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IP	
  Transit	
  :	
  
Simple	
  Math-­‐Simple	
  Calcula7on	
  
Simon	
  Sohel	
  Baroi	
  
Sr.	
  Manager,	
  ITC-­‐IIG,	
  Fiber@Home	
  
bdNOG2,	
  Cox’s	
  Bazar,	
  Bangladesh	
  
IP	
  Transit	
  –	
  The	
  Main	
  Criteria:	
   2	
  
§  TOP-­‐10	
  Providers	
  from	
  –	
  Cost	
  Comparison.	
  	
  
§  Latency	
  	
  
§  Infrastructure	
  
§  Theory	
  of	
  Success	
  
Top	
  Providers	
  
IP	
  Transit	
  	
  
The	
  TOP	
  TEN	
  List	
  of	
  2013	
  :	
   4	
  
A	
  Baker’s	
  Dozen,	
  2013	
  Edi7on	
  
hNp://research.dyn.com/2014/01/bakers-­‐dozen-­‐2013-­‐ediTon/#!preNyPhoto	
  
Connec7ng	
  Level	
  3	
  @	
  Telehouse	
  East	
  London	
  :	
   5	
  
§  Capacity	
  :	
  STM-­‐16	
  (	
  POS	
  Port	
  )	
  
§  Data	
  Center	
  :	
  Telehouse	
  East	
  London	
  
§  Submarine	
  :	
  Sea-­‐Me-­‐We-­‐4	
  
§  Last	
  Mile	
  Provider	
  :	
  XYZ	
  
§  IP	
  Port	
  :	
  Level3	
  (AS3356)	
  
Project	
  :	
  DHAKA	
  -­‐	
  LONDON	
  
Connec7ng	
  Level	
  3	
  @	
  Telehouse	
  East	
  London	
  :	
   6	
  
Cost	
  :	
  
Item	
   Quan7ty	
   Cost	
  (USD)	
  
Dhaka-­‐Cox‘s	
  Bazar	
  
Landing	
  StaTon	
  
STM-­‐16	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  11,538.00	
  	
  
Cox’s	
  Bazar	
  towards	
  
Chennai	
  Half	
  Circuit	
  
STM-­‐16	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  22,051.28	
  	
  
Chennai	
  to	
  London	
  
TELEHOUSE	
  East	
  
STM-­‐16	
  
	
   	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  15,000.00	
  	
  
Level	
  3	
  IP	
  port	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  3,500.00	
  	
  
TOTAL	
  COST	
  
52,089.28	
  
Per	
  Mbps	
  Cost	
  :	
  21.70	
  USD	
  
Submarine	
  Cable	
  Connec7vity	
  at	
  Bangladesh	
  :	
   7	
  
Benapole	
  
Submarine	
  Cable	
  :	
  
Sea-­‐Me-­‐We	
  4	
  
	
  
Operator	
  :	
  
Bangladesh	
  Submarine	
  
Cable	
  Company	
  Limited	
  	
  
(BSCCL	
  )	
  
Terrestrial	
  Cable	
  :	
  
At	
  Benapole	
  Border	
  
	
  
Beyond	
  5	
  posi7on	
  :	
  	
   8	
  
A	
  Baker’s	
  Dozen,	
  2013	
  Edi7on	
  
hNp://research.dyn.com/2014/01/bakers-­‐dozen-­‐2013-­‐ediTon/#!preNyPhoto	
  
Connec7ng	
  TATA	
  Communica7on:	
   9	
  
Cost	
  :	
  
Item	
   Quan7ty	
   Cost	
  (USD)	
  
Dhaka	
  –	
  Chennai	
  with	
  
STM-­‐16	
  IP	
  PORT	
  
STM-­‐16	
  
36,000.00	
  
TOTAL	
  COST	
  
36,000.00	
  
Per	
  Mbps	
  Cost	
  :	
  15.00	
  USD	
  
Difference	
  :	
   10	
  
IPv4	
  :	
  
Telstra	
  Global	
  
Pacnet	
  Global	
  Ltd	
  
Hurricane	
  Electric,	
  Inc.	
  
IPv6	
  :	
  
Telstra	
  Global	
  
Pacnet	
  Global	
  Ltd	
  
Hurricane	
  Electric,	
  Inc.	
  
Hong	
  Kong	
  Internet	
  Exchange	
  
Difference	
  :	
   11	
  
New	
  York	
   New	
  York	
  
252	
  ms	
  263	
  ms	
  
Latency	
  
IP	
  Transit	
  	
  
§  Lowest	
  Latency	
  -­‐	
  Best	
  Provider	
  
Latency	
  :	
  	
   13	
  
Country	
   IP	
   NTT	
   PCCW	
   AIRTEL	
  
Australia	
   27.111.64.200	
   358	
   192	
   247	
  
Bhutan	
   202.144.128.210	
   285	
   220	
   366	
  
Canada	
   95.128.201.97	
   339	
   268	
   279	
  
China	
   216.38.54.184	
   177	
   252	
   270	
  
France	
   77.67.2.100	
   341	
   281	
   330	
  
Germany	
   64.64.3.129	
   251	
   256	
   242	
  
Hong	
  Kong	
   58.64.128.100	
   126	
   40	
   188	
  
India	
   111.125.136.100	
   342	
   168	
   84	
  
Italy	
   46.105.189.33	
   272	
   276	
   238	
  
Japan	
   218.40.163.121	
   118	
   120	
   112	
  
Korea	
   59.86.192.100	
   150	
   148	
   295	
  
Malaysia	
   216.6.121.100	
   382	
   8	
   344	
  
Pakistan	
   58.27.183.226	
   303	
   136	
   106	
  
Qatar	
   37.210.100.100	
   152	
   232	
   366	
  
Saudi	
  Arab	
   31.166.100.100	
   177	
   548	
   321	
  
Singapore	
   103.1.172.100	
   3	
   4	
   1.196	
  
UAE	
   79.98.120.193	
   128	
   128	
   95	
  
UK	
   77.75.108.134	
   354	
   304	
   197	
  
USA	
   68.170.50.118	
   226	
   252	
   202	
  
From	
  Singapore	
  	
  
Latency	
  :	
  	
   14	
  
Country	
   IP	
   NTT	
   PCCW	
   AIRTEL	
  
Australia	
   27.111.64.200	
   358	
   192	
   247	
  
Bhutan	
   202.144.128.210	
   285	
   220	
   366	
  
Canada	
   95.128.201.97	
   339	
   268	
   279	
  
China	
   216.38.54.184	
   177	
   252	
   270	
  
France	
   77.67.2.100	
   341	
   281	
   330	
  
Germany	
   64.64.3.129	
   251	
   256	
   242	
  
Hong	
  Kong	
   58.64.128.100	
   126	
   40	
   188	
  
India	
   111.125.136.100	
   342	
   168	
   84	
  
Italy	
   46.105.189.33	
   272	
   276	
   238	
  
Japan	
   218.40.163.121	
   118	
   120	
   112	
  
Korea	
   59.86.192.100	
   150	
   148	
   295	
  
Malaysia	
   216.6.121.100	
   382	
   8	
   344	
  
Pakistan	
   58.27.183.226	
   303	
   136	
   106	
  
Qatar	
   37.210.100.100	
   152	
   232	
   366	
  
Saudi	
  Arab	
   31.166.100.100	
   177	
   548	
   321	
  
Singapore	
   103.1.172.100	
   3	
   4	
   1.196	
  
UAE	
   79.98.120.193	
   128	
   128	
   95	
  
UK	
   77.75.108.134	
   354	
   304	
   197	
  
USA	
   68.170.50.118	
   226	
   252	
   202	
  
From	
  Singapore	
  	
  
379
Infrastructure	
  
IP	
  Transit	
  	
  
HOP	
  Distance	
  :	
   16	
  
Country	
   IP	
   NTT	
   PCCW	
  
	
  	
   	
  	
   Hop	
   Own	
  Hop	
   	
  	
   Hop	
   Own	
  Hop	
   	
  	
  
Australia	
   27.111.64.200	
   10	
   4	
   40%	
   11	
   3	
   27%	
  
Bhutan	
   202.144.128.210	
   9	
   4	
   44%	
   10	
   2	
   20%	
  
Canada	
   95.128.201.97	
   7	
   4	
   57%	
   4	
   1	
   25%	
  
China	
   216.38.54.184	
   6	
   4	
   67%	
   5	
   5	
   100%	
  
France	
   77.67.2.100	
   7	
   4	
   57%	
   4	
   1	
   25%	
  
Germany	
   64.64.3.129	
   4	
   1	
   25%	
   5	
   5	
   100%	
  
Hong	
  Kong	
   58.64.128.100	
   8	
   4	
   50%	
   6	
   2	
   33%	
  
India	
   111.125.136.100	
   15	
   6	
   40%	
   11	
   3	
   27%	
  
Italy	
   46.105.189.33	
   10	
   1	
   10%	
   9	
   2	
   22%	
  
Japan	
   218.40.163.121	
   16	
   4	
   25%	
   8	
   3	
   38%	
  
Korea	
   59.86.192.100	
   13	
   2	
   15%	
   7	
   5	
   71%	
  
Malaysia	
   216.6.121.100	
   10	
   4	
   40%	
   6	
   3	
   50%	
  
Pakistan	
   58.27.183.226	
   13	
   1	
   8%	
   10	
   2	
   20%	
  
Qatar	
   37.210.100.100	
   4	
   2	
   50%	
   5	
   2	
   40%	
  
Saudi	
  Arab	
   31.166.100.100	
   5	
   4	
   80%	
   10	
   2	
   20%	
  
Singapore	
   103.1.172.100	
   6	
   1	
   17%	
   7	
   2	
   29%	
  
UAE	
   79.98.120.193	
   5	
   1	
   20%	
   6	
   2	
   33%	
  
UK	
   77.75.108.134	
   6	
   5	
   83%	
   15	
   5	
   33%	
  
USA	
   68.170.50.118	
   9	
   5	
   56%	
   9	
   4	
   44%	
  
From	
  Singapore	
  	
  
Path	
  Covered	
  by	
  the	
  Operators	
  :	
   17	
  
Country	
   IP	
   NTT	
   PCCW	
  
	
  	
   	
  	
   Latency	
  
Own	
  
Network	
  
Other	
  
Network	
   Own	
  Path	
  	
  Latency	
  
Own	
  
Network	
  
Other	
  
Network	
  
	
  Own	
  
Path	
  
Australia	
   27.111.64.200	
   358	
   177	
   181	
   49%	
   192	
   4	
   188	
   2%	
  
Bhutan	
   202.144.128.210	
   285	
   140	
   145	
   49%	
   220	
   12	
   208	
   5%	
  
Canada	
   95.128.201.97	
   339	
   181	
   158	
   53%	
   268	
   4	
   264	
   1%	
  
China	
   216.38.54.184	
   177	
   168	
   9	
   95%	
   252	
   252	
   0	
   100%	
  
France	
   77.67.2.100	
   341	
   200	
   141	
   59%	
   281	
   4	
   277	
   1%	
  
Germany	
   64.64.3.129	
   251	
   20	
   231	
   8%	
   256	
   256	
   0	
   100%	
  
Hong	
  Kong	
   58.64.128.100	
   126	
   114	
   12	
   90%	
   40	
   32	
   8	
   80%	
  
India	
   111.125.136.100	
   342	
   253	
   89	
   74%	
   168	
   1	
   167	
   1%	
  
Italy	
   46.105.189.33	
   272	
   2	
   270	
   1%	
   276	
   4	
   272	
   1%	
  
Japan	
   218.40.163.121	
   118	
   83	
   35	
   70%	
   120	
   68	
   52	
   57%	
  
Korea	
   59.86.192.100	
   150	
   66	
   84	
   44%	
   148	
   112	
   36	
   76%	
  
Malaysia	
   216.6.121.100	
   382	
   175	
   207	
   46%	
   8	
   4	
   4	
   50%	
  
Pakistan	
   58.27.183.226	
   303	
   3	
   300	
   1%	
   136	
   20	
   116	
   15%	
  
Qatar	
   37.210.100.100	
   152	
   2	
   150	
   1%	
   232	
   208	
   24	
   90%	
  
Saudi	
  Arab	
   31.166.100.100	
   177	
   161	
   16	
   91%	
   548	
   4	
   544	
   1%	
  
Singapore	
   103.1.172.100	
   3	
   1	
   2	
   33%	
   4	
   1	
   3	
   25%	
  
UAE	
   79.98.120.193	
   128	
   1	
   127	
   1%	
   128	
   4	
   124	
   3%	
  
UK	
   77.75.108.134	
   354	
   348	
   6	
   98%	
   304	
   178	
   126	
   59%	
  
USA	
   68.170.50.118	
   226	
   147	
   79	
   65%	
   252	
   232	
   20	
   92%	
  
From	
  Singapore	
  	
  
Path	
  Covered	
  by	
  the	
  Operators	
  :	
   18	
  
	
  traceroute	
  to	
  77.75.108.134	
  (77.75.108.134),	
  30	
  hops	
  max,	
  40	
  byte	
  packets	
  
	
  1	
  	
  ae-­‐3.r24.tokyjp05.jp.bb.gin.nN.net	
  (129.250.7.34)	
  	
  65.084	
  ms	
  	
  65.915	
  ms	
  	
  65.505	
  ms	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  MPLS	
  Label=797842	
  CoS=0	
  TTL=1	
  S=0	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  MPLS	
  Label=327264	
  CoS=0	
  TTL=1	
  S=1	
  
	
  2	
  	
  ae-­‐7.r22.osakjp02.jp.bb.gin.nN.net	
  (129.250.3.220)	
  	
  76.279	
  ms	
  	
  78.250	
  ms	
  	
  79.877	
  ms	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  MPLS	
  Label=450771	
  CoS=0	
  TTL=1	
  S=0	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  MPLS	
  Label=327264	
  CoS=0	
  TTL=2	
  S=1	
  
	
  3	
  	
  ae-­‐9.r23.londen03.uk.bb.gin.nN.net	
  (129.250.5.222)	
  	
  258.320	
  ms	
  	
  261.172	
  ms	
  	
  259.104	
  ms	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  MPLS	
  Label=669232	
  CoS=0	
  TTL=1	
  S=0	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  MPLS	
  Label=327264	
  CoS=0	
  TTL=3	
  S=1	
  
	
  4	
  	
  ae-­‐0.r22.londen03.uk.bb.gin.nN.net	
  (129.250.4.85)	
  	
  293.465	
  ms	
  	
  257.756	
  ms	
  	
  261.604	
  ms	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  MPLS	
  Label=327264	
  CoS=0	
  TTL=1	
  S=1	
  
	
  5	
  	
  ae-­‐1.r02.londen03.uk.bb.gin.nN.net	
  (129.250.5.25)	
  	
  347.476	
  ms	
  	
  348.636	
  ms	
  	
  338.559	
  ms	
  
	
  6	
  	
  xe-­‐0-­‐0-­‐3.edge00.the.uk.hso-­‐group.net	
  (62.73.169.34)	
  	
  353.065	
  ms	
  	
  351.443	
  ms	
  	
  350.306	
  ms	
  
NTT	
  Owned	
  
Networkc	
  
348ms	
  of	
  	
  
354ms	
  	
  
98%	
  
Other	
  Owned	
  
Network	
  
6ms	
  of	
  
354	
  ms	
  
2%	
  
Path	
  Covered	
  by	
  the	
  Operators	
  :	
   19	
  
PCCW	
  Owned	
  
Networkc	
  
176ms	
  of	
  	
  
305ms	
  	
  
59%	
  
Other	
  Owned	
  
Network	
  
126ms	
  of	
  
305	
  ms	
  
41%	
  
Final	
  Result	
  :	
   20	
  
NTT	
   PCCW	
  
Latency	
  	
  
(	
  Lowest	
  Latency	
  )	
  
8	
  TRs	
  	
  
10	
  TRs	
  
Own	
  Path	
  
(	
  Maximum	
  Path	
  )	
  
	
  
10	
  TRs	
   8	
  TRs	
  
Theory	
  of	
  Success	
  
IP	
  Transit	
  	
  
Theory	
  of	
  Success	
  :	
   22	
  
§  Measurement	
  of	
  the	
  Source	
  :	
  
•  RIPE	
  Atlas	
  
•  AS-­‐STATs	
  
§  Connect	
  to	
  Regional	
  Internet	
  Exchange	
  
§  Peer	
  more	
  and	
  more.	
  
What	
  is	
  Content	
  for	
  Bangladesh	
  :	
   23	
  
What	
  is	
  Content	
  for	
  Bangladesh	
  :	
   24	
  
Theory	
  of	
  Success	
  :	
  Route	
  Atlas	
  Measurement	
  	
   25	
  
Theory	
  of	
  Success	
  :	
  Route	
  Atlas	
  Measurement	
  	
   26	
  
Theory	
  of	
  Success	
  :	
  Route	
  Atlas	
  Measurement	
  	
   27	
  
Theory	
  of	
  Success	
  :	
  Route	
  Atlas	
  Measurement	
  	
   28	
  
Theory	
  of	
  Success	
  :	
  Route	
  Atlas	
  Measurement	
  	
   29	
  
Probe 	
   	
  #13602	
  
Address	
  (v4) 	
  182.68.59.174	
  
ASN	
  (v4) 	
   	
  24560	
  
Prefix	
  (v4) 	
   	
  182.68.48.0/20	
  
	
  	
  
	
  
Hops	
  (12)	
  
192.168.1.1	
  
122.160.220.72	
  
122.160.220.105	
  
125.19.22.149	
  
203.101.100.190	
  
182.79.243.74	
  
182.79.236.102	
  :	
  India	
  
182.79.245.22	
  :	
  Airtel	
  Singapore	
  
125.22.1.34	
  :	
  Airtel	
  Singapore	
  
103.7.251.102	
  :	
  India	
  	
  	
  
103.7.251.90	
  :	
  Bangladesh	
  
103.7.251.170	
  :	
  Bangladesh	
  
INDIA	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  -­‐>	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  SINGAPORE	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  -­‐>	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  INDIA	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  -­‐>	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Bangladesh	
  
Theory	
  of	
  Success	
  :	
  AS-­‐STATs	
   30	
  
1)	
  AS15169:	
  Google	
  Inc.	
  
2)	
  AS32934:	
  Facebook,	
  Inc.	
  
3)	
  AS39832:	
  Opera	
  Sopware	
  ASA	
  
4)	
  AS16625:	
  Akamai	
  Technologies,	
  Inc.	
  
5)	
  AS22822:	
  Limelight	
  Networks,	
  Inc.	
  
6)	
  AS9498:	
  BHARTI	
  Airtel	
  Ltd.	
  
7)	
  AS16265:	
  LeaseWeb	
  B.V.	
  
8)	
  AS54994:	
  MILEWEB,	
  INC.	
  
9)	
  AS7922:	
  Comcast	
  Cable	
  CommunicaTons,	
  Inc.	
  
10)	
  AS16276:	
  OVH	
  SAS	
  
11)	
  AS16509:	
  Amazon.com,	
  Inc.	
  
12)	
  AS174:	
  Cogent	
  CommunicaTons	
  
13)	
  AS3356:	
  Level	
  3	
  CommunicaTons,	
  Inc.	
  
14)	
  AS14618:	
  Amazon.com,	
  Inc.	
  
15)	
  AS36351:	
  SopLayer	
  Technologies	
  Inc.	
  
Fiber@Home	
  
AS-­‐58587	
  
Clients	
  
Connec7ng	
  to	
  	
  Nearest	
  Regional	
  IX	
  :	
   31	
  
§  Make	
  AS	
  Path	
  Shorter	
  :	
  
F@H	
  
58587	
  
EQUINIX	
  
Google	
  
15169	
  
	
  
Client	
  
TATA	
  
6453	
  
Connec7ng	
  to	
  	
  Nearest	
  Regional	
  IX	
  :	
   32	
  
IG_Router#sh	
  bgp	
  74.125.200.106	
  
	
  
BGP	
  rouTng	
  table	
  entry	
  for	
  74.125.200.0/24,	
  version	
  432989265	
  
Paths:	
  (2	
  available,	
  best	
  #2,	
  table	
  default)	
  
	
  	
  Not	
  adverTsed	
  to	
  any	
  peer	
  
	
  	
  Refresh	
  Epoch	
  1	
  
	
  	
  6453	
  15169	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  180.87.39.53	
  from	
  180.87.39.53	
  (66.110.10.215)	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Origin	
  IGP,	
  localpref	
  100,	
  valid,	
  external	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Community:	
  422903858	
  422906808	
  422907208	
  422907211	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  rx	
  pathid:	
  0,	
  tx	
  pathid:	
  0	
  
	
  	
  Refresh	
  Epoch	
  2	
  
	
  	
  15169	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  103.7.251.252	
  (metric	
  36)	
  from	
  103.7.251.252	
  (103.7.251.252)	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Origin	
  IGP,	
  metric	
  0,	
  localpref	
  300,	
  valid,	
  internal,	
  best	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  rx	
  pathid:	
  0,	
  tx	
  pathid:	
  0x0	
  
The	
  Theory	
  of	
  Success	
  :	
  Cost	
   33	
  
§  Peering	
  –	
  more	
  and	
  more	
  Peering	
  
Cost	
  Comparison	
  :	
  (	
  in	
  AISA	
  )	
  
1	
  GE	
  Peering	
  with	
  in	
  IX	
  =	
  6	
  x	
  GE	
  Peering	
  with	
  CDNs	
  
AS	
  :	
  58587	
  
•  EQUINIX	
  Singapore	
  
•  Global	
  Switch	
  Singapore	
  
•  Mumbai	
  	
  
•  Chennai	
  
•  London	
  (TeleHouse	
  East)	
  
•  Bangladesh	
  	
  	
  
OPEN	
  Peering	
  
35	
  
Thank You.
SIMON SOHEL BAROI
Fiber@Home Limited
House-7/B, Road-13, Gulshan-1, Dhaka-1212
Phone- 880 2 8814817, 8812507, Fax- 880 2 8812010
E-Mail : simon.baroi@fiberathome.net
www.fiberathome.net

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IP Transit : Simple Math - Simple Calculation

  • 1. IP  Transit  :   Simple  Math-­‐Simple  Calcula7on   Simon  Sohel  Baroi   Sr.  Manager,  ITC-­‐IIG,  Fiber@Home   bdNOG2,  Cox’s  Bazar,  Bangladesh  
  • 2. IP  Transit  –  The  Main  Criteria:   2   §  TOP-­‐10  Providers  from  –  Cost  Comparison.     §  Latency     §  Infrastructure   §  Theory  of  Success  
  • 3. Top  Providers   IP  Transit    
  • 4. The  TOP  TEN  List  of  2013  :   4   A  Baker’s  Dozen,  2013  Edi7on   hNp://research.dyn.com/2014/01/bakers-­‐dozen-­‐2013-­‐ediTon/#!preNyPhoto  
  • 5. Connec7ng  Level  3  @  Telehouse  East  London  :   5   §  Capacity  :  STM-­‐16  (  POS  Port  )   §  Data  Center  :  Telehouse  East  London   §  Submarine  :  Sea-­‐Me-­‐We-­‐4   §  Last  Mile  Provider  :  XYZ   §  IP  Port  :  Level3  (AS3356)   Project  :  DHAKA  -­‐  LONDON  
  • 6. Connec7ng  Level  3  @  Telehouse  East  London  :   6   Cost  :   Item   Quan7ty   Cost  (USD)   Dhaka-­‐Cox‘s  Bazar   Landing  StaTon   STM-­‐16                                  11,538.00     Cox’s  Bazar  towards   Chennai  Half  Circuit   STM-­‐16                              22,051.28     Chennai  to  London   TELEHOUSE  East   STM-­‐16                                15,000.00     Level  3  IP  port                                  3,500.00     TOTAL  COST   52,089.28   Per  Mbps  Cost  :  21.70  USD  
  • 7. Submarine  Cable  Connec7vity  at  Bangladesh  :   7   Benapole   Submarine  Cable  :   Sea-­‐Me-­‐We  4     Operator  :   Bangladesh  Submarine   Cable  Company  Limited     (BSCCL  )   Terrestrial  Cable  :   At  Benapole  Border    
  • 8. Beyond  5  posi7on  :     8   A  Baker’s  Dozen,  2013  Edi7on   hNp://research.dyn.com/2014/01/bakers-­‐dozen-­‐2013-­‐ediTon/#!preNyPhoto  
  • 9. Connec7ng  TATA  Communica7on:   9   Cost  :   Item   Quan7ty   Cost  (USD)   Dhaka  –  Chennai  with   STM-­‐16  IP  PORT   STM-­‐16   36,000.00   TOTAL  COST   36,000.00   Per  Mbps  Cost  :  15.00  USD  
  • 10. Difference  :   10   IPv4  :   Telstra  Global   Pacnet  Global  Ltd   Hurricane  Electric,  Inc.   IPv6  :   Telstra  Global   Pacnet  Global  Ltd   Hurricane  Electric,  Inc.   Hong  Kong  Internet  Exchange  
  • 11. Difference  :   11   New  York   New  York   252  ms  263  ms  
  • 12. Latency   IP  Transit     §  Lowest  Latency  -­‐  Best  Provider  
  • 13. Latency  :     13   Country   IP   NTT   PCCW   AIRTEL   Australia   27.111.64.200   358   192   247   Bhutan   202.144.128.210   285   220   366   Canada   95.128.201.97   339   268   279   China   216.38.54.184   177   252   270   France   77.67.2.100   341   281   330   Germany   64.64.3.129   251   256   242   Hong  Kong   58.64.128.100   126   40   188   India   111.125.136.100   342   168   84   Italy   46.105.189.33   272   276   238   Japan   218.40.163.121   118   120   112   Korea   59.86.192.100   150   148   295   Malaysia   216.6.121.100   382   8   344   Pakistan   58.27.183.226   303   136   106   Qatar   37.210.100.100   152   232   366   Saudi  Arab   31.166.100.100   177   548   321   Singapore   103.1.172.100   3   4   1.196   UAE   79.98.120.193   128   128   95   UK   77.75.108.134   354   304   197   USA   68.170.50.118   226   252   202   From  Singapore    
  • 14. Latency  :     14   Country   IP   NTT   PCCW   AIRTEL   Australia   27.111.64.200   358   192   247   Bhutan   202.144.128.210   285   220   366   Canada   95.128.201.97   339   268   279   China   216.38.54.184   177   252   270   France   77.67.2.100   341   281   330   Germany   64.64.3.129   251   256   242   Hong  Kong   58.64.128.100   126   40   188   India   111.125.136.100   342   168   84   Italy   46.105.189.33   272   276   238   Japan   218.40.163.121   118   120   112   Korea   59.86.192.100   150   148   295   Malaysia   216.6.121.100   382   8   344   Pakistan   58.27.183.226   303   136   106   Qatar   37.210.100.100   152   232   366   Saudi  Arab   31.166.100.100   177   548   321   Singapore   103.1.172.100   3   4   1.196   UAE   79.98.120.193   128   128   95   UK   77.75.108.134   354   304   197   USA   68.170.50.118   226   252   202   From  Singapore     379
  • 16. HOP  Distance  :   16   Country   IP   NTT   PCCW           Hop   Own  Hop       Hop   Own  Hop       Australia   27.111.64.200   10   4   40%   11   3   27%   Bhutan   202.144.128.210   9   4   44%   10   2   20%   Canada   95.128.201.97   7   4   57%   4   1   25%   China   216.38.54.184   6   4   67%   5   5   100%   France   77.67.2.100   7   4   57%   4   1   25%   Germany   64.64.3.129   4   1   25%   5   5   100%   Hong  Kong   58.64.128.100   8   4   50%   6   2   33%   India   111.125.136.100   15   6   40%   11   3   27%   Italy   46.105.189.33   10   1   10%   9   2   22%   Japan   218.40.163.121   16   4   25%   8   3   38%   Korea   59.86.192.100   13   2   15%   7   5   71%   Malaysia   216.6.121.100   10   4   40%   6   3   50%   Pakistan   58.27.183.226   13   1   8%   10   2   20%   Qatar   37.210.100.100   4   2   50%   5   2   40%   Saudi  Arab   31.166.100.100   5   4   80%   10   2   20%   Singapore   103.1.172.100   6   1   17%   7   2   29%   UAE   79.98.120.193   5   1   20%   6   2   33%   UK   77.75.108.134   6   5   83%   15   5   33%   USA   68.170.50.118   9   5   56%   9   4   44%   From  Singapore    
  • 17. Path  Covered  by  the  Operators  :   17   Country   IP   NTT   PCCW           Latency   Own   Network   Other   Network   Own  Path    Latency   Own   Network   Other   Network    Own   Path   Australia   27.111.64.200   358   177   181   49%   192   4   188   2%   Bhutan   202.144.128.210   285   140   145   49%   220   12   208   5%   Canada   95.128.201.97   339   181   158   53%   268   4   264   1%   China   216.38.54.184   177   168   9   95%   252   252   0   100%   France   77.67.2.100   341   200   141   59%   281   4   277   1%   Germany   64.64.3.129   251   20   231   8%   256   256   0   100%   Hong  Kong   58.64.128.100   126   114   12   90%   40   32   8   80%   India   111.125.136.100   342   253   89   74%   168   1   167   1%   Italy   46.105.189.33   272   2   270   1%   276   4   272   1%   Japan   218.40.163.121   118   83   35   70%   120   68   52   57%   Korea   59.86.192.100   150   66   84   44%   148   112   36   76%   Malaysia   216.6.121.100   382   175   207   46%   8   4   4   50%   Pakistan   58.27.183.226   303   3   300   1%   136   20   116   15%   Qatar   37.210.100.100   152   2   150   1%   232   208   24   90%   Saudi  Arab   31.166.100.100   177   161   16   91%   548   4   544   1%   Singapore   103.1.172.100   3   1   2   33%   4   1   3   25%   UAE   79.98.120.193   128   1   127   1%   128   4   124   3%   UK   77.75.108.134   354   348   6   98%   304   178   126   59%   USA   68.170.50.118   226   147   79   65%   252   232   20   92%   From  Singapore    
  • 18. Path  Covered  by  the  Operators  :   18    traceroute  to  77.75.108.134  (77.75.108.134),  30  hops  max,  40  byte  packets    1    ae-­‐3.r24.tokyjp05.jp.bb.gin.nN.net  (129.250.7.34)    65.084  ms    65.915  ms    65.505  ms            MPLS  Label=797842  CoS=0  TTL=1  S=0            MPLS  Label=327264  CoS=0  TTL=1  S=1    2    ae-­‐7.r22.osakjp02.jp.bb.gin.nN.net  (129.250.3.220)    76.279  ms    78.250  ms    79.877  ms            MPLS  Label=450771  CoS=0  TTL=1  S=0            MPLS  Label=327264  CoS=0  TTL=2  S=1    3    ae-­‐9.r23.londen03.uk.bb.gin.nN.net  (129.250.5.222)    258.320  ms    261.172  ms    259.104  ms            MPLS  Label=669232  CoS=0  TTL=1  S=0            MPLS  Label=327264  CoS=0  TTL=3  S=1    4    ae-­‐0.r22.londen03.uk.bb.gin.nN.net  (129.250.4.85)    293.465  ms    257.756  ms    261.604  ms            MPLS  Label=327264  CoS=0  TTL=1  S=1    5    ae-­‐1.r02.londen03.uk.bb.gin.nN.net  (129.250.5.25)    347.476  ms    348.636  ms    338.559  ms    6    xe-­‐0-­‐0-­‐3.edge00.the.uk.hso-­‐group.net  (62.73.169.34)    353.065  ms    351.443  ms    350.306  ms   NTT  Owned   Networkc   348ms  of     354ms     98%   Other  Owned   Network   6ms  of   354  ms   2%  
  • 19. Path  Covered  by  the  Operators  :   19   PCCW  Owned   Networkc   176ms  of     305ms     59%   Other  Owned   Network   126ms  of   305  ms   41%  
  • 20. Final  Result  :   20   NTT   PCCW   Latency     (  Lowest  Latency  )   8  TRs     10  TRs   Own  Path   (  Maximum  Path  )     10  TRs   8  TRs  
  • 21. Theory  of  Success   IP  Transit    
  • 22. Theory  of  Success  :   22   §  Measurement  of  the  Source  :   •  RIPE  Atlas   •  AS-­‐STATs   §  Connect  to  Regional  Internet  Exchange   §  Peer  more  and  more.  
  • 23. What  is  Content  for  Bangladesh  :   23  
  • 24. What  is  Content  for  Bangladesh  :   24  
  • 25. Theory  of  Success  :  Route  Atlas  Measurement     25  
  • 26. Theory  of  Success  :  Route  Atlas  Measurement     26  
  • 27. Theory  of  Success  :  Route  Atlas  Measurement     27  
  • 28. Theory  of  Success  :  Route  Atlas  Measurement     28  
  • 29. Theory  of  Success  :  Route  Atlas  Measurement     29   Probe    #13602   Address  (v4)  182.68.59.174   ASN  (v4)    24560   Prefix  (v4)    182.68.48.0/20         Hops  (12)   192.168.1.1   122.160.220.72   122.160.220.105   125.19.22.149   203.101.100.190   182.79.243.74   182.79.236.102  :  India   182.79.245.22  :  Airtel  Singapore   125.22.1.34  :  Airtel  Singapore   103.7.251.102  :  India       103.7.251.90  :  Bangladesh   103.7.251.170  :  Bangladesh   INDIA            -­‐>            SINGAPORE              -­‐>            INDIA              -­‐>              Bangladesh  
  • 30. Theory  of  Success  :  AS-­‐STATs   30   1)  AS15169:  Google  Inc.   2)  AS32934:  Facebook,  Inc.   3)  AS39832:  Opera  Sopware  ASA   4)  AS16625:  Akamai  Technologies,  Inc.   5)  AS22822:  Limelight  Networks,  Inc.   6)  AS9498:  BHARTI  Airtel  Ltd.   7)  AS16265:  LeaseWeb  B.V.   8)  AS54994:  MILEWEB,  INC.   9)  AS7922:  Comcast  Cable  CommunicaTons,  Inc.   10)  AS16276:  OVH  SAS   11)  AS16509:  Amazon.com,  Inc.   12)  AS174:  Cogent  CommunicaTons   13)  AS3356:  Level  3  CommunicaTons,  Inc.   14)  AS14618:  Amazon.com,  Inc.   15)  AS36351:  SopLayer  Technologies  Inc.   Fiber@Home   AS-­‐58587   Clients  
  • 31. Connec7ng  to    Nearest  Regional  IX  :   31   §  Make  AS  Path  Shorter  :   F@H   58587   EQUINIX   Google   15169     Client   TATA   6453  
  • 32. Connec7ng  to    Nearest  Regional  IX  :   32   IG_Router#sh  bgp  74.125.200.106     BGP  rouTng  table  entry  for  74.125.200.0/24,  version  432989265   Paths:  (2  available,  best  #2,  table  default)      Not  adverTsed  to  any  peer      Refresh  Epoch  1      6453  15169          180.87.39.53  from  180.87.39.53  (66.110.10.215)              Origin  IGP,  localpref  100,  valid,  external              Community:  422903858  422906808  422907208  422907211              rx  pathid:  0,  tx  pathid:  0      Refresh  Epoch  2      15169          103.7.251.252  (metric  36)  from  103.7.251.252  (103.7.251.252)              Origin  IGP,  metric  0,  localpref  300,  valid,  internal,  best              rx  pathid:  0,  tx  pathid:  0x0  
  • 33. The  Theory  of  Success  :  Cost   33   §  Peering  –  more  and  more  Peering   Cost  Comparison  :  (  in  AISA  )   1  GE  Peering  with  in  IX  =  6  x  GE  Peering  with  CDNs  
  • 34. AS  :  58587   •  EQUINIX  Singapore   •  Global  Switch  Singapore   •  Mumbai     •  Chennai   •  London  (TeleHouse  East)   •  Bangladesh       OPEN  Peering  
  • 35. 35   Thank You. SIMON SOHEL BAROI Fiber@Home Limited House-7/B, Road-13, Gulshan-1, Dhaka-1212 Phone- 880 2 8814817, 8812507, Fax- 880 2 8812010 E-Mail : simon.baroi@fiberathome.net www.fiberathome.net