SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 20
Download to read offline
“Siyakha Nentsha”Enhancing the Economic, Health, and Social Capabilities of Highly Vulnerable Youth Kelly Hallman, Eva Roca, Kasthuri Govender,  Emmanuel Mbatha, Rob Pattman, DeeviaBhana, Mike Rogan, and Hannah Taboada  Population Association of America Dallas, Texas 		April 15, 2010
Setting Semi-rural KwaZulu Natal Poverty and income inequality Unemployment Early pregnancy Early school leaving HIV
Formative research: vulnerabilities associated with adolescent HIV risk behaviors Living in poverty Not socially connected Orphaned Source:  Hallman 2004, 2005, 2008a, 2008b, 2008c
Poorer more likely to sexually debut earlier Ever had sex:  14-16 year-olds Poor Non-poor Source: Hallman 2005, 2008a
Those with less social capital  more likely to experience forced sex Ever been : 14-16 year-old females Source: Hallman 2008a, 2008b
Orphans have more  economically-motivated sexual encounters Ever traded sex:  sexually debuted 14-16-year-olds Source: Hallman 2008a, 2008c
Possible protective factors Education Access to financial services and social grants Social support
Siyakha Nentsha Project team
Purpose Improve functional capabilities and well-being of adolescents at high risk for: 	HIV and STIs		teenage pregnancy	 parenthood 		school dropout  		loss of one or both parents 	lack of knowledge of further employment and training  opportunities
Program Methods  Intervention Evidence-based Piloted Multi-sectoral Participatory Intensive – multi-session
Randomization HIV, RH, Life Skills HIV, RH, Life Skills + financial capabilities Delayed intervention
Research Methods Longitudinal survey  Youth-conducted social mapping with presentations back to community Youth, parent, mentor focus groups to assess experience with intervention
Description of sample Age Orphaning Sex HIV Feelings Social outlets
Partner reduction Males				females
Know can get pregnant if you have sex only once Males				females*
Very or somewhat confident know how to use a condom correctly Males	*			females*
Heard of STIs Males	*			females*
Can name >2 symptoms of STIs in males Males	*			females
Have drugs or alcohol affected your sexual decisionmaking in the last 12 months? Males	*			females

More Related Content

What's hot

gender inequality and discrimination
gender inequality and discrimination gender inequality and discrimination
gender inequality and discrimination As Siyam
 
Domestic violence and gender inequality
Domestic violence and gender inequality Domestic violence and gender inequality
Domestic violence and gender inequality Aishwarya Subramanian
 
Soicalization factor cause gender inequality
Soicalization factor cause gender inequalitySoicalization factor cause gender inequality
Soicalization factor cause gender inequalityFJWU, PMAS-AAUR
 
Multicultural presentation
Multicultural presentationMulticultural presentation
Multicultural presentationtariqbahoo
 
Presentation gender sensization
Presentation gender sensizationPresentation gender sensization
Presentation gender sensizationMarkandayAhuja
 
Gender inequality & discrimination
Gender inequality & discriminationGender inequality & discrimination
Gender inequality & discriminationAl Nahian Avro
 
Gender roles and inequalities in age
Gender roles and inequalities in ageGender roles and inequalities in age
Gender roles and inequalities in ageariannarecio
 
Envisioning a gender fair society [autosaved]
Envisioning a gender fair society [autosaved]Envisioning a gender fair society [autosaved]
Envisioning a gender fair society [autosaved]kimberlyn legaspi
 
Presentation (Slideshow)
Presentation (Slideshow)Presentation (Slideshow)
Presentation (Slideshow)elibeta
 
ROLE OF THE BROADCAST MEDIA IN CURBING CHILD ABUSE
ROLE OF THE BROADCAST MEDIA IN CURBING CHILD ABUSEROLE OF THE BROADCAST MEDIA IN CURBING CHILD ABUSE
ROLE OF THE BROADCAST MEDIA IN CURBING CHILD ABUSESolomon Adetokunbo
 
Sex and gender education presentation version 2
Sex and gender education presentation version 2Sex and gender education presentation version 2
Sex and gender education presentation version 2turnercullen
 
Reaching the Unreached
Reaching the UnreachedReaching the Unreached
Reaching the UnreachedNaintaraDevraj
 
Social Inequality Essay
Social Inequality EssaySocial Inequality Essay
Social Inequality EssayIndia Simmons
 
Causes, Consequences and Remedies of Juvenile Delinquency in the Context of S...
Causes, Consequences and Remedies of Juvenile Delinquency in the Context of S...Causes, Consequences and Remedies of Juvenile Delinquency in the Context of S...
Causes, Consequences and Remedies of Juvenile Delinquency in the Context of S...Premier Publishers
 

What's hot (17)

gender inequality and discrimination
gender inequality and discrimination gender inequality and discrimination
gender inequality and discrimination
 
Gender inequality in india
Gender inequality in indiaGender inequality in india
Gender inequality in india
 
Domestic violence and gender inequality
Domestic violence and gender inequality Domestic violence and gender inequality
Domestic violence and gender inequality
 
Soicalization factor cause gender inequality
Soicalization factor cause gender inequalitySoicalization factor cause gender inequality
Soicalization factor cause gender inequality
 
Multicultural presentation
Multicultural presentationMulticultural presentation
Multicultural presentation
 
GENDER AWARENESS
GENDER AWARENESSGENDER AWARENESS
GENDER AWARENESS
 
Presentation gender sensization
Presentation gender sensizationPresentation gender sensization
Presentation gender sensization
 
Gender inequality & discrimination
Gender inequality & discriminationGender inequality & discrimination
Gender inequality & discrimination
 
Gender roles and inequalities in age
Gender roles and inequalities in ageGender roles and inequalities in age
Gender roles and inequalities in age
 
Envisioning a gender fair society [autosaved]
Envisioning a gender fair society [autosaved]Envisioning a gender fair society [autosaved]
Envisioning a gender fair society [autosaved]
 
Presentation (Slideshow)
Presentation (Slideshow)Presentation (Slideshow)
Presentation (Slideshow)
 
ROLE OF THE BROADCAST MEDIA IN CURBING CHILD ABUSE
ROLE OF THE BROADCAST MEDIA IN CURBING CHILD ABUSEROLE OF THE BROADCAST MEDIA IN CURBING CHILD ABUSE
ROLE OF THE BROADCAST MEDIA IN CURBING CHILD ABUSE
 
Sex and gender education presentation version 2
Sex and gender education presentation version 2Sex and gender education presentation version 2
Sex and gender education presentation version 2
 
Reaching the Unreached
Reaching the UnreachedReaching the Unreached
Reaching the Unreached
 
Media and identity
Media and identityMedia and identity
Media and identity
 
Social Inequality Essay
Social Inequality EssaySocial Inequality Essay
Social Inequality Essay
 
Causes, Consequences and Remedies of Juvenile Delinquency in the Context of S...
Causes, Consequences and Remedies of Juvenile Delinquency in the Context of S...Causes, Consequences and Remedies of Juvenile Delinquency in the Context of S...
Causes, Consequences and Remedies of Juvenile Delinquency in the Context of S...
 

Similar to Enhancing Economic, Health and Social Capabilities of Vulnerable Youth

Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...Isihlangu HDA
 
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...Isihlangu HDA
 
Building health, social and economic capabilities among adolescents: the Siya...
Building health, social and economic capabilities among adolescents: the Siya...Building health, social and economic capabilities among adolescents: the Siya...
Building health, social and economic capabilities among adolescents: the Siya...Isihlangu HDA
 
ICYRNet 2015 Jo Boyden Plenary presentation
ICYRNet 2015 Jo Boyden Plenary presentationICYRNet 2015 Jo Boyden Plenary presentation
ICYRNet 2015 Jo Boyden Plenary presentationYoung Lives Oxford
 
Media coverage of violence against children in Jamaica
Media coverage of violence against children in JamaicaMedia coverage of violence against children in Jamaica
Media coverage of violence against children in JamaicaTaitu Heron
 
Siyakha Nentsha: building assets and reducing vulnerability in KwaZulu Natal
Siyakha Nentsha: building assets and reducing vulnerability in KwaZulu NatalSiyakha Nentsha: building assets and reducing vulnerability in KwaZulu Natal
Siyakha Nentsha: building assets and reducing vulnerability in KwaZulu NatalIsihlangu HDA
 
Sexuality & sexual rights in a snapshot of rhm papers
Sexuality & sexual rights in a snapshot of rhm papersSexuality & sexual rights in a snapshot of rhm papers
Sexuality & sexual rights in a snapshot of rhm papersRHMLisa
 
Hs5225 The Out Project
Hs5225 The Out ProjectHs5225 The Out Project
Hs5225 The Out ProjectLYNDJOHNSON
 
Survey on elderly women´s life in slovakia
Survey on elderly women´s life in slovakiaSurvey on elderly women´s life in slovakia
Survey on elderly women´s life in slovakiaZuzana Mészárosová
 
MRC/info4africa KZN Community Forum | July 2014 | Youth Sexualities | Mz Kerr...
MRC/info4africa KZN Community Forum | July 2014 | Youth Sexualities | Mz Kerr...MRC/info4africa KZN Community Forum | July 2014 | Youth Sexualities | Mz Kerr...
MRC/info4africa KZN Community Forum | July 2014 | Youth Sexualities | Mz Kerr...info4africa
 
Problems of human diversity
Problems of human diversityProblems of human diversity
Problems of human diversity200170225
 
Toronto Teen Survey Bulletin
Toronto Teen Survey BulletinToronto Teen Survey Bulletin
Toronto Teen Survey BulletinJessica Ferne
 
Literacy Skill for the Girl Child - A Panacea for Reducing World Poverty
Literacy Skill for the Girl Child -  A Panacea for Reducing World PovertyLiteracy Skill for the Girl Child -  A Panacea for Reducing World Poverty
Literacy Skill for the Girl Child - A Panacea for Reducing World Povertyleadershipmgtservice
 

Similar to Enhancing Economic, Health and Social Capabilities of Vulnerable Youth (20)

Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
 
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
 
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
Can financial education and social support enhance the effectiveness of an ad...
 
Building health, social and economic capabilities among adolescents: the Siya...
Building health, social and economic capabilities among adolescents: the Siya...Building health, social and economic capabilities among adolescents: the Siya...
Building health, social and economic capabilities among adolescents: the Siya...
 
A pilot program to address the gendered social and economic precursors of you...
A pilot program to address the gendered social and economic precursors of you...A pilot program to address the gendered social and economic precursors of you...
A pilot program to address the gendered social and economic precursors of you...
 
Africa Youth
Africa YouthAfrica Youth
Africa Youth
 
ICYRNet 2015 Jo Boyden Plenary presentation
ICYRNet 2015 Jo Boyden Plenary presentationICYRNet 2015 Jo Boyden Plenary presentation
ICYRNet 2015 Jo Boyden Plenary presentation
 
Arts & culture program for teen girls
Arts & culture program for teen girlsArts & culture program for teen girls
Arts & culture program for teen girls
 
Final poster2
Final poster2Final poster2
Final poster2
 
Media coverage of violence against children in Jamaica
Media coverage of violence against children in JamaicaMedia coverage of violence against children in Jamaica
Media coverage of violence against children in Jamaica
 
Siyakha Nentsha: building assets and reducing vulnerability in KwaZulu Natal
Siyakha Nentsha: building assets and reducing vulnerability in KwaZulu NatalSiyakha Nentsha: building assets and reducing vulnerability in KwaZulu Natal
Siyakha Nentsha: building assets and reducing vulnerability in KwaZulu Natal
 
Sexuality & sexual rights in a snapshot of rhm papers
Sexuality & sexual rights in a snapshot of rhm papersSexuality & sexual rights in a snapshot of rhm papers
Sexuality & sexual rights in a snapshot of rhm papers
 
Hs5225 The Out Project
Hs5225 The Out ProjectHs5225 The Out Project
Hs5225 The Out Project
 
Enhancing financial literacy hiv aids skills and safe social spaces among vul...
Enhancing financial literacy hiv aids skills and safe social spaces among vul...Enhancing financial literacy hiv aids skills and safe social spaces among vul...
Enhancing financial literacy hiv aids skills and safe social spaces among vul...
 
Survey on elderly women´s life in slovakia
Survey on elderly women´s life in slovakiaSurvey on elderly women´s life in slovakia
Survey on elderly women´s life in slovakia
 
MRC/info4africa KZN Community Forum | July 2014 | Youth Sexualities | Mz Kerr...
MRC/info4africa KZN Community Forum | July 2014 | Youth Sexualities | Mz Kerr...MRC/info4africa KZN Community Forum | July 2014 | Youth Sexualities | Mz Kerr...
MRC/info4africa KZN Community Forum | July 2014 | Youth Sexualities | Mz Kerr...
 
Problems of human diversity
Problems of human diversityProblems of human diversity
Problems of human diversity
 
Issues of Power in Youth Research Enablers and Barriers to Youth Participatio...
Issues of Power in Youth Research Enablers and Barriers to Youth Participatio...Issues of Power in Youth Research Enablers and Barriers to Youth Participatio...
Issues of Power in Youth Research Enablers and Barriers to Youth Participatio...
 
Toronto Teen Survey Bulletin
Toronto Teen Survey BulletinToronto Teen Survey Bulletin
Toronto Teen Survey Bulletin
 
Literacy Skill for the Girl Child - A Panacea for Reducing World Poverty
Literacy Skill for the Girl Child -  A Panacea for Reducing World PovertyLiteracy Skill for the Girl Child -  A Panacea for Reducing World Poverty
Literacy Skill for the Girl Child - A Panacea for Reducing World Poverty
 

More from Isihlangu HDA

Siyakha Nentsha: using mixed methods to measure financial capabilities
Siyakha Nentsha: using mixed methods to measure financial capabilitiesSiyakha Nentsha: using mixed methods to measure financial capabilities
Siyakha Nentsha: using mixed methods to measure financial capabilitiesIsihlangu HDA
 
Siyakha Nentsha brief
Siyakha Nentsha briefSiyakha Nentsha brief
Siyakha Nentsha briefIsihlangu HDA
 
Building Health, Social, and Economic Capabilities among Adolescents Threaten...
Building Health, Social, and Economic Capabilities among Adolescents Threaten...Building Health, Social, and Economic Capabilities among Adolescents Threaten...
Building Health, Social, and Economic Capabilities among Adolescents Threaten...Isihlangu HDA
 
Siyakha Nentsha, early results
Siyakha Nentsha, early resultsSiyakha Nentsha, early results
Siyakha Nentsha, early resultsIsihlangu HDA
 
A human rights-based approach to HIV prevention: An experiment among adolesce...
A human rights-based approach to HIV prevention: An experiment among adolesce...A human rights-based approach to HIV prevention: An experiment among adolesce...
A human rights-based approach to HIV prevention: An experiment among adolesce...Isihlangu HDA
 

More from Isihlangu HDA (11)

Siyakha Nentsha: using mixed methods to measure financial capabilities
Siyakha Nentsha: using mixed methods to measure financial capabilitiesSiyakha Nentsha: using mixed methods to measure financial capabilities
Siyakha Nentsha: using mixed methods to measure financial capabilities
 
Siyakha Nentsha brief
Siyakha Nentsha briefSiyakha Nentsha brief
Siyakha Nentsha brief
 
SA postcard 3
SA postcard 3SA postcard 3
SA postcard 3
 
S apostcard3
S apostcard3S apostcard3
S apostcard3
 
Postcard 2
Postcard 2Postcard 2
Postcard 2
 
Postcard 3
Postcard 3Postcard 3
Postcard 3
 
110607 s nbrief
110607 s nbrief110607 s nbrief
110607 s nbrief
 
110606 s nbrochure
110606 s nbrochure110606 s nbrochure
110606 s nbrochure
 
Building Health, Social, and Economic Capabilities among Adolescents Threaten...
Building Health, Social, and Economic Capabilities among Adolescents Threaten...Building Health, Social, and Economic Capabilities among Adolescents Threaten...
Building Health, Social, and Economic Capabilities among Adolescents Threaten...
 
Siyakha Nentsha, early results
Siyakha Nentsha, early resultsSiyakha Nentsha, early results
Siyakha Nentsha, early results
 
A human rights-based approach to HIV prevention: An experiment among adolesce...
A human rights-based approach to HIV prevention: An experiment among adolesce...A human rights-based approach to HIV prevention: An experiment among adolesce...
A human rights-based approach to HIV prevention: An experiment among adolesce...
 

Recently uploaded

PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..AneriPatwari
 
Lippincott Microcards_ Microbiology Flash Cards-LWW (2015).pdf
Lippincott Microcards_ Microbiology Flash Cards-LWW (2015).pdfLippincott Microcards_ Microbiology Flash Cards-LWW (2015).pdf
Lippincott Microcards_ Microbiology Flash Cards-LWW (2015).pdfSreeja Cherukuru
 
SYNDESMOTIC INJURY- ANATOMICAL REPAIR.pptx
SYNDESMOTIC INJURY- ANATOMICAL REPAIR.pptxSYNDESMOTIC INJURY- ANATOMICAL REPAIR.pptx
SYNDESMOTIC INJURY- ANATOMICAL REPAIR.pptxdrashraf369
 
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdfBasic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdfDivya Kanojiya
 
COVID-19 (NOVEL CORONA VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptx
COVID-19  (NOVEL CORONA  VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptxCOVID-19  (NOVEL CORONA  VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptx
COVID-19 (NOVEL CORONA VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptxBibekananda shah
 
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaurMETHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaurNavdeep Kaur
 
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptxRadiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptxDr. Dheeraj Kumar
 
LESSON PLAN ON fever.pdf child health nursing
LESSON PLAN ON fever.pdf child health nursingLESSON PLAN ON fever.pdf child health nursing
LESSON PLAN ON fever.pdf child health nursingSakthi Kathiravan
 
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptxWorld-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptxEx WHO/USAID
 
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptxSHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptxAbhishek943418
 
CCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdf
CCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdfCCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdf
CCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdfMyThaoAiDoan
 
Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.
Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.
Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.ANJALI
 
History and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdf
History and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdfHistory and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdf
History and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdfSasikiranMarri
 
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom KidanemariamANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom KidanemariamAkebom Gebremichael
 
MedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdf
MedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdfMedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdf
MedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdfSasikiranMarri
 
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara RajendranMusic Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara RajendranTara Rajendran
 
Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)
Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)
Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)Mohamed Rizk Khodair
 
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience ClassNutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Classmanuelazg2001
 
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptxScreening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptxtadehabte
 
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdfPNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdfDolisha Warbi
 

Recently uploaded (20)

PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
 
Lippincott Microcards_ Microbiology Flash Cards-LWW (2015).pdf
Lippincott Microcards_ Microbiology Flash Cards-LWW (2015).pdfLippincott Microcards_ Microbiology Flash Cards-LWW (2015).pdf
Lippincott Microcards_ Microbiology Flash Cards-LWW (2015).pdf
 
SYNDESMOTIC INJURY- ANATOMICAL REPAIR.pptx
SYNDESMOTIC INJURY- ANATOMICAL REPAIR.pptxSYNDESMOTIC INJURY- ANATOMICAL REPAIR.pptx
SYNDESMOTIC INJURY- ANATOMICAL REPAIR.pptx
 
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdfBasic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
 
COVID-19 (NOVEL CORONA VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptx
COVID-19  (NOVEL CORONA  VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptxCOVID-19  (NOVEL CORONA  VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptx
COVID-19 (NOVEL CORONA VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptx
 
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaurMETHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
 
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptxRadiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
 
LESSON PLAN ON fever.pdf child health nursing
LESSON PLAN ON fever.pdf child health nursingLESSON PLAN ON fever.pdf child health nursing
LESSON PLAN ON fever.pdf child health nursing
 
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptxWorld-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
 
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptxSHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
 
CCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdf
CCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdfCCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdf
CCSC6142 Week 3 Research ethics - Long Hoang.pdf
 
Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.
Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.
Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.
 
History and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdf
History and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdfHistory and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdf
History and Development of Pharmacovigilence.pdf
 
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom KidanemariamANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
 
MedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdf
MedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdfMedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdf
MedDRA-A-Comprehensive-Guide-to-Standardized-Medical-Terminology.pdf
 
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara RajendranMusic Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
 
Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)
Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)
Primary headache and facial pain. (2024)
 
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience ClassNutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
 
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptxScreening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
 
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdfPNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
 

Enhancing Economic, Health and Social Capabilities of Vulnerable Youth

  • 1. “Siyakha Nentsha”Enhancing the Economic, Health, and Social Capabilities of Highly Vulnerable Youth Kelly Hallman, Eva Roca, Kasthuri Govender, Emmanuel Mbatha, Rob Pattman, DeeviaBhana, Mike Rogan, and Hannah Taboada Population Association of America Dallas, Texas April 15, 2010
  • 2. Setting Semi-rural KwaZulu Natal Poverty and income inequality Unemployment Early pregnancy Early school leaving HIV
  • 3. Formative research: vulnerabilities associated with adolescent HIV risk behaviors Living in poverty Not socially connected Orphaned Source: Hallman 2004, 2005, 2008a, 2008b, 2008c
  • 4. Poorer more likely to sexually debut earlier Ever had sex: 14-16 year-olds Poor Non-poor Source: Hallman 2005, 2008a
  • 5. Those with less social capital more likely to experience forced sex Ever been : 14-16 year-old females Source: Hallman 2008a, 2008b
  • 6. Orphans have more economically-motivated sexual encounters Ever traded sex: sexually debuted 14-16-year-olds Source: Hallman 2008a, 2008c
  • 7. Possible protective factors Education Access to financial services and social grants Social support
  • 9. Purpose Improve functional capabilities and well-being of adolescents at high risk for: HIV and STIs teenage pregnancy parenthood school dropout loss of one or both parents lack of knowledge of further employment and training opportunities
  • 10. Program Methods Intervention Evidence-based Piloted Multi-sectoral Participatory Intensive – multi-session
  • 11. Randomization HIV, RH, Life Skills HIV, RH, Life Skills + financial capabilities Delayed intervention
  • 12. Research Methods Longitudinal survey Youth-conducted social mapping with presentations back to community Youth, parent, mentor focus groups to assess experience with intervention
  • 13.
  • 14. Description of sample Age Orphaning Sex HIV Feelings Social outlets
  • 16. Know can get pregnant if you have sex only once Males females*
  • 17. Very or somewhat confident know how to use a condom correctly Males * females*
  • 18. Heard of STIs Males * females*
  • 19. Can name >2 symptoms of STIs in males Males * females
  • 20. Have drugs or alcohol affected your sexual decisionmaking in the last 12 months? Males * females
  • 21. “It’s different, in school we learn mathematics and biology but here we learn things that we can use in the future.” - female age 16 years
  • 22. Participant views “….. I didn’t understand about HIV and AIDS before but now I do. I didn’t learn that in school.” –female age 20 years, not enrolled in school “It changed my attitude, because I know how to use a condom and I know how to trust my partner and I know how to advise my partner, when we are sitting together and talking about, how to have sexual intercourse and I know even to advise the community as a whole about HIV/AIDS…”–male age 22 years, not enrolled in school
  • 23. Selected resources Hallman, K. 2008a.“Researching the determinants of vulnerability to HIV amongst adolescents,” IDS Bulletin, 39(5), November 2008. Hallman, K. 2008b, in press. “Social exclusion: The gendering of adolescent HIV risks in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa,” in J. Klot and V. Nguyen eds., The Fourth Wave: An Assault on Women - Gender, Culture and HIV in the 21st Century. Social Science Research Council and UNESCO. Hallman, K. 2008c, under review. "Orphanhood Type and Sexual Debut: A panel study from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa," Economic Development and Cultural Change. Bruce, J. and Hallman, K. 2008. “Reaching the girls left behind,” Gender & Development, 16(2): 227-245. Hallman, K. 2007. “Nonconsensual sex, school enrollment and educational outcomes in South Africa,” Africa Insight (special issue on Youth in Africa), 37(3): 454-472. Hallman, K. Genderedsocioeconomic conditions and HIV riskbehavioursamongyoung people in South Africa. 2005. African Journal of AIDS Research 4(1): 37–50.Abstract: http://www.popcouncil.org/projects/abstracts/AJAR_4_1.html
  • 24. Thank you! Our funders: ESRC/Hewlett Joint Scheme & DFID via the ABBA RPC