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Legal Aspects of UGC & Crowdsourcing
Julia Fallon, IPR & Policy Advisor, Europeana Foundation
Digital Heritage International Congress 2013, Marseille, FR
1st November 2013
The Milkmaid, Johannes Vermeer, c1660
The Milkmaid, Johannes Vermeer, c1660
UGC: Three different perspectives
translated into requirements
I’m an author: I want to share content and
metadata…

I’m a user: I want to share content and metadata…

I manage the service: I want to allow authors and
users to share and reuse content and metadata
Terms from the contributors
perspective: ownership, attribution
Are you the owner of the content or metadata?
Sole

Shared

3rd Party

Are you using embedded works?
Yes

No

Should the work be attributed?
Always

Sometimes

Never
Terms from the contributors
perspective: ownership, attribution
Are you the owner of the content or metadata?
Sole
You give
permission for
access and
reuse

Shared
Have all of the
authors been
identified and
have given
permission for
access & reuse?

3rd Party
Has the
third party
given
permission
for access
& reuse?
Terms from the contributors
perspective: ownership, attribution
Are you using embedded works?
Yes
Do you have the right to use and
share the embedded work?

No
You do not
need to do
anything to
share your
work
Terms from the contributors
perspective: ownership, attribution
Should the work be attributed?
Always
Every
contribution
(content or
metadata)
should be
attributed
when reused

Sometimes

Never

Only content (or
metadata)
needs to be
attributed when
reused

I don’t
require any
contribution
to be
attributed
Terms from the user perspective: rights
of reuse
Can I reuse the work?
Yes

Sometimes

No

Can I modify the work?
Yes

Sometimes

No

What are my rights in the works I modify?
Ownership

Unclear

User
Terms from the user perspective: rights
of reuse
Can I reuse the work?
Yes

Sometimes

Great! Where can I find the
terms and conditions?
Yes
Can I share it on Facebook?
Can I use it commercially?
Yes

No
Oh. That’s
disappointing!
Terms from the user perspective: rights
of reuse
Can I modify the work?
Yes

Sometimes

Great! Where can I find the
terms and conditions?
Yes

Yes

No
Oh. That’s
disappointing!
Terms from the user perspective: rights
of reuse
What are my rights in the works that I modify?
Ownership
You have
created
an entire
Yes
new work
Yes

Unclear

User
You have
made
minor
edits to an
existing
work
General terms from the service provider
perspective: moderation, removal, privacy
Will I moderate submissions?
Always

Sometimes

Never

Should I be able to remove works?
Yes

Sometimes

No

Should I protect users privacy?
Yes

Sometimes

Never
General terms from the service provider
perspective: moderation, removal, privacy
Will I moderate submissions?
Always

Sometimes

Have you
clear
Yes
guidelines
on what is
acceptable
?
Yes

Do everything consistently!

Never
General terms from the service provider
perspective: moderation, removal, privacy
Should I be able to remove works?
Yes
Have you
clear
guidelines
Yes
on when
content or
metadata
Yes
should be
removed?

Sometimes

No

Do everything consistently!
General terms from the service provider
perspective: moderation, removal, privacy
Should I protect users privacy?
Yes
Have you
clearly
Yes
explained
what you
will protect
and your
Yes
users
rights?

Sometimes

Never

Do everything consistently!
Thank you!

#AllezCulture!
Questions?
Julia Fallon
The Europeana Foundation
Julia.fallon@kb.nl

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DH2013: Julia Fallon – Legal aspects of UGC

  • 1. Legal Aspects of UGC & Crowdsourcing Julia Fallon, IPR & Policy Advisor, Europeana Foundation Digital Heritage International Congress 2013, Marseille, FR 1st November 2013
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. The Milkmaid, Johannes Vermeer, c1660
  • 5. The Milkmaid, Johannes Vermeer, c1660
  • 6. UGC: Three different perspectives translated into requirements I’m an author: I want to share content and metadata… I’m a user: I want to share content and metadata… I manage the service: I want to allow authors and users to share and reuse content and metadata
  • 7. Terms from the contributors perspective: ownership, attribution Are you the owner of the content or metadata? Sole Shared 3rd Party Are you using embedded works? Yes No Should the work be attributed? Always Sometimes Never
  • 8. Terms from the contributors perspective: ownership, attribution Are you the owner of the content or metadata? Sole You give permission for access and reuse Shared Have all of the authors been identified and have given permission for access & reuse? 3rd Party Has the third party given permission for access & reuse?
  • 9. Terms from the contributors perspective: ownership, attribution Are you using embedded works? Yes Do you have the right to use and share the embedded work? No You do not need to do anything to share your work
  • 10. Terms from the contributors perspective: ownership, attribution Should the work be attributed? Always Every contribution (content or metadata) should be attributed when reused Sometimes Never Only content (or metadata) needs to be attributed when reused I don’t require any contribution to be attributed
  • 11. Terms from the user perspective: rights of reuse Can I reuse the work? Yes Sometimes No Can I modify the work? Yes Sometimes No What are my rights in the works I modify? Ownership Unclear User
  • 12. Terms from the user perspective: rights of reuse Can I reuse the work? Yes Sometimes Great! Where can I find the terms and conditions? Yes Can I share it on Facebook? Can I use it commercially? Yes No Oh. That’s disappointing!
  • 13. Terms from the user perspective: rights of reuse Can I modify the work? Yes Sometimes Great! Where can I find the terms and conditions? Yes Yes No Oh. That’s disappointing!
  • 14. Terms from the user perspective: rights of reuse What are my rights in the works that I modify? Ownership You have created an entire Yes new work Yes Unclear User You have made minor edits to an existing work
  • 15. General terms from the service provider perspective: moderation, removal, privacy Will I moderate submissions? Always Sometimes Never Should I be able to remove works? Yes Sometimes No Should I protect users privacy? Yes Sometimes Never
  • 16. General terms from the service provider perspective: moderation, removal, privacy Will I moderate submissions? Always Sometimes Have you clear Yes guidelines on what is acceptable ? Yes Do everything consistently! Never
  • 17. General terms from the service provider perspective: moderation, removal, privacy Should I be able to remove works? Yes Have you clear guidelines Yes on when content or metadata Yes should be removed? Sometimes No Do everything consistently!
  • 18. General terms from the service provider perspective: moderation, removal, privacy Should I protect users privacy? Yes Have you clearly Yes explained what you will protect and your Yes users rights? Sometimes Never Do everything consistently!
  • 19. Thank you! #AllezCulture! Questions? Julia Fallon The Europeana Foundation Julia.fallon@kb.nl