What is the Copyright
When we create some type of work, it
automatically has a copyright on it.
This means that other people cannot
copy, reproduce, or distribute it
without our permission.
Copyrighting in the
• It is important students to fully
understand what they can and cannot
do. As teachers, we must explain that
it is not legal to copy someone else's
work without their permission or to
quote them without using a reference.
• Educators are often sharing their work
with each other. However, teachers
need to understand that we still need
permission to use others work.
Links for Teachers,
Parents, and Students:
• Links for Teachers & Parents:
Links for Kids:
Fair Use: What is it?
• According to the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Media
Literacy Education, Fair Use is basically considering all facts and
circumstances and deciding if using an unlicensed copyrighted
material generates social or cultural benefits that are grater than the
cost it imposes on the copyright of the owner. Therefore, it is OK to
use unlicensed material it can generate new and useful material that
may have a great effect on our culture.
• Fair Use provides educators with the opportunity to be open and
public about asserting the appropriateness of their practices and the
justifications for them.
Video of Fair Use:
• This is a Link to a YouTube Video that
gives a great explanation of what Fair
Use is and how it relate to the
The Five Basic Principles of Fair Use:
1. Employing copyrighted material on media
2. Material in Preparing Curriculum Materials –
3. Sharing Media Literacy Curriculum Materials
4. Students Use of Copyrighted Materials in
5. Developing Audience for Student Work
• The informaiton found on this slide is from "The Code of Best Practices in
Fair Use for Media Literacy Education."
Four Factor Test:
• Only a Judge in a courtroom can determine if something is fair use or not. However, you
can use the "four factor test" (suggested on the ninch website:
try to make a personal judgment:
• The Four Factors laid down by Section 107 of copyright law are those to be used to
determine whether a use of copyright material in a particular case is a "fair use" or not.
• 1. the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial
nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
• 2. the nature of the copyrighted work;
• 3. the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work
as a whole; and
• the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
• 4.The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such
finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.
Two Key Questions:
• Judges turn to two key questions when trying to decided if
something can considered “fair use”:
– Did the unlicensed use “transform” the material taken
from the copyrighted work by using it for a different
purpose than that of the original, or did it just repeat the
work for the same intent and value as the original?
– Was the material taken appropriate in kind and amount,
considering the nature of the copyrighted work and of the
• The informaiton found on this cube is from"The Code of Best Practices
in Fair Use for Media Literacy Education."
What does this mean?
• Since whatever we create, write, or post
online has a copyright on it, others cannot
freely use our work without our permission
or getting a judge to determine “fair use”.
• But what if we WANT to share our work?
• How can we find work that creators want to
What is Creative
• Creative Commons is a program
that was designed to help creators
share their work with others
while allowing them to specify the
details. Creative Commons allows
us to customize our work so we
can tell people which parts we
would allow them to use or
remake and other parts that we
want to keep to ourselves.
How can we do this?
• All you have to do is visit the Creative
answer a few questions about your
creation and Creative Commons will
make a custom copyright license for
our work that others will follow.
The 6 Types of
• Creative Commons offers six different types of licenses: Attribution, Attribution Share
Alike, Attribution No Derivatives, Attribution Non-Commercial, Attribution Non-
Commercial Share Alike, Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives. Attributions let
other copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work- and derivative
works based upon it- but only if they give credit the way you request. If the license says
Share Alike this means that you will allow others to distribute derivative works only
under a license identical to the license that governs your work. Non-commercial means
that you will allow other people to copy, distribute, display, and perform your work –
and derivative works based upon it- but for noncommercial purposes only. If you choose
to not have derivative works then you will let others copy, distribute, display, and
perform only verbatim copies of your work, not derivate works based upon it.
• This information was found on this websites:
What Does This Mean
QuickTimeª and a
are needed to see this picture.
What Does This Mean for
• Teachers often gather copyrighted information from the internet,
conferences, other teachers, books, etc. We usually rely on the idea of
sharing. However, according to copyright laws, we are technically not
supposed to use the information we find without permission of the
creator. Now, we have just learned how "Fair Use" can help use use
material that is copyrighted however, this is not legal unless a judge
decided the material is "Fair Use" and it can be a long process to
determine what is "fair." Therefore, educators can benefit from using the
Creative Commons webpage. This website will allow us to help other
educators as well as find information that is safe for us to use. Creative
commons is a wonderful idea and helps make 21st century learning a lot
easier for teachers to implement in their classrooms.