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CFLs in the Sherwin Home

     One Family’s Journey




         www.EltonSherwin.com

     Copyright © 2009 by Elton B. Sherwin
What Galvanized the
  Sherwin Family
   into Action…
        The melting ice caps?
        Actually, it was…
$506 Electric Bill
Sherwin Family in Menlo Park
 One New Home
   With basement
   Tough building code
                              Three
                                TVs & DVD players
                                Furnaces
 Two :
   Stories                    Four
   Refrigerators                PCs
   Pool pumps                   Cellphones
   Girls                        Clock radios
   Dogs                       Innumerable
   TiVos                        Cordless phones
   iPods                        Light bulbs
   Rechargeable flashlights     Motion detectors
   AC compressors
And 12 Skylights
12 Outdoor Motion Detectors
Indoors

45 Motion                                12 Timers
Detectors




            Guest Bathroom


                Motion detector on left is from WattStopper
                Available at Home Depot or at WattStopper.com
And One $506 Electric Bill




           Even with all the motion detectors and skylights
Looking for the Culprit


Make sure it says EZ.
If it is not an EZ model,
it is not EZ to use.




                                   Available at Amazon.com.
                                      Links to many of the
                                         products in this
                                   presentation are posted at
                                    www.EltonSherwin.com
Couldn’t Find One Culprit
Device                           Month
Mom's desk light                  $8.65
Garage rechargeable flashlight    $2.79
Entry walkway lights              $4.57
Honeywell HEPA - MBR - HI         $8.57
Honeywell - HEPA - medium         $6.94
Garage refrigerator              $19.09
Instant hot water heater          $4.08
Dad’s PC & 3 transformers        $12.70
Mom's PC & printer               $16.40
Need to Take Action
Solar
               Option?
Cost of $29,822 (16 panels, $10.76/watt)
Subsidy of $9,206
Net cost is $20,616
Produce 400 kWh/month
22% of our usage
$124 savings per month
166 months (13 years) break even
Save 4,800+ lbs. CO2 per year
Reduce Consumption?
We were consistent
consumers
                               Sherwin Annual Consumption
Average Monthly Kwh




                      2,000
                      1,500
                      1,000
                       500
                         0
                              2005 average       2006 average
Part of the Problem ?
Reducing Consumption
Off to
  Orchard Hardware & Supply
  (OSH)
  ACE hardware
  Stanford Electric
  Seven Trips to Home Depot
Removed 55 Bulbs
Bulbs Have Gotten Smaller
Home Depot’s Better Bulb
Home Depot’s Better
                        Bulb
                   Formerly called n:vision
                   Now called EcoSmart
                   Some of the pictures in this
                   presentation have old packaging



We tested 11
brands
Home Depot
had better bulb
CFLs Have Gotten Better
             Instant on
             No flicker
             Starts at 60%
             brightness
             105% brightness of
             incandescent
             Color similar to
             incandescent soft
             white
             Elton’s score: A-
Many Situations
Indistinguishable
Nice Color
Large Packs Are a Deal
Fit Inside Most Harps
Cloth Lampshades




     Cooler and Probably Safer
We use in Clip-on Shades
Smaller Than an Incandescent
Small Lamps




My daughter
didn’t notice
Wall Sconces
Even in Some “Ceiling Cans”
Small Amount of Accent Lighting




 14 watts vs. 65 watts   The animals seem happy
Unnecessary Fixture
 That Gets Left On
Even Fit Some Clip-ons
“Red” Package
Instant on
No flicker
Starts at 60% brightness
After 1 min 105%
WHITER than
incandescent soft white
Some people prefer
Useful yellow lampshades
and big rooms
Elton’s score: A-
Red vs. Green
Green = soft white   Red = bright white
Matches
incandescent bulbs
Big Yellow Lampshade in Big room




                       Brighter
                       120W red +
                       100W red
                       Replaced 200W
                       incandescent
                       70% savings
Also Have Baby Reds
Instant on
No flicker
Starts at 60%
brightness
After 1 min 105%
Color WHITER than
incandescent soft
white
Elton’s score: A-
Reds work well:
 behind glass
 with yellow
 lampshades
 with glaucoma
Who put in
all these
ceiling
cans?
No
wonder
we had a
$506
electric bill
But What Happened to the
      PG&E Bill?
PG&E Billing

$600
        $507
$500                    $439

$400
                                             $306
$300

$200

$100                        Averaging $100 to $150
                            a month in savings
 $0
       December         January             February
Recommended Bulbs (A-)
        70%+ Savings
Home Depot Red &
 Green Spirals
 Instant on No flicker
 Start at 60%
 brightness
 After 1 min 105%

Less success with other
  brands
Tough Problems
Ceiling Cans
Clear fixtures
Dimmers
Green 40w
Instant on
No flicker
Starts at 40%
brightness
After 1 min 105%
Color similar to
incandescent soft
white
Elton’s score: B-
Dimmer for first 30 seconds

             Incandescent




      Compact Fluorescent


      I left two incandescent bulbs in place
      so the bathroom would brighten quickly
After 1 minute
CFL is slightly brighter
Only One is Incandescent




  I left one incandescent bulb in place so the kitchen island
                    would brighten quickly
Back to Our Nemesis
             The Halogen
                Spot
Best Available for Indoor
Halogen Replacements
Instant on - No flicker
Starts at 35%
brightness
After 1 min 100%
Slightly more yellow
than Halogen
Larger bulb, less
focused
Elton’s score: B-
Home Depot
Halogen Spot Replacement
   Need a CFL Spot w/ CLEAR Glass Front




50 W or 75 W                  23 W
Adjust Ceiling Cans Up
Halogen Spot Replacement




                    23 W
50 W or 75 W
Two are 23 W CFLs
One is 50 W Halogen
I left one halogen bulb in place so the kitchen counter
                 would brighten quickly
Inexpensive Flood
“Frosted Front” - Good in Hallways
                   Takes minute to get
                   to full brightness
                        Starts at 35%
                        brightness
                   Almost identical to
                   incandescent 65W
                   flood
                     Slightly wider beam
                     Adjust ceiling can
                   B+ for always on
                   Remove the dimmers
Best Available Dimmable Flood
Available at Ace Hardware   Nice soft white color
                            Not instant on
                              Starts at 50%
                              brightness
                            Dimmer must be on
                            high to start
                            Larger bulb, less
                            focused
                            Often better to
                            remove dimmers
                            Elton’s score: C
On the Bleeding Edge
Ready for most homes:
 Par 20s - small floods w/ standard base
    Ace hardware has 3 different CFL versions

Still frustrating:
  Most dimmable CFLs
  MR-16 style – “flashlight” bulb w/ 2 pins
  Spotlights – narrow beams
  Most LEDs sold in retail
    Wait a bit longer for residential applications
Motion Detectors & Timers



              Work well with CFLs
                Extend CFL life in
                ceiling cans


              Burn out fluorescent
              tubes in magnetic
              ballasts (which should
              be replaced anyway)
Removed 20 Spots
Removed an Additional 25 Bulbs
CFLs by the Numbers

Cost                       $463
Subsidy (PG&E))            $145
Consumer                   $318

Monthly Savings:
KWH                          359
Bill - $.32 KWH            $111
Break even months              3
Annual CO2 lbs reduction   4,304
Cost per 1,000 lbs/year    $108
PG&E CFL Subsidy
  Paid Directly to Home Depot




I didn’t even know my bulbs were
subsidized
CFLs 60x Cost Efficient vs. Solar
          Reducing CO2
                            CFL      Solar
Cost                       $463    $29,822
Subsidy                    $145     $9,206
Consumer                   $318    $20,616

Monthly Savings:
KWH                          359       400
Bill - $.31KWH              $111      $124
Break even months              3       166
Annual CO2 lbs reduction   4,304     4,800
Cost per 1,000 lbs/year    $108     $6,213
Hybrid Car is up to10x Cost
  Efficient vs. Solar Reducing CO2
                                              Hybrid
                             CFL      Solar     Car
Cost                        $463    $29,822    $2,500
Subsidy                     $145     $9,206          0
Consumer                    $318    $20,616    $2,500

Monthly Savings:                                 Gas
KWH or Gallons of Gas         359       400       17
Bill - $.31KWH, $2.50 gal    $111      $124      $42
Break even months               3       166       60
Annual CO2 lbs reduction    4,304     4,800     4000
Cost per 1,000 lbs/year     $108     $6,213     $625
Real-time Monitoring
 Black & Decker
 Power Monitor
    (Also sold as the Blue Line
    Power Cost Monitor)




                                  You can install
                                   Costs $100
                                   6% to 20% reduction
                                  Read all the reviews on
                                    Amazon to make sure it is
                                    compatible with your meter
Day After
     Installation
At 10:10 AM.

“It says I am using
$1000 a month.”

“And nothing is on.
I turned off all the lights.
Nothing is on”
Except the Pool Pump
We were spending $1,000 a year moving
water around
We bought an
 IntelliFlo pump
 Spent $2,500
 Uses 1/8 the
 electricity
 Some are now
 under $1,200
  www.pentairpool.com
Impact of Sherwin Pool Pump on
         Global Climate
Useful Tools




                            Smart
                            Power
                            Strips
 For more information see
 www.EltonSherwin.com
Smart Power Strips




     For more information see www.EltonSherwin.com
We all focus on electricity

 Electricity is the largest part of our
                utility bill
  But electricity is not the biggest
   part of the carbon footprint for
          many Californians
60% Natural
   Gas
Don’t Forget
                                            Solar
                                            Hot Water

The Phoenix hot water hearer was the most efficient tank tested in the PG&E lab
Six items Dominate Sherwin
   Family Carbon Footprint

  Air travel
  The “stuff” we buy*
  Gasoline
  Natural gas (for you it might be propane, heating
  oil, or wood)
  Electricity
  Beef and dairy

                      Focus on these six first

* This includes the electricity we use to run the product and the energy
   used to manufacture, transport and dispose of it.
A Word About Commercial Lighting
    Lighting is the #1 or #2 Largest User of Electricity
               in Most Buildings in America

                                                           Houston Skyline
Commercial Lighting


44% of the
Electricity in
Health Care
Facilities is
 Lighting
Incandescent Bulbs Still Widely Used




                                             60+ Coal-
                                             fired plants
                                             domestically

                                             250+ Coal-
                                             fired plants
                                             worldwide




            Halogen spots and MR16s continue to be popular
Local Retail Done Correctly
Draegers – Menlo Park
  Over 1,000 bulbs replaced
  2 month break even


Northface – in Palo Alto
  Test location for their retail stores
Fluorescent Tubes                                    Good       Better BEST




A word about fluorescent tubes: NARROWER IS BETTER
Never use magnetic ballasts.
Electronic ballasts are quieter, more efficient, and eliminate flicker.
Good   Better BEST
Electronic vs. Magnetic
  Ballasts (for tubes)
Electronic ballasts are more efficient than
magnetic ballasts … resulting in an overall lamp-
ballast system efficacy increase of 15% to 20%.
Other advantages of the electronic ballast
include reduced weight, quieter operation, and
reduced lamp flicker. Electronic ballasts are
directly interchangeable with magnetic ballasts.
(From LBNL website)
You should always use electronic ballasts,
especially with motion detectors.
84% of a Building’s Carbon
Footprint Comes from its Utility Bill
Utilities are #1 Emitters of
 Greenhouse Gases in America
84% of a Building’s Carbon Footprint Comes
  from its Utility Bill
  Lighting
  Windows
  HVAC
  Hot Water
  PCs & Appliances

     Focus on Your Utility Bill
Many LEED Buildings Fall Short

 “LEED certification is not yielding
  any significant reduction in GHG
      emission by commercial
             buildings.”

                  John H. Scofield,
                   Oberlin College
 A Re-examination of the NBI LEED Building Energy Consumption
                              Study
If You Want to Be Green
                  Lower the Utility Bill

       Lighting
       Windows
       HVAC
       Hot Water
       PCs & Appliances
                             And:
                               • Eat less beef
                               • Use less gasoline
For more information see
                               • Shop wisely
www.EltonSherwin.com
                               • Don’t fly to useless meetings

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Sherwin Lighting Presentation V10

  • 1. CFLs in the Sherwin Home One Family’s Journey www.EltonSherwin.com Copyright © 2009 by Elton B. Sherwin
  • 2. What Galvanized the Sherwin Family into Action… The melting ice caps? Actually, it was…
  • 4. Sherwin Family in Menlo Park One New Home With basement Tough building code Three TVs & DVD players Furnaces Two : Stories Four Refrigerators PCs Pool pumps Cellphones Girls Clock radios Dogs Innumerable TiVos Cordless phones iPods Light bulbs Rechargeable flashlights Motion detectors AC compressors
  • 6. 12 Outdoor Motion Detectors
  • 7. Indoors 45 Motion 12 Timers Detectors Guest Bathroom Motion detector on left is from WattStopper Available at Home Depot or at WattStopper.com
  • 8. And One $506 Electric Bill Even with all the motion detectors and skylights
  • 9. Looking for the Culprit Make sure it says EZ. If it is not an EZ model, it is not EZ to use. Available at Amazon.com. Links to many of the products in this presentation are posted at www.EltonSherwin.com
  • 10. Couldn’t Find One Culprit Device Month Mom's desk light $8.65 Garage rechargeable flashlight $2.79 Entry walkway lights $4.57 Honeywell HEPA - MBR - HI $8.57 Honeywell - HEPA - medium $6.94 Garage refrigerator $19.09 Instant hot water heater $4.08 Dad’s PC & 3 transformers $12.70 Mom's PC & printer $16.40
  • 11. Need to Take Action
  • 12. Solar Option? Cost of $29,822 (16 panels, $10.76/watt) Subsidy of $9,206 Net cost is $20,616 Produce 400 kWh/month 22% of our usage $124 savings per month 166 months (13 years) break even Save 4,800+ lbs. CO2 per year
  • 13. Reduce Consumption? We were consistent consumers Sherwin Annual Consumption Average Monthly Kwh 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 2005 average 2006 average
  • 14. Part of the Problem ?
  • 15. Reducing Consumption Off to Orchard Hardware & Supply (OSH) ACE hardware Stanford Electric Seven Trips to Home Depot
  • 17. Bulbs Have Gotten Smaller
  • 19. Home Depot’s Better Bulb Formerly called n:vision Now called EcoSmart Some of the pictures in this presentation have old packaging We tested 11 brands Home Depot had better bulb
  • 20. CFLs Have Gotten Better Instant on No flicker Starts at 60% brightness 105% brightness of incandescent Color similar to incandescent soft white Elton’s score: A-
  • 23. Large Packs Are a Deal
  • 25. Cloth Lampshades Cooler and Probably Safer
  • 26. We use in Clip-on Shades
  • 27. Smaller Than an Incandescent
  • 30. Even in Some “Ceiling Cans”
  • 31. Small Amount of Accent Lighting 14 watts vs. 65 watts The animals seem happy
  • 32. Unnecessary Fixture That Gets Left On
  • 33. Even Fit Some Clip-ons
  • 34. “Red” Package Instant on No flicker Starts at 60% brightness After 1 min 105% WHITER than incandescent soft white Some people prefer Useful yellow lampshades and big rooms Elton’s score: A-
  • 35. Red vs. Green Green = soft white Red = bright white Matches incandescent bulbs
  • 36. Big Yellow Lampshade in Big room Brighter 120W red + 100W red Replaced 200W incandescent 70% savings
  • 37. Also Have Baby Reds Instant on No flicker Starts at 60% brightness After 1 min 105% Color WHITER than incandescent soft white Elton’s score: A-
  • 38. Reds work well: behind glass with yellow lampshades with glaucoma
  • 39. Who put in all these ceiling cans?
  • 41. But What Happened to the PG&E Bill?
  • 42. PG&E Billing $600 $507 $500 $439 $400 $306 $300 $200 $100 Averaging $100 to $150 a month in savings $0 December January February
  • 43. Recommended Bulbs (A-) 70%+ Savings Home Depot Red & Green Spirals Instant on No flicker Start at 60% brightness After 1 min 105% Less success with other brands
  • 45. Green 40w Instant on No flicker Starts at 40% brightness After 1 min 105% Color similar to incandescent soft white Elton’s score: B-
  • 46. Dimmer for first 30 seconds Incandescent Compact Fluorescent I left two incandescent bulbs in place so the bathroom would brighten quickly
  • 47. After 1 minute CFL is slightly brighter
  • 48. Only One is Incandescent I left one incandescent bulb in place so the kitchen island would brighten quickly
  • 49. Back to Our Nemesis The Halogen Spot
  • 50. Best Available for Indoor Halogen Replacements Instant on - No flicker Starts at 35% brightness After 1 min 100% Slightly more yellow than Halogen Larger bulb, less focused Elton’s score: B- Home Depot
  • 51. Halogen Spot Replacement Need a CFL Spot w/ CLEAR Glass Front 50 W or 75 W 23 W
  • 53. Halogen Spot Replacement 23 W 50 W or 75 W
  • 54. Two are 23 W CFLs One is 50 W Halogen
  • 55. I left one halogen bulb in place so the kitchen counter would brighten quickly
  • 56. Inexpensive Flood “Frosted Front” - Good in Hallways Takes minute to get to full brightness Starts at 35% brightness Almost identical to incandescent 65W flood Slightly wider beam Adjust ceiling can B+ for always on Remove the dimmers
  • 57. Best Available Dimmable Flood Available at Ace Hardware Nice soft white color Not instant on Starts at 50% brightness Dimmer must be on high to start Larger bulb, less focused Often better to remove dimmers Elton’s score: C
  • 58. On the Bleeding Edge Ready for most homes: Par 20s - small floods w/ standard base Ace hardware has 3 different CFL versions Still frustrating: Most dimmable CFLs MR-16 style – “flashlight” bulb w/ 2 pins Spotlights – narrow beams Most LEDs sold in retail Wait a bit longer for residential applications
  • 59. Motion Detectors & Timers Work well with CFLs Extend CFL life in ceiling cans Burn out fluorescent tubes in magnetic ballasts (which should be replaced anyway)
  • 62. CFLs by the Numbers Cost $463 Subsidy (PG&E)) $145 Consumer $318 Monthly Savings: KWH 359 Bill - $.32 KWH $111 Break even months 3 Annual CO2 lbs reduction 4,304 Cost per 1,000 lbs/year $108
  • 63. PG&E CFL Subsidy Paid Directly to Home Depot I didn’t even know my bulbs were subsidized
  • 64. CFLs 60x Cost Efficient vs. Solar Reducing CO2 CFL Solar Cost $463 $29,822 Subsidy $145 $9,206 Consumer $318 $20,616 Monthly Savings: KWH 359 400 Bill - $.31KWH $111 $124 Break even months 3 166 Annual CO2 lbs reduction 4,304 4,800 Cost per 1,000 lbs/year $108 $6,213
  • 65. Hybrid Car is up to10x Cost Efficient vs. Solar Reducing CO2 Hybrid CFL Solar Car Cost $463 $29,822 $2,500 Subsidy $145 $9,206 0 Consumer $318 $20,616 $2,500 Monthly Savings: Gas KWH or Gallons of Gas 359 400 17 Bill - $.31KWH, $2.50 gal $111 $124 $42 Break even months 3 166 60 Annual CO2 lbs reduction 4,304 4,800 4000 Cost per 1,000 lbs/year $108 $6,213 $625
  • 66. Real-time Monitoring Black & Decker Power Monitor (Also sold as the Blue Line Power Cost Monitor) You can install Costs $100 6% to 20% reduction Read all the reviews on Amazon to make sure it is compatible with your meter
  • 67. Day After Installation At 10:10 AM. “It says I am using $1000 a month.” “And nothing is on. I turned off all the lights. Nothing is on”
  • 68. Except the Pool Pump We were spending $1,000 a year moving water around
  • 69. We bought an IntelliFlo pump Spent $2,500 Uses 1/8 the electricity Some are now under $1,200 www.pentairpool.com
  • 70. Impact of Sherwin Pool Pump on Global Climate
  • 71. Useful Tools Smart Power Strips For more information see www.EltonSherwin.com
  • 72. Smart Power Strips For more information see www.EltonSherwin.com
  • 73. We all focus on electricity Electricity is the largest part of our utility bill But electricity is not the biggest part of the carbon footprint for many Californians
  • 74. 60% Natural Gas
  • 75. Don’t Forget Solar Hot Water The Phoenix hot water hearer was the most efficient tank tested in the PG&E lab
  • 76. Six items Dominate Sherwin Family Carbon Footprint Air travel The “stuff” we buy* Gasoline Natural gas (for you it might be propane, heating oil, or wood) Electricity Beef and dairy Focus on these six first * This includes the electricity we use to run the product and the energy used to manufacture, transport and dispose of it.
  • 77. A Word About Commercial Lighting Lighting is the #1 or #2 Largest User of Electricity in Most Buildings in America Houston Skyline
  • 78. Commercial Lighting 44% of the Electricity in Health Care Facilities is Lighting
  • 79.
  • 80. Incandescent Bulbs Still Widely Used 60+ Coal- fired plants domestically 250+ Coal- fired plants worldwide Halogen spots and MR16s continue to be popular
  • 81. Local Retail Done Correctly Draegers – Menlo Park Over 1,000 bulbs replaced 2 month break even Northface – in Palo Alto Test location for their retail stores
  • 82. Fluorescent Tubes Good Better BEST A word about fluorescent tubes: NARROWER IS BETTER Never use magnetic ballasts. Electronic ballasts are quieter, more efficient, and eliminate flicker.
  • 83. Good Better BEST Electronic vs. Magnetic Ballasts (for tubes) Electronic ballasts are more efficient than magnetic ballasts … resulting in an overall lamp- ballast system efficacy increase of 15% to 20%. Other advantages of the electronic ballast include reduced weight, quieter operation, and reduced lamp flicker. Electronic ballasts are directly interchangeable with magnetic ballasts. (From LBNL website) You should always use electronic ballasts, especially with motion detectors.
  • 84. 84% of a Building’s Carbon Footprint Comes from its Utility Bill
  • 85. Utilities are #1 Emitters of Greenhouse Gases in America 84% of a Building’s Carbon Footprint Comes from its Utility Bill Lighting Windows HVAC Hot Water PCs & Appliances Focus on Your Utility Bill
  • 86. Many LEED Buildings Fall Short “LEED certification is not yielding any significant reduction in GHG emission by commercial buildings.” John H. Scofield, Oberlin College A Re-examination of the NBI LEED Building Energy Consumption Study
  • 87. If You Want to Be Green Lower the Utility Bill Lighting Windows HVAC Hot Water PCs & Appliances And: • Eat less beef • Use less gasoline For more information see • Shop wisely www.EltonSherwin.com • Don’t fly to useless meetings