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Intra-body nano-network
Mik Andersen
Brief summary
Translated by Orwell City
https://www.orwell.city
Diagram of the intra-body
nano-network
Diagram of the intra-body nano-network
• The nano-network is a set of objects and elements with the ability to interact
with each other through signals in the form of pulses, electromagnetic waves,
and electric fields, being also able to operate in the molecular spectrum.
• These components may be already assembled or pending self-assembly when
the conditions of temperature, magnetism, and environment are suitable.
• Within the nano-network, two types or strands can be distinguished:
1. The one that is fixed in the brain
2. The one that is fixed in the rest of the body
Diagram of the intra-body nano-network
Brain nano-network
• It aims to form a neuronal interface to interact with the cognitive, physical, and electrical
processes of brain activity for neuromodulation, neurostimulation, and neurocontrol.
• This requires the introduction of carbon nanotubes that serve to link neurons, shortening the
natural distance of axons. This can also be achieved with graphene quantum dots and
graphene nanosheets, although the literature makes explicit that single-walled carbon
nanotubes SWCNT or multi-walled carbon nanotubes MWCNT are the key element.
• The carbon nanotubes together with the hydrogel in which they are coated act as electrodes,
picking up the fluctuations of the electrical activity of the neurons, with sufficient sensitivity
to determine the segregation of neurotransmitters.
Diagram of the intra-body nano-network
• Electrical activity can be transmitted through the carbon nanotubes as signals triggered by
the molecular activity of the surrounding brain tissue so that a map of the individual's brain
activity can be obtained in real-time.
• Since the carbon nanotubes are tubular graphene structures, they can propagate the
electrical signals to other components of the nano-network. These are the nearest
nanorouter or nanocontrollers.
• The nanorouters are responsible for receiving the electrical signal, decoding it, configuring
the data packets and the recipient of the information, providing MAC identification and a
destination IP address. Additionally, this information can be encrypted to increase the
security of the system and prevent bio-hacking.
• A nano-interface is required to transmit the signal outside the body, which could have several
functions, on the one hand, the encryption of the data packets and, on the other hand, to
increase the frequency, so that it can be propagated outside the body at an enough
distance.
Diagram of the intra-body nano-network
Body nano-network
• As opposed to the brain nano-network, it doesn't require carbon nanotubes to operate and
can be based entirely on the theory of electromagnetic communication. Note that the brain
nano-network additionally works on molecular communication.
• This network employs all kinds of nano-devices and nano-nodes. In particular, graphene
GQD quantum dots, but also nano-devices or nano-sensors made of hydrogel, carbon
nanotubes, and graphene sheets (not necessarily pre-formed).
• All components, whether nano-sensors, nano-devices, or GQD graphene quantum dots, can
transmit and repeat signals so that they act as nano-antennas, transmitters, and receivers, in
target organs and tissues.
Diagram of the intra-body nano-network
• The possible data that can be obtained are vital signs, cardiac activity, respiratory activity,
blood composition, degree of oxygenation, etc. The literature describes a multitude of
nano-sensors based on graphene and carbon nanotubes, among other components.
• They are obtained thanks to graphene GQD quantum dots, which circulate through the
bloodstream, arteries, capillaries... These components are electrically charged and can
transport proteins due to their adsorptive capacity. When passing near a fixed/attached
biosensor in the human body (e.g. a network of carbon nanotubes with graphene nanosheets
forming a simple circuit or transistor), it generates a potential differential and thus a signal
that can be interpreted and transmitted. Don't forget the ability of the nanomaterial to act as
nano-antennas.
• The signals are transmitted to the nearest nanocontroller or nanorouter, reproducing the
same signal propagation process, to the outside of the body through a component that acts
as a nano-interface.
This diagram shows all the components that are introduced with each
inoculation. Together, they act as a network for monitoring the human
body.
Intracorporal nano-network components
1. Carbon nanotubes and derivatives CNT, SWCNT, MWCNT
2. Graphene quantum dots GQD
3. Hydrogel swimmers
4. Fractal graphene nanoantennas
5. Nanorouter or Nanocontrollers
6. CODEC or Nanointerface
Nano-network topology
1. Nano-nodes (GQD, Hydrogel swimmers, Nanotubes, Fibers)
2. Nano-sensors (Nanotube circuits, graphene nanosheets)
3. Nano-controllers (QCA nanorouter circuits)
4. Nano-interface (QCA nanoCODEC circuits)
5. => Communication with the outside =>
Neurons
Nanorouter / Nanocontroller
CODEC / Nanointerface
F r a c t a l g r a p h e n e
n a n o a n t e n n a s
Nanonodes / Nanosensors
Hydrogel swimmers
Analysis of the intra-body
network components
Analysis of the intra-body network
components
• Carbon nanotubes generate a mesh
over the natural neuronal network,
which makes it possible to infer the
synapse and interfere in its
functioning using the appropriate
stimuli.
• New connection routes between
neurons are also generated, which
means that the natural networks
are no longer used in favor of the
new structure, allowing
neuromodulation, neurostimulation,
and monitoring of the individual's
neuronal activity.
Carbon nanotubes in the brain
Neurons
Analysis of the intra-body network
components
• This diagram shows how the
nanotubes act as electrodes
with which the neurons are
stimulated.
• Since the graphene with which
the CNTs are formed is a
superconductor, it serves as an
artificial axon.
• It shouldn't be omitted that the
network of CNTs together with
hydrogels can form circuits
with which to obtain and
propagate the signal from the
neurons.
Analysis of the intra-body network
components
• Nanosensors can be formed in any part of the
body, not only in the brain. Fundamentally, in
the endothelium and the walls of blood vessels.
• These nanosensors don't have a predefined
shape. Their organization is chaotic, although
they form conductive routes to transmit
electrical signals of potential differential. This
happens when a GQD (graphene quantum dot)
approaches the nanosensor.
• Since nanosensors can propagate signals, they
transmit any potential difference as a signal.
Nanonodes / Nanosensors
Analysis of the intra-body network
components
• Note how the nanosensors
attach and conform to the
artery wall and monitor the
GQDs crossing it through the
bloodstream.
• This model can be repeated
throughout the body,
circulatory system, and,
probably, in the nervous
system.
G r a ph e n e
Quantum Dot
GQD
Nanosensor made of carbon nanotubes
and nanosheets
Analysis of the intra-body network
components
• Graphene quantum dots are micro-nanometer scale
pieces of graphene or graphene oxide with circular,
hexagonal, triangular... shapes that arise from the
decomposition or oxidation of graphene nanosheets.
• The GQDs, far from being a defect in the network, play
a fundamental role since their size allows them to
function or operate as nano-antennas. But they also
conduct through the circulatory system, arteries, veins,
capillaries, acting as electrical markers, but also
biological since they adsorb proteins and other
components present in the blood.
Graphene Quantum Dots (GQD)
Analysis of the intra-body network
components
• The electrical pulses emitted
by the GQDs produce
variations in the signal,
alterations that are picked
up by nanosensors and
retransmitted to the rest of
the nano-network for
propagation and emission.
• It must be understood that
these signals can be
discerned and interpreted
according to predefined
mathematical patterns.
The electrical pulses of the GQD can vary depending
on the proteins that accumulate in its corona
GQD pulses without adsorbed material
are different
Signal
Analysis of the intra-body network
components
Nanoantenas fractales de grafeno
• Under certain conditions of
temperature, pressure, and blood
saturation, crystallization of
graphene nanosheets can occur,
forming fractals.
• Graphene fractals are the best
nanoantennas in terms of capacity,
bandwidth, frequency operating
capacity, etc.
• When fixed to arterial and capillary
walls, they enhance the
propagation effect of the
nano-network signals.
F r a c t a l g r a p h e n e
nanoantennas
Analysis of the intra-body network
components
• Hydrogel swimmers are, in fact, ribbons
of hydrogel and graphene, which can
articulate to generate movement through
the body's circulatory system.
• They can release drugs, but also
propagate the nano-network signals to
hard-to-reach areas where nanoantennas
cannot.
• They could play some role as biosensors.
Some publications report this application.
Hydrogel swimmers / nano-ribbons
Hydrogel swimmers
Analysis of the intra-body network
components • It's almost certain that the nano-network
operates with multiple nanorouters that
are distributed throughout the body,
fixing themselves in areas with
preferential electrical activity. For
example, the endothelium, heart, lungs,
arteries...
• It's quite likely that each nanorouter has
its own MAC addresses, stored in
memory circuits, which would explain
their dynamic operation.
• The ideal concept is for the nanorouters
to be located close to the regions with
nanosensors and nanoantennas in order
to receive the electrical pulse signals.
Nanorouters
Nanorouter / Nanocontroller
Analysis of the intra-body network
components • When the nanorouter receives the signals, it
manages to encode them into TS-OOK and route
them as data packets for transmission. The
TS-OOK signals have a binary pattern that is easy
to interpret and transmit, which increases the
data transmission capacity and the bandwidth
that can be supported in the nano-network.
• The nanorouter doesn't need a processor to
operate, as the QCA (quantum dot) architecture
allows it to operate at a clock frequency, just as a
computer processor would.
• In this way, signals are transmitted to the
nearest nanorouter to optimize the
nano-network and avoid signal saturation. For
this reason, several of these components are
envisaged, seated thanks to the hydrogel.
TS-OOK Codification
Analysis of the intra-body network
components
Nanointerface
• The nanointerface is a more complex QCA circuit, which contains a
nanoantenna for transmitting and receiving TS-OOK signals. With high
probability, it has a CODEC to encrypt the data packets and retransmit them to
the outside.
Integrated nanoantenna CODEC / Nanointerface
Plasmonic nanoatennas
D a t a p a c k e t
encryption
Data transmission
Skin barrier
Outside
the
body
Analysis of the intra-body network
components
• The nanointerface, like the nanorouter, can be made up of several levels or layers, of which only
the outermost one is visible under the microscope. This doesn't make it easy to find out its
functions.
• The encryption of the data is understandable due to the sensitivity and privacy of the
information to add layers of security to prevent bio-hacking.
• Alongside the CODEC QCA, plasmonic nanoantennas have been found, that serve to boost and
repeat the emission of the nanointerface. This is important for transmitting encrypted data
packets outside the body. To do so, the skin barrier (dermis, epidermis...) must be overcome.
Plasmonic nanoatennas
Intra-body nano-communication
process
Plasmonic nanoatennas
Integrated nanoatenna
The electrical pulses of the GQD can vary depending
on the proteins that accumulate in its corona
GQD pulses without adsorbed
material are different
TS-OOK Codification
CODEC / Nanointerface Skin barrier
D a t a p a c k e t
encryption
Data transmission
Outside the body
Signal
Vaccine
Humanity connected to IoT Network
Cloud-based database
5G Network

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Intra-body nano-network - Brief summary by Mik Andersen

  • 1. Intra-body nano-network Mik Andersen Brief summary Translated by Orwell City https://www.orwell.city
  • 2. Diagram of the intra-body nano-network
  • 3. Diagram of the intra-body nano-network • The nano-network is a set of objects and elements with the ability to interact with each other through signals in the form of pulses, electromagnetic waves, and electric fields, being also able to operate in the molecular spectrum. • These components may be already assembled or pending self-assembly when the conditions of temperature, magnetism, and environment are suitable. • Within the nano-network, two types or strands can be distinguished: 1. The one that is fixed in the brain 2. The one that is fixed in the rest of the body
  • 4. Diagram of the intra-body nano-network Brain nano-network • It aims to form a neuronal interface to interact with the cognitive, physical, and electrical processes of brain activity for neuromodulation, neurostimulation, and neurocontrol. • This requires the introduction of carbon nanotubes that serve to link neurons, shortening the natural distance of axons. This can also be achieved with graphene quantum dots and graphene nanosheets, although the literature makes explicit that single-walled carbon nanotubes SWCNT or multi-walled carbon nanotubes MWCNT are the key element. • The carbon nanotubes together with the hydrogel in which they are coated act as electrodes, picking up the fluctuations of the electrical activity of the neurons, with sufficient sensitivity to determine the segregation of neurotransmitters.
  • 5. Diagram of the intra-body nano-network • Electrical activity can be transmitted through the carbon nanotubes as signals triggered by the molecular activity of the surrounding brain tissue so that a map of the individual's brain activity can be obtained in real-time. • Since the carbon nanotubes are tubular graphene structures, they can propagate the electrical signals to other components of the nano-network. These are the nearest nanorouter or nanocontrollers. • The nanorouters are responsible for receiving the electrical signal, decoding it, configuring the data packets and the recipient of the information, providing MAC identification and a destination IP address. Additionally, this information can be encrypted to increase the security of the system and prevent bio-hacking. • A nano-interface is required to transmit the signal outside the body, which could have several functions, on the one hand, the encryption of the data packets and, on the other hand, to increase the frequency, so that it can be propagated outside the body at an enough distance.
  • 6. Diagram of the intra-body nano-network Body nano-network • As opposed to the brain nano-network, it doesn't require carbon nanotubes to operate and can be based entirely on the theory of electromagnetic communication. Note that the brain nano-network additionally works on molecular communication. • This network employs all kinds of nano-devices and nano-nodes. In particular, graphene GQD quantum dots, but also nano-devices or nano-sensors made of hydrogel, carbon nanotubes, and graphene sheets (not necessarily pre-formed). • All components, whether nano-sensors, nano-devices, or GQD graphene quantum dots, can transmit and repeat signals so that they act as nano-antennas, transmitters, and receivers, in target organs and tissues.
  • 7. Diagram of the intra-body nano-network • The possible data that can be obtained are vital signs, cardiac activity, respiratory activity, blood composition, degree of oxygenation, etc. The literature describes a multitude of nano-sensors based on graphene and carbon nanotubes, among other components. • They are obtained thanks to graphene GQD quantum dots, which circulate through the bloodstream, arteries, capillaries... These components are electrically charged and can transport proteins due to their adsorptive capacity. When passing near a fixed/attached biosensor in the human body (e.g. a network of carbon nanotubes with graphene nanosheets forming a simple circuit or transistor), it generates a potential differential and thus a signal that can be interpreted and transmitted. Don't forget the ability of the nanomaterial to act as nano-antennas. • The signals are transmitted to the nearest nanocontroller or nanorouter, reproducing the same signal propagation process, to the outside of the body through a component that acts as a nano-interface.
  • 8. This diagram shows all the components that are introduced with each inoculation. Together, they act as a network for monitoring the human body. Intracorporal nano-network components 1. Carbon nanotubes and derivatives CNT, SWCNT, MWCNT 2. Graphene quantum dots GQD 3. Hydrogel swimmers 4. Fractal graphene nanoantennas 5. Nanorouter or Nanocontrollers 6. CODEC or Nanointerface Nano-network topology 1. Nano-nodes (GQD, Hydrogel swimmers, Nanotubes, Fibers) 2. Nano-sensors (Nanotube circuits, graphene nanosheets) 3. Nano-controllers (QCA nanorouter circuits) 4. Nano-interface (QCA nanoCODEC circuits) 5. => Communication with the outside => Neurons Nanorouter / Nanocontroller CODEC / Nanointerface F r a c t a l g r a p h e n e n a n o a n t e n n a s Nanonodes / Nanosensors Hydrogel swimmers
  • 9. Analysis of the intra-body network components
  • 10. Analysis of the intra-body network components • Carbon nanotubes generate a mesh over the natural neuronal network, which makes it possible to infer the synapse and interfere in its functioning using the appropriate stimuli. • New connection routes between neurons are also generated, which means that the natural networks are no longer used in favor of the new structure, allowing neuromodulation, neurostimulation, and monitoring of the individual's neuronal activity. Carbon nanotubes in the brain Neurons
  • 11. Analysis of the intra-body network components • This diagram shows how the nanotubes act as electrodes with which the neurons are stimulated. • Since the graphene with which the CNTs are formed is a superconductor, it serves as an artificial axon. • It shouldn't be omitted that the network of CNTs together with hydrogels can form circuits with which to obtain and propagate the signal from the neurons.
  • 12. Analysis of the intra-body network components • Nanosensors can be formed in any part of the body, not only in the brain. Fundamentally, in the endothelium and the walls of blood vessels. • These nanosensors don't have a predefined shape. Their organization is chaotic, although they form conductive routes to transmit electrical signals of potential differential. This happens when a GQD (graphene quantum dot) approaches the nanosensor. • Since nanosensors can propagate signals, they transmit any potential difference as a signal. Nanonodes / Nanosensors
  • 13. Analysis of the intra-body network components • Note how the nanosensors attach and conform to the artery wall and monitor the GQDs crossing it through the bloodstream. • This model can be repeated throughout the body, circulatory system, and, probably, in the nervous system. G r a ph e n e Quantum Dot GQD Nanosensor made of carbon nanotubes and nanosheets
  • 14. Analysis of the intra-body network components • Graphene quantum dots are micro-nanometer scale pieces of graphene or graphene oxide with circular, hexagonal, triangular... shapes that arise from the decomposition or oxidation of graphene nanosheets. • The GQDs, far from being a defect in the network, play a fundamental role since their size allows them to function or operate as nano-antennas. But they also conduct through the circulatory system, arteries, veins, capillaries, acting as electrical markers, but also biological since they adsorb proteins and other components present in the blood. Graphene Quantum Dots (GQD)
  • 15. Analysis of the intra-body network components • The electrical pulses emitted by the GQDs produce variations in the signal, alterations that are picked up by nanosensors and retransmitted to the rest of the nano-network for propagation and emission. • It must be understood that these signals can be discerned and interpreted according to predefined mathematical patterns. The electrical pulses of the GQD can vary depending on the proteins that accumulate in its corona GQD pulses without adsorbed material are different Signal
  • 16. Analysis of the intra-body network components Nanoantenas fractales de grafeno • Under certain conditions of temperature, pressure, and blood saturation, crystallization of graphene nanosheets can occur, forming fractals. • Graphene fractals are the best nanoantennas in terms of capacity, bandwidth, frequency operating capacity, etc. • When fixed to arterial and capillary walls, they enhance the propagation effect of the nano-network signals. F r a c t a l g r a p h e n e nanoantennas
  • 17. Analysis of the intra-body network components • Hydrogel swimmers are, in fact, ribbons of hydrogel and graphene, which can articulate to generate movement through the body's circulatory system. • They can release drugs, but also propagate the nano-network signals to hard-to-reach areas where nanoantennas cannot. • They could play some role as biosensors. Some publications report this application. Hydrogel swimmers / nano-ribbons Hydrogel swimmers
  • 18. Analysis of the intra-body network components • It's almost certain that the nano-network operates with multiple nanorouters that are distributed throughout the body, fixing themselves in areas with preferential electrical activity. For example, the endothelium, heart, lungs, arteries... • It's quite likely that each nanorouter has its own MAC addresses, stored in memory circuits, which would explain their dynamic operation. • The ideal concept is for the nanorouters to be located close to the regions with nanosensors and nanoantennas in order to receive the electrical pulse signals. Nanorouters Nanorouter / Nanocontroller
  • 19. Analysis of the intra-body network components • When the nanorouter receives the signals, it manages to encode them into TS-OOK and route them as data packets for transmission. The TS-OOK signals have a binary pattern that is easy to interpret and transmit, which increases the data transmission capacity and the bandwidth that can be supported in the nano-network. • The nanorouter doesn't need a processor to operate, as the QCA (quantum dot) architecture allows it to operate at a clock frequency, just as a computer processor would. • In this way, signals are transmitted to the nearest nanorouter to optimize the nano-network and avoid signal saturation. For this reason, several of these components are envisaged, seated thanks to the hydrogel. TS-OOK Codification
  • 20. Analysis of the intra-body network components Nanointerface • The nanointerface is a more complex QCA circuit, which contains a nanoantenna for transmitting and receiving TS-OOK signals. With high probability, it has a CODEC to encrypt the data packets and retransmit them to the outside. Integrated nanoantenna CODEC / Nanointerface Plasmonic nanoatennas D a t a p a c k e t encryption Data transmission Skin barrier Outside the body
  • 21. Analysis of the intra-body network components • The nanointerface, like the nanorouter, can be made up of several levels or layers, of which only the outermost one is visible under the microscope. This doesn't make it easy to find out its functions. • The encryption of the data is understandable due to the sensitivity and privacy of the information to add layers of security to prevent bio-hacking. • Alongside the CODEC QCA, plasmonic nanoantennas have been found, that serve to boost and repeat the emission of the nanointerface. This is important for transmitting encrypted data packets outside the body. To do so, the skin barrier (dermis, epidermis...) must be overcome. Plasmonic nanoatennas
  • 23. Plasmonic nanoatennas Integrated nanoatenna The electrical pulses of the GQD can vary depending on the proteins that accumulate in its corona GQD pulses without adsorbed material are different TS-OOK Codification CODEC / Nanointerface Skin barrier D a t a p a c k e t encryption Data transmission Outside the body Signal
  • 24. Vaccine Humanity connected to IoT Network Cloud-based database 5G Network