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IOT DEVELOPER SURVEY RESULTS
April 2018
SURVEY INTRODUCTION
• The Eclipse IoT Working Group, AGILE IoT, IEEE, and the Open Mobile
Alliance co-sponsored an online survey to better understand how
developers are building IoT solutions.
• The survey was open from January 24 until March 5, 2018.
A total of 502 individuals participated in the survey. Each partner
promoted the survey to their communities through social media and web
sites.
• This annual survey has been conducted since 2015 and has evolved over
the years. Results from previous years are available at: tiny.cc/iot15,
tiny.cc/iot16, tiny.cc/iot17
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 2
KEY FINDINGS
WHAT PEOPLE ARE BUILDING
IoT Platforms
Industrial Automation
Home Automation
Smart Cities
Energy Management
Automotive
Agriculture
Building Automation
1
3
2
4
5
6
7
8
2015 2016 2017 2018
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 4
KEY IOT CONCERNS
Security ConnectivityData Collection &
Analytics
Hardware
Integration
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 5
KEY IOT SECURITY TECHNOLOGIES
Communication security
(e.g TLS, DTLS)
Data Encryption
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 6
MOST COLLECTED TYPE OF DATA
Time Series Data Log DataDevice
Information
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 7
93% OF DATABASES USED IN IOT ARE OPEN SOURCE
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 8
TOP IOT PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
Devices
Gateways
Cloud
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 9
TOP IOT OPERATING SYSTEMS & DISTROS
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 10
CLOUD PLATFORMS OF CHOICE FOR IOT
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 11
CONSOLIDATION IN MESSAGING PROTOCOLS
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 12
HTTP/2
HTTP
Proprietary
protocols
IOT EXPERIENCE
IOT EXPERIENCE
What is your primary experience with building IoT solutions?
40%
21%
14%
13%
10%
2%
I develop IoT solutions for my company
I am learning about IoT technology in
my spare time
I am researching IoT solutions for my
company
No experience
I develop IoT solutions in my spare
time only
Other (please specify)
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 14
COMPANY PLANS FOR IOT
What is your company's plan for IoT solutions?
44%
17%
14%
13%
12%
My company develops and deploys IoT
solutions today
Don't know
My company has no plans to develop IoT
solutions
My company plans to develop and deploy
IoT solutions in the next 6 months
My company plans to develop and deploy
IoT solutions in the next 7-18 months
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 15
KEY INDUSTRIES
What industry or industries best describe(s) the type of IoT solutions you have built or will build?
4.4%
5.1%
5.9%
6.3%
7.4%
8.4%
10.5%
10.5%
11.4%
13.1%
13.5%
13.5%
14.3%
14.7%
19.6%
21.7%
23.8%
23.8%
27.2%
28.4%
31.4%
35.8%
39.8%
0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45%
OTHER
COLLABORATIVE & SHARING ECONOMY
BANKING / FINANCIAL / FINTECH
VENDING
FITNESS
SECURITY / DEFENSE
PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL
SECURITY / PUBLIC SAFETY
WEARABLES
EDUCATION
UTILITIES
ENVIRONMENT
HEALTHCARE
TRANSPORTATION
BUILDING AUTOMATION
AGRICULTURE
AUTOMOTIVE
ENERGY MANAGEMENT
CONNECTED / SMART CITIES
INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION
HOME AUTOMATION
IOT PLATFORM / MIDDLEWARE
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 16
KEY INDUSTRIES / TRENDS 2016-2018
39.8%
35.8%
31.4%
28.4%
27.2%
23.8%
23.8%
21.7%
19.6%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
IOT PLATFORM /
MIDDLEWARE
HOME
AUTOMATION
INDUSTRIAL
AUTOMATION
CONNECTED /
SMART CITIES
ENERGY
MANAGEMENT
AGRICULTURE AUTOMOTIVE BUILDING
AUTOMATION
TRANSPORTATION
2016
2017
2018
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 17
TOP IOT CONCERNS
What are your top 2 concerns for developing IoT solutions?
3.0%
3.6%
5.4%
7.6%
8.2%
10.2%
10.8%
10.8%
11.2%
11.6%
14.1%
15.1%
15.5%
15.5%
18.5%
39.0%
0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45%
OTHER
CERTIFICATION/CONFORMANCE
DON'T KNOW
COMPLEXITY
COST
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMANCE
STANDARDS
PRIVACY
SCALABILITY
ROI
INTEROPERABILITY
CONNECTIVITY
INTEGRATION WITH HARDWARE
DATA COLLECTION & ANALYTICS
SECURITY
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 18
TOP IOT CONCERNS / TRENDS 2016-2018
39.0%
18.5%
15.5%
15.5%
15.1%
14.1%
11.6%
11.2%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
50%
SECURITY DATA COLLECTION &
ANALYTICS
CONNECTIVITY INTEGRATION WITH
HARDWARE
INTEROPERABILITY ROI SCALABILITY PRIVACY
2016
2017
2018
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 19
TECHNOLOGY USED FOR IOT
OVERALL SUMMARY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
Which of the following programming languages, if any, do you use to build IoT solutions?
66.5%
56.9%
47.1% 46.0% 45.7%
17.3%
15.7% 14.9%
10.1% 9.6%
7.2% 6.9%
5.3% 4.0% 3.7%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 21
53.7%
35.4%
20.2%
17.6%
12.8%
11.2%
6.1%
4.0% 4.0% 2.9% 2.4% 1.9% 1.3% 1.1% 0.5%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES – CONSTRAINED DEVICES
Which of the following programming languages, if any, do you use to build IoT solutions? (Constrained Devices)
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 22
42.8%
30.3%
21.0% 20.5%
18.9%
8.8%
5.3% 5.3%
3.7% 3.5% 2.7% 2.7% 2.4% 2.1% 1.3%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES – IOT GATEWAYS
Which of the following programming languages, if any, do you use to build IoT solutions? (Gateways)
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 23
53.2%
37.5%
29.3%
12.5%
9.3%
7.5%
5.9% 5.1% 4.8% 4.0% 2.9% 2.9% 2.4% 1.9% 1.3%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES – IOT CLOUD
Which of the following programming languages, if any, do you use to build IoT solutions? (Cloud Platform)
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 24
IOT OPERATING SYSTEMS
Which operating system(s) do you use for your IoT devices?
71.8%
22.9%
20.4% 19.9%
10.5% 8.8% 7.2% 6.1% 5.2% 3.6% 3.0% 2.8% 1.9% 1.7% 1.1%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 25
ALTERNATIVES TO USING LINUX FOR IOT
23%
20%
20%
10%
9%
7%
6%
5%
4%
3%
3%
2%
2%
1%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
2016
2017
2018
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 26
38.7%
19.6% 19.3%
14.1%
8.0% 7.7%
6.1% 5.5% 4.7%
3.0% 2.2% 1.4% 1.1% 1.1% 0.8%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
IOT OPERATING SYSTEMS – CONSTRAINED DEVICES
Which operating system(s) do you use for your IoT devices? (Constrained Devices)
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 27
64.1%
14.9%
6.1% 5.0%
2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 1.9% 1.7% 1.7% 1.4% 1.1% 0.8% 0.8% 0.6%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
IOT OPERATING SYSTEMS – IOT GATEWAY
Which operating system(s) do you use for your IoT devices? (Edge / Gateway)
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 28
IOT OPERATING SYSTEMS / LINUX DISTROS FOR IOT
If you are using Linux, what distribution do you typically use for your IoT solution?
43.3%
40.2%
30.9%
19.6%
15.6%
14.2%
8.2% 7.9% 7.9% 7.7%
2.0% 1.7%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
50%
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 29
28.0%
26.1%
23.5%
20.7%
19.6% 19.1%
17.9%
7.8%
5.3%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
DON'T KNOW ARM CORTEX-
M3 / ARM
CORTEX-M4
OTHER 32-BIT
MCU
ARM CORTEX-
M0 / ARM
CORTEX-M0+
ARM CORTEX-
M7
16-BIT MCU 8-BIT MCU DON'T USE
CONSTRAINED
DEVICES
OTHER
IOT HARDWARE ARCHITECTURES
What hardware architectures are you using for your IoT constrained device(s)?
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 30
31.8%
24.5%
22.6% 22.0%
15.9%
15.0%
10.3%
7.8% 7.2%
3.9%
2.8%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
INTEL
X86_64
DON'T KNOW ARM V8
(CORTEX-A
64 BITS)
ARM V7-A
(CORTEX-A
32 BITS)
INTEL X86 ARM V7-M
(CORTEX-M)
ARM V6 ARM V7-R
(CORTEX-R)
DON'T USE
GATEWAYS
MIPS OTHER
(PLEASE
SPECIFY)
IOT HARDWARE ARCHITECTURES
What hardware architectures are you using for your IoT gateway(s)?
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 31
IOT SECURITY TECHNOLOGIES
Which of the following security-related technologies do you use in your IoT solution?
1.48%
10.09%
10.39%
10.39%
10.68%
10.98%
11.87%
27.30%
27.30%
28.78%
35.31%
45.10%
57.27%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
OTHER
DON'T KNOW
TRUSTED PLATFORM MODULES (TPM)
NO SECURITY
HARDWARE SECURITY MODULES (HSM)
BLOCKCHAIN / DLT
SECURE BOOT
OAUTH & OPENID
OVER-THE-AIR UPDATE
PUBLIC KEY INFRASTRUCTURE (PKI)
JSON WEB TOKEN OR EQUIVALENT
DATA ENCRYPTION
COMMUNICATION SECURITY
2017
2018
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 32
IOT DATA
What type of IoT data are you storing in a database or data store?
0.9%
4.8%
6.9%
7.2%
17.7%
18.0%
37.8%
42.0%
54.1%
60.4%
61.9%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
OTHER
NONE
DON'T KNOW
AUDIO
IMAGES / VIDEO
ENTERPRISE DATA
OPERATIONAL DATA
CONTEXTUAL DATA
LOG DATA
DEVICE INFORMATION
TIME SERIES DATA
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 33
IOT DATABASES
Which of the following database technologies do you use in your IoT solution?
44.6%
29.8%
15.7%
14.5%
13.0%
9.9%
7.2% 6.9% 6.3%
4.5% 4.2% 3.9% 3.6% 2.7% 2.4% 2.4%
1.2% 1.2% 1.2%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
50%
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 34
CLOUD SERVICES FOR IOT
Do you use, or plan to use, any of the following cloud service offerings for implementing your IoT solution?
51.8%
31.2%
19.4% 18.8%
17.3%
14.2%
10.3% 10.0% 9.1% 9.1% 8.8%
6.1%
2.1%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 35
TRENDS OF CLOUD SERVICES FOR IOT 2016-2018
51.82%
31.21%
19.39%
18.79%
17.27%
14.24%
10.30%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
AMAZON WEB
SERVICES
MICROSOFT AZURE PRIVATE/ ON-
PREM CLOUD
GOOGLE CLOUD
PLATFORM
KUBERNETES IBM BLUEMIX OPENSTACK (ON-
PREM)
2016
2017
2018
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 36
CONNECTIVITY PROTOCOLS
2.7%
2.7%
3.7%
5.8%
6.1%
9.1%
13.4%
17.9%
21.3%
21.6%
32.2%
35.6%
38.3%
47.7%
55.3%
62.9%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
SATELLITE
THREAD
OTHER
DON’T KNOW
UPNP
Z-WAVE
6LOWPAN
SERIAL RS-232/RS-485
LPWA
ZIGBEE
UDP/IP
CELLULAR
BLUETOOTH / BLUETOOTH SMART
ETHERNET
WI-FI
TCP/IP
What connectivity protocol(s) do you use for your IoT solution?
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 37
MESSAGING STANDARDS
What messaging protocol(s) do you use for your IoT solution?
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
NONE
PROPRIETARY VENDOR PROTOCOL (SPECIFY BELOW)
XMPP
DDS
DON’T KNOW
OTHER (PLEASE SPECIFY)
IN-HOUSE / PROPRIETARY
AMQP (0.9 AND/OR 1.0)
COAP
HTTP/2
WEBSOCKETS
HTTP
MQTT
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 38
MESSAGING STANDARDS - TRENDS
62.61%
54.10%
34.95%
24.92%
22.49%
18.24%
12.77%
6.69%
5.78%
4.86%
4.26%
4.26%
1.52%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
2016
2017
2018
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 39
TEXT EDITORS / IDES
Which text editor(s) or IDE(s) do you use when building IoT solutions?
0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50%
DON'T KNOW
ECLIPSE ORION
EMACS
ECLIPSE CHE
PLATFORM.IO
OTHER
SUBLIME
VISUAL STUDIO
ANDROID STUDIO
ATOM
VIM
INTELLIJ IDEA
VISUAL STUDIO CODE
NOTEPAD ++
ARDUINO IDE
ECLIPSE DESKTOP IDE
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 40
TEXT EDITORS / IDES – TRENDS
44%
29%
28%
23%
21%
20%
20%
18%
15%
13%
12%
10%
6%
5%
3%
2%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
50%
2017
2018
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 41
IOT INDUSTRY PERCEPTIONS
OPEN SOURCE POLICY
Which of the following statement(s) best describes your IoT open source project participation?
48%
24%
22%
22%
19%
2% My organization uses open source technology in
our IoT solutions
I am a committer on an open source project that
builds technology for IoT solutions
I have no experience with IoT open source
projects
I have experimented with IoT open source
technology, but don’t use it in IoT solutions
I report bugs and feature enhancements to open
source projects that provide IoT technology
Other
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 43
IOT CONSORTIUMS
How would you rank your organization’s perceived importance of the following IoT
Consortiums to your IoT strategy? ( 1 = Important, 5 = Never heard of them)
Important Neutral Not Important Don't Know
Never heard
of them
Average
rating
Eclipse IoT 56.89% 21.20% 6.36% 11.31% 4.24% 1.85
Apache Foundation 44.24% 29.14% 8.63% 16.91% 1.08% 2.01
W3C 38.72% 31.58% 11.65% 15.79% 2.26% 2.11
IEEE 37.59% 28.95% 13.53% 18.05% 1.88% 2.18
IETF 29.02% 26.67% 10.59% 23.53% 10.20% 2.59
LoRa Alliance 30.80% 23.95% 13.31% 17.49% 14.45% 2.61
Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC) 19.23% 26.54% 14.23% 24.23% 15.77% 2.91
Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) 24.03% 22.09% 11.63% 21.32% 20.93% 2.93
OASIS 13.15% 27.09% 17.13% 25.10% 17.53% 3.07
Open Connectivity Foundation (OCF) 18.22% 22.48% 13.18% 23.64% 22.48% 3.1
oneM2M 15.18% 24.51% 15.18% 21.01% 24.12% 3.14
Thread Group 10.81% 20.08% 15.83% 24.71% 28.57% 3.4
OpenFog 11.37% 20.00% 10.59% 25.49% 32.55% 3.48
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 44
TOP IOT CORPORATE LEADERS
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 45
WHO RESPONDED?
JOB TITLE
What is your job title?
30%
16%
12%
10%
8%
7%
6%
5%
4%
1% 1% 1%
Developer
Architect
Development Manager
Researcher
Independent Consultant
Other
Executive
Product Manager
Student
Role in sales and/or business development
Not currently employed
Testing
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 47
TECHNOLOGY FOCUS
What is your personal current technology focus within your organization?
44.1%
10.0%
8.4% 8.4%
5.9% 5.6% 5.0% 4.1% 3.4%
1.9% 1.9% 1.3%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
50%
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 48
ORGANIZATION SIZE
How large is the organization you work for (# employees)?
37.4%
20.8%
14.8%
22.6%
4.4%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
1 TO 49 50 TO 500 501 TO 5,000 5,000+ NOT ASSOCIATED WITH AN
ORGANIZATION
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 49
REGION
Where do you live?
North
America
South
America
Europe
Africa +
Middle
East
Asia +
Pacific
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 50
CONTACT INFORMATION
iot.eclipse.org
@EclipseIoT
iot.ieee.org
@IEEEIoT
agile-iot.eu
@agile_iot
omaspecworks.org
@omaspecworks
Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 51

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IoT Developer Survey 2018

  • 1. IOT DEVELOPER SURVEY RESULTS April 2018
  • 2. SURVEY INTRODUCTION • The Eclipse IoT Working Group, AGILE IoT, IEEE, and the Open Mobile Alliance co-sponsored an online survey to better understand how developers are building IoT solutions. • The survey was open from January 24 until March 5, 2018. A total of 502 individuals participated in the survey. Each partner promoted the survey to their communities through social media and web sites. • This annual survey has been conducted since 2015 and has evolved over the years. Results from previous years are available at: tiny.cc/iot15, tiny.cc/iot16, tiny.cc/iot17 Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 2
  • 4. WHAT PEOPLE ARE BUILDING IoT Platforms Industrial Automation Home Automation Smart Cities Energy Management Automotive Agriculture Building Automation 1 3 2 4 5 6 7 8 2015 2016 2017 2018 Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 4
  • 5. KEY IOT CONCERNS Security ConnectivityData Collection & Analytics Hardware Integration Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 5
  • 6. KEY IOT SECURITY TECHNOLOGIES Communication security (e.g TLS, DTLS) Data Encryption Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 6
  • 7. MOST COLLECTED TYPE OF DATA Time Series Data Log DataDevice Information Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 7
  • 8. 93% OF DATABASES USED IN IOT ARE OPEN SOURCE Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 8
  • 9. TOP IOT PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES Devices Gateways Cloud Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 9
  • 10. TOP IOT OPERATING SYSTEMS & DISTROS Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 10
  • 11. CLOUD PLATFORMS OF CHOICE FOR IOT Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 11
  • 12. CONSOLIDATION IN MESSAGING PROTOCOLS Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 12 HTTP/2 HTTP Proprietary protocols
  • 14. IOT EXPERIENCE What is your primary experience with building IoT solutions? 40% 21% 14% 13% 10% 2% I develop IoT solutions for my company I am learning about IoT technology in my spare time I am researching IoT solutions for my company No experience I develop IoT solutions in my spare time only Other (please specify) Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 14
  • 15. COMPANY PLANS FOR IOT What is your company's plan for IoT solutions? 44% 17% 14% 13% 12% My company develops and deploys IoT solutions today Don't know My company has no plans to develop IoT solutions My company plans to develop and deploy IoT solutions in the next 6 months My company plans to develop and deploy IoT solutions in the next 7-18 months Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 15
  • 16. KEY INDUSTRIES What industry or industries best describe(s) the type of IoT solutions you have built or will build? 4.4% 5.1% 5.9% 6.3% 7.4% 8.4% 10.5% 10.5% 11.4% 13.1% 13.5% 13.5% 14.3% 14.7% 19.6% 21.7% 23.8% 23.8% 27.2% 28.4% 31.4% 35.8% 39.8% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% OTHER COLLABORATIVE & SHARING ECONOMY BANKING / FINANCIAL / FINTECH VENDING FITNESS SECURITY / DEFENSE PUBLIC UTILITIES RETAIL SECURITY / PUBLIC SAFETY WEARABLES EDUCATION UTILITIES ENVIRONMENT HEALTHCARE TRANSPORTATION BUILDING AUTOMATION AGRICULTURE AUTOMOTIVE ENERGY MANAGEMENT CONNECTED / SMART CITIES INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION HOME AUTOMATION IOT PLATFORM / MIDDLEWARE Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 16
  • 17. KEY INDUSTRIES / TRENDS 2016-2018 39.8% 35.8% 31.4% 28.4% 27.2% 23.8% 23.8% 21.7% 19.6% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% IOT PLATFORM / MIDDLEWARE HOME AUTOMATION INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION CONNECTED / SMART CITIES ENERGY MANAGEMENT AGRICULTURE AUTOMOTIVE BUILDING AUTOMATION TRANSPORTATION 2016 2017 2018 Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 17
  • 18. TOP IOT CONCERNS What are your top 2 concerns for developing IoT solutions? 3.0% 3.6% 5.4% 7.6% 8.2% 10.2% 10.8% 10.8% 11.2% 11.6% 14.1% 15.1% 15.5% 15.5% 18.5% 39.0% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% OTHER CERTIFICATION/CONFORMANCE DON'T KNOW COMPLEXITY COST MAINTENANCE PERFORMANCE STANDARDS PRIVACY SCALABILITY ROI INTEROPERABILITY CONNECTIVITY INTEGRATION WITH HARDWARE DATA COLLECTION & ANALYTICS SECURITY Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 18
  • 19. TOP IOT CONCERNS / TRENDS 2016-2018 39.0% 18.5% 15.5% 15.5% 15.1% 14.1% 11.6% 11.2% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% SECURITY DATA COLLECTION & ANALYTICS CONNECTIVITY INTEGRATION WITH HARDWARE INTEROPERABILITY ROI SCALABILITY PRIVACY 2016 2017 2018 Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 19
  • 21. OVERALL SUMMARY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES Which of the following programming languages, if any, do you use to build IoT solutions? 66.5% 56.9% 47.1% 46.0% 45.7% 17.3% 15.7% 14.9% 10.1% 9.6% 7.2% 6.9% 5.3% 4.0% 3.7% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 21
  • 22. 53.7% 35.4% 20.2% 17.6% 12.8% 11.2% 6.1% 4.0% 4.0% 2.9% 2.4% 1.9% 1.3% 1.1% 0.5% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES – CONSTRAINED DEVICES Which of the following programming languages, if any, do you use to build IoT solutions? (Constrained Devices) Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 22
  • 23. 42.8% 30.3% 21.0% 20.5% 18.9% 8.8% 5.3% 5.3% 3.7% 3.5% 2.7% 2.7% 2.4% 2.1% 1.3% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES – IOT GATEWAYS Which of the following programming languages, if any, do you use to build IoT solutions? (Gateways) Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 23
  • 24. 53.2% 37.5% 29.3% 12.5% 9.3% 7.5% 5.9% 5.1% 4.8% 4.0% 2.9% 2.9% 2.4% 1.9% 1.3% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES – IOT CLOUD Which of the following programming languages, if any, do you use to build IoT solutions? (Cloud Platform) Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 24
  • 25. IOT OPERATING SYSTEMS Which operating system(s) do you use for your IoT devices? 71.8% 22.9% 20.4% 19.9% 10.5% 8.8% 7.2% 6.1% 5.2% 3.6% 3.0% 2.8% 1.9% 1.7% 1.1% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 25
  • 26. ALTERNATIVES TO USING LINUX FOR IOT 23% 20% 20% 10% 9% 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 3% 2% 2% 1% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 2016 2017 2018 Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 26
  • 27. 38.7% 19.6% 19.3% 14.1% 8.0% 7.7% 6.1% 5.5% 4.7% 3.0% 2.2% 1.4% 1.1% 1.1% 0.8% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% IOT OPERATING SYSTEMS – CONSTRAINED DEVICES Which operating system(s) do you use for your IoT devices? (Constrained Devices) Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 27
  • 28. 64.1% 14.9% 6.1% 5.0% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 1.9% 1.7% 1.7% 1.4% 1.1% 0.8% 0.8% 0.6% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% IOT OPERATING SYSTEMS – IOT GATEWAY Which operating system(s) do you use for your IoT devices? (Edge / Gateway) Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 28
  • 29. IOT OPERATING SYSTEMS / LINUX DISTROS FOR IOT If you are using Linux, what distribution do you typically use for your IoT solution? 43.3% 40.2% 30.9% 19.6% 15.6% 14.2% 8.2% 7.9% 7.9% 7.7% 2.0% 1.7% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 29
  • 30. 28.0% 26.1% 23.5% 20.7% 19.6% 19.1% 17.9% 7.8% 5.3% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% DON'T KNOW ARM CORTEX- M3 / ARM CORTEX-M4 OTHER 32-BIT MCU ARM CORTEX- M0 / ARM CORTEX-M0+ ARM CORTEX- M7 16-BIT MCU 8-BIT MCU DON'T USE CONSTRAINED DEVICES OTHER IOT HARDWARE ARCHITECTURES What hardware architectures are you using for your IoT constrained device(s)? Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 30
  • 31. 31.8% 24.5% 22.6% 22.0% 15.9% 15.0% 10.3% 7.8% 7.2% 3.9% 2.8% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% INTEL X86_64 DON'T KNOW ARM V8 (CORTEX-A 64 BITS) ARM V7-A (CORTEX-A 32 BITS) INTEL X86 ARM V7-M (CORTEX-M) ARM V6 ARM V7-R (CORTEX-R) DON'T USE GATEWAYS MIPS OTHER (PLEASE SPECIFY) IOT HARDWARE ARCHITECTURES What hardware architectures are you using for your IoT gateway(s)? Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 31
  • 32. IOT SECURITY TECHNOLOGIES Which of the following security-related technologies do you use in your IoT solution? 1.48% 10.09% 10.39% 10.39% 10.68% 10.98% 11.87% 27.30% 27.30% 28.78% 35.31% 45.10% 57.27% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% OTHER DON'T KNOW TRUSTED PLATFORM MODULES (TPM) NO SECURITY HARDWARE SECURITY MODULES (HSM) BLOCKCHAIN / DLT SECURE BOOT OAUTH & OPENID OVER-THE-AIR UPDATE PUBLIC KEY INFRASTRUCTURE (PKI) JSON WEB TOKEN OR EQUIVALENT DATA ENCRYPTION COMMUNICATION SECURITY 2017 2018 Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 32
  • 33. IOT DATA What type of IoT data are you storing in a database or data store? 0.9% 4.8% 6.9% 7.2% 17.7% 18.0% 37.8% 42.0% 54.1% 60.4% 61.9% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% OTHER NONE DON'T KNOW AUDIO IMAGES / VIDEO ENTERPRISE DATA OPERATIONAL DATA CONTEXTUAL DATA LOG DATA DEVICE INFORMATION TIME SERIES DATA Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 33
  • 34. IOT DATABASES Which of the following database technologies do you use in your IoT solution? 44.6% 29.8% 15.7% 14.5% 13.0% 9.9% 7.2% 6.9% 6.3% 4.5% 4.2% 3.9% 3.6% 2.7% 2.4% 2.4% 1.2% 1.2% 1.2% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 34
  • 35. CLOUD SERVICES FOR IOT Do you use, or plan to use, any of the following cloud service offerings for implementing your IoT solution? 51.8% 31.2% 19.4% 18.8% 17.3% 14.2% 10.3% 10.0% 9.1% 9.1% 8.8% 6.1% 2.1% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 35
  • 36. TRENDS OF CLOUD SERVICES FOR IOT 2016-2018 51.82% 31.21% 19.39% 18.79% 17.27% 14.24% 10.30% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% AMAZON WEB SERVICES MICROSOFT AZURE PRIVATE/ ON- PREM CLOUD GOOGLE CLOUD PLATFORM KUBERNETES IBM BLUEMIX OPENSTACK (ON- PREM) 2016 2017 2018 Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 36
  • 37. CONNECTIVITY PROTOCOLS 2.7% 2.7% 3.7% 5.8% 6.1% 9.1% 13.4% 17.9% 21.3% 21.6% 32.2% 35.6% 38.3% 47.7% 55.3% 62.9% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% SATELLITE THREAD OTHER DON’T KNOW UPNP Z-WAVE 6LOWPAN SERIAL RS-232/RS-485 LPWA ZIGBEE UDP/IP CELLULAR BLUETOOTH / BLUETOOTH SMART ETHERNET WI-FI TCP/IP What connectivity protocol(s) do you use for your IoT solution? Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 37
  • 38. MESSAGING STANDARDS What messaging protocol(s) do you use for your IoT solution? 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% NONE PROPRIETARY VENDOR PROTOCOL (SPECIFY BELOW) XMPP DDS DON’T KNOW OTHER (PLEASE SPECIFY) IN-HOUSE / PROPRIETARY AMQP (0.9 AND/OR 1.0) COAP HTTP/2 WEBSOCKETS HTTP MQTT Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 38
  • 39. MESSAGING STANDARDS - TRENDS 62.61% 54.10% 34.95% 24.92% 22.49% 18.24% 12.77% 6.69% 5.78% 4.86% 4.26% 4.26% 1.52% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 2016 2017 2018 Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 39
  • 40. TEXT EDITORS / IDES Which text editor(s) or IDE(s) do you use when building IoT solutions? 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% DON'T KNOW ECLIPSE ORION EMACS ECLIPSE CHE PLATFORM.IO OTHER SUBLIME VISUAL STUDIO ANDROID STUDIO ATOM VIM INTELLIJ IDEA VISUAL STUDIO CODE NOTEPAD ++ ARDUINO IDE ECLIPSE DESKTOP IDE Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 40
  • 41. TEXT EDITORS / IDES – TRENDS 44% 29% 28% 23% 21% 20% 20% 18% 15% 13% 12% 10% 6% 5% 3% 2% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% 2017 2018 Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 41
  • 43. OPEN SOURCE POLICY Which of the following statement(s) best describes your IoT open source project participation? 48% 24% 22% 22% 19% 2% My organization uses open source technology in our IoT solutions I am a committer on an open source project that builds technology for IoT solutions I have no experience with IoT open source projects I have experimented with IoT open source technology, but don’t use it in IoT solutions I report bugs and feature enhancements to open source projects that provide IoT technology Other Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 43
  • 44. IOT CONSORTIUMS How would you rank your organization’s perceived importance of the following IoT Consortiums to your IoT strategy? ( 1 = Important, 5 = Never heard of them) Important Neutral Not Important Don't Know Never heard of them Average rating Eclipse IoT 56.89% 21.20% 6.36% 11.31% 4.24% 1.85 Apache Foundation 44.24% 29.14% 8.63% 16.91% 1.08% 2.01 W3C 38.72% 31.58% 11.65% 15.79% 2.26% 2.11 IEEE 37.59% 28.95% 13.53% 18.05% 1.88% 2.18 IETF 29.02% 26.67% 10.59% 23.53% 10.20% 2.59 LoRa Alliance 30.80% 23.95% 13.31% 17.49% 14.45% 2.61 Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC) 19.23% 26.54% 14.23% 24.23% 15.77% 2.91 Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) 24.03% 22.09% 11.63% 21.32% 20.93% 2.93 OASIS 13.15% 27.09% 17.13% 25.10% 17.53% 3.07 Open Connectivity Foundation (OCF) 18.22% 22.48% 13.18% 23.64% 22.48% 3.1 oneM2M 15.18% 24.51% 15.18% 21.01% 24.12% 3.14 Thread Group 10.81% 20.08% 15.83% 24.71% 28.57% 3.4 OpenFog 11.37% 20.00% 10.59% 25.49% 32.55% 3.48 Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 44
  • 45. TOP IOT CORPORATE LEADERS Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 45
  • 47. JOB TITLE What is your job title? 30% 16% 12% 10% 8% 7% 6% 5% 4% 1% 1% 1% Developer Architect Development Manager Researcher Independent Consultant Other Executive Product Manager Student Role in sales and/or business development Not currently employed Testing Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 47
  • 48. TECHNOLOGY FOCUS What is your personal current technology focus within your organization? 44.1% 10.0% 8.4% 8.4% 5.9% 5.6% 5.0% 4.1% 3.4% 1.9% 1.9% 1.3% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 48
  • 49. ORGANIZATION SIZE How large is the organization you work for (# employees)? 37.4% 20.8% 14.8% 22.6% 4.4% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 1 TO 49 50 TO 500 501 TO 5,000 5,000+ NOT ASSOCIATED WITH AN ORGANIZATION Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 49
  • 50. REGION Where do you live? North America South America Europe Africa + Middle East Asia + Pacific Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 50
  • 51. CONTACT INFORMATION iot.eclipse.org @EclipseIoT iot.ieee.org @IEEEIoT agile-iot.eu @agile_iot omaspecworks.org @omaspecworks Copyright (c) 2018, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. | Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). 51