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Licensing,
Citation and
Sustainability
Carole Goble
The University of Manchester, UK
Carole.goble@manchester.ac.uk
Intellectual Property
legal rights (IPRs) from intellectual activity in the
industrial, scientific, literary and artistic fields
Patent
Protects ‘new’ ideas and has an ‘inventive step’ that is not obvious to
someone who works in the subject area
Copyright
Protection of a tangible manifestation of an idea;
e.g. a book or source/object code
License
An agreement or permission that grants a right to use .
often in the form of a contract
• Governs exploitation rights
• Fallacies
• ‘found it on the internet so I can use it’
• No license worse than a restrictive license
• If you are an employee you likely don’t own it
• Often if you want to exploit the University will
come to some kind of agreement
• Legal owners vs. Moral owners
• ‘Publish or Perish’
• Impact vs. making money
• Hard to optimise for both
Intellectual Property
• Governs the permission you are granting to
others in regards to source code or object code
you hold the Copyright on:
– Are you allowed to use it?
– Are you allowed to copy it?
– Are you allowed to resell it?
– Are you allowed to change it?
– Are you allowed to distribute it?
– Who is liable if something goes wrong?
– What about Patents ?
Software and Data Licenses
Types of licenses
• Closed (“Proprietary”)
• Restricted (“Academic” /
“Non-commercial”)
• Open source license
– Permissive
– Copyleft
• Public domain / CC0
• Informal license
• No license
Considerations
• Larger works comprising
code with different
licenses (“license
compatibility”)
• Assets made available
under more than one
license (“dual licensing”)
• Copyright holders can re-
license as they own the IP
DOI: 10.6084/m9.figshare.1434044
Licence Properties
• attribution
– the licensor must be given due credit for the work when it is
distributed, displayed, performed, or used to derive a new
work.
• copyleft
– any new works derived from the licensed one must be released
under the same license, and only that licence.
• non-commercial licence
– to prevent the licensee from exploiting the work commercially.
• Multiple and dual licensing
– alternative licence allows commercial uses but requires
payment to the licensor.
Apache License 2.0
BSD 3-Clause "New" or "Revised" license
BSD 2-Clause "Simplified" or "FreeBSD" license
GNU General Public License (GPL)
GNU Library or "Lesser" General Public License (LGPL)
MIT license
Mozilla Public License 2.0
Common Development and Distribution License
Eclipse Public License
Open Source Licenses
http://choosealicense.com/licenses/
http://opensource.org/licenses
Check conditions for distribution
Proprietary Software Licenses
Special terms and conditions for distribution
• Creative Commons
• Open Data Commons
• Open/Non-Commercial Government Licence
• Public domain
– most permissive way of releasing data
– CC-0
Standard Data licences
Creative Commons Data Licensing
• (CC0) (total waiver)
• Attribution (CC BY)
• Attribution Share Alike (CC BY-SA)
• Attribution No Derivatives (CC BY-ND)
• Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC)
• Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA)
• Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND)
http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/license-research-data#x1-4000
Getting Help
http://choosealicense.com
http://opensource.org/licenses
http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/
License Wizard
http://ufal.github.io/lindat-license-selector/
Citation: Orcid and Citation Tracking
Citation & Credit tracking
https://impactstory.org/HollyBik
Getting Indexed
Getting Indexed http://dliservice.research-infrastructures.eu/#/
[Paolo Manghi]
Sustainable Resources
• Commercial support
• Community support
• Government support
• National support
• Cloud support
• Import and export
• Research objects
http://www.crl.edu/sites/default/files/d6/attachments/pages/trac_0.pdf
Trustworthy Repositories Audit & Certification: Criteria and Checklist
Crediting the Resource
to help sustain it….
Geraint Duck, Goran Nenadic, Andy Brass, David L. Robertson, Robert Stevens: Extracting patterns of database
and software usage from the bioinformatics literature. Bioinformatics 30(17): 601-608 (2014)
Senay Kafkas, Jee-Hyub Kim, Xingjun Pi, Johanna R. McEntyre:
Database citation in supplementary data linked to Europe PubMed Central full text biomedical articles. J.
Biomedical Semantics 6: 1 (2015)
Resources
Software
• http://www.software.ac.uk
• OSSWatch – oss-watch.ac.uk – opensource advice
• GNU – all things Copyleft – www.gnu.org
• http://www.software.ac.uk/blog/2015-08-27-price-open-source-software-joint-
response - contemporary issues in open sourcing research code
• http://producingoss.com/ - about open development
• Software Freedom Law Centre - https://www.softwarefreedom.org/ - legal
defense of Copyleft
• http://www.qlegal.qmul.ac.uk/resources/index.html
• https://www.gov.uk/guidance/lambert-toolkit - wider IP sharing with industry
Data
• https://rd-alliance.org/groups/rdawds-publishing-data-services-wg.html
• http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides
• http://www.dcc.ac.uk
• http://ufal.github.io/lindat-license-selector/

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Licensing, Citation and Sustainability.

  • 1. Licensing, Citation and Sustainability Carole Goble The University of Manchester, UK Carole.goble@manchester.ac.uk
  • 2. Intellectual Property legal rights (IPRs) from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary and artistic fields Patent Protects ‘new’ ideas and has an ‘inventive step’ that is not obvious to someone who works in the subject area Copyright Protection of a tangible manifestation of an idea; e.g. a book or source/object code License An agreement or permission that grants a right to use . often in the form of a contract
  • 3. • Governs exploitation rights • Fallacies • ‘found it on the internet so I can use it’ • No license worse than a restrictive license • If you are an employee you likely don’t own it • Often if you want to exploit the University will come to some kind of agreement • Legal owners vs. Moral owners • ‘Publish or Perish’ • Impact vs. making money • Hard to optimise for both Intellectual Property
  • 4. • Governs the permission you are granting to others in regards to source code or object code you hold the Copyright on: – Are you allowed to use it? – Are you allowed to copy it? – Are you allowed to resell it? – Are you allowed to change it? – Are you allowed to distribute it? – Who is liable if something goes wrong? – What about Patents ? Software and Data Licenses
  • 5. Types of licenses • Closed (“Proprietary”) • Restricted (“Academic” / “Non-commercial”) • Open source license – Permissive – Copyleft • Public domain / CC0 • Informal license • No license Considerations • Larger works comprising code with different licenses (“license compatibility”) • Assets made available under more than one license (“dual licensing”) • Copyright holders can re- license as they own the IP DOI: 10.6084/m9.figshare.1434044
  • 6. Licence Properties • attribution – the licensor must be given due credit for the work when it is distributed, displayed, performed, or used to derive a new work. • copyleft – any new works derived from the licensed one must be released under the same license, and only that licence. • non-commercial licence – to prevent the licensee from exploiting the work commercially. • Multiple and dual licensing – alternative licence allows commercial uses but requires payment to the licensor.
  • 7. Apache License 2.0 BSD 3-Clause "New" or "Revised" license BSD 2-Clause "Simplified" or "FreeBSD" license GNU General Public License (GPL) GNU Library or "Lesser" General Public License (LGPL) MIT license Mozilla Public License 2.0 Common Development and Distribution License Eclipse Public License Open Source Licenses http://choosealicense.com/licenses/ http://opensource.org/licenses Check conditions for distribution Proprietary Software Licenses Special terms and conditions for distribution
  • 8. • Creative Commons • Open Data Commons • Open/Non-Commercial Government Licence • Public domain – most permissive way of releasing data – CC-0 Standard Data licences
  • 9. Creative Commons Data Licensing • (CC0) (total waiver) • Attribution (CC BY) • Attribution Share Alike (CC BY-SA) • Attribution No Derivatives (CC BY-ND) • Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC) • Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA) • Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/license-research-data#x1-4000
  • 12. Citation: Orcid and Citation Tracking
  • 13. Citation & Credit tracking https://impactstory.org/HollyBik
  • 16. Sustainable Resources • Commercial support • Community support • Government support • National support • Cloud support • Import and export • Research objects http://www.crl.edu/sites/default/files/d6/attachments/pages/trac_0.pdf Trustworthy Repositories Audit & Certification: Criteria and Checklist
  • 17. Crediting the Resource to help sustain it…. Geraint Duck, Goran Nenadic, Andy Brass, David L. Robertson, Robert Stevens: Extracting patterns of database and software usage from the bioinformatics literature. Bioinformatics 30(17): 601-608 (2014) Senay Kafkas, Jee-Hyub Kim, Xingjun Pi, Johanna R. McEntyre: Database citation in supplementary data linked to Europe PubMed Central full text biomedical articles. J. Biomedical Semantics 6: 1 (2015)
  • 18. Resources Software • http://www.software.ac.uk • OSSWatch – oss-watch.ac.uk – opensource advice • GNU – all things Copyleft – www.gnu.org • http://www.software.ac.uk/blog/2015-08-27-price-open-source-software-joint- response - contemporary issues in open sourcing research code • http://producingoss.com/ - about open development • Software Freedom Law Centre - https://www.softwarefreedom.org/ - legal defense of Copyleft • http://www.qlegal.qmul.ac.uk/resources/index.html • https://www.gov.uk/guidance/lambert-toolkit - wider IP sharing with industry Data • https://rd-alliance.org/groups/rdawds-publishing-data-services-wg.html • http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides • http://www.dcc.ac.uk • http://ufal.github.io/lindat-license-selector/

Editor's Notes

  1. - See more at: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/license-research-data#sthash.rOowwRWZ.dpuf
  2. Creative Commons is a non-profit corporation set up in 2001 for the purpose of producing simple yet robust licences for creative works.[26] These licences give the creators of such works finer-grained control over how they may be used than simply declaring them public domain or reserving all rights. As well as the legal text, the licences all have quick clear summaries and a canonical URL for use in HTML, RDF and other code. A rights expression language is also provided for use with RDF.[27] While originally aimed at works such as music, images and video, Creative Commons licences have been used widely for most forms of original content, including data. - See more at: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/license-research-data#sthash.rOowwRWZ.dpuf Using CC0, you can waive all copyrights and related or neighboring rights that you have over your work, such as your moral rights (to the extent waivable), your publicity or privacy rights, rights you have protecting against unfair competition, and database rights and rights protecting the extraction, dissemination and reuse of data.
  3. Ball, A. (2014). ‘How to License Research Data’. DCC How-to Guides. Edinburgh: Digital Curation Centre. Available online: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides See more at: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/license-research-data#sthash.SYgkXGAO.dpuf