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An Introduction to
The K EYLINE S YSTEM OF D ESIGN:

             Harry Wykman,
       P EACETREE P ERMACULTURE

 PDC, P ICKERING B ROOK, 10th of March, 2012




                                               1 / 27
Yeomans and
Keyline
y Yeomans
y The Keyline Scale
of Permanence
y P7 — pattern to
detail

Keyline and Climate

Keyline and Land
Shape
                       P. A. Yeomans and the Keyline System of
Keyline and Water
Management:
                                       Design
bringing water under
control

Resources




                                                                 2 / 27
Yeomans the Man

Yeomans and
Keyline
y Yeomans
y The Keyline Scale
of Permanence
y P7 — pattern to
detail

Keyline and Climate

Keyline and Land
Shape

Keyline and Water
Management:

bringing water under
control
                       Percival Alfred Yeomans
Resources




                        q   self-taught mining engi-
                            neer / hydrologist

                        q   inventor

                                                       3 / 27
The Keyline Scale of the Relative
                       Permanence of Things Agricultural
Yeomans and
Keyline
y Yeomans
y The Keyline Scale
                        1. Climate
of Permanence
y P7 — pattern to
detail
                        2. Land Shape
Keyline and Climate
                        3. Water Supply
Keyline and Land
Shape

Keyline and Water
                        4. Farm Roads
Management:

bringing water under    5. Trees
control

Resources               6. Permanent Buildings

                        7. Subdivision Fences

                        8. Soil



                                                           4 / 27
Principle 7: Design from patterns to detail




                                              5 / 27
Principle 7: Design from patterns to detail




                                              5 / 27
Principle 7: Design from patterns to detail




q   Top down, but derived from Principle 1.




                                                        5 / 27
Principle 7: Design from patterns to detail




q   Top down, but derived from Principle 1.

q   However, "the map is not the territory"



                                                        5 / 27
Yeomans and
Keyline

Keyline and Climate
y Climate
Keyline and Land
Shape

Keyline and Water
Management:

bringing water under
control
                       Keyline and Climate
Resources




                                             7 / 27
Climate

Yeomans and
Keyline
                       "The purpose of Keyline tech-
                       niques and the keyline scale of
Keyline and Climate
y Climate              permanence in relation to cli-
Keyline and Land       mate is the take complete
Shape                  advantage of all weather
Keyline and Water
Management:
                       and climatic phases that
                       will enhance soil climate
bringing water under
control                through maintenance in the soil
Resources
                       of improved relationships be-
                       tween the factors of moisture,
                       warmth, and air , and, by con-
                       trast, minimise to the full
                       the disadvantages of those
                       climatic elements that de-
                       stroy , namely, flood rains,
                       drought and fire."



                                                         8 / 27
Yeomans and
Keyline

Keyline and Climate

Keyline and Land
Shape
y the primary land
unit
y main ridge
y primary valley
y primary ridges       Keyline and Land Shape
y sink
y whole
Keyline and Water
Management:

bringing water under
control

Resources




                                                9 / 27
The Primary Land Unit

  q   Main Ridge

  q   Primary Valley

  q   Primary Ridges

  q   Catchment / Sink
The Primary Land Unit

  q   Main Ridge

  q   Primary Valley

  q   Primary Ridges

  q   Catchment / Sink
The Primary Land Unit

  q   Main Ridge

  q   Primary Valley

  q   Primary Ridges

  q   Catchment / Sink
The Primary Land Unit

  q   Main Ridge

  q   Primary Valley

  q   Primary Ridges

  q   Catchment / Sink
The Primary Land Unit

  q   Main Ridge

  q   Primary Valley

  q   Primary Ridges

  q   Catchment / Sink
The Primary Land Unit

  q   Main Ridge

  q   Primary Valley

  q   Primary Ridges

  q   Catchment / Sink

“The most significant aspect of
this analysis is that it involves
a pattern, a recognition that
smaller shapes are integrated
to form a larger whole, and that
this pattern might be repeated
several times on a single
medium-sized property.”
Yeomans and
Keyline

Keyline and Climate

Keyline and Land
Shape

Keyline and Water
Management:
                       Keyline and Water Management:
bringing water under
control
y The Keypoint and
the Keyline
y The Keyline Plow
                        bringing water under control
y Whirlwind, New
Mexico
y whirlwind —
before
y whirlwind —
before
y whirlwind —
before
y whirlwind —
before
y earthworks

Resources



                                                       16 / 27
The Keypoint and the Keyline




                               17 / 27
The Keyline Plow




                   18 / 27
Whirlwind, New Mexico

    rainfall: 150 - 175mm annual rainfall




                                            19 / 27
Before and After Keyline
       Plough Intervention


Before

  q   deeply biologically degraded

  q   climatic forces destructive
      / degenerative


After

  q   the beginning of regenerative
      processes

  q   water and sun move
      from destructive to
      constructive processes / forces
Earthworks - Storage for People / Stock




                    q   controlled water distribution

                    q   put water through its ’duties’



                                                     24 / 27
Yeomans and
Keyline

Keyline and Climate

Keyline and Land
Shape

Keyline and Water
Management:

bringing water under
control                Resources
Resources




                                   26 / 27
Credits

This document, authored by Harry Wykman is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia License.




  q   35 Woolgar Way
      L OCKRIDGE, 6054

  q   (08) 9377 1258

  q   harry@ptpc.com.au

  q   www.ptpc.com.au


                                                              27 / 27

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Intro to keyline

  • 1. An Introduction to The K EYLINE S YSTEM OF D ESIGN: Harry Wykman, P EACETREE P ERMACULTURE PDC, P ICKERING B ROOK, 10th of March, 2012 1 / 27
  • 2. Yeomans and Keyline y Yeomans y The Keyline Scale of Permanence y P7 — pattern to detail Keyline and Climate Keyline and Land Shape P. A. Yeomans and the Keyline System of Keyline and Water Management: Design bringing water under control Resources 2 / 27
  • 3. Yeomans the Man Yeomans and Keyline y Yeomans y The Keyline Scale of Permanence y P7 — pattern to detail Keyline and Climate Keyline and Land Shape Keyline and Water Management: bringing water under control Percival Alfred Yeomans Resources q self-taught mining engi- neer / hydrologist q inventor 3 / 27
  • 4. The Keyline Scale of the Relative Permanence of Things Agricultural Yeomans and Keyline y Yeomans y The Keyline Scale 1. Climate of Permanence y P7 — pattern to detail 2. Land Shape Keyline and Climate 3. Water Supply Keyline and Land Shape Keyline and Water 4. Farm Roads Management: bringing water under 5. Trees control Resources 6. Permanent Buildings 7. Subdivision Fences 8. Soil 4 / 27
  • 5. Principle 7: Design from patterns to detail 5 / 27
  • 6. Principle 7: Design from patterns to detail 5 / 27
  • 7. Principle 7: Design from patterns to detail q Top down, but derived from Principle 1. 5 / 27
  • 8. Principle 7: Design from patterns to detail q Top down, but derived from Principle 1. q However, "the map is not the territory" 5 / 27
  • 9.
  • 10. Yeomans and Keyline Keyline and Climate y Climate Keyline and Land Shape Keyline and Water Management: bringing water under control Keyline and Climate Resources 7 / 27
  • 11. Climate Yeomans and Keyline "The purpose of Keyline tech- niques and the keyline scale of Keyline and Climate y Climate permanence in relation to cli- Keyline and Land mate is the take complete Shape advantage of all weather Keyline and Water Management: and climatic phases that will enhance soil climate bringing water under control through maintenance in the soil Resources of improved relationships be- tween the factors of moisture, warmth, and air , and, by con- trast, minimise to the full the disadvantages of those climatic elements that de- stroy , namely, flood rains, drought and fire." 8 / 27
  • 12. Yeomans and Keyline Keyline and Climate Keyline and Land Shape y the primary land unit y main ridge y primary valley y primary ridges Keyline and Land Shape y sink y whole Keyline and Water Management: bringing water under control Resources 9 / 27
  • 13. The Primary Land Unit q Main Ridge q Primary Valley q Primary Ridges q Catchment / Sink
  • 14. The Primary Land Unit q Main Ridge q Primary Valley q Primary Ridges q Catchment / Sink
  • 15. The Primary Land Unit q Main Ridge q Primary Valley q Primary Ridges q Catchment / Sink
  • 16. The Primary Land Unit q Main Ridge q Primary Valley q Primary Ridges q Catchment / Sink
  • 17. The Primary Land Unit q Main Ridge q Primary Valley q Primary Ridges q Catchment / Sink
  • 18. The Primary Land Unit q Main Ridge q Primary Valley q Primary Ridges q Catchment / Sink “The most significant aspect of this analysis is that it involves a pattern, a recognition that smaller shapes are integrated to form a larger whole, and that this pattern might be repeated several times on a single medium-sized property.”
  • 19. Yeomans and Keyline Keyline and Climate Keyline and Land Shape Keyline and Water Management: Keyline and Water Management: bringing water under control y The Keypoint and the Keyline y The Keyline Plow bringing water under control y Whirlwind, New Mexico y whirlwind — before y whirlwind — before y whirlwind — before y whirlwind — before y earthworks Resources 16 / 27
  • 20. The Keypoint and the Keyline 17 / 27
  • 21. The Keyline Plow 18 / 27
  • 22. Whirlwind, New Mexico rainfall: 150 - 175mm annual rainfall 19 / 27
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26. Before and After Keyline Plough Intervention Before q deeply biologically degraded q climatic forces destructive / degenerative After q the beginning of regenerative processes q water and sun move from destructive to constructive processes / forces
  • 27. Earthworks - Storage for People / Stock q controlled water distribution q put water through its ’duties’ 24 / 27
  • 28.
  • 29. Yeomans and Keyline Keyline and Climate Keyline and Land Shape Keyline and Water Management: bringing water under control Resources Resources 26 / 27
  • 30. Credits This document, authored by Harry Wykman is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia License. q 35 Woolgar Way L OCKRIDGE, 6054 q (08) 9377 1258 q harry@ptpc.com.au q www.ptpc.com.au 27 / 27