridges to existing initiatives
Building on available solutions and technologies
Gathering and translating international insights
Support participation in (inter)national projects, pilots and so on
Support matchmaking with the market where possible
WHERE ARE WE TODAY?
Status after one year
✓ Introduction round of 13 cities
✓ Questionnaire on Smart Cities and open data
✓ In-depth interviews ’Smart Portrait’
✓ https://smart.flanders.be with page for developers
✓ 7 Steercos
✓ 2 working groups
✓ Running pilot on parking data: https://datapiloten.be/parking
✓ Steerco-approved Open Data Charter
Status after one year
✓ Introduction round of 13 cities
✓ Questionnaire on Smart Cities and open data
✓ In-depth interviews ’Smart Portrait’
✓ https://smart.flanders.be with page for developers
✓ 7 Steercos
✓ 2 working groups
✓ Running pilot on parking data: https://datapiloten.be/parking
➤ Steerco-approved Open Data Charter
OPEN DATA CHARTER
Open Data Charter
https://smart.flanders.be/open-data-charter
Goal: establish a progressive vision and ambition, stimulate reuse
Strategic and technical principles on open data publishing
Point of reference for cities, but open to broader support
Co-created with the cities for 3 types of data
Open Data Charter: Principles
Stimulate maximum reuse
Accurate metadata
Web as publication platform
Open licences
Sharing and coooperation between governments
Dialogue and interaction with quadruple helic and reusers
Lowest possible delay between measurement and publication + historical data
Attention for these principles in procurement, contracts, concessions etc.
To be published on https://smart.flanders.be/open-data-charter when finalised
CONCLUSION
Conclusion
Complex challenges can be tackled in the relative short term
Learning by doing works, but raises understandable questions
Not obstacles, but opportunities
Keep focus on return for the cities, with attention for the whole ecosystem
TEAM
Prof. Dr. Pieter Ballon
Strategic Coordinator
pieter.ballon@imec.be
Director imec – SMIT –VUB
PhD Communication Sciences
Author “Smart Cities: Hoe Technologie
Onze Steden Leefbaar Houdt en Slimmer
Maakt” - Lannoo, 2016
Strategic coordination
Dr. Nils Walravens
Operational Coordinator
nils.walravens@imec.be
Senior Researcher imec – SMIT –VUB
PhD Communication Sciences on public
value, mobile apps en Smart City strategies
Operational coordination
Pieter Colpaert
Chief Technology
pieter.colpaert@imec.be
Researcher imec – IDLab – UGent
PhD on data publishing for maximum reuse
Contact technical questions and vision on
data publishing
Mathias Van Compernolle
Policy & Methodology Lead
mathias.vancompernolle@imec.be
Researcher imec – MICT – UGent
Initiated PhD gestart on governmental
innovation, with focus on data government
Development Maturity Check and
collaboration techniques, policy expertise
open data & e-government
Jan Waeben
Monitoring Lead
jan.waeben@imec.be
PhD Researcher imec – SMIT –VUB
Initiated PhD on international Smart City
monitors and benchmarking
Contact and support of monitoring activities
PUBLIC

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Smart Flanders: Tackling urban challenges through Open Data

  • 1. PUBLIC SMART FLANDERS Nils Walravens, PhD @nwalrave smart.flanders.be
  • 3. What are we dealing with?
  • 4. What are we dealing with?
  • 5. What are we dealing with?
  • 6. Wicked problems require collaborative solutions Not reinventing the wheel on an island…
  • 7. Wicked problems require open and shared approaches No silos or fragmentation…
  • 8. Wicked problems require data Tons of data… https://index.okfn.org
  • 10. Bottom line of Smart Flanders Expectations around IoT and Smart Cities in general remain very high, but the potential real-life impact and return are still hard to grasp or unclear. Which urban challenges can we start tackling in a better way today, by bringing together city data in smarter ways and making them available for reuse? (linked & open)? Based on this exercise, which new opportunities do we identify for more innovative, different or other ways of collecting, processing and opening data?
  • 12. Why open data? Transport for London publishes real-time open data 13.000 registered developers, 600 apps Approx 500 people directly employed 42% of Londeners use a service based on TfL data Yearly estimated economic benefit and savings of £130 milio http://content.tfl.gov.uk/deloitte-report-tfl-open-data.pdf
  • 13. AND BECAUSE YOU HAVE TO…
  • 14. Why open data? Because you have to… Decreet Hergebruik van Overheidsinformatie (2007) According to the definition of ‘bestuursdocumenten’ in the Decreet Openbaarheid van Bestuur (2004) Translation of the European Directive on Public Sector Information (PSI) in which Flanders was a frontrunner in Europe (and Belgium) No privacy-sensitive or personal data
  • 15. PILOT ON REAL-TIME OPEN PARKING DATA
  • 16. Pilot real-time occupancy parking garages Proof of concept https://smartflanders-poc.netlify.com/#/parkings Informatiepagina https://datapiloten.be/parking
  • 19. Importance of this approach to data publishing Not this visualisation, however: ● Automation ● Reuse (already by one startup and research) ● Scalability and cost for cities ● Data-based policy (internal reuse) ● Transparency
  • 21. Core principles of Smart Flanders Support programme, communications channel, knowledge and interaction platform Focus on real-time open data and shared reference architectures Cooperation between cities and actors from the quadruple helix Implementation-driven Internationally networked Lighthouse model for smaller cities (13 centre cities andVGC Brussels)
  • 23. Threefold project structure 1. Open and Agile Smart Flanders: Maturity Check Maturity check and ‘Smart Portrait’ Open Data Charter 2. Smart Flanders Data Pilots: Reality Check 1 - 2 data pilots per year to tackle a shared urban challenge 1. Smart Flanders Testbed: Conformity Check Test and validation in a real-life environment Partners: imec, 13 centre cities and VGC, ABB, Kenniscentrum, AIV, Facilitair Bedrijf, cabinets Homans, Muyters, Weyts, user group
  • 24. WHAT CAN CITIES EXPECT FROM SMART FLANDERS?
  • 25. Smart Flanders Offer I Practices and tools for cost efficient data publication Support in defining and setting up data pilots with societal impact Stimulating data reuse with innovation as the goal Working towards better inter- and intragovernmental data sharing Support in avoiding vendor lock-in
  • 26. Smart Flanders Offer II Building bridges to existing initiatives Building on available solutions and technologies Gathering and translating international insights Support participation in (inter)national projects, pilots and so on Support matchmaking with the market where possible
  • 27. WHERE ARE WE TODAY?
  • 28. Status after one year ✓ Introduction round of 13 cities ✓ Questionnaire on Smart Cities and open data ✓ In-depth interviews ’Smart Portrait’ ✓ https://smart.flanders.be with page for developers ✓ 7 Steercos ✓ 2 working groups ✓ Running pilot on parking data: https://datapiloten.be/parking ✓ Steerco-approved Open Data Charter
  • 29. Status after one year ✓ Introduction round of 13 cities ✓ Questionnaire on Smart Cities and open data ✓ In-depth interviews ’Smart Portrait’ ✓ https://smart.flanders.be with page for developers ✓ 7 Steercos ✓ 2 working groups ✓ Running pilot on parking data: https://datapiloten.be/parking ➤ Steerco-approved Open Data Charter
  • 31. Open Data Charter https://smart.flanders.be/open-data-charter Goal: establish a progressive vision and ambition, stimulate reuse Strategic and technical principles on open data publishing Point of reference for cities, but open to broader support Co-created with the cities for 3 types of data
  • 32. Open Data Charter: Principles Stimulate maximum reuse Accurate metadata Web as publication platform Open licences Sharing and coooperation between governments Dialogue and interaction with quadruple helic and reusers Lowest possible delay between measurement and publication + historical data Attention for these principles in procurement, contracts, concessions etc. To be published on https://smart.flanders.be/open-data-charter when finalised
  • 34. Conclusion Complex challenges can be tackled in the relative short term Learning by doing works, but raises understandable questions Not obstacles, but opportunities Keep focus on return for the cities, with attention for the whole ecosystem
  • 35. TEAM
  • 36. Prof. Dr. Pieter Ballon Strategic Coordinator pieter.ballon@imec.be Director imec – SMIT –VUB PhD Communication Sciences Author “Smart Cities: Hoe Technologie Onze Steden Leefbaar Houdt en Slimmer Maakt” - Lannoo, 2016 Strategic coordination
  • 37. Dr. Nils Walravens Operational Coordinator nils.walravens@imec.be Senior Researcher imec – SMIT –VUB PhD Communication Sciences on public value, mobile apps en Smart City strategies Operational coordination
  • 38. Pieter Colpaert Chief Technology pieter.colpaert@imec.be Researcher imec – IDLab – UGent PhD on data publishing for maximum reuse Contact technical questions and vision on data publishing
  • 39. Mathias Van Compernolle Policy & Methodology Lead mathias.vancompernolle@imec.be Researcher imec – MICT – UGent Initiated PhD gestart on governmental innovation, with focus on data government Development Maturity Check and collaboration techniques, policy expertise open data & e-government
  • 40. Jan Waeben Monitoring Lead jan.waeben@imec.be PhD Researcher imec – SMIT –VUB Initiated PhD on international Smart City monitors and benchmarking Contact and support of monitoring activities